S L Beilock

Summary

Affiliation: University of Chicago
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Gesture changes thought by grounding it in action
    S L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, 5848 S University Ave, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:1605-10. 2010
  2. pmc Female teachers' math anxiety affects girls' math achievement
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology and Committee on Education, University of Chicago, IL 60607, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:1860-3. 2010
  3. doi request reprint Grounding cognition in action: expertise, comprehension, and judgment
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Prog Brain Res 174:3-11. 2009
  4. doi request reprint When does haste make waste? Speed-accuracy tradeoff, skill level, and the tools of the trade
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 14:340-52. 2008
  5. pmc Sports experience changes the neural processing of action language
    Sian L Beilock
    Departments of Psychology and Neurology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:13269-73. 2008
  6. doi request reprint Putting in the mind versus putting on the green: expertise, performance time, and the linking of imagery and action
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 61:920-32. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint From poor performance to success under stress: working memory, strategy selection, and mathematical problem solving under pressure
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:983-98. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Stereotype threat and working memory: mechanisms, alleviation, and spillover
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 136:256-76. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint Embodied preference judgments: can likeability be driven by the motor system?
    Sian L Beilock
    The University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:51-7. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint On the causal mechanisms of stereotype threat: can skills that don't rely heavily on working memory still be threatened?
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 32:1059-71. 2006

Detail Information

Publications25

  1. pmc Gesture changes thought by grounding it in action
    S L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, 5848 S University Ave, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:1605-10. 2010
    ..Gesturing grounds people's mental representations in action. When gestures are no longer compatible with the action constraints of a task, problem solving suffers...
  2. pmc Female teachers' math anxiety affects girls' math achievement
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology and Committee on Education, University of Chicago, IL 60607, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:1860-3. 2010
    ..In early elementary school, where the teachers are almost all female, teachers' math anxiety carries consequences for girls' math achievement by influencing girls' beliefs about who is good at math...
  3. doi request reprint Grounding cognition in action: expertise, comprehension, and judgment
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Prog Brain Res 174:3-11. 2009
    ..Together, the work presented here suggests that a complete understanding of high-level performance not only requires consideration of how cognition drives action, but vice versa - a bidirectional link between cognition and action...
  4. doi request reprint When does haste make waste? Speed-accuracy tradeoff, skill level, and the tools of the trade
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 14:340-52. 2008
    ..e., the standard putter) is harmed when using new tools (i.e., the funny putter), and benefits again by speed instructions as the new tool becomes familiar. Planning time absorbs these changes...
  5. pmc Sports experience changes the neural processing of action language
    Sian L Beilock
    Departments of Psychology and Neurology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:13269-73. 2008
    ..Thus, the language system is sufficiently plastic and dynamic to encompass expertise-related neural recruitment outside core language networks...
  6. doi request reprint Putting in the mind versus putting on the green: expertise, performance time, and the linking of imagery and action
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 61:920-32. 2008
    ..These results are discussed in terms of the functional equivalence between imagery and action and expertise differences in the attentional control structures governing complex sensorimotor skill execution...
  7. ncbi request reprint From poor performance to success under stress: working memory, strategy selection, and mathematical problem solving under pressure
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:983-98. 2007
    ..WM availability influences how individuals approach math problems, with the nature of the task performed and the performance environment dictating skill success or failure...
  8. ncbi request reprint Stereotype threat and working memory: mechanisms, alleviation, and spillover
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 136:256-76. 2007
    ..The current work extends the knowledge of the causal mechanisms of stereotype threat and demonstrates how its effects can be attenuated and propagated...
  9. ncbi request reprint Embodied preference judgments: can likeability be driven by the motor system?
    Sian L Beilock
    The University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:51-7. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that in skilled typists, perceiving letters prompts covert sensorimotor simulation of typing them, which in turn influences affective judgments about this information...
  10. ncbi request reprint On the causal mechanisms of stereotype threat: can skills that don't rely heavily on working memory still be threatened?
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 32:1059-71. 2006
    ..Thus, ST alters information processing in multiple ways, inducing performance decrements for different reasons in different tasks...
  11. doi request reprint Embodied memory judgments: a case of motor fluency
    Shu Ju Yang
    Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, 5848 South University Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 35:1359-65. 2009
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint When high-powered people fail: working memory and "choking under pressure" in math
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, Miami University, Room 202, Benton Hall, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:101-5. 2005
    ..These findings suggest that performance pressure harms individuals most qualified to succeed by consuming the working memory capacity that they rely on for their superior performance...
  13. doi request reprint Beyond quantity: individual differences in working memory and the ordinal understanding of numerical symbols
    Ian M Lyons
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States of America
    Cognition 113:189-204. 2009
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint More on the fragility of performance: choking under pressure in mathematical problem solving
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056 1601, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 133:584-600. 2004
    ..This contrast suggests a skill taxonomy based on real-time control structures...
  15. ncbi request reprint Haste does not always make waste: expertise, direction of attention, and speed versus accuracy in performing sensorimotor skills
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, Miami University, 202 Benton Hall, Oxford, OH 45056 1601, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 11:373-9. 2004
    ..g., dual-task or speed constraints). In contrast, the proceduralized skill of experts benefits from environments that limit, rather than encourage, attention to execution...
  16. ncbi request reprint Methodologies for examining problem solving success and failure
    Marci S DeCaro
    Department of Psychology, Miami University, USA
    Methods 42:58-67. 2007
    ..In doing so, we demonstrate that the relation between executive functioning and problem solving success is not always as straightforward as one might initially believe...
  17. doi request reprint Situating math word problems: the story matters
    Andrew Mattarella-Micke
    University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 17:106-11. 2010
    ..These changes shift the balance of factors that influence math performance away from math knowledge and toward individual differences in general cognitive capacity...
  18. ncbi request reprint When paying attention becomes counterproductive: impact of divided versus skill-focused attention on novice and experienced performance of sensorimotor skills
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 8:6-16. 2002
    ..Novices performed better under skill-focus regardless of foot. Whereas novices and the less-proficient performances of experts benefit from online attentional monitoring of step-by-step performance, high-level skill execution is harmed...
  19. doi request reprint The role of personal experience in the neural processing of action-related language
    Ian M Lyons
    University of Chicago, Department of Psychology, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Brain Lang 112:214-22. 2010
    ..This suggests that the degree to which one finds information personally relevant (i.e., over and above one's direct experience with it) also modulates processing in brain regions related to semantic-level processing...
  20. ncbi request reprint Expertise, attention, and memory in sensorimotor skill execution: impact of novel task constraints on dual-task performance and episodic memory
    Sian L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol A 55:1211-40. 2002
    ..Novel task constraints (e.g., a funny putter) increase attention to execution, compromising secondary task performance but enhancing memory for skill execution...
  21. doi request reprint When and how less is more: reply to Tharp and Pickering
    Marci S DeCaro
    Miami University, Department of Psychology, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
    Cognition 111:397-403. 2009
    ..Instead, individuals lower in WM capacity perseverate in using simple rule-based strategies that circumvent heavy demands on WM while producing above-chance accuracy...
  22. ncbi request reprint On the fragility of skilled performance: what governs choking under pressure?
    S L Beilock
    Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 130:701-25. 2001
    ..These findings support explicit monitoring theories of choking and the popular but infrequently tested belief that attending to proceduralized skills hurts performance...
  23. ncbi request reprint Individual differences in category learning: sometimes less working memory capacity is better than more
    Marci S DeCaro
    Department of Psychology, Miami University, USA
    Cognition 107:284-94. 2008
    ..As such, a comprehensive understanding of skill learning - and category learning in particular - requires considering the demands of the tasks being performed and the cognitive abilities of the performer...
  24. ncbi request reprint Expertise and its embodiment: examining the impact of sensorimotor skill expertise on the representation of action-related text
    Lauren E Holt
    Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 13:694-701. 2006
    ..We show that possessing this type of representation depends on experience interacting with objects and performing the actions in question...
  25. ncbi request reprint Exercise and working memory: an individual differences investigation
    Benjamin A Sibley
    Department of Health, Leisure and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC, USA
    J Sport Exerc Psychol 29:783-91. 2007
    ....