Scarlett L Bellamy

Summary

Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Analysis of clustered and interval censored data from a community-based study in asthma
    Scarlett L Bellamy
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 629 Blockley Hall 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19103, USA
    Stat Med 23:3607-21. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint A dynamic block-randomization algorithm for group-randomized clinical trials when the composition of blocking factors is not known in advance
    Scarlett L Bellamy
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States
    Contemp Clin Trials 26:469-79. 2005
  3. pmc Factors associated with nonadherence to early goal-directed therapy in the ED
    Mark E Mikkelsen
    Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Division, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Chest 138:551-8. 2010
  4. pmc Clinical risk factors for primary graft dysfunction after lung transplantation
    Joshua M Diamond
    Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Division, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 187:527-34. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Clinical protocols and trainee knowledge about mechanical ventilation
    Meeta Prasad
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3600 Spruce St, Eighth Floor, West Gates Bldg, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 306:935-41. 2011
  6. pmc The Effects of a Problem Solving-Based Intervention on Depressive Symptoms and HIV Medication Adherence Are Independent
    Robert Gross
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America Center for Pharmacoepidemiology Research and Training, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e84952. 2014
  7. pmc The epidemiology of acute respiratory distress syndrome in patients presenting to the emergency department with severe sepsis
    Mark E Mikkelsen
    Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Division, Department of Medicine, and Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Pulmonary and Allergy Associates, Morristown, New Jersey, and Morristown Medical Center, Morristown, New Jersey Department of Emergency Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Department of Anesthesiology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York and Department of Emergency Medicine, Medstar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC, and Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC
    Shock 40:375-81. 2013
  8. pmc African American race, obesity, and blood product transfusion are risk factors for acute kidney injury in critically ill trauma patients
    Michael G S Shashaty
    Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Crit Care 27:496-504. 2012
  9. pmc Lower serum endocan levels are associated with the development of acute lung injury after major trauma
    Mark E Mikkelsen
    Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Division, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Crit Care 27:522.e11-7. 2012
  10. pmc The association of early transfusion with acute lung injury in patients with severe injury
    Daniel N Holena
    Division of Traumatology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 73:825-31. 2012

Detail Information

Publications28

  1. ncbi request reprint Analysis of clustered and interval censored data from a community-based study in asthma
    Scarlett L Bellamy
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 629 Blockley Hall 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19103, USA
    Stat Med 23:3607-21. 2004
    ..We also discuss a score test to make inferences about the magnitude and significance of over-dispersion in clustered data settings. These methods will be illustrated using data from the East Boston Asthma Study...
  2. ncbi request reprint A dynamic block-randomization algorithm for group-randomized clinical trials when the composition of blocking factors is not known in advance
    Scarlett L Bellamy
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States
    Contemp Clin Trials 26:469-79. 2005
    ..These settings are further complicated when there is more than one blocking factor. In this paper, we present an algorithm that ensures the integrity of the randomization process in these settings...
  3. pmc Factors associated with nonadherence to early goal-directed therapy in the ED
    Mark E Mikkelsen
    Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Division, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Chest 138:551-8. 2010
    ..EGDT appears to be underused, even in centers with formalized protocols. The aim of our study was to identify factors associated with not initiating EGDT in the ED...
  4. pmc Clinical risk factors for primary graft dysfunction after lung transplantation
    Joshua M Diamond
    Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Division, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 187:527-34. 2013
    ..Clinical trial registered with www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT 00552357)...
  5. doi request reprint Clinical protocols and trainee knowledge about mechanical ventilation
    Meeta Prasad
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3600 Spruce St, Eighth Floor, West Gates Bldg, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 306:935-41. 2011
    ..Clinical protocols are associated with improved patient outcomes; however, they may negatively affect medical education by removing trainees from clinical decision making...
  6. pmc The Effects of a Problem Solving-Based Intervention on Depressive Symptoms and HIV Medication Adherence Are Independent
    Robert Gross
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America Center for Pharmacoepidemiology Research and Training, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e84952. 2014
    ..Thus, interventions for medication adherence may not need to address depressive symptoms in order to impact both adherence and depression; this remains to be confirmed, however, in other data. ..
  7. pmc The epidemiology of acute respiratory distress syndrome in patients presenting to the emergency department with severe sepsis
    Mark E Mikkelsen
    Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Division, Department of Medicine, and Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Pulmonary and Allergy Associates, Morristown, New Jersey, and Morristown Medical Center, Morristown, New Jersey Department of Emergency Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Department of Anesthesiology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York and Department of Emergency Medicine, Medstar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC, and Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC
    Shock 40:375-81. 2013
    ..To date, no study has directly examined the epidemiology of ARDS in severe sepsis from the earliest presentation to the health care system, the emergency department (ED)...
  8. pmc African American race, obesity, and blood product transfusion are risk factors for acute kidney injury in critically ill trauma patients
    Michael G S Shashaty
    Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Crit Care 27:496-504. 2012
    ..Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common source of morbidity after trauma. We sought to determine novel risk factors for AKI, by Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) criteria, in critically ill trauma patients...
  9. pmc Lower serum endocan levels are associated with the development of acute lung injury after major trauma
    Mark E Mikkelsen
    Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Division, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Crit Care 27:522.e11-7. 2012
    ..We tested the association of serum endocan levels with subsequent development of ALI after major trauma...
  10. pmc The association of early transfusion with acute lung injury in patients with severe injury
    Daniel N Holena
    Division of Traumatology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 73:825-31. 2012
    ..We hypothesized that the relationship between PRBC delivery and ALI risk varies through time after injury...
  11. pmc The adult respiratory distress syndrome cognitive outcomes study: long-term neuropsychological function in survivors of acute lung injury
    Mark E Mikkelsen
    Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Division, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 836 W Gates Pavilion, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 185:1307-15. 2012
    ..Cognitive and psychiatric morbidity is common and potentially modifiable after acute lung injury (ALI). However, practical measures of neuropsychological function for use in multicenter trials are lacking...
  12. pmc Elevated plasma angiopoietin-2 levels and primary graft dysfunction after lung transplantation
    Joshua M Diamond
    Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Division, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    PLoS ONE 7:e51932. 2012
    ..Angiopoietin-2 serves as a partial antagonist to the Tie-2 receptor and induces increased endothelial permeability. We hypothesized that elevated Ang2 levels would be associated with development of PGD...
  13. doi request reprint Managed problem solving for antiretroviral therapy adherence: a randomized trial
    Robert Gross
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    JAMA Intern Med 173:300-6. 2013
    ..We sought to determine whether an intervention derived from problem solving theory, Managed Problem Solving (MAPS), would improve antiretroviral outcomes...
  14. pmc HIV infection and glycemic response to newly initiated diabetic medical therapy
    Jennifer H Han
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, 3rd Floor, Silverstein Building, Ste E, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    AIDS 26:2087-95. 2012
    ..The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of initial diabetic medical therapy in patients with and without HIV infection...
  15. ncbi request reprint Consequences of comorbid insomnia symptoms and sleep-related breathing disorder in elderly subjects
    Nalaka S Gooneratne
    Division of Geriatric Medicine, Center for Sleep and Respiratory Neurobiology, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:1732-8. 2006
    ..The prevalence of sleep-related breathing disorder (SRBD) and insomnia symptoms increases considerably with advancing age, but little is known about their cooccurrence and their effects on daytime functioning when present together...
  16. ncbi request reprint Coronary artery calcification in renal transplant recipients
    Sylvia E Rosas
    Renal, Electrolyte and Hypertension Division, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Am J Transplant 5:1942-7. 2005
    ..In summary, CAC is prevalent in patients undergoing kidney transplant. CAC may be a method to identify renal transplant recipients at increased risk for future cardiovascular events...
  17. pmc Early abortion in family medicine: clinical outcomes
    Ian M Bennett
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 2nd Floor Gates Pavilion, 3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4283, USA
    Ann Fam Med 7:527-33. 2009
    ..We wished to assess the outcomes of first-trimester medication and aspiration abortion procedures by family physicians...
  18. pmc Case-control study of subjective and objective differences in sleep patterns in older adults with insomnia symptoms
    Nalaka S Gooneratne
    Division of Geriatric Medicine and Center for Sleep and Respiratory Neurobiology, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3615 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Sleep Res 20:434-44. 2011
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Cancer information seeking preferences and experiences: disparities between Asian Americans and Whites in the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS)
    Giang T Nguyen
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Center of Excellence in Cancer Communication Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    J Health Commun 11:173-80. 2006
    ..g., elderly, poorly educated, immigrants, and those with limited English proficiency)...
  20. pmc A panel of lung injury biomarkers enhances the definition of primary graft dysfunction (PGD) after lung transplantation
    Rupal J Shah
    Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Division, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Heart Lung Transplant 31:942-9. 2012
    ..We aimed to identify combinations of biomarkers to enhance the definition of primary graft dysfunction (PGD) for translational research...
  21. doi request reprint Serum lactate is associated with mortality in severe sepsis independent of organ failure and shock
    Mark E Mikkelsen
    Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Division, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Crit Care Med 37:1670-7. 2009
    ..e., refractory hypotension)...
  22. pmc Pre-teen literacy and subsequent teenage childbearing in a US population
    Ian M Bennett
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Contraception 87:459-64. 2013
    ..While literacy is a key factor in health across the life course, the association of literacy and teenage childbearing has not been assessed in the US...
  23. pmc Early mortality and AIDS progression despite high initial antiretroviral therapy adherence and virologic suppression in Botswana
    Katherine T Steele
    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e20010. 2011
    ..We sought to determine the relationship between very early ART adherence and early adverse outcomes in HIV-infected adults in Botswana...
  24. doi request reprint School-based randomized controlled trial of an HIV/STD risk-reduction intervention for South African adolescents
    John B Jemmott
    Universityof Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:923-9. 2010
    ..To test the efficacy of a school-based human immunodeficiency virus/sexually transmitted disease (HIV/STD) risk-reduction intervention for South African adolescents...
  25. pmc The availability of clinical protocols in US teaching intensive care units
    Meeta Prasad
    Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Crit Care 25:610-9. 2010
    ..Clinical protocols to standardize care may improve patient outcomes but worsen trainee education. Our objective was to determine the availability of clinical protocols in teaching medical intensive care units (ICUs)...
  26. pmc Participation rates and representativeness of African Americans recruited to a health promotion program
    Chanita Hughes Halbert
    Center for Community Based Research ealth Disparities, Department of Psychiatry and Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania, PA 19104, USA
    Health Educ Res 25:6-13. 2010
    ..Our sample included a greater proportion of individuals who only had a high school education compared with community residents but was similar to community residents in terms of gender, marital status and employment...
  27. ncbi request reprint An introduction to causal modeling in clinical trials
    Scarlett L Bellamy
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Clin Trials 4:58-73. 2007
    ..We review and compare two causal modeling approaches that correspond to two major and distinct classes of inference - efficacy and intervention-based inference - in the context of randomized trials with subject noncompliance...
  28. ncbi request reprint Influence of alcohol use, race, and viral coinfections on spontaneous HCV clearance in a US veteran population
    Barbara A Piasecki
    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Hepatology 40:892-9. 2004
    ..016), while HBV coinfection was positively associated with HCV clearance (unadjusted OR 5.0; 95% CI, 1.26-28.6; P =.008). In conclusion, the likelihood of spontaneous clearance of HCV may be influenced by alcohol and viral coinfections...