J M Baeten

Summary

Affiliation: University of Washington
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Acyclovir and transmission of HIV-1 from persons infected with HIV-1 and HSV-2
    C Celum
    Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, 325 Ninth Ave, Box 359927, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    N Engl J Med 362:427-39. 2010
  2. pmc Mortality in members of HIV-1 serodiscordant couples in Africa and implications for antiretroviral therapy initiation: results of analyses from a multicenter randomized trial
    Guy de Bruyn
    Perinatal HIV Research Unit, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    BMC Infect Dis 12:277. 2012
  3. pmc Risk Factors for HSV-2 Infection among Sexual Partners of HSV-2/HIV-1 Co-Infected Persons
    Andrew Mujugira
    Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    BMC Res Notes 4:64. 2011
  4. pmc Higher pre-infection vitamin E levels are associated with higher mortality in HIV-1-infected Kenyan women: a prospective study
    Susan M Graham
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 7:63. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Hormonal contraceptive use, herpes simplex virus infection, and risk of HIV-1 acquisition among Kenyan women
    Jared M Baeten
    Seattle HIV Prevention Trials Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, 9012 Boren Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    AIDS 21:1771-7. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint HIV-1 infection alters the retinol-binding protein:transthyretin ratio even in the absence of the acute phase response
    Jared M Baeten
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Nutr 136:1624-9. 2006
  7. pmc Prospective study of correlates of vaginal Lactobacillus colonisation among high-risk HIV-1 seronegative women
    J M Baeten
    Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 85:348-53. 2009
  8. ncbi request reprint Relationship between markers of HIV-1 disease progression and serum beta-carotene concentrations in Kenyan women
    Jared M Baeten
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 18:202-6. 2007
  9. pmc Genital HIV-1 RNA predicts risk of heterosexual HIV-1 transmission
    Jared M Baeten
    Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Sci Transl Med 3:77ra29. 2011
  10. ncbi request reprint The influence of hormonal contraceptive use on HIV-1 transmission and disease progression
    Jared M Baeten
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 45:360-9. 2007

Detail Information

Publications56

  1. pmc Acyclovir and transmission of HIV-1 from persons infected with HIV-1 and HSV-2
    C Celum
    Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, 325 Ninth Ave, Box 359927, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    N Engl J Med 362:427-39. 2010
    ..Therapy to suppress HSV-2 reduces the frequency of reactivation of HSV-2 as well as HIV-1 levels, suggesting that suppression of HSV-2 may reduce the risk of transmission of HIV-1...
  2. pmc Mortality in members of HIV-1 serodiscordant couples in Africa and implications for antiretroviral therapy initiation: results of analyses from a multicenter randomized trial
    Guy de Bruyn
    Perinatal HIV Research Unit, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    BMC Infect Dis 12:277. 2012
    ....
  3. pmc Risk Factors for HSV-2 Infection among Sexual Partners of HSV-2/HIV-1 Co-Infected Persons
    Andrew Mujugira
    Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    BMC Res Notes 4:64. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  4. pmc Higher pre-infection vitamin E levels are associated with higher mortality in HIV-1-infected Kenyan women: a prospective study
    Susan M Graham
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 7:63. 2007
    ..However, vitamin E supplementation has also been reported to increase CCR5 expression, which could increase HIV-1 replication. We hypothesized that vitamin E levels at HIV-1 acquisition may influence disease progression...
  5. ncbi request reprint Hormonal contraceptive use, herpes simplex virus infection, and risk of HIV-1 acquisition among Kenyan women
    Jared M Baeten
    Seattle HIV Prevention Trials Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, 9012 Boren Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    AIDS 21:1771-7. 2007
    ..A recent study from Uganda and Zimbabwe found that women using hormonal contraception were at increased risk for HIV-1 if they were seronegative for herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), but not if they were HSV-2 seropositive...
  6. ncbi request reprint HIV-1 infection alters the retinol-binding protein:transthyretin ratio even in the absence of the acute phase response
    Jared M Baeten
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Nutr 136:1624-9. 2006
    ..Our results raise questions about the utility of this measurement given the high prevalence of HIV-1 infection in areas where vitamin A deficiency is common...
  7. pmc Prospective study of correlates of vaginal Lactobacillus colonisation among high-risk HIV-1 seronegative women
    J M Baeten
    Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 85:348-53. 2009
    ..Identification of factors associated with vaginal Lactobacillus colonisation may suggest interventions to improve vaginal health...
  8. ncbi request reprint Relationship between markers of HIV-1 disease progression and serum beta-carotene concentrations in Kenyan women
    Jared M Baeten
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 18:202-6. 2007
    ....
  9. pmc Genital HIV-1 RNA predicts risk of heterosexual HIV-1 transmission
    Jared M Baeten
    Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Sci Transl Med 3:77ra29. 2011
    ..These data suggest that HIV-1 RNA in genital secretions could be used as a marker of HIV-1 sexual transmission risk...
  10. ncbi request reprint The influence of hormonal contraceptive use on HIV-1 transmission and disease progression
    Jared M Baeten
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 45:360-9. 2007
    ..Safe and effective contraceptive choices are essential for women with and at risk for HIV-1 infection. Thus, understanding the effect, if any, of hormonal contraception on HIV-1 disease among women is a public health priority...
  11. pmc Herpes simplex virus (HSV)-suppressive therapy decreases plasma and genital HIV-1 levels in HSV-2/HIV-1 coinfected women: a randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial
    Jared M Baeten
    Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Infect Dis 198:1804-8. 2008
    ..001]), as was cervical HIV-1 level (-0.35 log10 copies/swab, a 55% decrease [P < .001]). Suppressive HSV-2 therapy has the potential to reduce HIV-1 infectiousness and slow HIV-1 disease progression...
  12. pmc Male circumcision and risk of male-to-female HIV-1 transmission: a multinational prospective study in African HIV-1-serodiscordant couples
    Jared M Baeten
    University of Washington, WA, USA
    AIDS 24:737-44. 2010
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Female-to-male infectivity of HIV-1 among circumcised and uncircumcised Kenyan men
    Jared M Baeten
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104 2499, USA
    J Infect Dis 191:546-53. 2005
    ..e., infectivity) for circumcised and uncircumcised men, by use of detailed accounts of sexual behavior in a population with multiple partnerships...
  14. ncbi request reprint Vitamin A supplementation and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 shedding in women: results of a randomized clinical trial
    Jared M Baeten
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    J Infect Dis 185:1187-91. 2002
    ..Vitamin A supplementation is unlikely to decrease the infectivity of women infected with HIV-1...
  15. ncbi request reprint Hormonal contraception and risk of sexually transmitted disease acquisition: results from a prospective study
    J M Baeten
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 185:380-5. 2001
    ..To examine the relationship between use of oral contraceptive pills or depot medroxyprogesterone acetate and sexually transmitted disease acquisition...
  16. ncbi request reprint Vitamin A deficiency and the acute phase response among HIV-1-infected and -uninfected women in Kenya
    Jared M Baeten
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle 98104 2499, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 31:243-9. 2002
    ..These results provide possible explanations for the disparity between observational studies and randomized trials of vitamin A for HIV-1 infection...
  17. ncbi request reprint Selenium deficiency is associated with shedding of HIV-1--infected cells in the female genital tract
    J M Baeten
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, 98104 2499, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 26:360-4. 2001
    ..To assess the relation between selenium deficiency and vaginal or cervical shedding of HIV-1-infected cells...
  18. pmc Pregnancy complications and outcomes among overweight and obese nulliparous women
    J M Baeten
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, 325 Ninth Ave, Box 359909, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:436-40. 2001
    ..This study examined the associations between prepregnancy weight and the risk of pregnancy complications and adverse outcomes among nulliparous women...
  19. ncbi request reprint Measuring the infectiousness of persons with HIV-1: opportunities for preventing sexual HIV-1 transmission
    Jared M Baeten
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle 98104 2499, USA
    Curr HIV Res 1:69-86. 2003
    ..Unresolved issues related to optimal measurement techniques for genital HIV-1, promises and limitations of antiretroviral therapy and vaccines to reduce infectiousness, and other intervention strategies still in development are reviewed...
  20. ncbi request reprint Trends in HIV-1 incidence in a cohort of prostitutes in Kenya: implications for HIV-1 vaccine efficacy trials
    J M Baeten
    Departments of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 24:458-64. 2000
    ..Little information is available on the estimated incidence of HIV-1 in such populations, especially information on incidence over time and incidence while participating in risk-reduction programs...
  21. ncbi request reprint Use of serum retinol-binding protein for prediction of vitamin A deficiency: effects of HIV-1 infection, protein malnutrition, and the acute phase response
    Jared M Baeten
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:218-25. 2004
    ..The performance of RBP in the context of infection or protein malnutrition, however, has not been evaluated...
  22. ncbi request reprint Vitamin A supplementation and genital shedding of herpes simplex virus among HIV-1-infected women: a randomized clinical trial
    Jared M Baeten
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104 2499, USA
    J Infect Dis 189:1466-71. 2004
    ..Vitamin A supplementation is unlikely to decrease HSV shedding and infectivity...
  23. pmc Heterosexual HIV-1 transmission after initiation of antiretroviral therapy: a prospective cohort analysis
    Deborah Donnell
    Statistical Center for HIV AIDS Research and Prevention and the Vaccine and Infectious Disease Institute, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
    Lancet 375:2092-8. 2010
    ..Initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces plasma HIV-1 concentrations. We aimed to assess the effect of ART use by patients infected with HIV-1 on risk of transmission to their uninfected partners...
  24. pmc Breadth of neutralizing antibody response to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is affected by factors early in infection but does not influence disease progression
    Anne Piantadosi
    Division of Human Biology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98109 1024, USA
    J Virol 83:10269-74. 2009
    ..Thus, a broad NAb response results from a high level of antigenic stimulation early in infection, which likely accounts for prior observations that greater NAb response breadth is associated with a higher viral load later in infection...
  25. ncbi request reprint Hormonal contraception and risk of cervical infections among HIV-1-seropositive Kenyan women
    Ludo Lavreys
    Departments of Epidemiology and Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle 98104 2499, USA
    AIDS 18:2179-84. 2004
    ..To evaluate the relationship between hormonal contraceptive use and the acquisition of cervical sexually transmitted infections (STI) among HIV-1-infected women...
  26. ncbi request reprint Reducing HIV-1 transmission through prevention strategies targeting HIV-1-seropositive individuals
    R Scott McClelland
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Antimicrob Chemother 57:163-6. 2006
    ..Further work is urgently needed to develop, test and implement comprehensive strategies for prevention in positives...
  27. ncbi request reprint Identification of modifiable factors that affect the genetic diversity of the transmitted HIV-1 population
    Manish Sagar
    Division of Human Biology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington, 1100 Fairview Avenue, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
    AIDS 18:615-9. 2004
    ..Infection with multiple viral variants was associated with higher plasma HIV-1 RNA levels and faster CD4 T-cell decline...
  28. doi request reprint High Mycoplasma genitalium organism burden is associated with shedding of HIV-1 DNA from the cervix
    Lisa E Manhart
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    J Infect Dis 197:733-6. 2008
    ..genitalium-negative women (adjusted OR, 2.9 [95% confidence interval, 1.1-7.6]), yet this did not appear to be mediated by traditional measures of cervical inflammation (elevated polymorphonuclear leukocyte count)...
  29. ncbi request reprint HIV-1 subtype D infection is associated with faster disease progression than subtype A in spite of similar plasma HIV-1 loads
    Jared M Baeten
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Infect Dis 195:1177-80. 2007
    ..There were no differences in plasma viral load by HIV-1 subtype during follow-up. HIV-1 subtype D infection is associated with a >2-fold higher risk of death than subtype A infection, in spite of similar plasma HIV-1 loads...
  30. ncbi request reprint Effect of contraceptive methods on natural history of HIV: studies from the Mombasa cohort
    Jared M Baeten
    University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:S18-21. 2005
  31. pmc Quantification of genital human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) DNA in specimens from women with low plasma HIV-1 RNA levels typical of HIV-1 nontransmitters
    Sarah Benki
    Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98109, USA, and Coast Provincial General Hospital, Mombasa, Kenya
    J Clin Microbiol 44:4357-62. 2006
    ..The assay described here can be utilized in future efforts to examine the role of cell-associated HIV-1 in transmission...
  32. pmc Efficient use of longitudinal CD4 counts and viral load measures in survival analysis
    S E Holte
    Biostatistics and Biomathematics, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA
    Stat Med 31:2086-97. 2012
    ..Moreover, the FPC scores are shown to be a more powerful prognostic factor than other common summaries when used in survival analysis...
  33. ncbi request reprint High levels of cervical HIV-1 RNA during early HIV-1 infection
    Ludo Lavreys
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    AIDS 20:2389-90. 2006
    ..43 versus 2.85 log10 copies/swab, P < 0.001). After adjusting for HIV-1-plasma RNA, cervical HIV-1 RNA from 30 days or less after infection was increased by 0.45 log10 copies/swab (P = 0.006)...
  34. doi request reprint A prospective study of risk factors for bacterial vaginosis in HIV-1-seronegative African women
    R Scott McClelland
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:617-23. 2008
    ..Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is common and has been associated with increased HIV-1 susceptibility. The objective of this study was to identify risk factors for BV in African women at high risk for acquiring HIV-1...
  35. pmc HIV-1 evolution in gag and env is highly correlated but exhibits different relationships with viral load and the immune response
    Anne Piantadosi
    Division of Human Biology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98109 1024, USA
    AIDS 23:579-87. 2009
    ..To evaluate relationships between HIV-1 evolution, including immune evasion, and markers of disease progression during chronic infection...
  36. pmc A prospective study of risk factors for herpes simplex virus type 2 acquisition among high-risk HIV-1 seronegative women in Kenya
    V Chohan
    Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
    Sex Transm Infect 85:489-92. 2009
    ..The objective of this analysis was to determine the incidence and risk factors for HSV-2 acquisition among HIV-1-seronegative female sex workers in Kenya...
  37. pmc Prospective study of vaginal bacterial flora and other risk factors for vulvovaginal candidiasis
    R Scott McClelland
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Infect Dis 199:1883-90. 2009
    ..Our objective was to determine the relationship between vaginal bacterial flora and VVC...
  38. pmc Frequent detection of human adenovirus from the lower gastrointestinal tract in men who have sex with men
    Marcel E Curlin
    Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e11321. 2010
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Contribution of HIV-1 infection to acquisition of sexually transmitted disease: a 10-year prospective study
    R Scott McClelland
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    J Infect Dis 191:333-8. 2005
    ..Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) enhance human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 susceptibility, but few studies have examined the reciprocal effect of HIV-1 on STD acquisition...
  40. pmc Increased risk of genital ulcer disease in women during the first month after initiating antiretroviral therapy
    Susan M Graham
    Departments of Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 52:600-3. 2009
    ..To better define this risk, we monitored 134 women at ART initiation and monthly thereafter...
  41. pmc Daily acyclovir for HIV-1 disease progression in people dually infected with HIV-1 and herpes simplex virus type 2: a randomised placebo-controlled trial
    Jairam R Lingappa
    Department of Global Health, Seattle, WA, USA
    Lancet 375:824-33. 2010
    ..Daily suppression of this herpes virus reduces plasma HIV-1 concentrations, but whether it delays HIV-1 disease progression is unknown. We investigated the effect of acyclovir on HIV-1 progression...
  42. ncbi request reprint Hormonal contraception and risk of HIV-1 acquisition: results of a 10-year prospective study
    Ludo Lavreys
    Departments of Epidemiology and Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    AIDS 18:695-7. 2004
  43. ncbi request reprint Injectable contraceptive use and genital ulcer disease during the early phase of HIV-1 infection increase plasma virus load in women
    Ludo Lavreys
    Department of Epidemiology, Medicine, and Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104 2499, USA
    J Infect Dis 189:303-11. 2004
    ..These findings suggest that, in women, the use of DMPA and the presence of GUD during the early phase of HIV-1 infection may influence the natural course of infection...
  44. pmc Low serum albumin and the acute phase response predict low serum selenium in HIV-1 infected women
    Paul K Drain
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific, A 300 Health Sciences, Box 356340, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 6:85. 2006
    ..Low serum selenium has been associated with lower CD4 counts and greater mortality among HIV-1-seropositive individuals, but most studies have not controlled for serum albumin and the presence of an acute phase response...
  45. ncbi request reprint HIV-1 acquisition and disease progression are associated with decreased high-risk sexual behaviour among Kenyan female sex workers
    R Scott McClelland
    Departments of Medicine, University of Washington, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    AIDS 20:1969-73. 2006
    ..Changes in sexual risk behaviour may occur following HIV-1 infection...
  46. ncbi request reprint Higher set point plasma viral load and more-severe acute HIV type 1 (HIV-1) illness predict mortality among high-risk HIV-1-infected African women
    Ludo Lavreys
    Department of Epidemiology, Medicine, and Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 42:1333-9. 2006
    ..We used data from a prospective cohort study of female sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya, who were followed up monthly from before the date of HIV-1 infection...
  47. doi request reprint Improvement of vaginal health for Kenyan women at risk for acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1: results of a randomized trial
    R Scott McClelland
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    J Infect Dis 197:1361-8. 2008
    ..Vaginal infections are common and have been associated with increased risk for acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)...
  48. ncbi request reprint Infection with Trichomonas vaginalis increases the risk of HIV-1 acquisition
    R Scott McClelland
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Infect Dis 195:698-702. 2007
    ..52-fold (95% confidence interval, 1.04-2.24-fold) increased risk of HIV-1 acquisition after adjustment for potential confounding factors. Treatment and prevention of T. vaginalis infection could reduce HIV-1 risk in women...
  49. ncbi request reprint Micronutrient supplementation increases genital tract shedding of HIV-1 in women: results of a randomized trial
    R Scott McClelland
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:1657-63. 2004
    ..The potential benefit of micronutrient supplementation in HIV-1-seropositive women should be considered in relation to the potential for increased infectivity...
  50. ncbi request reprint Virus load during primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) type 1 infection is related to the severity of acute HIV illness in Kenyan women
    Ludo Lavreys
    University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 98104, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 35:77-81. 2002
    ..4 log(10) copies/mL...
  51. ncbi request reprint Vaginal washing and increased risk of HIV-1 acquisition among African women: a 10-year prospective study
    R Scott McClelland
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    AIDS 20:269-73. 2006
    ..No prospective study has examined the risk of HIV-1 acquisition associated with vaginal washing, although intravaginal practices have been identified as potentially important contributors to HIV-1 susceptibility...
  52. ncbi request reprint A decrease in albumin in early HIV type 1 infection predicts subsequent disease progression
    Susan M Graham
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 23:1197-200. 2007
    ..0, p = 0.008). Trends for an increased risk of mortality were also seen. A greater decrease in albumin levels accompanying HIV-1 acquisition may be a marker for changes in early infection associated with more rapid disease progression...
  53. ncbi request reprint A comparison of genital HIV-1 shedding and sexual risk behavior among Kenyan women based on eligibility for initiation of HAART according to WHO guidelines
    R Scott McClelland
    Departments of Medicine, University of Washington, Box 359909, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:611-5. 2006
    ..Guidelines for initiating antiretrovirals are based on markers of advanced disease and are not directly linked to markers of HIV-1 transmission such as viral shedding...
  54. pmc Infection with multiple human immunodeficiency virus type 1 variants is associated with faster disease progression
    Manish Sagar
    Divisions of Human Biology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98109, USA
    J Virol 77:12921-6. 2003
    ..01) 4 to 24 months after infection compared to women who were infected with a single viral genotype. These studies suggest that early HIV-1 genetic diversity is linked to faster disease progression...
  55. ncbi request reprint Correlates of human herpesvirus 8 seropositivity among heterosexual men in Kenya
    Jared M Baeten
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle 98104 2499, USA
    AIDS 16:2073-8. 2002
    ..However, few studies have examined heterosexual HHV-8 transmission, especially among African populations in which HHV-8 is endemic...
  56. ncbi request reprint Re: distinguishing the temporal association between women's intravaginal practices and risk of human immunodeficiency virus infection: a prospective study of South African women
    R Scott McClelland
    Am J Epidemiol 165:474-5; author reply 475-6. 2007