MARK BOUTON

Summary

Affiliation: University of Vermont
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Contextual control of inhibition with reinforcement: adaptation and timing mechanisms
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 34:223-36. 2008
  2. ncbi request reprint D-cycloserine facilitates extinction but does not eliminate renewal of the conditioned emotional response
    Amanda M Woods
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    Behav Neurosci 120:1159-62. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Effect of unconditioned stimulus magnitude on the emergence of conditioned responding
    Richard W Morris
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 32:371-85. 2006
  4. pmc D-cycloserine facilitates context-specific fear extinction learning
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, 2 Colchester Avenue, Burlington, VT 05405 0134, USA
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 90:504-10. 2008
  5. pmc Immediate extinction causes a less durable loss of performance than delayed extinction following either fear or appetitive conditioning
    Amanda M Woods
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405, USA
    Learn Mem 15:909-20. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint A fundamental role for context in instrumental learning and extinction
    Mark E Bouton
    University of Vermont, United States Electronic address
    Behav Processes 104:13-9. 2014
  7. ncbi request reprint Resurgence of instrumental behavior after an abstinence contingency
    Mark E Bouton
    University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA
    Learn Behav 42:131-43. 2014
  8. ncbi request reprint Separation of time-based and trial-based accounts of the partial reinforcement extinction effect
    Mark E Bouton
    University of Vermont, United States Electronic address
    Behav Processes 101:23-31. 2014
  9. pmc Within- and between-session variety effects in a food-seeking habituation paradigm
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    Appetite 66:10-9. 2013
  10. ncbi request reprint Asymmetrical generalization of conditioning and extinction from compound to element and element to compound
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 38:381-93. 2012

Detail Information

Publications33

  1. pmc Contextual control of inhibition with reinforcement: adaptation and timing mechanisms
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 34:223-36. 2008
    ..IWR may occur in conditioned suppression because the animal adapts to fear of the CS in a context-specific manner. The authors discuss several implications...
  2. ncbi request reprint D-cycloserine facilitates extinction but does not eliminate renewal of the conditioned emotional response
    Amanda M Woods
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    Behav Neurosci 120:1159-62. 2006
    ..Behavioral mechanisms are discussed...
  3. ncbi request reprint Effect of unconditioned stimulus magnitude on the emergence of conditioned responding
    Richard W Morris
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 32:371-85. 2006
    ..All experiments identified a trial at which responding increased abruptly in individual subjects. However, the point where the increase occurred was earlier with larger USs...
  4. pmc D-cycloserine facilitates context-specific fear extinction learning
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, 2 Colchester Avenue, Burlington, VT 05405 0134, USA
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 90:504-10. 2008
    ..e., DCS did not prevent or influence the renewal of fear observed when the extinguished cue was tested in the original conditioning context...
  5. pmc Immediate extinction causes a less durable loss of performance than delayed extinction following either fear or appetitive conditioning
    Amanda M Woods
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405, USA
    Learn Mem 15:909-20. 2008
    ..Several other accounts are considered...
  6. ncbi request reprint A fundamental role for context in instrumental learning and extinction
    Mark E Bouton
    University of Vermont, United States Electronic address
    Behav Processes 104:13-9. 2014
    ..Extinction is still more context-specific than conditioning, as indicated by ABC and AAB renewal. Overall, the results establish that the context can play a significant role in both the acquisition and extinction of operant behavior. ..
  7. ncbi request reprint Resurgence of instrumental behavior after an abstinence contingency
    Mark E Bouton
    University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA
    Learn Behav 42:131-43. 2014
    ..The results are thus consistent with a contextual (renewal) account of resurgence. The method might provide a better model of relapse after termination of a contingency management treatment. ..
  8. ncbi request reprint Separation of time-based and trial-based accounts of the partial reinforcement extinction effect
    Mark E Bouton
    University of Vermont, United States Electronic address
    Behav Processes 101:23-31. 2014
    ..The results thus favor a trial-based account over a time-based account of extinction and the PREE. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Associative and Temporal Learning. ..
  9. pmc Within- and between-session variety effects in a food-seeking habituation paradigm
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    Appetite 66:10-9. 2013
    ..Both types of processes can come into play when organisms are exposed to food variety...
  10. ncbi request reprint Asymmetrical generalization of conditioning and extinction from compound to element and element to compound
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 38:381-93. 2012
    ..Implications for elemental and configural theories of conditioning and generalization are also discussed...
  11. pmc Relapse processes after the extinction of instrumental learning: renewal, resurgence, and reacquisition
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, 354 Dewey Hall, 2 Colchester Ave, Burlington, VT 05405 0134, USA
    Behav Processes 90:130-41. 2012
    ..Extinction of instrumental learning, like Pavlovian learning, involves new learning that is relatively dependent on the context for expression...
  12. ncbi request reprint A general role for early onset cues and intra-event learning; comment on McDonald and Siegel (2004)
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 12:18-9; discussion 23-6. 2004
    ..Evidence that extinction exposure to early onset cues can reduce their power is especially important. Drug conditioning research continues to provide a powerful testing ground for important general principles of learning...
  13. doi request reprint Learning and the persistence of appetite: extinction and the motivation to eat and overeat
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, 2 Colchester Ave, Burlington, VT 05405 0134, United States
    Physiol Behav 103:51-8. 2011
    ....
  14. pmc Intertrial interval as a contextual stimulus: further analysis of a novel asymmetry in temporal discrimination learning
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 37:79-93. 2011
    ..Consistent with this view, Experiment 4 found a robust feature-positive effect when sequentially presented CSs played the role of elements A and B...
  15. pmc Renewal after the extinction of free operant behavior
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    Learn Behav 39:57-67. 2011
    ..AAB renewal was not weakened by tripling the amount of extinction training. ABA renewal was stronger than AAB, but not merely because of context A's direct association with the reinforcer...
  16. ncbi request reprint Contextual and temporal modulation of extinction: behavioral and biological mechanisms
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405 0134, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 60:352-60. 2006
    ..This interaction may be mediated by gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic and adrenergic mechanisms...
  17. ncbi request reprint Importance of trials versus accumulating time across trials in partially reinforced appetitive conditioning
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 29:62-77. 2003
    ..The results underscore the importance of temporal variables in conditioning but are more consistent with trial-based accounts than time-accumulation accounts of conditioning...
  18. ncbi request reprint Intertrial interval as a contextual stimulus
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    Behav Processes 71:307-17. 2006
    ..ITI can function as a contextual cue, and the results suggest new similarities between the processes behind interval timing and associative learning...
  19. ncbi request reprint Extinction in multiple contexts does not necessarily make extinction less vulnerable to relapse
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, 05405, USA
    Behav Res Ther 44:983-94. 2006
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Memory processes in classical conditioning
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 28:663-74. 2004
    ..g. extinction), and provides an overview of how long-term and short-term memory processes influence behavior as it is studied in classical conditioning...
  21. ncbi request reprint Context and behavioral processes in extinction
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405, USA
    Learn Mem 11:485-94. 2004
    ....
  22. pmc Mechanisms of resurgence of an extinguished instrumental behavior
    Neil E Winterbauer
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Room 246 John Dewey Hall, 2 Colchester Avenue, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 36:343-53. 2010
    ..Overall, they are consistent with the view that resurgence is a renewal effect in which extinction of an instrumental behavior is specific to the context provided by rewarded leverpressing during the extinction phase...
  23. pmc Interstimulus interval as a discriminative stimulus: evidence of the generality of a novel asymmetry in temporal discrimination learning
    Travis P Todd
    University of Vermont, United States
    Behav Processes 84:412-20. 2010
    ..The results support previous research involving the timing of intertrial intervals and are consistent with the temporal elements hypothesis which holds that the passage of time is encoded as a series of hypothetical stimulus elements...
  24. ncbi request reprint The other learning process in substance abuse: comment on Alessi, Roll, Reilly, and Johanson (2002)
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington 05405, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 10:84-6; discussion 101-3. 2002
    ..study because the drug was associated with money would benefit from additional experiments that include control conditions isolating the role of the Pavlovian drug-money contingency...
  25. ncbi request reprint Priming and trial spacing in extinction: effects on extinction performance, spontaneous recovery, and reinstatement in appetitive conditioning
    Erik W Moody
    University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 59:809-29. 2006
    ..Short ITIs in extinction appear to affect extinction performance more than they affect extinction learning. Mechanisms of trial spacing in conditioning and extinction are discussed...
  26. ncbi request reprint The effect of yohimbine on the extinction of conditioned fear: a role for context
    Richard W Morris
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Behav Neurosci 121:501-14. 2007
    ..The results suggest that yohimbine, when administered in the presence of a neutral context, creates a form of inhibition in that context that allows that specific context to reduce fear of an extinguished CS...
  27. ncbi request reprint Memory priming and trial spacing effects in Pavlovian learning
    Ceyhun Sunsay
    University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405, USA
    Learn Behav 32:220-9. 2004
    ..The results are consistent with Wagner's (1981) "sometimes opponent process," or SOP, model, although a result that is paradoxical for the model suggests that recent USs may have motivational as well as memory effects...
  28. ncbi request reprint Effects of bed nucleus of the stria terminalis lesions on conditioned anxiety: aversive conditioning with long-duration conditional stimuli and reinstatement of extinguished fear
    Jaylyn Waddell
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA
    Behav Neurosci 120:324-36. 2006
    ..Results are consistent with behavioral and anatomical distinctions between fear and anxiety and with a behavior-systems view of defensive conditioning...
  29. ncbi request reprint Interoceptive fear conditioning as a learning model of panic disorder: an experimental evaluation using 20% CO(2)-enriched air in a non-clinical sample
    Dean T Acheson
    Department of Psychology, University at Albany, SUNY, Albany, NY 12222, USA
    Behav Res Ther 45:2280-94. 2007
    ..Overall, the findings are consistent with contemporary learning theory accounts of panic...
  30. ncbi request reprint Analysis of a trial-spacing effect with relatively long intertrial intervals
    Ceyhun Sunsay
    University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, USA
    Learn Behav 36:104-15. 2008
    ..g., Wagner, 1981)...
  31. ncbi request reprint Context, ambiguity, and unlearning: sources of relapse after behavioral extinction
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405 0134, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 52:976-86. 2002
    ..The article concludes with several issues for future research, among them the question of how we can optimize extinction and other putative "unlearning" treatments so as to prevent the various forms of relapse discussed here...
  32. doi request reprint Central CRF receptor antagonist a-helical CRF9-41 blocks reinstatement of extinguished fear: the role of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis
    Jaylyn Waddell
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, USA
    Behav Neurosci 122:1061-9. 2008
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Forward and backward blocking of causal judgment is enhanced by additivity of effect magnitude
    Peter E Lovibond
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Mem Cognit 31:133-42. 2003
    ..The results confirm that blocking is constrained when effect magnitude is constrained and provide support for an inferential account of cue competition...

Research Grants9

  1. Extinction and Recovery in Associative Learning
    Mark E Bouton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results will increase our understanding of extinction, a fundamental behavioral and clinical phenomenon, and will suggest ways to help promote extinction learning so as to minimize lapse and relapse. ..
  2. Temporal and Associative Aspects of Pavlovian Learning
    MARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Many of the results will also increase our understanding of the causes of relapse after therapy and suggest ways to help prevent or minimize that relapse. ..
  3. Temporal and Associative Aspects of Pavlovian Learning
    MARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Many of the results will also increase our understanding of the causes of relapse after therapy and suggest ways to help prevent or minimize that relapse. ..
  4. Temporal and Associative Aspects of Pavlovian Learning
    MARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Many of the results will also increase our understanding of the causes of relapse after therapy and suggest ways to help prevent or minimize that relapse. ..
  5. Temporal and Associative Aspects of Pavlovian Learning
    MARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Many of the results will also increase our understanding of the causes of relapse after therapy and suggest ways to help prevent or minimize that relapse. ..
  6. Temporal and Associative Aspects of Pavlovian Learning
    MARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Many of the results will also increase our understanding of the causes of relapse after therapy and suggest ways to help prevent or minimize that relapse. ..
  7. Extinction and Recovery in Associative Learning
    MARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results will increase our understanding of extinction, a fundamental behavioral and clinical phenomenon, and will suggest ways to help promote extinction learning so as to minimize lapse and relapse. ..
  8. Extinction and Recovery in Associative Learning
    MARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results will increase our understanding of extinction, a fundamental behavioral and clinical phenomenon, and will suggest ways to help promote extinction learning so as to minimize lapse and relapse. ..