L Bernstein

Summary

Affiliation: University of Southern California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Vitamin D receptor polymorphisms and breast cancer risk in a large population-based case-control study of Caucasian and African-American women
    Britton Trabert
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Fairview Ave N, Seattle, Washington 98109 1024, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 9:R84. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint High breast cancer incidence rates among California teachers: results from the California Teachers Study (United States)
    Leslie Bernstein
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 13:625-35. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of endocrine-related risk factors for breast cancer
    Leslie Bernstein
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia 7:3-15. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint Tamoxifen therapy for breast cancer and endometrial cancer risk
    L Bernstein
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California School of Medicine, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 91:1654-62. 1999
  5. ncbi request reprint A multiethnic population-based study of smoking, alcohol and body size and risk of adenocarcinomas of the stomach and esophagus (United States)
    A H Wu
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 12:721-32. 2001
  6. pmc The risk of angiosarcoma following primary breast cancer
    W Cozen
    University of Southern California School of Medicine, Department of Preventive Medicine, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    Br J Cancer 81:532-6. 1999
  7. ncbi request reprint Use of oral contraceptives and risk of breast cancer in young women
    G Ursin
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles 90033 0800, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 50:175-84. 1998
  8. pmc Lifetime exercise activity and breast cancer risk among post-menopausal women
    C L Carpenter
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California School of Medicine, USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, USA
    Br J Cancer 80:1852-8. 1999
  9. ncbi request reprint Changing relationship between socioeconomic status and prostate cancer incidence
    L Liu
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, and USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 93:705-9. 2001
  10. pmc Breastfeeding history, pregnancy experience and risk of breast cancer
    S M Enger
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, School of Medicine, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    Br J Cancer 76:118-23. 1997

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications88

  1. pmc Vitamin D receptor polymorphisms and breast cancer risk in a large population-based case-control study of Caucasian and African-American women
    Britton Trabert
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Fairview Ave N, Seattle, Washington 98109 1024, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 9:R84. 2007
    ..The involvement of vitamin D receptor (VDR), which is a key mediator in the vitamin D pathway, in breast cancer etiology has long been of interest...
  2. ncbi request reprint High breast cancer incidence rates among California teachers: results from the California Teachers Study (United States)
    Leslie Bernstein
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 13:625-35. 2002
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of endocrine-related risk factors for breast cancer
    Leslie Bernstein
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia 7:3-15. 2002
    ..Improved understanding of these exposures and their potential interactions with breast cancer susceptibility genes may, in the future, improve our prospects for breast cancer prevention...
  4. ncbi request reprint Tamoxifen therapy for breast cancer and endometrial cancer risk
    L Bernstein
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California School of Medicine, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 91:1654-62. 1999
    ..This study was designed to examine the possible modifying effects of endometrial cancer risk factors on the tamoxifen-endometrial cancer association...
  5. ncbi request reprint A multiethnic population-based study of smoking, alcohol and body size and risk of adenocarcinomas of the stomach and esophagus (United States)
    A H Wu
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 12:721-32. 2001
    ..We sought to determine the role of smoking, alcohol use, and body size characteristics in the etiology of esophageal, gastric cardia, and distal gastric adenocarcinomas...
  6. pmc The risk of angiosarcoma following primary breast cancer
    W Cozen
    University of Southern California School of Medicine, Department of Preventive Medicine, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    Br J Cancer 81:532-6. 1999
    ..9-152.8). A strong increase in risk after breast cancer was also observed for angiosarcoma of the chest and breast (OR = 11.6, 95% CI = 4.3-26.1) and for other sarcomas of the chest and breast (OR = 3.3, 95% CI = 1.1-1.7)...
  7. ncbi request reprint Use of oral contraceptives and risk of breast cancer in young women
    G Ursin
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles 90033 0800, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 50:175-84. 1998
    ..Analyses by stage, body weight, and family history yielded similar results. This study is consistent with a modest effect of early OC use on breast cancer risk in young women...
  8. pmc Lifetime exercise activity and breast cancer risk among post-menopausal women
    C L Carpenter
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California School of Medicine, USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, USA
    Br J Cancer 80:1852-8. 1999
    ..5 MET-hours per week) during the most recent 10 years (OR = 0.52; 95% CI 0.32-0.85). Strenuous exercise appears to reduce breast cancer risk among post-menopausal women who do not gain sizable amounts of weight during adulthood...
  9. ncbi request reprint Changing relationship between socioeconomic status and prostate cancer incidence
    L Liu
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, and USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 93:705-9. 2001
    ..We examined this relationship within the major racial/ethnic groups during the period 1972 through 1997, which spans the introduction of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing...
  10. pmc Breastfeeding history, pregnancy experience and risk of breast cancer
    S M Enger
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, School of Medicine, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    Br J Cancer 76:118-23. 1997
    ..05-3.92). These results support a protective role of breastfeeding and an adverse role of nausea or vomiting during pregnancy in the development of premenopausal breast cancer, especially in the years immediately following pregnancy...
  11. ncbi request reprint HER-2/neu gene amplification characterized by fluorescence in situ hybridization: poor prognosis in node-negative breast carcinomas
    M F Press
    Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center and Department of Pathology, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Clin Oncol 15:2894-904. 1997
    ....
  12. pmc Alcohol, tobacco and recreational drug use and the risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
    R A Nelson
    Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    Br J Cancer 76:1532-7. 1997
    ..8, 95% confidence limits = 1.2-28.4); among these drugs, cocaine use appeared to account for the elevated risk of NHL among men based on multivariable analyses...
  13. ncbi request reprint Ability of young women to recall past body size and age at menarche
    C Koprowski
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Obes Res 9:478-85. 2001
    ..The use of body silhouettes to assist women in recalling their body size at menarche and to represent their current body size was also evaluated...
  14. pmc Hormone levels in older women: a study of post-menopausal breast cancer patients and healthy population controls
    L Bernstein
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles 90033
    Br J Cancer 61:298-302. 1990
    ..These results provide further support for the hypothesis that breast cancer risk is determined in part by post-menopausal serum oestrogen concentration...
  15. pmc Stage and delay in breast cancer diagnosis by race, socioeconomic status, age and year
    J L Richardson
    Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033
    Br J Cancer 65:922-6. 1992
    ..These results suggest that increased efforts are needed to reach low SES and Black and Hispanic women with campaigns to improve the stage at which breast cancer is detected...
  16. ncbi request reprint Reproductive factors and risk of intermediate- or high-grade B-Cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in women
    R A Nelson
    Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Clin Oncol 19:1381-7. 2001
    ..Although the mechanisms for such protection are not known, alterations in immune reactivity, cytokine expression, or B-cell modulation may play a role...
  17. ncbi request reprint Breast cancer stage at diagnosis and survival among patients with prior breast implants
    D Deapen
    Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90089 9007, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 105:535-40. 2000
    ..Although breast implant patients should continue appropriate breast cancer screening behavior, there seems to be no cause for alarm...
  18. pmc Family history of haematopoietic malignancies and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma risk in the California Teachers Study
    Y Lu
    Department of Preventive Medicine, USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center NOR 3429, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90089 9175, USA
    Br J Cancer 100:524-6. 2009
    ..Among 121 216 women participating in the prospective California Teachers Study, NHL risk varied by type of haematopoietic malignancy and gender of the relative...
  19. pmc Ethnic differences in ovulatory function in nulliparous women
    C A Haiman
    Department of Preventive Medicine, USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Br J Cancer 86:367-71. 2002
    ..8%, P=0.48; luteal oestradiol: +14.6%, P=0.04; luteal progesterone: +18.2%, P=0.06). These results suggest that exposure to endogenous steroid hormones may be greater for young African-American and Latina women than for Whites...
  20. pmc Reproductive factors and subtypes of breast cancer defined by hormone receptor and histology
    G Ursin
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Br J Cancer 93:364-71. 2005
    ..This suggests that parity and lactation act through different mechanisms. This study also suggests that reproductive factors have similar protective effects on breast tumours of lobular and ductal origin...
  21. pmc The ADRB3 Trp64Arg variant and obesity in African-American breast cancer cases
    R McKean-Cowdin
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:1110-8. 2007
    ....
  22. pmc Diet, body size and menarche in a multiethnic cohort
    C Koprowski
    Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    Br J Cancer 79:1907-11. 1999
    ..7, 95% CI 0.5-0.9); this finding was limited to a subset of heavy Hispanic girls who appeared to underreport their dietary intake...
  23. ncbi request reprint The effect of atopy, childhood crowding, and other immune-related factors on non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk
    W Cozen
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Ave, MC 9175, Los Angeles, CA 90089 9175, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 18:821-31. 2007
    ..Since adult immune responsiveness is influenced by early childhood exposures, we examined the role of family size, history of atopic disease, and other childhood immune-related exposures in a multi-center case-control study of NHL...
  24. ncbi request reprint Lack of association between hepatitis C infection and development of AIDS-related lymphoma
    A M Levine
    Department of Medicine, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 20:255-8. 1999
    ..The current study demonstrates no relation between dual infection by HIV and HCV and subsequent increased risk of lymphoma...
  25. pmc The effect of in utero ethinyl oestradiol exposure on the risk of cryptorchid testis and testicular teratoma in mice
    A H Walker
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033
    Br J Cancer 62:599-602. 1990
    ..0001) and who had an increased risk, although not significant, of a testicular teratoma...
  26. ncbi request reprint Association of p53 mutations and a codon 72 single nucleotide polymorphism with lower overall survival and responsiveness to adjuvant radiotherapy in endometrioid endometrial carcinomas
    B Saffari
    Department of Pathology, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    Int J Gynecol Cancer 15:952-63. 2005
    ..9-fold increased risk of death (95% confidence interval: 1.5-22.7) compared to women whose tumors lacked p53 alterations and did not receive adjuvant radiation therapy...
  27. pmc Maternal hormone levels in early gestation of cryptorchid males: a case-control study
    L Bernstein
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033
    Br J Cancer 58:379-81. 1988
    ..The data presented support the hypothesis that cryptorchidism results from elevated maternal oestrogen levels early in pregnancy...
  28. pmc Reduced risk of synovial sarcoma in females: X-chromosome inactivation?
    X Bu
    Department of Pathology, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    Br J Cancer 87:28-30. 2002
    ..Population-based cancer registry data from the SEER program support this hypothesis...
  29. ncbi request reprint Epigenetic patterns in the progression of esophageal adenocarcinoma
    C A Eads
    Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, CA 90089-9176, USA
    Cancer Res 61:3410-8. 2001
    ....
  30. pmc Possible socioeconomic and ethnic disparities in quality of life in a cohort of breast cancer survivors
    Deborah J Bowen
    Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Avenue N, M4 B402, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 106:85-95. 2007
    ..This paper describes the ethnic and socioeconomic correlates of functioning in a cohort of long-term nonrecurring breast cancer survivors...
  31. ncbi request reprint Interleukin-6-related genotypes, body mass index, and risk of multiple myeloma and plasmacytoma
    Wendy Cozen
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, MC 9175, Los Angeles, CA 90089 9175, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:2285-91. 2006
    ..These results suggest that IL-6 promoter genotypes may be associated with increased risk of plasma cell neoplasms...
  32. pmc Physical activity, body mass index, and mammographic density in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors
    Melinda L Irwin
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 8034, USA
    J Clin Oncol 25:1061-6. 2007
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Oral contraceptive use and risk of breast carcinoma in situ (United States)
    Jasmeet K Gill
    Etiology Program, Cancer Research Center of Hawaii, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 17:1155-62. 2006
    ..Our study assesses the impact of oral contraceptive use on breast carcinoma in-situ (BCIS) risk...
  34. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and predictors of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations in a population-based study of breast cancer in white and black American women ages 35 to 64 years
    Kathleen E Malone
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
    Cancer Res 66:8297-308. 2006
    ....
  35. pmc Hormone-related risk factors for breast cancer in women under age 50 years by estrogen and progesterone receptor status: results from a case-control and a case-case comparison
    Huiyan Ma
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, California 90089 9175, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 8:R39. 2006
    ..It has been suggested that hormonal risk factors act predominantly on estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor (ER/PR)-positive breast cancers. However, the data have been inconsistent, especially in younger women...
  36. ncbi request reprint Risk patterns of multiple myeloma in Los Angeles County, 1972-1999 (United States)
    Mulugeta Gebregziabher
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 9175, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 17:931-8. 2006
    ..To describe the risk patterns of multiple myeloma in Los Angeles County (LAC)...
  37. ncbi request reprint Benefit of screening mammography in reducing the rate of late-stage breast cancer diagnoses (United States)
    Sandra A Norman
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, 801 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 17:921-9. 2006
    ..We studied the benefit of modern mammography screening in community settings, evaluating age-related differences in rates of late-stage breast cancer detection...
  38. pmc An association between a common variant (G972R) in the IRS-1 gene and sex hormone levels in post-menopausal breast cancer survivors
    Jing Fan
    Integrated Substance Abuse Programs, Neuropsychiatric Institute, University of California, 1640 S Sepulveda Boulevard, Suite 200, Los Angeles, CA 90025, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 99:323-31. 2006
    ..02). No association was present for white patients. Our findings provide suggestive evidence that IRS-1 G972R variant may be associated with circulating levels of sex hormones and SHBG in African American breast cancer survivors...
  39. ncbi request reprint Breast cancer risk estimates for relatives of white and African American women with breast cancer in the Women's Contraceptive and Reproductive Experiences Study
    Michael S Simon
    Division of Hematology and Oncology, Karmanos Cancer Institute at Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    J Clin Oncol 24:2498-504. 2006
    ..The purpose of this report is to update breast cancer risk estimates associated with a family history of breast cancer for white and AA women...
  40. ncbi request reprint Cigarette smoking is not associated with breast cancer risk in young women
    Jennifer Prescott
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:620-2. 2007
  41. ncbi request reprint Fatigue in breast cancer survivors two to five years post diagnosis: a HEAL Study report
    Kathleen Meeske
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine of University of Southern California, USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, 1444 Eastlake Avenue, Room 4449, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Qual Life Res 16:947-60. 2007
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Reproductive history and risk of second primary breast cancer: the WECARE study
    Joan A Largent
    Epidemiology Division, Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697 7555, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:906-11. 2007
    ..Women with an initial breast cancer diagnosis are at elevated risk of developing subsequent cancer in the contralateral breast. Studies of reproductive factors and contralateral breast cancer (CBC) have provided inconsistent results...
  43. pmc Influence of pre- and postdiagnosis physical activity on mortality in breast cancer survivors: the health, eating, activity, and lifestyle study
    Melinda L Irwin
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale School of Medicine, P O Box 208034, New Haven, CT 06520 8034, USA
    J Clin Oncol 26:3958-64. 2008
    ..To investigate the association between pre- and postdiagnosis physical activity (as well as change in prediagnosis to postdiagnosis physical activity) and mortality among women with breast cancer...
  44. pmc Physical activity, long-term symptoms, and physical health-related quality of life among breast cancer survivors: a prospective analysis
    Catherine M Alfano
    Comprehensive Cancer Center and School of Public Health, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
    J Cancer Surviv 1:116-28. 2007
    ..This prospective study investigated physical activity (PA), occurrence of physical symptoms, and HRQOL in a large, ethnically-diverse cohort of breast cancer survivors...
  45. pmc Vitamin D insufficiency in a multiethnic cohort of breast cancer survivors
    Marian L Neuhouser
    Cancer Prevention Program, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109 1024, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:133-9. 2008
    ..Little is known about vitamin D status in breast cancer survivors. This issue is important because vitamin D influences pathways related to carcinogenesis...
  46. pmc Dietary patterns and risk of ovarian cancer in the California Teachers Study cohort
    Ellen T Chang
    Northern California Cancer Center, Fremont, California 94538, USA
    Nutr Cancer 60:285-91. 2008
    ..Overall, our results show no convincing associations between dietary patterns and ovarian cancer risk...
  47. doi request reprint Does breast size modify the association between mammographic density and breast cancer risk?
    Anne Stuedal
    Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:621-7. 2008
    ..S. women. Because African American women have a larger breast size, we assessed whether the association between mammographic density and breast cancer was less apparent in large than in small breasts...
  48. doi request reprint Oral contraceptives, postmenopausal hormones, and risk of asynchronous bilateral breast cancer: the WECARE Study Group
    Jane C Figueiredo
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Clin Oncol 26:1411-8. 2008
    ..To investigate whether oral contraceptive (OC) use and postmenopausal hormones (PMH) are associated with an increased risk of developing asynchronous bilateral breast cancer among women diagnosed with breast cancer younger than 55 years...
  49. doi request reprint Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and risk of esophageal and gastric adenocarcinomas in Los Angeles County
    Lei Duan
    Division of Population Sciences, City of Hope National Medical Center, 1500 East Duarte Road, Duarte, CA 91010, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:126-34. 2008
    ..Yet, data on potential confounding effects by upper gastrointestinal tract (UGI) disorders on adenocarcinomas of the UGI are limited...
  50. ncbi request reprint Projecting individualized absolute invasive breast cancer risk in African American women
    Mitchell H Gail
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Executive Plaza South Rm 8032, Bethesda, MD 20892 7244, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:1782-92. 2007
    ..We developed a model for projecting absolute risk of invasive breast cancer in African American women and compared its projections with those from the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool...
  51. ncbi request reprint Census and geographic differences between respondents and nonrespondents in a case-control study of non-Hodgkin lymphoma
    Min Shen
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:350-61. 2008
    ..The bias was 8%, indicating that the socioeconomic and demographic differences between respondents and nonrespondents did not result in a large bias in the risk estimate for education...
  52. pmc Timing of menarche and first full-term birth in relation to breast cancer risk
    Christopher I Li
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:230-9. 2008
    ..The authors conclude that the interval between age at menarche and age at first birth is associated with the risk of hormonally sensitive types of breast cancer, particularly among White women...
  53. ncbi request reprint Germ line variation at 8q24 and endometrial cancer risk
    Veronica Wendy Setiawan
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Harlyne Norris Research Tower, 1450 Biggy Street, Room 1504A, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:2166-8. 2007
  54. ncbi request reprint Protection of mammography screening against death from breast cancer in women aged 40-64 years
    Sandra A Norman
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, 801 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 18:909-18. 2007
    ..This study assessed the efficacy of community-based screening mammography in protecting against breast cancer death, asking whether age differences in efficacy persisted in the 1990s...
  55. ncbi request reprint Ovarian cysts and breast cancer: results from the Women's Contraceptive and Reproductive Experiences Study
    Julia A Knight
    Prosserman Centre for Health Research, Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, 60 Murray Street, Box 18, Toronto, ON, Canada, M5T 3L9
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 109:157-64. 2008
    ..Additional studies are required to determine the specific cyst type(s) responsible for the observed relationship...
  56. pmc Serum organochlorines and breast cancer: a case-control study among African-American women
    Nicole M Gatto
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, USC Norris Comprehensive Center, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, Room 4449, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 18:29-39. 2007
    ..This study, the largest study of African-American women to date, does not support a role of DDE and total PCBs in breast cancer risk at the levels measured...
  57. ncbi request reprint Relationship between established breast cancer risk factors and risk of seven different histologic types of invasive breast cancer
    Christopher I Li
    Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Avenue North, M4 C308, P O Box 19024, Seattle, WA 98109 1024, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:946-54. 2006
    ....
  58. ncbi request reprint Control recruitment in population-based case-control studies
    Leslie Bernstein
    Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Epidemiology 17:255-7. 2006
  59. ncbi request reprint Does mammographic density reflect ethnic differences in breast cancer incidence rates?
    Zhengjia Chen
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 159:140-7. 2004
    ..This study suggests that absolute but not percent mammographic density reflects the lower breast cancer incidence rates of Asian Americans in relation to those of African Americans and Whites...
  60. ncbi request reprint Active smoking, household passive smoking, and breast cancer: evidence from the California Teachers Study
    Peggy Reynolds
    California Department of Health Services, Environmental Health Investigations Branch, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 96:29-37. 2004
    ..To date, literature addressing this question has been mixed, and the question has seldom been examined in large prospective study designs...
  61. ncbi request reprint Recreational physical activity and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer in a large cohort of US women
    Alpa V Patel
    Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA 30329 4251, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 14:519-29. 2003
    ..Our findings are consistent with other studies that show lower risk of postmenopausal breast cancer associated with regular physical activity...
  62. ncbi request reprint Hiatal hernia, reflux symptoms, body size, and risk of esophageal and gastric adenocarcinoma
    Anna H Wu
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, MC 9175, Los Angeles, CA 90089 9175, USA
    Cancer 98:940-8. 2003
    ..Since the 1970s, incidence rates of esophageal and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma have risen substantially. Reasons for the increasing trends are not well understood...
  63. ncbi request reprint Effect of family history, obesity and exercise on breast cancer risk among postmenopausal women
    Catherine L Carpenter
    Department of Preventive Medicine, USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Int J Cancer 106:96-102. 2003
    ..Body-mass index and exercise activity, both modifiable risk factors for breast cancer, seem to have differential effects depending on a woman's family history of breast cancer, and may impact risk through different biological mechanisms...
  64. pmc Adiposity and sex hormones in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors
    Anne McTiernan
    Cancer Prevention Research Program, MP 900, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Ave N, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
    J Clin Oncol 21:1961-6. 2003
    ..This study examined the association between adiposity and concentrations of estrogens, androgens, and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) in a population-based sample of postmenopausal women with breast cancer...
  65. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and breast cancer risk among Asian-American women in Los Angeles: a case-control study
    Dongyun Yang
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA
    Cancer 97:2565-75. 2003
    ..To the authors' knowledge, there have been few studies published to date regarding physical activity patterns and breast cancer risk in Asian and Asian-American women...
  66. ncbi request reprint Mammographic density and breast cancer in three ethnic groups
    Giske Ursin
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12:332-8. 2003
    ..Furthermore, our findings suggest that mammographic density is as strong a predictor of risk for African-American and Asian-American women as for white women...
  67. ncbi request reprint Do thyroid disorders increase the risk of breast cancer?
    Michael S Simon
    Division of Hematology and Oncology, Karmanos Cancer Institute at Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 11:1574-8. 2002
    ..There was no statistical interaction between thyroid disorders, thyroid treatments, and race, menopausal status, or parity. We found no association between thyroid disorders or their associated treatments and the risk of breast cancer...
  68. ncbi request reprint Hormone replacement therapy regimens and breast cancer risk(1)
    Linda K Weiss
    Population Studies and Prevention Program, Karmanos Cancer Institute at Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 100:1148-58. 2002
    ..Progestin administered in an uninterrupted regimen may be a contributing factor. Risk dissipates once use is discontinued...
  69. ncbi request reprint Relation of regimens of combined hormone replacement therapy to lobular, ductal, and other histologic types of breast carcinoma
    Janet R Daling
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98109, USA
    Cancer 95:2455-64. 2002
    ..However, the use of combined (estrogen and progestin) hormone replacement therapy (CHRT) also has increased during the last decade and may account in part for the increase in invasive lobular breast carcinoma...
  70. ncbi request reprint Medical radiation, family history of cancer, and benign breast disease in relation to breast cancer risk in young women, USA
    Deirdre A Hill
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 13:711-8. 2002
    ..Some evidence suggests that such risk may be distinctly elevated among women with a family history of breast or ovarian cancer (probably only carriers of specific gene mutations) and women with benign breast disease (BBD)...
  71. ncbi request reprint Lifestyle and other risk factors for thyroid cancer in Los Angeles County females
    Wendy J Mack
    University of Southern California, Department of Preventive Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 12:395-401. 2002
    ..Cases were 292 women, aged 15-54 when diagnosed between the years 1980 and 1983 (145 diagnosed in 1980-81 and 147 diagnosed in 1982-83). Female neighborhood controls (n = 292) were matched to each case on birth-year and race...
  72. ncbi request reprint Polymorphism in the androgen receptor and mammographic density in women taking and not taking estrogen and progestin therapy
    Elizabeth Osth Lillie
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90089 9175, USA
    Cancer Res 64:1237-41. 2004
    ..4%) than carriers of the more active AR-CAG (25.7%; P = 0.04). Our results raise the question of whether the number of AR-CAG repeats predicts breast cancer risk in estrogen progestin therapy users...
  73. ncbi request reprint Impact of reproductive factors and lactation on breast carcinoma in situ risk
    Kathleen Meeske
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Int J Cancer 110:102-9. 2004
    ..The results for breast-feeding are contrary to what has been observed in studies of invasive breast cancer...
  74. pmc Study design: evaluating gene-environment interactions in the etiology of breast cancer - the WECARE study
    Jonine L Bernstein
    Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 6:R199-214. 2004
    ..Three genes (ATM, BRCA1, and BRCA2) encode products that are essential for the normal cellular response to DSBs, but predispose to breast cancer when mutated...
  75. ncbi request reprint Etiologic clues from the similarity of histology-specific trends in esophageal and lung cancers
    Myles G Cockburn
    Department of Preventive Medicine, USC Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 16:1065-74. 2005
    ..Squamous cell lung cancers, while caused by smoking, are believed to be caused by different constituents of tobacco smoke than lung adenocarcinomas. Smoking is also a risk factor for esophageal cancers...
  76. ncbi request reprint Occupational physical activity and risk of adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and stomach
    Cheryl Vigen
    Department of Preventive Medicine, USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 9175, USA
    Int J Cancer 118:1004-9. 2006
    ..Future studies with more complete information on occupational and recreational physical activity are needed to confirm and further investigate the suggested protective effect of physical activity on these tumor types...
  77. ncbi request reprint Multi-center screening of mutations in the ATM gene among women with breast cancer - the WECARE Study
    Jonine L Berstein
    Radiat Res 163:698-9. 2005
  78. ncbi request reprint Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use and breast cancer risk by stage and hormone receptor status
    Sarah F Marshall
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 97:805-12. 2005
    ..We investigated the association of NSAID use with risk of breast cancer in the California Teachers Study cohort, with special attention to risk of specific breast cancer subtypes and to type of NSAID used...
  79. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in the familial aggregation of breast cancer and other female cancers
    Michael S Simon
    Division of Haematology and Oncology, Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute, 4100 John R, 4221 Hudson, Weber Cancer Research Building, Detroit, M1 48201, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 89:227-35. 2005
    ..17 (1.22-3.85). In conclusion, these racially distinct aggregation patterns may reflect different modes of inheritance and/or environmental factors that impact cancer risk...
  80. ncbi request reprint A proposed explanation for female predominance in alveolar soft part sarcoma. Noninactivation of X; autosome translocation fusion gene?
    Xiangdong Bu
    Department of Pathology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Cancer 103:1245-53. 2005
    ..Because females have an extra X-chromosome, their likelihood of developing an X;autosome translocation is theoretically double that of males, and thus, this extra X-chromosome is a likely explanation for female predominance of ASPS...
  81. ncbi request reprint Alcohol exposure and breast cancer: results of the women's contraceptive and reproductive experiences study
    Jill A McDonald
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Reproductive Health, 4770 Buford Highway Northeast, MS K22, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 13:2106-16. 2004
    ..To explore associated biological outcomes and clarify the role of timing of exposure in the alcohol-breast cancer relationship...
  82. ncbi request reprint Stroke risk and tamoxifen therapy for breast cancer
    Ann M Geiger
    Research and Evaluation Department, Kaiser Permanente Southern California, 100 S Los Robles, Pasadena, CA 91188, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 96:1528-36. 2004
    ..We assessed the impact of tamoxifen treatment for breast cancer on the risk of stroke, considering dose, duration, and recency of use of tamoxifen and known stroke risk factors...
  83. ncbi request reprint Regional variations in breast cancer among california teachers
    Peggy Reynolds
    California Department of Health Services, Environmental Health Investigations Branch, Oakland, California 94612, USA
    Epidemiology 15:746-54. 2004
    ..This large cohort study has followed female professional school employees for cancer incidence since 1995 and has collected extensive information on breast cancer risk factors...
  84. ncbi request reprint Correlates of active and passive smoking in the California Teachers Study cohort
    Peggy Reynolds
    California Department of Health Services, Environmental Health Investigations Branch, Environmental Epidemiology Section, Oakland, California 94612, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 13:778-90. 2004
    ..These analyses were designed to describe characteristics associated with active and passive smoking in a large cohort of women in order to identify possible confounders of the relationship between smoking exposures and breast cancer risk...
  85. ncbi request reprint Residential proximity to agricultural pesticide use and incidence of breast cancer in the California Teachers Study cohort
    Peggy Reynolds
    Environmental Health Investigations Branch, California Department of Health Services, 1515 Clay Street, Suite 1700, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Environ Res 96:206-18. 2004
    ..Our analyses suggest that breast cancer incidence is not elevated in areas of recent, high agricultural pesticide use in California...
  86. ncbi request reprint Serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, metabolic profile, and breast cancer risk
    Anne Sofie Furberg
    Section of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Institute of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway
    J Natl Cancer Inst 96:1152-60. 2004
    ..HDL-C represents an important aspect of the syndrome, yet its role in breast cancer is still undefined...
  87. ncbi request reprint Reproductive factors and risk of breast carcinoma in a study of white and African-American women
    Giske Ursin
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA
    Cancer 101:353-62. 2004
    ....
  88. pmc Genetic determinants of mammographic density
    Christopher A Haiman
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 4:R5. 2002
    ..Changes in breast density are highly correlated with steroid hormone exposure...