A Bechara

Summary

Affiliation: University of Iowa
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi Characterization of the decision-making deficit of patients with ventromedial prefrontal cortex lesions
    A Bechara
    Department of Neurology, Division of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Brain 123:2189-202. 2000
  2. doi Poor decision making among older adults is related to elevated levels of neuroticism
    N L Denburg
    Department of Neurology, Division of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Ann Behav Med 37:164-72. 2009
  3. ncbi The Iowa Gambling Task and the somatic marker hypothesis: some questions and answers
    A Bechara
    Department of Neurology Division of Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:159-62; discussion 162-4. 2005
  4. ncbi Subcortical and cortical brain activity during the feeling of self-generated emotions
    A R Damasio
    Department of Neurology Division of Cognitive Neuroscience and PET Imaging Center, University of Iowa College of Medicine, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Nat Neurosci 3:1049-56. 2000
  5. ncbi Neurobiology of decision-making: risk and reward
    A Bechara
    Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Semin Clin Neuropsychiatry 6:205-16. 2001
  6. ncbi Decision-making deficits, linked to a dysfunctional ventromedial prefrontal cortex, revealed in alcohol and stimulant abusers
    A Bechara
    Department of Neurology, University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa, IA 52242, USA
    Neuropsychologia 39:376-89. 2001
  7. ncbi The ability to decide advantageously declines prematurely in some normal older persons
    N L Denburg
    Department of Neurology, Division of Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242 1053, USA
    Neuropsychologia 43:1099-106. 2005
  8. ncbi Impaired perception of self-motion (heading) in abstinent ecstasy and marijuana users
    M Rizzo
    Division of Neuroergonomics and Division of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Neurology, The University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 179:559-66. 2005
  9. pmc Differential effects of insular and ventromedial prefrontal cortex lesions on risky decision-making
    L Clark
    Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, UK
    Brain 131:1311-22. 2008
  10. ncbi Effects of anticipatory stress on decision making in a gambling task
    S D Preston
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Behav Neurosci 121:257-63. 2007

Detail Information

Publications14

  1. ncbi Characterization of the decision-making deficit of patients with ventromedial prefrontal cortex lesions
    A Bechara
    Department of Neurology, Division of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Brain 123:2189-202. 2000
    ..This 'myopia for the future' in VM lesion patients persists in the face of severe adverse consequences, i.e. rising future punishment or declining future reward...
  2. doi Poor decision making among older adults is related to elevated levels of neuroticism
    N L Denburg
    Department of Neurology, Division of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Ann Behav Med 37:164-72. 2009
    ..The IGT possesses many features important to medical decision making, such as weighing risks and benefits, dealing with unknown outcomes, and making decisions under uncertainty...
  3. ncbi The Iowa Gambling Task and the somatic marker hypothesis: some questions and answers
    A Bechara
    Department of Neurology Division of Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:159-62; discussion 162-4. 2005
    ..The authors use their results to question the evidence for the somatic marker hypothesis. Here we consider whether the authors' conclusions are justified...
  4. ncbi Subcortical and cortical brain activity during the feeling of self-generated emotions
    A R Damasio
    Department of Neurology Division of Cognitive Neuroscience and PET Imaging Center, University of Iowa College of Medicine, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Nat Neurosci 3:1049-56. 2000
    ..The findings also lend support to the idea that the subjective process of feeling emotions is partly grounded in dynamic neural maps, which represent several aspects of the organism's continuously changing internal state...
  5. ncbi Neurobiology of decision-making: risk and reward
    A Bechara
    Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Semin Clin Neuropsychiatry 6:205-16. 2001
    ..Thus, the strategies used to study decision-making in neurological patients have direct implications for understanding several neuropsychiatric disorders including addiction and pathological gambling...
  6. ncbi Decision-making deficits, linked to a dysfunctional ventromedial prefrontal cortex, revealed in alcohol and stimulant abusers
    A Bechara
    Department of Neurology, University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa, IA 52242, USA
    Neuropsychologia 39:376-89. 2001
    ..The results support the hypothesis that impairment in decision-making linked to a dysfunctional VM cortex is associated with at least a sub-group of SD...
  7. ncbi The ability to decide advantageously declines prematurely in some normal older persons
    N L Denburg
    Department of Neurology, Division of Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242 1053, USA
    Neuropsychologia 43:1099-106. 2005
    ..Our finding has important societal and public policy implications (e.g., choosing medical care, allocating personal wealth), and may also help explain why many older individuals are targeted by and susceptible to fraudulent advertising...
  8. ncbi Impaired perception of self-motion (heading) in abstinent ecstasy and marijuana users
    M Rizzo
    Division of Neuroergonomics and Division of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Neurology, The University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 179:559-66. 2005
    ..This study asks, does recreational use of +/-3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA; ecstasy) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC; marijuana) impair cognitive processes that help direct our safe movement through the world?..
  9. pmc Differential effects of insular and ventromedial prefrontal cortex lesions on risky decision-making
    L Clark
    Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, UK
    Brain 131:1311-22. 2008
    ..Poor decision-making in clinical populations can arise via multiple routes, with functionally dissociable effects of vmPFC and insular cortex damage...
  10. ncbi Effects of anticipatory stress on decision making in a gambling task
    S D Preston
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Behav Neurosci 121:257-63. 2007
    ..Effects of anticipatory stress on decision making are complex and depend on both the nature of the task and the individual...
  11. ncbi Impulsive behavior in adults with attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder: characterization of attentional, motor and cognitive impulsiveness
    L Malloy-Diniz
    Neuropsychology and Neurosciences Research Group, Health Sciences School, FUMEC University, Bairro São Lucas, Brazil
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 13:693-8. 2007
    ..Most importantly, this study also highlights the complementary nature of self-report questionnaires and neuropsychological tasks in the assessment of impulsivity in ADHD adults...
  12. ncbi [The brain mechanisms involved in making decisions. Reply]
    J M Martinez-Selva
    Departamento de Anatomía Humana y Psicobiología, Universidad de Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
    Rev Neurol 43:190. 2006
  13. ncbi [Brain mechanisms involved in decision-making]
    J M Martinez-Selva
    Departamento de Anatomía Humana y Psicobiología, Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain
    Rev Neurol 42:411-8. 2006
    ..To review the studies on brain mechanisms in decision making within the framework of the somatic marker hypothesis, and based on experiments employing the Iowa Gambling Task...
  14. ncbi Cognitive function and mood in MDMA/THC users, THC users and non-drug using controls
    C T J Lamers
    Experimental Psychopharmacology Unit, Department of Neurocognition, Brain and Behaviour Institute, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Psychopharmacol 20:302-11. 2006
    ..THC users were impaired in some cognitive abilities to the same degree as MDMA/THC users, suggesting that some cognitive impairment attributed to MDMA is more likely due to concurrent THC use...