J S Brach

Summary

Affiliation: University of Pittsburgh
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Use of stance time variability for predicting mobility disability in community-dwelling older persons: a prospective study
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Geriatr Phys Ther 35:112-7. 2012
  2. pmc Stance time and step width variability have unique contributing impairments in older persons
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, United States
    Gait Posture 27:431-9. 2008
  3. pmc Meaningful change in measures of gait variability in older adults
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Gait Posture 31:175-9. 2010
  4. ncbi request reprint The association between physical function and lifestyle activity and exercise in the health, aging and body composition study
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvannia 15260, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 52:502-9. 2004
  5. pmc The reliability and validity of measures of gait variability in community-dwelling older adults
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 89:2293-6. 2008
  6. pmc Diabetes mellitus and gait dysfunction: possible explanatory factors
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, 6035 Forbes Tower, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Phys Ther 88:1365-74. 2008
  7. doi request reprint Incident physical disability in people with lower extremity peripheral arterial disease: the role of cardiovascular disease
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:1037-44. 2008
  8. pmc Gait variability and the risk of incident mobility disability in community-dwelling older adults
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Epidemiology, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 62:983-8. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint The relationship among physical activity, obesity, and physical function in community-dwelling older women
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Prev Med 39:74-80. 2004
  10. pmc Validation of a measure of smoothness of walking
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 66:136-41. 2011

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications43

  1. pmc Use of stance time variability for predicting mobility disability in community-dwelling older persons: a prospective study
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Geriatr Phys Ther 35:112-7. 2012
    ....
  2. pmc Stance time and step width variability have unique contributing impairments in older persons
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, United States
    Gait Posture 27:431-9. 2008
    ..Specific patterns of gait variability may imply different underlying causes. Types of gait variability should be specified. Interventions may be targeted at specific types of gait variability...
  3. pmc Meaningful change in measures of gait variability in older adults
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Gait Posture 31:175-9. 2010
    ..This study estimated clinically meaningful change in measures of gait variability using both distribution- and anchor-based approaches...
  4. ncbi request reprint The association between physical function and lifestyle activity and exercise in the health, aging and body composition study
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvannia 15260, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 52:502-9. 2004
    ..To determine whether older adults who exercise demonstrate higher levels of physical function than those who do not exercise but are physically active throughout the day...
  5. pmc The reliability and validity of measures of gait variability in community-dwelling older adults
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 89:2293-6. 2008
    ..To examine the test-retest reliability and concurrent validity of variability of gait characteristics...
  6. pmc Diabetes mellitus and gait dysfunction: possible explanatory factors
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, 6035 Forbes Tower, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Phys Ther 88:1365-74. 2008
    ..Limited information regarding potential explanatory factors for this association exists. This study examined the association between diabetes and gait characteristics in older adults and explored potential explanatory factors...
  7. doi request reprint Incident physical disability in people with lower extremity peripheral arterial disease: the role of cardiovascular disease
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:1037-44. 2008
    ..To evaluate the risk of incident physical disability and the decline in gait speed over a 6-year follow-up associated with a low ankle-arm index (AAI) in older adults...
  8. pmc Gait variability and the risk of incident mobility disability in community-dwelling older adults
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Epidemiology, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 62:983-8. 2007
    ..Gait speed is a strong predictor of incident walking disability. The objective was to determine if gait variability adds to the prediction of incident mobility disability independent of gait speed...
  9. ncbi request reprint The relationship among physical activity, obesity, and physical function in community-dwelling older women
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Prev Med 39:74-80. 2004
    ..The relationship between obesity and physical function is not well understood. Physical activity may be a key factor impacting on the relationship between obesity and physical function...
  10. pmc Validation of a measure of smoothness of walking
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 66:136-41. 2011
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and functional status in community-dwelling older women: a 14-year prospective study
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, 6035 Forbes Tower, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Arch Intern Med 163:2565-71. 2003
    ..Short-term prospective studies have shown physical activity to be related to functional status. To our knowledge, the association between physical activity levels and functional status over a longer period has not been established...
  12. pmc Challenging gait conditions predict 1-year decline in gait speed in older adults with apparently normal gait
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Phys Ther 91:1857-64. 2011
    ..Tests of walking during challenging conditions may uncover mobility difficulty that is not identified with usual gait testing...
  13. ncbi request reprint A new approach of measuring muscle impairment during a functional task: quadriceps muscle activity recorded during chair stand
    J S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 56:M767-70. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study was to describe a new approach of measuring muscle impairment during a functional task...
  14. ncbi request reprint Identifying early decline of physical function in community-dwelling older women: performance-based and self-report measures
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, 6035 Forbes Tower, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Phys Ther 82:320-8. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the descriptions of physical function in community-dwelling older women obtained using performance-based and self-report measures...
  15. ncbi request reprint Physical impairment and disability: relationship to performance of activities of daily living in community-dwelling older men
    Jennifer S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Phys Ther 82:752-61. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of physical impairment and disability to performance of activities of daily living (ADL) among community-dwelling older adults...
  16. ncbi request reprint Gait variability in community-dwelling older adults
    J S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 49:1646-50. 2001
    ..Improvement in step-length and step-width variability with attempted acceleration might be a key factor to examine in future studies of disability risk and therapeutic interventions...
  17. doi request reprint Harmonic ratios: a quantification of step to step symmetry
    J L Bellanca
    Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, USA
    J Biomech 46:828-31. 2013
    ..We suggest that the HR method may be better defined, not as a measure of rhythmicity or stability, but as a measure of step-to-step symmetry within a stride...
  18. ncbi request reprint Making geriatric assessment work: selecting useful measures
    J M VanSwearingen
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, 6035 Forbes Tower, Pittsburgh, PA 15260
    Phys Ther 81:1233-52. 2001
    ..Two scenarios, applying the measures to the assessment of community-dwelling well older people and to the assessment of community-dwelling frail older people, are used to illustrate how this information can be used...
  19. pmc A randomized trial of two forms of therapeutic activity to improve walking: effect on the energy cost of walking
    Jessie M VanSwearingen
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 64:1190-8. 2009
    ..Because walking may also be energy inefficient in people with decreased mobility, another approach is to reduce energy cost by improving timing and coordination (TC) of movement...
  20. pmc Physical performance and a test of gaze stabilization in older adults
    Bryan K Ward
    Department of Otolaryngology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Otol Neurotol 31:168-72. 2010
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Gait speed and step-count monitor accuracy in community-dwelling older adults
    Kristi L Storti
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:59-64. 2008
    ..Activity monitors are quite popular, although it has been suggested that they are less accurate at slow gait speeds...
  22. pmc Impact of health perception, balance perception, fall history, balance performance, and gait speed on walking activity in older adults
    Jaime B Talkowski
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, 6035 Forbes Tower, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Phys Ther 88:1474-81. 2008
    ....
  23. pmc Walking skill can be assessed in older adults: validity of the Figure-of-8 Walk Test
    Rebecca J Hess
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, 6035 Forbes Tower, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Phys Ther 90:89-99. 2010
    ..The Figure-of-8 Walk Test (F8W) involves straight and curved paths and was designed to represent walking skill in everyday life...
  24. ncbi request reprint Objective measures of neighborhood environment and physical activity in older women
    Wendy C King
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Am J Prev Med 28:461-9. 2005
    ..Yet, most older women are not regularly active. This study attempts to identify objectively measured attributes of the neighborhood environment that may be associated with physical activity levels in older women...
  25. ncbi request reprint Influence of marital status on physical activity levels among older adults
    Kelley K Pettee
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:541-6. 2006
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Relationships among body composition measures in community-dwelling older women
    Kristi L Storti
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburg, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:244-51. 2006
    ..To examine whether simple anthropometric measures provide a good estimate of total and visceral fat in 146 community-dwelling, older white women (mean age, 74.0 +/- 4.1 years)...
  27. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and decreased risk of clinical gallstone disease among post-menopausal women
    Kristi L Storti
    Department of Epidemiology, 505 Parran Hall, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, 130 DeSoto Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Prev Med 41:772-7. 2005
    ..Physical activity may play a role in preventing gallstone disease...
  28. ncbi request reprint Association of long-distance corridor walk performance with mortality, cardiovascular disease, mobility limitation, and disability
    Anne B Newman
    Department of Epidemiology, Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    JAMA 295:2018-26. 2006
    ..Extended walking tests have been examined as outcome predictors in medically ill populations but not in community-dwelling older adults...
  29. ncbi request reprint The relationship between convenience of destinations and walking levels in older women
    Wendy C King
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Am J Health Promot 18:74-82. 2003
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and gallbladder disease determined by ultrasonography
    Andrea M Kriska
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1927-32. 2007
    ..Several prospective studies have suggested that physical activity may decrease the risk for symptomatic gallbladder disease. None of these studies were able to include subjects with asymptomatic gallstones in their case group...
  31. ncbi request reprint Changes in facial movement and synkinesis with facial neuromuscular reeducation
    Jessie M VanSwearingen
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 111:2370-5. 2003
  32. ncbi request reprint Using activity monitors to measure physical activity in free-living conditions
    Jaime E Berlin
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Phys Ther 86:1137-45. 2006
  33. ncbi request reprint Validity of a questionnaire to assess historical physical activity in older women
    Carena S Winters-Hart
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:2082-7. 2004
    ..To compare historical physical activity recall to original physical activity questionnaires collected at four time points over a 17-yr period in postmenopausal women...
  34. ncbi request reprint Physical therapy for facial paralysis: a tailored treatment approach
    J S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Phys Ther 79:397-404. 1999
    ..This case report describes a classification system used to guide treatment and to monitor recovery of an individual with facial paralysis...
  35. doi request reprint Patient participation and physical activity during rehabilitation and future functional outcomes in patients after hip fracture
    Jaime B Talkowski
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 90:618-22. 2009
    ..We hypothesized those participants who were more active during rehabilitation would have higher participation scores and better functional outcomes after hip fracture compared with those who were less active...
  36. ncbi request reprint Validation of a treatment-based classification system for individuals with facial neuromotor disorders
    J M VanSwearingen
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Phys Ther 78:678-89. 1998
    ..A method for linking treatments to signs and symptoms of facial neuromotor disorders is needed. We describe the construct validation of a treatment-based classification system for facial neuromotor disorders...
  37. ncbi request reprint Use of self-report to predict ability to walk 400 meters in mobility-limited older adults
    Stephen P Sayers
    Human Physiology Laboratory, Department of Health Sciences, Sargent College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 52:2099-103. 2004
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Prognostic value of usual gait speed in well-functioning older people--results from the Health, Aging and Body Composition Study
    Matteo Cesari
    Department of Aging and Geriatric Research, College of Medicine, Institute on Aging, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32608, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 53:1675-80. 2005
    ..To define clinically relevant cutpoints for usual gait speed and to investigate their predictive value for health-related events in older persons...
  39. pmc Gait variability in older adults: observational rating validated by comparison with a computerized walkway gold standard
    Wen Ni Wennie Huang
    Department of Physical Therapy, I Shou University, Yanchao Township, Kaohsiung County, Taiwan, Republic of China
    Phys Ther 88:1146-53. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to validate an observational rating of gait variability for routine clinical practice...
  40. doi request reprint Lifestyle factors and incident mobility limitation in obese and non-obese older adults
    Annemarie Koster
    Department of Health Care Studies, Medical Sociology Section, Universiteit Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:3122-32. 2007
    ..This study examines the association between incident mobility limitation and 4 lifestyle factors: smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity, and diet in well-functioning obese (n = 667) and non-obese (n = 2027) older adults...
  41. ncbi request reprint Concordance and discordance between two measures of lower extremity function: 400 meter self-paced walk and SPPB
    Stephen P Sayers
    Human Physiology Laboratory, Department of Health Sciences, Sargent College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Boston University, USA
    Aging Clin Exp Res 18:100-6. 2006
    ..A secondary purpose was to determine whether the 400-m W could better discriminate physical performance among high functioning older adults by examining the distribution of 400-m W scores...
  42. ncbi request reprint Dog ownership, walking behavior, and maintained mobility in late life
    Roland J Thorpe
    Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Balitmore Maryland 21224, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 54:1419-24. 2006
    ..To examine dog walking among dog owners and the relationship between walking behavior of dog owners and non-dog owners and maintained gait speed over 3 years...

Research Grants2

  1. Gait Variability: Epidemiology, Assessment & Management
    Jennifer Brach; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The final project (project 3) will be a small RCT to examine exercise interventions to improve gait variability and adaptability in older persons. ..