Aaron T Beck

Summary

Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint A new instrument for measuring insight: the Beck Cognitive Insight Scale
    Aaron T Beck
    Psychopathology Research Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 3535 Market Street, Room 2032, Philadelphia, PA 19104 3309, USA
    Schizophr Res 68:319-29. 2004
  2. doi request reprint Negative performance beliefs and negative symptoms in individuals at ultra-high risk of psychosis: a preliminary study
    Dimitri Perivoliotis
    Deparment of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Psychopathology 42:375-9. 2009
  3. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of recent suicide attempters with and without Borderline Personality Disorder
    Michele S Berk
    Department of Psychiatry, Harbor UCLA Medical Center and the David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90509, USA
    Arch Suicide Res 11:91-104. 2007
  4. pmc Dysfunctional attitudes and expectancies in deficit syndrome schizophrenia
    Aaron T Beck
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Schizophr Bull 39:43-51. 2013
  5. pmc Defeatist beliefs as a mediator of cognitive impairment, negative symptoms, and functioning in schizophrenia
    Paul M Grant
    School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market Street, Room 2032, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Schizophr Bull 35:798-806. 2009
  6. doi request reprint Randomized trial to evaluate the efficacy of cognitive therapy for low-functioning patients with schizophrenia
    Paul M Grant
    Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 69:121-7. 2012
  7. ncbi request reprint When does the daily hazard rate for committing suicide stabilize in psychiatric outpatients?
    Robert A Steer
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey School of Osteopathic Medicine, Straford 08084 1391, USA
    Psychol Rep 99:462-4. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Mean Beck Depression Inventory-II total scores by type of bipolar episode
    Geetha Kumar
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Osteopathic Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Stratford 08084 1391, USA
    Psychol Rep 98:836-40. 2006
  9. pmc Assessment of cognitive insight: a qualitative review
    Sally E Riggs
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Schizophr Bull 38:338-50. 2012
  10. ncbi request reprint The internal struggle between the wish to die and the wish to live: a risk factor for suicide
    Gregory K Brown
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market Street, Rm 2030, Philadelphia, PA 19104 3309, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:1977-9. 2005

Detail Information

Publications61

  1. ncbi request reprint A new instrument for measuring insight: the Beck Cognitive Insight Scale
    Aaron T Beck
    Psychopathology Research Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 3535 Market Street, Room 2032, Philadelphia, PA 19104 3309, USA
    Schizophr Res 68:319-29. 2004
    ..The results provided tentative support for the validity of the BCIS. Suggestions were made for further investigation of the cognitive processes involved in identifying and correcting erroneous beliefs and misinterpretations...
  2. doi request reprint Negative performance beliefs and negative symptoms in individuals at ultra-high risk of psychosis: a preliminary study
    Dimitri Perivoliotis
    Deparment of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Psychopathology 42:375-9. 2009
    ..We conducted a pilot study to determine whether the association also exists in individuals at ultra-high risk of psychosis...
  3. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of recent suicide attempters with and without Borderline Personality Disorder
    Michele S Berk
    Department of Psychiatry, Harbor UCLA Medical Center and the David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90509, USA
    Arch Suicide Res 11:91-104. 2007
    ..These findings highlight the seriousness of BPD and the risk that individuals diagnosed with this disorder will attempt suicide...
  4. pmc Dysfunctional attitudes and expectancies in deficit syndrome schizophrenia
    Aaron T Beck
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Schizophr Bull 39:43-51. 2013
    ..Although the patients have apparently opted-out of participation in normal activities, we suggest that a psychological intervention that targets these negative attitudes might improve their functioning and quality of life...
  5. pmc Defeatist beliefs as a mediator of cognitive impairment, negative symptoms, and functioning in schizophrenia
    Paul M Grant
    School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market Street, Room 2032, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Schizophr Bull 35:798-806. 2009
    ..These effects were independent of depression and positive symptom levels. The results add to the emerging biopsychosocial understanding of negative symptoms and introduce defeatist beliefs as a new psychotherapeutic target...
  6. doi request reprint Randomized trial to evaluate the efficacy of cognitive therapy for low-functioning patients with schizophrenia
    Paul M Grant
    Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 69:121-7. 2012
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint When does the daily hazard rate for committing suicide stabilize in psychiatric outpatients?
    Robert A Steer
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey School of Osteopathic Medicine, Straford 08084 1391, USA
    Psychol Rep 99:462-4. 2006
    ..The cost-effectiveness of conducting follow-up studies to identify suicidal risk factors in psychiatric outpatients beyond three years was questioned...
  8. ncbi request reprint Mean Beck Depression Inventory-II total scores by type of bipolar episode
    Geetha Kumar
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Osteopathic Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Stratford 08084 1391, USA
    Psychol Rep 98:836-40. 2006
    ..7, SD=7.8, p<.001). The Beck Depression Inventory-II appears to be useful for measuring self-reported depression in patients with bipolar I disorders...
  9. pmc Assessment of cognitive insight: a qualitative review
    Sally E Riggs
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Schizophr Bull 38:338-50. 2012
    ..Finally, preliminary findings relate neurocognition, metacognition, and social cognition, as well as reduced hippocampal volume to cognitive insight. A heuristic framework is presented to guide future research...
  10. ncbi request reprint The internal struggle between the wish to die and the wish to live: a risk factor for suicide
    Gregory K Brown
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market Street, Rm 2030, Philadelphia, PA 19104 3309, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:1977-9. 2005
    ..This study attempted to assess whether an index of the difference between the wish to die and the wish to live constitutes a risk factor for suicide...
  11. doi request reprint Dysfunctional beliefs and psychopathology in Borderline Personality Disorder
    Sunil S Bhar
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Pers Disord 22:165-77. 2008
    ..Given its multidimensional structure, the scale can be used as a measure of belief profiles associated with BPD and as an aid to conceptualizing beliefs underlying a range of psychopathology associated with patients with BPD...
  12. ncbi request reprint Suicidality and psychosis: beyond depression and hopelessness
    Debbie M Warman
    Department of Psychiatry, Psychopathology Research Unit, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 34:77-86. 2004
    ..During the follow-up period, patients with psychotic disorders subsequently attempted suicide at a significantly higher rate than patients without psychotic disorders. The clinical relevance of these findings is discussed...
  13. ncbi request reprint Hypothesized mechanisms of change in cognitive therapy for borderline personality disorder
    Amy Wenzel
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19103, USA
    J Clin Psychol 62:503-16. 2006
    ..Findings from the CT trial support the role of cognitive change during therapy and its continuation after termination...
  14. ncbi request reprint The current state of cognitive therapy: a 40-year retrospective
    Aaron T Beck
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19104, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:953-9. 2005
    ..Suggestions for future research and applications are presented...
  15. ncbi request reprint Cognition checklist for mania-revised
    Aaron T Beck
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Psychiatry Res 145:233-40. 2006
    ..The CCL-M-R was discussed as a reliable and valid instrument for measuring the severity of maladaptive cognitions associated with mania in psychiatric patients...
  16. pmc Suicide risk factors and mediators between childhood sexual abuse and suicide ideation among male and female suicide attempters
    Megan Spokas
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Trauma Stress 22:467-70. 2009
    ..In contrast, there were fewer group differences as a function of CSA history among the female suicide attempters. Hopelessness was a significant mediator between CSA history and suicide ideation in both men and women...
  17. ncbi request reprint How an anomalous finding led to a new system of psychotherapy
    Aaron T Beck
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 3309, USA
    Nat Med 12:1139-41. 2006
  18. pmc Sequence of improvement in depressive symptoms across cognitive therapy and pharmacotherapy
    Sunil S Bhar
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Affect Disord 110:161-6. 2008
    ..The authors examined the patterns of improvement in cognitive and vegetative symptoms of major depression in individuals treated with cognitive therapy (CT) or pharmacotherapy (PT)...
  19. ncbi request reprint Attentional fixation in panic disorder
    Amy Wenzel
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Cogn Behav Ther 35:65-73. 2006
    ..These preliminary data suggest that attentional fixation is an important dimension of cognition relevant to panic disorder...
  20. ncbi request reprint Dysfunctional beliefs in panic disorder: The Panic Belief Inventory
    Amy Wenzel
    Psychopathology Research Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market St, Room 2032, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Behav Res Ther 44:819-33. 2006
    ..These results provide preliminary evidence that the PBI has adequate psychometric characteristics, is useful to assess change in dysfunctional beliefs during treatment, and has the potential to advance cognitive theories of panic...
  21. ncbi request reprint Cognitive approaches to schizophrenia: theory and therapy
    Aaron T Beck
    Psychopathology Research Unit, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 3309, USA
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 1:577-606. 2005
    ..The comprehensive conceptualization creates the context for targeted psychological treatments...
  22. ncbi request reprint An open clinical trial of cognitive therapy for borderline personality disorder
    Gregory K Brown
    Psychopathology Research Unit, The Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, USA
    J Pers Disord 18:257-71. 2004
    ..Implications for further research with this difficult-to-treat patient population are discussed...
  23. doi request reprint Recruiting older men for geriatric suicide research
    Sunil S Bhar
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Int Psychogeriatr 25:88-95. 2013
    ..This study evaluated the success and efficiency of five recruitment strategies for a clinical trial on the efficacy of cognitive therapy for suicidal older men...
  24. doi request reprint The evolution of the cognitive model of depression and its neurobiological correlates
    Aaron T Beck
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market St, Rm 2032, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 165:969-77. 2008
    ..I suggest that comprehensive study of the psychological as well as biological correlates of depression can provide a new understanding of this debilitating disorder...
  25. ncbi request reprint Severity and internal consistency of self-reported anxiety in psychotic outpatients
    Robert A Steer
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Osteopathic Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Stratford 08084 1391, USA
    Psychol Rep 93:1233-8. 2003
    ..The results are discussed as indicating that there is a high prevalence of self-reported anxiety in outpatients who are diagnosed with psychotic disorders...
  26. ncbi request reprint History of multiple suicide attempts as a behavioral marker of severe psychopathology
    Evan M Forman
    Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 161:437-43. 2004
    ..The current study aimed to test the hypothesis that multiple suicide attempters would exhibit a more severe clinical profile than single suicide attempters...
  27. ncbi request reprint Cognitive therapy for the prevention of suicide attempts: a randomized controlled trial
    Gregory K Brown
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    JAMA 294:563-70. 2005
    ..Suicide attempts constitute a major risk factor for completed suicide, yet few interventions specifically designed to prevent suicide attempts have been evaluated...
  28. ncbi request reprint Are there any gender differences in frequency of self-reported somatic symptoms of depression?
    Amy Wenzel
    Psychopathology Research Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market St, Room 2029, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Affect Disord 89:177-81. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether self-reported somatic symptoms of depression, as measured by the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), are more frequent in women than in men with major depressive disorder...
  29. doi request reprint Self-esteem and suicide ideation in psychiatric outpatients
    Sunil Bhar
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadephia, PA 19104, USA
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 38:511-6. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that even in the context of depression and hopelessness, low self-esteem may add to the risk for suicide ideation...
  30. ncbi request reprint Assessment of dysfunctional beliefs in borderline personality disorder
    Andrew C Butler
    University of Pennsylvania, USA
    Behav Res Ther 40:1231-40. 2002
    ..A BPD beliefs scale constructed from these items showed good internal consistency and diagnostic validity among the 288 study patients. The scale may be used to assist in diagnosis and cognitive therapy of BPD...
  31. ncbi request reprint Mediators of outcome of psychosocial treatments for cocaine dependence
    Paul Crits-Christoph
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, PA, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 71:918-25. 2003
    ..In addition, a measure of beliefs about addiction developed to test mediation of outcome of cognitive therapy was found to correlate moderately with drug use outcomes in both cognitive therapy and individual drug counseling...
  32. ncbi request reprint Prisoners of hate
    Aaron T Beck
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Behav Res Ther 40:209-16. 2002
    ..For the extremist Islamists the ultimate goal has been overthrow of the moderate Islamic governments; for the domestic terrorists, destabilization of the national government and reinstitution of the traditional values...
  33. doi request reprint Asocial beliefs as predictors of asocial behavior in schizophrenia
    Paul M Grant
    School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, USA
    Psychiatry Res 177:65-70. 2010
    ..In the longitudinal study, baseline asocial beliefs predicted asocial behavior one year later. Asocial beliefs predict poor social functioning in schizophrenia, and may be modifiable by psychological interventions...
  34. ncbi request reprint Suicide intent and accurate expectations of lethality: predictors of medical lethality of suicide attempts
    Gregory K Brown
    Psychopathology Research Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 72:1170-4. 2004
    ..Specifically, higher levels of suicide intent were associated with more lethal attempts but only for those individuals who had more accurate expectations about the likelihood of dying from their attempts...
  35. doi request reprint Cognitive therapy: current status and future directions
    Aaron T Beck
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Annu Rev Med 62:397-409. 2011
    ..Cognitive therapy (often labeled generically as cognitive behavior therapy) is efficacious either alone or as an adjunct to medication and provides a prophylaxis against relapse and recurrence...
  36. ncbi request reprint Causal mediation analyses with rank preserving models
    Thomas R Ten Have
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Biometrics 63:926-34. 2007
    ..The trade-off between these assumptions is evaluated in the context of two suicide/depression intervention studies...
  37. ncbi request reprint History of family suicide behaviors and negative problem solving in multiple suicide attempters
    Elizabeth L Jeglic
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Arch Suicide Res 9:135-46. 2005
    ..Results of this study are discussed as they pertain to the theory and treatment of suicide attempters...
  38. ncbi request reprint Beck Depression Inventory-II items associated with self-reported symptoms of ADHD in adult psychiatric outpatients
    Robert A Steer
    School of Osteopathic Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Department of Psychiatry, Stratford, NJ 08084 1391, USA
    J Pers Assess 80:58-63. 2003
    ..Ratings > 1 for the BDI-II Concentration Difficulty item were discussed as being useful for ruling out possible symptoms of ADHD...
  39. ncbi request reprint Convergent validity of the Beck depression inventory-II with the reynolds adolescent depression scale in psychiatric inpatients
    David G Krefetz
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Osteopathic Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, 08084 1391, USA
    J Pers Assess 78:451-60. 2002
    ..78 and .76. The results (a) indicate that the BDI-II and the RADS have similar psychometric characteristics and (b) support the convergent validity of the BDI-II for assessing self-reported depression in adolescent inpatients...
  40. pmc Public-academic partnerships: the Beck Initiative: a partnership to implement cognitive therapy in a community behavioral health system
    Shannon Wiltsey Stirman
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 60:1302-4. 2009
    ....
  41. pmc Psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory-II in low-income, African American suicide attempters
    Sean Joe
    School of Social Work and Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    J Pers Assess 90:521-3. 2008
    ..The results indicate that the BDI-II is a reliable and valid measure of depressive symptoms for African American suicide attempters...
  42. doi request reprint Negative self-defeating attitudes: factors that influence everyday impairment in individuals with schizophrenia
    Aaron T Beck
    Am J Psychiatry 165:772; author reply 772. 2008
  43. ncbi request reprint Cognitive therapy for schizophrenia: from conceptualization to intervention
    Neil A Rector
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 47:39-48. 2002
    ..To outline the cognitive understanding of symptoms of schizophrenia, such as delusions, hallucinations, and emotional withdrawal, and to review the cognitive therapy approach to ameliorating these symptoms...
  44. ncbi request reprint Development and initial testing of a multimedia program for computer-assisted cognitive therapy
    Jesse H Wright
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Louisville, KY, USA
    Am J Psychother 56:76-86. 2002
    ..1%) completed the entire program. Users indicated a high rate of acceptance of this form of computer-assisted therapy, and mean scores on a measure of cognitive therapy knowledge were significantly improved...
  45. ncbi request reprint A clinical review of cognitive therapy for schizophrenia
    Neil A Rector
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, 250 College Street, Toronto, Ontario M5T 1R8, Canada
    Curr Psychiatry Rep 4:284-92. 2002
    ..Cognitive therapy has been shown to be an important adjunct to standard treatments of schizophrenia...
  46. doi request reprint Dysfunctional attitudes and cognitive schemas in bipolar manic and unipolar depressed outpatients: implications for cognitively based psychotherapeutics
    Joseph F Goldberg
    Affective Disorders Research Program, Silver Hill Hospital, New Canaan, Connecticut, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 196:207-10. 2008
    ..The findings support clinical approaches targeting depressive cognitions regardless of the presence of manic symptoms...
  47. doi request reprint Cognitive behaviour therapy in patients with schizophrenia who are not prescribed antipsychotic medication: a case series
    T Christodoulides
    South of Tyne Early Intervention in Psychosis Service, Northumberland, Tyne and Wear Mental Health NHS Trust, Sunderland, UK
    Psychol Psychother 81:199-207. 2008
    ..However, little is understood about the value of CBT for people who are not prescribed antipsychotic medication...
  48. ncbi request reprint The negative symptoms of schizophrenia: a cognitive perspective
    Neil A Rector
    Mood and Anxiety Program, Center for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 50:247-57. 2005
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint The empirical status of cognitive-behavioral therapy: a review of meta-analyses
    Andrew C Butler
    University of Pennsylvania and Beck Institute for Cognitive Therapy and Research, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 26:17-31. 2006
    ..While limitations of the meta-analytic approach need to be considered in interpreting the results of this review, our findings are consistent with other review methodologies that also provide support for the efficacy CBT...
  50. ncbi request reprint Content-specificity of dysfunctional cognitions for patients with bipolar mania versus unipolar depression: a preliminary study
    Joseph F Goldberg
    Bipolar Disorders Research Program, Department of Psychiatry Research, The Zucker Hillside Hospital, North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System, Glen Oaks, NY 11004, USA
    Bipolar Disord 7:49-56. 2005
    ..We sought to compare the maladaptive beliefs and cognitions of 23 bipolar manic or hypomanic patients, 28 patients with unipolar major depression, and 24 normal adults...
  51. ncbi request reprint Suicide attempters' reaction to survival as a risk factor for eventual suicide
    Gregg Henriques
    Department of Psychology, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:2180-2. 2005
    ..The authors' goal was to evaluate whether suicide attempters' reaction to surviving their attempt predicted eventual suicide...
  52. ncbi request reprint Individual and group cognitive-behavioral therapy for psychotic disorders: a pilot investigation
    Debbie M Warman
    School of Psychological Sciences, University of Indianapolis, IN 46227, USA
    J Psychiatr Pract 11:27-34. 2005
    ..While the present study demonstrated positive effects from treatment, results are limited by the small sample size...
  53. ncbi request reprint Factors of suicide ideation and their relation to clinical and other indicators in older adults
    Tracy K Witte
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, United States
    J Affect Disord 94:165-72. 2006
    ....
  54. ncbi request reprint Measuring cognitive insight in middle-aged and older patients with psychotic disorders
    Paola Pedrelli
    VA San Diego Healthcare System 116B, Psychology Services, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    Schizophr Res 71:297-305. 2004
    ..This instrument is a promising tool for measuring the role of cognitive change in a broad range of patients experiencing psychosis...
  55. ncbi request reprint Cognitive-behavioral therapy for schizophrenia: a review
    Douglas Turkington
    Depatment of Psychiatry, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
    J Psychiatr Pract 10:5-16. 2004
    ..An enhanced response to CBT would be expected when given with low dose cognitively enhancing atypical antipsychotic medication...
  56. ncbi request reprint Lasker honors cell biologists, psychiatrist
    Bridget M Kuehn
    JAMA 296:1451-2. 2006
  57. ncbi request reprint Worst-point suicidal plans: a dimension of suicidality predictive of past suicide attempts and eventual death by suicide
    Thomas E Joiner
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
    Behav Res Ther 41:1469-80. 2003
    ..These findings bear on the trajectory of suicidal behavior over time, as well as inform the clinical assessment of suicidal patients...
  58. ncbi request reprint Differentiating cognitive content between depressed and anxious outpatients
    Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
    Department of Medical and Clinical Psychology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814 4799, USA
    Cogn Behav Ther 36:170-8. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that depressed and anxious patients differ in their cognitive expectancies about future life events in terms of their own anticipated emotional reactions...
  59. pmc Early alliance, alliance ruptures, and symptom change in a nonrandomized trial of cognitive therapy for avoidant and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders
    Jennifer L Strauss
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 74:337-45. 2006
    ..This work points to potentially important areas to target in treatment development for these personality disorders...
  60. doi request reprint The Beck Anxiety Inventory-Trait (BAIT): a measure of dispositional anxiety not contaminated by dispositional depression
    Paul M Kohn
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Pers Assess 90:499-506. 2008
    ..It also showed good internal consistency across studies and high stability in Studies 2 and 3, higher than the BAI's in Study 2. Factor analyses across studies all supported 2 factors, 1 Somatic and 1 Subjective...
  61. ncbi request reprint Screening for obsessive and compulsive symptoms: validation of the Clark-Beck Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory
    David A Clark
    Department of Psychology, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB, Canada
    Psychol Assess 17:132-43. 2005
    ..The questionnaire had strong convergent validity with other OCD symptom measures but more modest discriminant validity...