G Bergus

Summary

Affiliation: University of Iowa
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Using systematically observed clinical encounters (SOCEs) to assess medical students' skills in clinical settings
    George R Bergus
    Performance Based Assessment Program, Office of Student Affairs and Curriculum, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA Department of Family Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA Department of Psychiatry, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Adv Med Educ Pract 1:67-73. 2010
  2. pmc Women's quality of life is decreased by acute cystitis and antibiotic adverse effects associated with treatment
    Erika J Ernst
    College of Pharmacy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 3:45. 2005
  3. pmc Favorable patient acceptance of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in a primary care setting in the United States: a cross-sectional survey
    Michael E Ernst
    Division of Clinical and Administrative Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    BMC Fam Pract 4:15. 2003
  4. ncbi request reprint The reliability of summative judgements based on objective structured clinical examination cases distributed across the clinical year
    George R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52245, USA
    Med Educ 41:661-6. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Using infant mannequins in objective standardized clinical examinations: are there unintended consequences?
    George Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine and the Office of Student Affairs and Curriculum, University of Iowa Roy J and Lucille A Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Ambul Pediatr 6:235-8. 2006
  6. doi request reprint Do antibiotics affect the quality of life of patients with upper respiratory tract illnesses? It might depend on one's luck
    G R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Int J Clin Pract 62:855-9. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint The limited effect of screening for depressive symptoms with the PHQ-9 in rural family practices
    George R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    J Rural Health 21:303-9. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint Trained lay observers can reliably assess medical students' communication skills
    George R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Med Educ 43:688-94. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Family medicine residents do not ask better-formulated clinical questions as they advance in their training
    George R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52245, USA
    Fam Med 37:486-90. 2005
  10. pmc Appraising and applying evidence about a diagnostic test during a performance-based assessment
    George Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    BMC Med Educ 4:20. 2004

Detail Information

Publications37

  1. pmc Using systematically observed clinical encounters (SOCEs) to assess medical students' skills in clinical settings
    George R Bergus
    Performance Based Assessment Program, Office of Student Affairs and Curriculum, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA Department of Family Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA Department of Psychiatry, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Adv Med Educ Pract 1:67-73. 2010
    ..We investigated the psychometrics of systematically observed clinical encounters (SOCEs), in which physicians are supplemented by lay trained observers, as a means of assessing the clinical performances of medical students...
  2. pmc Women's quality of life is decreased by acute cystitis and antibiotic adverse effects associated with treatment
    Erika J Ernst
    College of Pharmacy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 3:45. 2005
    ..Objectives: To evaluate QOL in women treated for acute cystitis, and describe the relationship between QOL, clinical outcome and adverse events of each of the interventions used in the study...
  3. pmc Favorable patient acceptance of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in a primary care setting in the United States: a cross-sectional survey
    Michael E Ernst
    Division of Clinical and Administrative Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    BMC Fam Pract 4:15. 2003
    ..The objective of this study was to describe patient satisfaction with ABPM performed in a primary care office in the United States, using modern ABPM technology...
  4. ncbi request reprint The reliability of summative judgements based on objective structured clinical examination cases distributed across the clinical year
    George R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52245, USA
    Med Educ 41:661-6. 2007
    ..We sought to determine the generalisability of students' summary scores aggregated from formative OSCE cases distributed across 5 clerkships during Year 3 of medical school...
  5. ncbi request reprint Using infant mannequins in objective standardized clinical examinations: are there unintended consequences?
    George Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine and the Office of Student Affairs and Curriculum, University of Iowa Roy J and Lucille A Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Ambul Pediatr 6:235-8. 2006
    ..But before using this approach, we wanted to assess whether having students examine mannequins affects their history-collecting or communication skills...
  6. doi request reprint Do antibiotics affect the quality of life of patients with upper respiratory tract illnesses? It might depend on one's luck
    G R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Int J Clin Pract 62:855-9. 2008
    ..Upper respiratory tract illnesses (URTI) are known to cause measurable decline in health-related quality of life (HRQL). We studied whether antibiotics impacted patients' HRQL after obtaining medical care for URTI...
  7. ncbi request reprint The limited effect of screening for depressive symptoms with the PHQ-9 in rural family practices
    George R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    J Rural Health 21:303-9. 2005
    ..However, these studies were conducted before the widespread use of SSRIs or in settings other than traditional primary care...
  8. ncbi request reprint Trained lay observers can reliably assess medical students' communication skills
    George R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Med Educ 43:688-94. 2009
    ..Our project investigated whether trained lay observers can reliably assess the communication skills of medical students by observing their patient encounters in an out-patient clinic...
  9. ncbi request reprint Family medicine residents do not ask better-formulated clinical questions as they advance in their training
    George R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52245, USA
    Fam Med 37:486-90. 2005
    ..We investigated whether family medicine residents demonstrated increased skill in formulating clinical questions over their 3 years of training...
  10. pmc Appraising and applying evidence about a diagnostic test during a performance-based assessment
    George Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    BMC Med Educ 4:20. 2004
    ..We wanted to assess whether our soon-to-graduate medical students could appraise and apply research about a diagnostic test within a clinical context and to compare our students with peers trained at other institutions...
  11. ncbi request reprint Scoring an improvement in medical students' clinical notes
    George Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa 52245, USA
    Med Educ 40:479-80. 2006
  12. ncbi request reprint Antibiotic use during the first 200 days of life
    G R Bergus
    Department of Family Practice, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
    Arch Fam Med 5:523-6. 1996
    ..Infants were most frequently treated with amoxicillin, followed by cephalosporins and sulfonamides. Otitis media was the illness that most commonly prompted the use of an antibiotic...
  13. ncbi request reprint Skills that Iowa family physicians desire in a new physician partner
    G R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
    Fam Med 29:618-24. 1997
    ..As a result, there is not consensus on which skills need to be stressed during residency training. Our project asked community-based family physicians to rate the importance of specific skills in a new family physician partner...
  14. ncbi request reprint Tubes, antibiotic prophylaxis, or watchful waiting: a decision analysis for managing recurrent acute otitis media
    G R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Fam Pract 46:304-10. 1998
    ..The goal of this study was to create a decision model to identify which intervention, if any, is preferred from the perspective of parents with young children...
  15. ncbi request reprint Use of an E-mail curbside consultation service by family physicians
    G R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    J Fam Pract 47:357-60. 1998
    ..We created an electronic mail (E-mail) service for curbside consultations between family physicians and other health care specialists at an academic medical center...
  16. ncbi request reprint Clinical diagnosis and the order of information
    G R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Med Decis Making 18:412-7. 1998
    ..Information order can influence judgment. However, it remains unclear whether the order of clinical data affects physicians' interpretations of these data when they are engaged in familiar diagnostic tasks...
  17. ncbi request reprint Does the structure of clinical questions affect the outcome of curbside consultations with specialty colleagues?
    G R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, USA
    Arch Fam Med 9:541-7. 2000
    ..It is hypothesized that well-formulated clinical questions are more likely to be answered and less likely to receive a recommendation for formal consultation...
  18. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of antibiotic use and associated infections in young children
    G R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, The Colleges of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 15:61-7. 2001
    ..18) and showed a trend for more days of use (P = 0.052). There was a small but significant variation in antibiotic usage in the different recruitment communities (P = 0.02)...
  19. ncbi request reprint Physician perceptions about administration of immunizations outside of physician offices
    G R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52245, USA
    Prev Med 32:255-61. 2001
    ..However, there is little information about physician interest in collaborating with nonphysicians to provide out-of-office immunizations...
  20. pmc Presenting risks and benefits to patients
    George R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 17:612-7. 2002
    ..To investigate whether patients are influenced by the order in which they learn the risks and benefits of a treatment and whether this effect is attenuated by a treatment's associated risk and/or benefit...
  21. pmc Effect of a patient's psychiatric history on physicians' estimation of probability of disease
    M A Graber
    Department of Family Medicine, at The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1097, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 15:204-6. 2000
    ..We conclude that past psychiatric history influences physicians' estimation of disease presence and willingness to order tests...
  22. ncbi request reprint Determining suicide risk (hint: a screen is not enough)
    Jess G Fiedorowicz
    Departments of Psychiatry, Carver College of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    J Fam Pract 59:256-60. 2010
    ..Ask a family member or close friend to ensure that any guns or other lethal means of suicide are inaccessible to the patient at risk. Avoid the use of "no harm" contracts, which are controversial and lack demonstrated effectiveness...
  23. doi request reprint The validity of performance-based measures of clinical reasoning and alternative approaches
    Clarence D Kreiter
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52246, USA
    Med Educ 43:320-5. 2009
    ..However, the validity of this measurement method for assessing clinical reasoning is open to question...
  24. ncbi request reprint Relationship between physician knowledge of hypertension and blood pressure control
    Barry L Carter
    Division of Clinical and Administrative Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, 52242, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 8:481-6. 2006
    ..Strategies that are designed only to improve knowledge of hypertension guidelines are insufficient to improve BP control rates...
  25. pmc A cluster randomized trial to evaluate physician/pharmacist collaboration to improve blood pressure control
    Barry L Carter
    Division of Clinical and Administrative Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 10:260-71. 2008
    ..9; CI, 3.8-20.7; P<.001). Physician/pharmacist collaboration achieved significantly better mean BP values and overall BP control rates, primarily by intensification of medication therapy and improving patient adherence...
  26. ncbi request reprint Malpractice liability for informal consultations
    Robert S Olick
    Center for Bioethics and Humanities, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
    Fam Med 35:476-81. 2003
    ..To assess this risk, we reviewed reported judicial opinions involving informal consultation by physicians...
  27. ncbi request reprint Noninvasive 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring: overview of technology and clinical applications
    Michael E Ernst
    Division of Clinical and Administrative Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Pharmacotherapy 22:597-612. 2002
    ..Clinicians involved in the care of patients with hypertension should familiarize themselves with the role of this technology and how to use it in an appropriate and cost-effective manner...
  28. ncbi request reprint How well does a shortened time interval characterize results of a full ambulatory blood pressure monitoring session?
    Michael E Ernst
    Division of Clinical and Administrative Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 10:431-5. 2008
    ..However, shortened sessions do not characterize the influence of circadian variation on the 24-hour mean BP and may overestimate the 24-hour BP levels...
  29. ncbi request reprint Case specificity: empirical phenomenon or measurement artifact?
    Clarence D Kreiter
    Office of Consultation and Research in Medical Education, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 1000, USA
    Teach Learn Med 19:378-81. 2007
  30. ncbi request reprint Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
    Michael E Ernst
    Division of Clinical and Administrative Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    South Med J 96:563-8. 2003
    ..Medicare recently announced plans to begin reimbursement for ABPM, which will likely increase demand for ABPM services. Clinicians should become familiar with the role of this technology in the care of the hypertensive patient...
  31. ncbi request reprint Explicit and implicit evaluation of physician adherence to hypertension guidelines
    Gail Ardery
    The University of Iowa College of Pharmacy, Iowa City, IA 52242 1112, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 9:113-9. 2007
    ..Nonadherence was rated as justifiable for only 6.6% of the failed explicit criteria. In general, adherence to the JNC 7 guidelines was modest even when barriers that might have affected adherence were taken into consideration...
  32. ncbi request reprint Email teleconsultations: well formulated clinical referrals reduce the need for clinic consultation
    George R Bergus
    Department of Family Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, Iowa, USA
    J Telemed Telecare 12:33-8. 2006
    ..How family physicians formulate their clinical questions influences whether specialists request a clinic consultation...
  33. ncbi request reprint Comparative antihypertensive effects of hydrochlorothiazide and chlorthalidone on ambulatory and office blood pressure
    Michael E Ernst
    Division of Clinical and Administrative Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Hypertension 47:352-8. 2006
    ..8+/-3.5; P=0.84). Within recommended doses, chlorthalidone is more effective in lowering systolic BPs than hydrochlorothiazide, as evidenced by 24-hour ambulatory BPs. These differences were not apparent with office BP measurements...
  34. ncbi request reprint The influence of irrelevant anchors on the judgments and choices of doctors and patients
    Noel T Brewer
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Med Decis Making 27:203-11. 2007
    ..Little research has examined how anchor numbers affect choice, despite several decades of research showing that judgments typically and robustly assimilate toward irrelevant anchors...
  35. ncbi request reprint Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring: technology with a purpose
    Michael E Ernst
    Am Fam Physician 67:2262, 2268, 2270. 2003
  36. ncbi request reprint Primary tooth fluorosis and amoxicillin use during infancy
    Liang Hong
    Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, University of Iowa College of Dentistry, Iowa City, IA 52242 1010, USA
    J Public Health Dent 64:38-44. 2004
    ..This study assessed the association between amoxicillin use during the first year of life and primary tooth fluorosis...
  37. ncbi request reprint Medically administered antibiotics, dietary habits, fluoride intake and dental caries experience in the primary dentition
    Boipelo P Mariri
    Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, College of Dentistry, 200 Hawkins Drive 01105 PFP, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 31:40-51. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess factors related to extensive caries experience among children aged 4-7 years, including antibiotic use, dietary patterns, fluoride intakes, and tooth brushing habits...