I R Bell

Summary

Affiliation: University of Arizona
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Development and validation of IMAQ: Integrative Medicine Attitude Questionnaire
    Craig D Schneider
    Department of Family Practice, Maine Medical Center, 22 Bramhall St, Portland, ME 04102 3175, USA
    BMC Med Educ 3:5. 2003
  2. pmc Complementary and conventional medicine: a concept map
    Carol M Baldwin
    Southern Arizona VA Health Care System, Research Service Line, Tucson, AZ, USA
    BMC Complement Altern Med 4:2. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint Models for the study of whole systems
    Iris R Bell
    Department of Family, Program in Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
    Integr Cancer Ther 5:293-307. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint Homeopathic constitutional type questionnaire correlates of conventional psychological and physical health scales: individual difference characteristics of young adults
    Iris R Bell
    Program in Integrative Medicine, The University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson 85719, USA
    Homeopathy 91:63-74. 2002
  5. ncbi request reprint Gas discharge visualization evaluation of ultramolecular doses of homeopathic medicines under blinded, controlled conditions
    Iris R Bell
    Program in Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724 5153, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 9:25-38. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint Homeopathic practitioner views of changes in patients undergoing constitutional treatment for chronic disease
    Iris R Bell
    Program in Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724 5153, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 9:39-50. 2003
  7. pmc Development and validation of a new global well-being outcomes rating scale for integrative medicine research
    Iris R Bell
    Program in Integrative Medicine, The University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ, USA
    BMC Complement Altern Med 4:1. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint Electroencephalographic cordance patterns distinguish exceptional clinical responders with fibromyalgia to individualized homeopathic medicines
    Iris R Bell
    Department of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 10:285-99. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint Improved clinical status in fibromyalgia patients treated with individualized homeopathic remedies versus placebo
    I R Bell
    Department of Psychiatry, Mel and Enid Zuckerman Arizona College of Public Health at the University of Arizona, Tucson, USA
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 43:577-82. 2004
  10. ncbi request reprint Strength of vital force in classical homeopathy: bio-psycho-social-spiritual correlates within a complex systems context
    Iris R Bell
    Department of Medicine and Program in Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, 85724 5153, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 10:123-31. 2004

Detail Information

Publications49

  1. pmc Development and validation of IMAQ: Integrative Medicine Attitude Questionnaire
    Craig D Schneider
    Department of Family Practice, Maine Medical Center, 22 Bramhall St, Portland, ME 04102 3175, USA
    BMC Med Educ 3:5. 2003
    ..S. We set out to develop and validate a brief questionnaire measuring health care provider and medical student attitudes regarding these approaches to healthcare...
  2. pmc Complementary and conventional medicine: a concept map
    Carol M Baldwin
    Southern Arizona VA Health Care System, Research Service Line, Tucson, AZ, USA
    BMC Complement Altern Med 4:2. 2004
    ..The objective of this study is to describe and interpret the results of concept mapping with conventional and CAM practitioners from a variety of backgrounds on the topic of CAM...
  3. ncbi request reprint Models for the study of whole systems
    Iris R Bell
    Department of Family, Program in Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
    Integr Cancer Ther 5:293-307. 2006
    ..The growing reliance on complex systems thinking and systems biology for cancer research affords a unique opportunity to bridge between the CAM and conventional medical worlds with some common language and conceptual models...
  4. ncbi request reprint Homeopathic constitutional type questionnaire correlates of conventional psychological and physical health scales: individual difference characteristics of young adults
    Iris R Bell
    Program in Integrative Medicine, The University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson 85719, USA
    Homeopathy 91:63-74. 2002
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Gas discharge visualization evaluation of ultramolecular doses of homeopathic medicines under blinded, controlled conditions
    Iris R Bell
    Program in Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724 5153, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 9:25-38. 2003
    ..To determine the feasibility of using a computerized biophysical method, gas discharge visualization (GDV), to differentiate ultramolecular doses of homeopathic remedies from solvent controls and from each other...
  6. ncbi request reprint Homeopathic practitioner views of changes in patients undergoing constitutional treatment for chronic disease
    Iris R Bell
    Program in Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724 5153, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 9:39-50. 2003
    ..To identify areas that classical homeopathic practitioners would want to see evaluated in a patient self-report questionnaire sensitive to change during constitutional treatment...
  7. pmc Development and validation of a new global well-being outcomes rating scale for integrative medicine research
    Iris R Bell
    Program in Integrative Medicine, The University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ, USA
    BMC Complement Altern Med 4:1. 2004
    ..Researchers are finding limitations of currently available disease-focused questionnaire tools for outcome studies in complementary and alternative medicine/integrative medicine (CAM/IM)...
  8. ncbi request reprint Electroencephalographic cordance patterns distinguish exceptional clinical responders with fibromyalgia to individualized homeopathic medicines
    Iris R Bell
    Department of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 10:285-99. 2004
    ..e., both locally and globally)...
  9. ncbi request reprint Improved clinical status in fibromyalgia patients treated with individualized homeopathic remedies versus placebo
    I R Bell
    Department of Psychiatry, Mel and Enid Zuckerman Arizona College of Public Health at the University of Arizona, Tucson, USA
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 43:577-82. 2004
    ..To assess the efficacy of individualized classical homeopathy in the treatment of fibromyalgia...
  10. ncbi request reprint Strength of vital force in classical homeopathy: bio-psycho-social-spiritual correlates within a complex systems context
    Iris R Bell
    Department of Medicine and Program in Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, 85724 5153, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 10:123-31. 2004
    ..To explore associations between a global rating for the classical homeopathic construct of vital force and clinician and patient ratings on previously validated bio-psycho-social-spiritual questionnaires...
  11. ncbi request reprint Individual differences in response to randomly assigned active individualized homeopathic and placebo treatment in fibromyalgia: implications of a double-blinded optional crossover design
    Iris R Bell
    Department of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 10:269-83. 2004
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint EEG alpha sensitization in individualized homeopathic treatment of fibromyalgia
    Iris R Bell
    Program in Integrative Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, The Mel and Enid Zuckerman Arizona College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA
    Int J Neurosci 114:1195-220. 2004
    ..The findings suggest initiation of TDS in relative EEG alpha magnitude by daily oral administration of active homeopathic medicines versus placebo, with laboratory elicitation by temporolimbic olfactory stimulation or sniffing...
  13. ncbi request reprint JP-8 jet fuel exposure and divided attention test performance in 1991 Gulf War veterans
    Iris R Bell
    Research Service, Southern Arizona VA Health Care System, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:1136-44. 2005
    ..These syndromes often involve neurocognitive complaints, fatigue, and musculoskeletal symptoms, thus overlapping with civilian illnesses from low levels of environmental chemicals, chronic fatigue syndrome, and fibromyalgia...
  14. ncbi request reprint Sensitization studies in chemically intolerant individuals: implications for individual difference research
    I R Bell
    Department of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson 85724 5153, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 933:38-47. 2001
    ..Individual response specificity and stereotypy rather than toxicant properties may determine which types of central, autonomic, and/or peripheral nervous system dysfunctions manifest at subclinical and clinical levels...
  15. ncbi request reprint Neural sensitization model for multiple chemical sensitivity: overview of theory and empirical evidence
    I R Bell
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Arizona, Tucson 85723, USA
    Toxicol Ind Health 15:295-304. 1999
    ..Sensitization is compatible with other models for MCS as well. The neural sensitization model provides a direction for further systematic human and animal research on the physiological bases of MCS and CI...
  16. ncbi request reprint Integrative medicine and systemic outcomes research: issues in the emergence of a new model for primary health care
    Iris R Bell
    Program in Integrative Medicine, The University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, 1501 N Campbell Ave, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:133-40. 2002
    ..The systemic outcomes encompass the simultaneous, interactive changes within the whole person...
  17. ncbi request reprint Quantitative EEG patterns during nose versus mouth inhalation of filtered room air in young adults with and without self-reported chemical odor intolerances
    I R Bell
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson 85724, USA
    Int J Psychophysiol 28:23-35. 1998
    ..The theta findings in the HICI may be related to reports of disturbed attention in CI...
  18. ncbi request reprint EEG beta 1 oscillation and sucrose sensitization in fibromyalgia with chemical intolerance
    I R Bell
    Department of Psychiatry, The University of Arizona College of Medicine, 1501 N Campbell Avenue, Tucson, AZ 84724, USA
    Int J Neurosci 108:31-42. 2001
    ..The data suggest that the subset of FM patients with CI have increased susceptibility to oscillation and physiological sensitization without conditioning, perhaps contributing to fluctuations in their chronic course...
  19. ncbi request reprint Self-reported chemical sensitivity and wartime chemical exposures in Gulf War veterans with and without decreased global health ratings
    I R Bell
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson
    Mil Med 163:725-32. 1998
    ..e., 30%). These preliminary findings suggest the need for further study of chemical sensitivity, including tests for acquired increases in neural sensitizability to multiple low-level chemicals, in ill PGW veterans...
  20. ncbi request reprint Patterns of waking EEG spectral power in chemically intolerant individuals during repeated chemical exposures
    I R Bell
    Department of Psychology, The University of Arizona, Tucson 85721, USA
    Int J Neurosci 97:41-59. 1999
    ..As in human studies of stimulant drug sensitization, those with the strongest past history with sensitizing agents may not show-term sensitization to low level exposures in the laboratory...
  21. pmc Individual differences in neural sensitization and the role of context in illness from low-level environmental chemical exposures
    I R Bell
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Arizona, Tucson Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 85723, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 105:457-66. 1997
    ....
  22. pmc Fostering a healing presence and investigating its mediators
    Sharon I McDonough-Means
    College of Nursing, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 0203, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 10:S25-41. 2004
    ..The challenges are substantial, but the research questions are meaningful and worthwhile. The goal is to foster healing at bio-psycho-social-spiritual levels of the human being...
  23. pmc Testing the neural sensitization and kindling hypothesis for illness from low levels of environmental chemicals
    I R Bell
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Arizona, Tucson Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 85723, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 105:539-47. 1997
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint The association of respiratory problems in a community sample with self-reported chemical intolerance
    C M Baldwin
    Department of Medicine, University of Arizona, USA
    Eur J Epidemiol 13:547-52. 1997
    ..Results suggest a potential vulnerability to and greater interference from respiratory illness for the CI, which have implications for women's health and quality of life...
  25. ncbi request reprint US military veterans' perceptions of the conventional medical care system and their use of complementary and alternative medicine
    Kendall Kroesen
    Research Service Line, Southern Arizona VA Health Care System, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85723, USA
    Fam Pract 19:57-64. 2002
    ..One reason for increasing use of CAM modalities may be dissatisfaction with the conventional care system. However, recent studies suggest that dissatisfaction is not a major factor...
  26. ncbi request reprint Odor sensitivity and respiratory complaint profiles in a community-based sample with asthma, hay fever, and chemical odor intolerance
    C M Baldwin
    Respiratory Sciences Center, University of Arizona, Tucson, USA
    Toxicol Ind Health 15:403-9. 1999
    ..Given this overlap in respiratory complaints, it could be that CI may serve to amplify these traditional immune-related disorders and/or suggest that having asthma or hay fever could make one more vulnerable to CI...
  27. ncbi request reprint Electroencephalographic registration of low concentrations of isoamyl acetate
    J P Kline
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, USA
    Conscious Cogn 9:50-65. 2000
    ..Instead, results are discussed regarding activation of perceptual systems in the posterior region during incorrect trials and the activation of frontal action systems during a subset of correct trials...
  28. ncbi request reprint Subjective ratings of odorants by women with chemical sensitivity
    M Fernandez
    Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, USA
    Toxicol Ind Health 15:577-81. 1999
    ..These findings, along with those of Doty et al. (1988), support the notion that olfactory-sensory function does not differ between individuals with and without chemical sensitivity...
  29. ncbi request reprint Positive perceptions of parental caring are associated with reduced psychiatric and somatic symptoms
    L G Russek
    Harvard University Student Health Service, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Psychosom Med 60:654-7. 1998
    ..The present cross-sectional study examined the relationship between perceptions of parental caring, current psychiatric and somatic symptoms, and defensiveness, in a University of Arizona sample of females and males...
  30. ncbi request reprint Effect of noise on microvascular integrity in laboratory rats
    Ann L Baldwin
    Department of Physiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
    J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 46:58-65. 2007
    ..Thus exposure of rats to excessive noise produces structural damage in the mesenteric microvasculature that is significantly reduced by dietary supplements...
  31. ncbi request reprint Patients' experiences and perceptions of a consultative model integrative medicine clinic: a qualitative study
    Mary Koithan
    Department of Medicine Program in Integrative Medicine at The University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson, AZ 85724 5153, USA
    Integr Cancer Ther 6:174-84. 2007
    ..The purpose of the present study was to retrospectively explore and compare experiences of cancer and noncancer patients under care in a consultative IM outpatient teaching clinic in the south-western United States...
  32. doi request reprint Effects of homeopathic medicines on mood of adults with histories of coffee-related insomnia
    Audrey J Brooks
    Department of Psychology, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Forsch Komplementmed 17:250-7. 2010
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint The process of whole person healing: "unstuckness" and beyond
    Mary Koithan
    Department of Medicine Program in Integrative Medicine, The University of Arizona, Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson, AZ, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 13:659-68. 2007
    ..The aim was to develop an understanding of "unstuckness," including characterization of states, processes, and modifying factors...
  34. ncbi request reprint One size does not fit all: aptitude chi treatment interaction (ATI) as a conceptual framework for complementary and alternative medicine outcome research. Part II--research designs and their applications
    Opher Caspi
    Program in Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 10:698-705. 2004
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint One size does not fit all: aptitude x treatment interaction (ATI) as a conceptual framework for complementary and alternative medicine outcome research. Part 1--what is ATI research?
    Opher Caspi
    Program in Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724 5153, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 10:580-6. 2004
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Associations between chemical odor intolerance and sleep disturbances in community-living adults
    Carol M Baldwin
    Department of Medicine, University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, 1501 North Campbell Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85724 5030, USA
    Sleep Med 5:53-9. 2004
    ..To investigate associations between sleep disturbances and chemical odor intolerance (COI), which is the subjective report of feeling ill from common odors, such as carpet glue or pesticides...
  37. ncbi request reprint A profile of military veterans in the southwestern United States who use complementary and alternative medicine: implications for integrated care
    Carol M Baldwin
    Southern Arizona Veterans Administration Health Care Service Line, Tucson, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:1697-704. 2002
    ..Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use and expenditures are on the rise in the United States. Although civilian users of CAM have been well described, little is known about military veteran users of CAM...
  38. ncbi request reprint Biofield detection: role of bioenergy awareness training and individual differences in absorption
    Gary E Schwartz
    Center for Frontier Medicine in Biofield Science and Department of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, 85719, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 10:167-9. 2004
    ..To measure health care providers' capacity to detect biofields before and after bioenergy awareness training in relation to individual differences in the personality trait of absorption...
  39. ncbi request reprint Translating a nonlinear systems theory model for homeopathy into empirical tests
    Iris R Bell
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Arizona, Tucson, USA
    Altern Ther Health Med 8:58-66. 2002
    ..This approach may have additional applications that can elucidate similar effects of other energy medicine modalities (eg, acupuncture) on the healing process of the person as a unified whole...
  40. ncbi request reprint Obstructive sleep apnea and ischemic heart disease in southwestern US veterans: implications for clinical practice
    Carol M Baldwin
    College of Nursing, Arizona State University, Southwest Borderlands Initiative, Tempe, AZ, 85287 2602, USA
    Sleep Breath 9:111-8. 2005
    ..07-8.42]. These data reinforce the importance of recognizing OSA within the veterans affairs health care system and suggest that early detection of OSA may improve veterans' health and well-being and reduce associated medical costs...
  41. ncbi request reprint On the definition of complementary, alternative, and integrative medicine: societal mega-stereotypes vs. the patients' perspectives
    Opher Caspi
    Program in Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA
    Altern Ther Health Med 9:58-62. 2003
    ..It is our conclusion that individual patients, rather than society, should be the frame of reference and defining source for what constitutes integrative medicine and CAM...
  42. ncbi request reprint Adjunctive care with nutritional, herbal, and homeopathic complementary and alternative medicine modalities in stroke treatment and rehabilitation
    Iris R Bell
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, The University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona, USA
    Top Stroke Rehabil 14:30-9. 2007
    ..However, a great deal of systematic research effort lies ahead before most of the options discussed would meet mainstream medical standards for introduction into routine treatment regimens...
  43. ncbi request reprint Plausibility of homeopathy and conventional chemical therapy: the systemic memory resonance hypothesis
    G E Schwartz
    Department of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721 0068, USA
    Med Hypotheses 54:634-7. 2000
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint Methodological challenges in whole systems research
    Charles Elder
    Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, Portland, OR, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 12:843-50. 2006
  45. ncbi request reprint All evidence is equal, but some evidence is more equal than others: can logic prevail over emotion in the homeopathy debate?
    Iris R Bell
    J Altern Complement Med 11:763-9. 2005
  46. ncbi request reprint Depression research in homeopathy: hopeless or hopeful?
    Iris R Bell
    Homeopathy 94:141-4. 2005
  47. ncbi request reprint A debate: homeopathy--quackery or a key to the future of medicine?
    Steven Novella
    Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 14:9-15. 2008
  48. ncbi request reprint The defining role of structure (including epitaxy) in the plausibility of homeopathy
    Manju Lata Rao
    The Materials Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Homeopathy 96:175-82. 2007
    ..Materials science concepts and experimental tools offer a new approach to contemporary science, for making significant advances in the basic science studies of homeopathic medicines...
  49. ncbi request reprint Differences in Mexican American and Non-Hispanic White veterans' homocysteine levels
    Carol M Baldwin
    Arizona State University College of Nursing and Healthcare Innovation, Southwest Borderlands, AZ 85004 0698, USA
    J Nurs Scholarsh 39:235-42. 2007
    ..To compare homocysteine (Hcy) levels and possible modulatory factors, such as nutrient or supplement intake, between Mexican American and Non-Hispanic White (NHW) male military veterans scoring at high- versus low-risk for stroke...

Research Grants5

  1. Patient & Provider Perspectives on Homeopathic Treatment
    Iris Bell; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Findings from this proposed study should help clarify the proper premises and parameters on which to base future prospective qualitative and quantitative research in homeopathy. ..
  2. Polysomnography in Homeopathic Remedy Effects
    Iris Bell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will contribute to our long-range goal of understanding the neurophysiological and biopsychosocial mechanisms of classical homeopathic remedy treatment in patients with specific clinical conditions. ..
  3. Arizona Complementary and Alternative Medicine Research Training Program
    Iris Bell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The current proposal reflects several enhancements from an administrative, academic, and curricular perspective that emerged from experience in the first five years of implementing this T32 program. ..
  4. Individual Differences in CAM Patient-Centered Outcomes: Research & Mentorship
    Iris Bell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Dilution and Succussion in Homepathic Remedy Dose-Response Patterns
    Iris Bell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....