Mustafa K Baskaya

Summary

Affiliation: University of Wisconsin
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Surgical treatment of blood blister-like aneurysms of the supraclinoid internal carotid artery with extracranial-intracranial bypass and trapping
    Mustafa K Baskaya
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 24:E13. 2008
  2. doi request reprint Alternative vascular graft for extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery: descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery
    Mustafa K Baskaya
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 24:E8. 2008
  3. doi request reprint Level I to III craniofacial approaches based on Barrow classification for treatment of skull base meningiomas: surgical technique, microsurgical anatomy, and case illustrations
    Emel Avci
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin Madison, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 30:E5. 2011
  4. doi request reprint Supracerebellar transtentorial transcollateral sulcus approach to the atrium of the lateral ventricle: microsurgical anatomy and surgical technique in cadaveric dissections
    Yusuf Izci
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin and William S Middleton, Veterans Administration Hospital, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Surg Neurol 72:509-14; discussion 514. 2009
  5. doi request reprint How reliable and accurate is indocyanine green video angiography in the evaluation of aneurysm obliteration?
    Erkin Ozgiray
    Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg 115:870-8. 2013
  6. doi request reprint Microsurgical anatomy of the posterior median septum of the human spinal cord
    Erhan Turkoglu
    Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin
    Clin Anat 28:45-51. 2015
  7. doi request reprint Application of a new fenestrated clip (Yaşargil T-bar clip) for the treatment of fusiform M1 aneurysm: case illustration and technical report
    Mustafa K Baskaya
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, USA
    Neurosurgery 70:339-42. 2012
  8. doi request reprint Removal of cavernous malformation of the Meckel's cave by extradural pterional approach using Heros muscle dissection technique
    Hakan Seckin
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Surg Neurol 72:733-6; discussion 736. 2009
  9. doi request reprint Microsurgical anatomy of the posterior spinal artery via a far-lateral transcondylar approach
    Hakan Seckin
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin
    J Neurosurg Spine 10:228-33. 2009
  10. doi request reprint Anterior communicating artery aneurysm associated with an infraoptic course of anterior cerebral artery and rare variant of the persistent trigeminal artery: a case report and literature review
    Erhan Turkoglu
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, School of Medicine CSC K4 822, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg 113:335-40. 2011

Collaborators

  • Yusuf Izci
  • Hakan Seckin
  • Bulent Duz
  • Erhan Turkoglu
  • Anil Arat
  • Yurdal Serarslan
  • Patrick A Turski
  • John S Kuo
  • Bernard R Bendok
  • Michael B Gluth
  • Søren M Bentzen
  • Julie E Chang
  • Deepak Khuntia
  • Andrew Jea
  • Guang Hong Chen
  • Howard A Rowley
  • Basheal Agrawal
  • Mark W Kiehn
  • Ulas Cikla
  • Erinc Akture
  • Melih Bozkurt
  • Bora Gürer
  • Kutluay Uluc
  • Suat Canbay
  • David B Niemann
  • Tevfik Yilmaz
  • Christopher Baggott
  • Shahriar Salamat
  • Mohamed Samy A Elhammady
  • Jacques J Morcos
  • Hannah Yoon
  • Yiping Li
  • Minesh P Mehta
  • Yunzhi Lin
  • Bethany M Anderson
  • Tomer Hananya
  • Amrendra S Miranpuri
  • Wendell Lake
  • Christopher Nickele
  • Erkin Ozgiray
  • Beverly Aagaard-Kienitz
  • Brian C Gartrell
  • Samuel P Gubbels
  • Christopher M Nickele
  • Gregory C Kujoth
  • Emel Avci
  • David Niemann
  • Brian E Nett
  • Yi Ping Liu
  • Ozkan Ates
  • Roberto C Heros
  • Roham Moftakhar
  • Ramachandra P Tummala
  • Ernesto Coscarella
  • Irene B Helenowski
  • Karthikeyan Perumal
  • Priya Kumthekar
  • Richard J Chappell
  • Jeffrey K Raizer
  • James R Chandler
  • Samir Sejpal
  • Alice Kirst
  • Joshua Rosenow
  • Mary Anne H Marymont
  • Clifford Chao
  • Andrew Parsa
  • Wolfgang A Tome
  • Ayhan Comert
  • Heather M Geye
  • G Mark Pyle
  • Amar Basavatia
  • Behnam Badie
  • Hayrettin Okut
  • Guner Menekse
  • Lori L Hayes
  • Amgad Hanna
  • Nirav Patel
  • V Ecem Güneş
  • Christopher D Baggott
  • Tabassum Kennedy
  • Adam Morgan
  • Veysel Antar
  • Gabriel Neves
  • Aastha Miranpuri
  • Beverly L Aagaard-Kienitz
  • Sarah E Mowry
  • Bruce J Gantz
  • M Salamat Salamat
  • Marlan R Hansen
  • M Shahriar Salamat

Detail Information

Publications45

  1. doi request reprint Surgical treatment of blood blister-like aneurysms of the supraclinoid internal carotid artery with extracranial-intracranial bypass and trapping
    Mustafa K Baskaya
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 24:E13. 2008
    ..The authors describe a series of 4 patients who presented with high-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to a BBA, which was treated with an extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass followed by trapping of the aneurysm...
  2. doi request reprint Alternative vascular graft for extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery: descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery
    Mustafa K Baskaya
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 24:E8. 2008
    ..Herein, the authors describe a case in which the descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery (DLCFA) was utilized as a high-flow conduit for an EC-IC bypass...
  3. doi request reprint Level I to III craniofacial approaches based on Barrow classification for treatment of skull base meningiomas: surgical technique, microsurgical anatomy, and case illustrations
    Emel Avci
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin Madison, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 30:E5. 2011
    ..The objective of this study is to demonstrate the surgical technique of craniofacial approaches based on Barrow classification (Levels I-III) and to study the microsurgical anatomy pertinent to these complex craniofacial approaches...
  4. doi request reprint Supracerebellar transtentorial transcollateral sulcus approach to the atrium of the lateral ventricle: microsurgical anatomy and surgical technique in cadaveric dissections
    Yusuf Izci
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin and William S Middleton, Veterans Administration Hospital, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Surg Neurol 72:509-14; discussion 514. 2009
    ..Here, we demonstrate the supracerebellar transtentorial transcollateral sulcus (STTS) approach as an alternative route to the atrium of the lateral ventricle using anatomical dissections in cadavers...
  5. doi request reprint How reliable and accurate is indocyanine green video angiography in the evaluation of aneurysm obliteration?
    Erkin Ozgiray
    Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg 115:870-8. 2013
    ..We report reliability and accuracy of ICG-VA in 109 clipped aneurysms with attention given to five cases in which ICG-VA evaluation resulted in false indication that aneurysms were secure in terms of complete obliteration...
  6. doi request reprint Microsurgical anatomy of the posterior median septum of the human spinal cord
    Erhan Turkoglu
    Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin
    Clin Anat 28:45-51. 2015
    ..In this anatomical study, we describe the surface anatomy of the dorsal SC and its relationship with the PMS, which can be used to determine a safe entry zone into the SC...
  7. doi request reprint Application of a new fenestrated clip (Yaşargil T-bar clip) for the treatment of fusiform M1 aneurysm: case illustration and technical report
    Mustafa K Baskaya
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, USA
    Neurosurgery 70:339-42. 2012
    ..The objective of this study is to describe the application of a new fenestrated clip (Yaşargil T-bar clip) for the treatment of FIAs...
  8. doi request reprint Removal of cavernous malformation of the Meckel's cave by extradural pterional approach using Heros muscle dissection technique
    Hakan Seckin
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Surg Neurol 72:733-6; discussion 736. 2009
    ..Cadaveric dissections were performed to demonstrate the wider exposure gained by this approach...
  9. doi request reprint Microsurgical anatomy of the posterior spinal artery via a far-lateral transcondylar approach
    Hakan Seckin
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin
    J Neurosurg Spine 10:228-33. 2009
    ..There have been a limited number of reports on the specific origin of the PSA in the literature. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the origin of the PSA...
  10. doi request reprint Anterior communicating artery aneurysm associated with an infraoptic course of anterior cerebral artery and rare variant of the persistent trigeminal artery: a case report and literature review
    Erhan Turkoglu
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, School of Medicine CSC K4 822, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg 113:335-40. 2011
    ..A discussion of the embryogenesis of this rare anomaly is also provided...
  11. doi request reprint The work horse of skull base surgery: orbitozygomatic approach. Technique, modifications, and applications
    Hakan Seckin
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 25:E4. 2008
    ....
  12. doi request reprint The subparietal and parietooccipital sulci: an anatomical study
    Bora Gürer
    Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Clin Anat 26:667-74. 2013
    ..Better knowledge of these variations will further help neurosurgeons to navigate easily during approaches involving the medial surface of the parietal lobe. Clin. Anat. 26:667-674, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. ..
  13. doi request reprint Microsurgical anatomy of the denticulate ligaments and their relationship with the axilla of the spinal nerve roots
    Bora Gürer
    Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin
    Clin Anat 27:733-7. 2014
    ..This study provides a detailed anatomy of the DLs and their relationship with the adjacent spinal nerve root axilla...
  14. ncbi request reprint An alternative extradural exposure to the anterior clinoid process: the superior orbital fissure as a surgical corridor
    Ernesto Coscarella
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida 33136, USA
    Neurosurgery 53:162-6; discussion 166-7. 2003
    ..Through our cadaveric and subsequent clinical experience, we have devised a modification of the approach that permits safer handling of the contents of the superior orbital fissure...
  15. ncbi request reprint Penetration of the optic nerve by an internal carotid artery-ophthalmic artery aneurysm: case report and literature review
    Andrew Jea
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida 33136, USA
    Neurosurgery 53:996-9; discussion 999-1000. 2003
    ..Although it is well known that large or giant internal carotid artery-ophthalmic artery aneurysms can cause visual deficits, penetration and schism of the optic nerve by an aneurysm are very rare...
  16. doi request reprint Anatomical relationship and positions of the lumbar and sacral segments of the spinal cord according to the vertebral bodies and the spinal roots
    Suat Canbay
    Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin
    Clin Anat 27:227-33. 2014
    ..This study provides detailed information about the correspondence of the spinal cord segments with reference to the axilla of the spinal nerve roots...
  17. ncbi request reprint Utility of computed tomography perfusion in detection of cerebral vasospasm in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage
    Roham Moftakhar
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 21:E6. 2006
    ..Computed tomography (CT) perfusion is a recently developed modality for the evaluation of cerebral hemodynamics. This study was conducted to evaluate the potential of using CT perfusion to detect vasospasm in patients with SAH...
  18. doi request reprint Demographic, circadian, and climatic factors in non-aneurysmal versus aneursymal subarachnoid hemorrhage
    Amrendra S Miranpuri
    Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg 115:298-303. 2013
    ....
  19. pmc Familial perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage: two case reports
    Ulas Cikla
    Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    J Med Case Rep 8:380. 2014
    ..A growing body of evidence has supported a familial predisposition for non-aneurysmal spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage...
  20. doi request reprint Microsurgical anatomy of the dorsal thoracic rootlets and dorsal root entry zones
    Melih Bozkurt
    Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 154:1235-9. 2012
    ..The objective of this anatomical study is to comprehensively illustrate the microanatomical features of the thoracic DREZs and their variations...
  21. pmc Bilateral A1 fenestrations: Report of two cases and literature review
    Erinc Akture
    Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 3:43. 2012
    ..Bilateral fenestration of the A1 segment of anterior cerebral artery (ACA) is an uncommon anomaly. Our objective is to describe two cases with this anomaly and to review the literature...
  22. doi request reprint The occipital artery for posterior circulation bypass: microsurgical anatomy
    Ozkan Ates
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 24:E9. 2008
    ..The microsurgical anatomy of the occipital artery (OA) was studied to describe the diameter, length, and course of this vessel as it pertains to revascularization procedures of the posterior cerebral circulation...
  23. doi request reprint Superficial vascular anatomy of the medial prefrontal cortex: an anatomical study
    Yusuf Izci
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Surg Neurol 72:383-8. 2009
    ..This study focuses on the precise vascular anatomy of the medial part of the prefrontal cortex and provides more detailed information for surgery...
  24. doi request reprint How I do it: treatment of blood blister-like aneurysms of the supraclinoid internal carotid artery by extracranial-to-intracranial bypass and trapping
    Ulas Cikla
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of Wisconsin Madison, School of Medicine, CSc, K4 822, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI, 53792, USA
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 156:2071-7. 2014
    ..Aneurysm trapping with extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass is a safe and durable treatment for BBAs...
  25. doi request reprint Clip reconstruction of an 8 cm giant internal carotid artery bifurcation aneurysm: microsurgical technique
    Ulas Cikla
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin
    Neurosurg Focus 38:Video20. 2015
    ..The patient improved upon his pre-morbid state after surgery and made an excellent recovery. The video can be found here: http://youtu.be/P_10hRQFuPo . ..
  26. doi request reprint Surgical treatment of adult moyamoya disease with combined STA-MCA bypass and EDAS: demonstration of technique in video presentation
    Yiping Li
    University of Wisconsin Medical School, Department of Neurological Surgery, USA
    Turk Neurosurg 25:126-31. 2015
    ..We review the natural history and surgical treatment of MD along with a case presentation in which surgical technique is demonstrated in video...
  27. pmc Glioblastoma multiforme in Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome: a case report
    Tevfik Yilmaz
    Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, 750 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI, USA
    J Med Case Rep 9:83. 2015
    ....
  28. doi request reprint Osteotomy for laminoplasty without soft tissue penetration, performed using a harmonic bone scalpel: instrumentation and technique
    Christopher Nickele
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, United States
    J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 74:183-6. 2013
    ..Laminoplasty in the case of intramedullary spinal tumor requires care to avoid neurologic injury. The harmonic bone scalpel provides a method of laminoplasty that can be done safely and quickly for this and other indications...
  29. doi request reprint A stepwise illustration of the retrosigmoid approach for resection of a cerebellopontine meningioma
    Ulas Cikla
    Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin
    Neurosurg Focus 36:1. 2014
    ..In this video, we demonstrate the use of retrosigmoid craniotomy for resection of a large CPA meningioma, delineating all steps including positioning, mapping. The video can be found here: http://youtu.be/kISkYS16Brk . ..
  30. ncbi request reprint Contemporary management of incidental intracranial aneurysms
    Ramachandra P Tummala
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida 33136, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 18:e9. 2005
    ..Until conclusive studies are completed, the experience of the neurovascular team at each institution and the art of patient selection for treatment will continue to play a fundamental role in the management of these lesions...
  31. pmc A stepwise illustration of the translabyrinthine approach to a large cystic vestibular schwannoma
    Christopher M Nickele
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 33:E11. 2012
    ..The translabyrinthine route to the cerebellopontine angle is an excellent approach for masses that extend toward the midline or anterior to the pons. Although hearing is sacrificed, facial nerve function is generally spared...
  32. doi request reprint A simple technique for interventional tool placement combining fluoroscopy with interventional computed tomography on a C-arm system
    Brian E Nett
    Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin Madison, School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA
    Neurosurgery 67:ons49-56; discussion ons56-7. 2010
    ..Flat-panel cone-beam computed tomography (FP-CBCT) has recently been introduced as a clinical feature in neuroangiography radiographic C-arm systems...
  33. doi request reprint Neuroprotective effects of mesenchymal stem cells derived from human embryonic stem cells in transient focal cerebral ischemia in rats
    Yi Ping Liu
    Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, USA
    J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 29:780-91. 2009
    ....
  34. doi request reprint Sulcal and gyral anatomy of the orbitofrontal cortex in relation to the recurrent artery of Heubner: an anatomical study
    Yusuf Izci
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin Madison, CSC K4 828, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Surg Radiol Anat 31:439-45. 2009
    ..There are considerable variations among the gyri and sulci of the orbitofrontal cortex and it is difficult to describe a precise architectural pattern. The RAH demands special attention during GR resection in aneurysm surgery...
  35. doi request reprint A vermian artery originating from the posterior cerebral artery: an anatomical case report
    Yurdal Serarslan
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, CSC K4 828, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI, 53792, USA
    Surg Radiol Anat 31:645-7. 2009
    ..The left SCA had duplicated origin from the BA...
  36. doi request reprint Single institution experience treating 104 vestibular schwannomas with fractionated stereotactic radiation therapy or stereotactic radiosurgery
    Bethany M Anderson
    Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI, 53792, USA
    J Neurooncol 116:187-93. 2014
    ..0% of SRS patients, 63.2% of HypoFSRT patients, and 44.4% of ConFSRT patients (p = 0.6). Similarly, there were no significant differences in 5-year rates of trigeminal toxicity facial nerve toxicity, vestibular dysfunction, or tinnitus...
  37. doi request reprint Atypical meningioma: Randomized trials are required to resolve contradictory retrospective results regarding the role of adjuvant radiotherapy
    Hannah Yoon
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    J Cancer Res Ther 11:59-66. 2015
    ..The role of postoperative radiation (RT) in atypical meningioma remains controversial...
  38. pmc A case series of primary central nervous system posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder: imaging and clinical characteristics
    Wendell Lake
    Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, USA
    Neurosurgery 72:960-70; discussion 970. 2013
    ..Primary central nervous system posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (PCNS-PTLD) is a rare complication after solid organ transplantation (SOT). With increasing rates of SOT, PCNS-PTLD incidence is increasing...
  39. pmc Facial and lower cranial neuropathies after preoperative embolization of jugular foramen lesions with ethylene vinyl alcohol
    Brian C Gartrell
    Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53792 7375, USA
    Otol Neurotol 33:1270-5. 2012
    ..To report 3 unique cases of cranial neuropathy after super-selective arterial embolization of jugular foramen vascular tumors with ethylene vinyl alcohol...
  40. doi request reprint Retromandibular fossa approach to the high cervical internal carotid artery: an anatomic study
    Yusuf Izci
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, William S Middleton Veteran s Administration Hospital, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Neurosurgery 62:ONS363-9; discussion 369-70. 2008
    ..In addition, the relevant neural and vascular structures of this region are demonstrated in cadaveric dissections...
  41. doi request reprint Early elective surgical exploration of spontaneous intracerebral hematomas of unknown origin
    Mohamed Samy A Elhammady
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami School of Medicine, Lois Pope LIFE Center, Miami, Florida, USA
    J Neurosurg 109:1005-11. 2008
    ..For years, the senior author (R.C.H.) has treated these patients with early surgical exploration. This study was undertaken prospectively to ascertain the frequency of positive findings during surgical exploration...
  42. doi request reprint Operating microscopes: past, present, and future
    Kutluay Uluc
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 27:E4. 2009
    ..Today's sophisticated operating microscopes allow for advanced real-time angiographic and tumor imaging. In this paper the authors discuss what might be found in the operating rooms of tomorrow...
  43. ncbi request reprint Pneumocephalus in a patient with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt after percutaneous gastrojejunostomy catheter placement: case report
    Andrew Jea
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami School of Medicine, Lois Pope LIFE Center, Miami, FL 33136, USA
    Surg Neurol 65:87-9; discussion 89. 2006
    ..A case is presented here where we believe such a complication occurred...
  44. ncbi request reprint Persistent primitive hypoglossal artery with retrograde flow from the vertebrobasilar system: a case report
    Mohamed Samy A Elhammady
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami School of Medicine, LPLF 1095 NW 14th Terrace, Miami, FL 33136, USA
    Neurosurg Rev 30:345-9; discussion 349. 2007
    ..Awareness of this embryological anomaly and its interaction with acquired atherosclerotic disease will minimize misinterpretation of vascular diagnostic studies...