Richard N Aslin

Summary

Affiliation: University of Rochester
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Questioning the questions that have been asked about the infant brain using near-infrared spectroscopy
    Richard N Aslin
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, NY, USA
    Cogn Neuropsychol 29:7-33. 2012
  2. ncbi request reprint Methodological challenges for understanding cognitive development in infants
    Richard N Aslin
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:92-8. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint Near-infrared spectroscopy for functional studies of brain activity in human infants: promise, prospects, and challenges
    Richard N Aslin
    University of Rochester, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    J Biomed Opt 10:11009. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint Depth-dependent contrast gain-control
    Richard N Aslin
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, 274 Meliora Hall, Rochester, NY 14627 0270, USA
    Vision Res 44:685-93. 2004
  5. pmc What's in a look?
    Richard N Aslin
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Dev Sci 10:48-53. 2007
  6. pmc How infants view natural scenes gathered from a head-mounted camera
    Richard N Aslin
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    Optom Vis Sci 86:561-5. 2009
  7. pmc Context and spoken word recognition in a novel lexicon
    Kathleen Pirog Revill
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:1207-23. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Learning at a distance II. Statistical learning of non-adjacent dependencies in a non-human primate
    Elissa L Newport
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Meliora Hall, River Campus, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Cogn Psychol 49:85-117. 2004
  9. pmc Toddlers use speech disfluencies to predict speakers' referential intentions
    Celeste Kidd
    Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, USA
    Dev Sci 14:925-34. 2011
  10. pmc Adaptation to novel accents by toddlers
    Katherine S White
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, USA
    Dev Sci 14:372-84. 2011

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications45

  1. pmc Questioning the questions that have been asked about the infant brain using near-infrared spectroscopy
    Richard N Aslin
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, NY, USA
    Cogn Neuropsychol 29:7-33. 2012
    ..Finally, a variety of new and promising advances in NIRS techniques are highlighted...
  2. ncbi request reprint Methodological challenges for understanding cognitive development in infants
    Richard N Aslin
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:92-8. 2005
    ..We discuss four specific issues in infant learning that gain renewed importance in light of this opinion...
  3. ncbi request reprint Near-infrared spectroscopy for functional studies of brain activity in human infants: promise, prospects, and challenges
    Richard N Aslin
    University of Rochester, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    J Biomed Opt 10:11009. 2005
    ..We summarize the key findings that emerged from this workshop and outline the pros and cons of NIRS for studying the brain correlates of perceptual, cognitive, and language development in human infants...
  4. ncbi request reprint Depth-dependent contrast gain-control
    Richard N Aslin
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, 274 Meliora Hall, Rochester, NY 14627 0270, USA
    Vision Res 44:685-93. 2004
    ..These results demonstrate that mechanisms of contrast adaptation are conditioned by 3-D and 2-D viewing contexts...
  5. pmc What's in a look?
    Richard N Aslin
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Dev Sci 10:48-53. 2007
    ..Here we examine the logic, utility, and future prospects for further gains in our understanding of infant cognition from the use of looking time measures...
  6. pmc How infants view natural scenes gathered from a head-mounted camera
    Richard N Aslin
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    Optom Vis Sci 86:561-5. 2009
    ....
  7. pmc Context and spoken word recognition in a novel lexicon
    Kathleen Pirog Revill
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:1207-23. 2008
    ..In Experiment 3, context did not reduce competition from non-displayed incompatible neighbors as predicted by restrictive access models. The authors conclude that the results are most consistent with continuous integration models...
  8. ncbi request reprint Learning at a distance II. Statistical learning of non-adjacent dependencies in a non-human primate
    Elissa L Newport
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Meliora Hall, River Campus, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Cogn Psychol 49:85-117. 2004
    ..Such studies with tamarins open interesting questions about the perceptual and computational capacities of human learners that may be essential for language acquisition, and how they may differ from those of non-human primates...
  9. pmc Toddlers use speech disfluencies to predict speakers' referential intentions
    Celeste Kidd
    Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, USA
    Dev Sci 14:925-34. 2011
    ..Our results from two groups of younger children (ages 1;8 to 2;2 and 1;4 to 1;8) suggest that this ability emerges around age 2...
  10. pmc Adaptation to novel accents by toddlers
    Katherine S White
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, USA
    Dev Sci 14:372-84. 2011
    ..Moreover, they suggest that effects of top-down knowledge on the reinterpretation of phonological detail generalize across the phono-lexical system...
  11. ncbi request reprint Consequences of lexical stress on learning an artificial lexicon
    Sarah C Creel
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 32:15-32. 2006
    ..The authors concluded that non-initial stress, particularly when wor segmentation is difficult, may serve as "noise" that alters lexical learning and lexical access...
  12. pmc The Goldilocks effect: human infants allocate attention to visual sequences that are neither too simple nor too complex
    Celeste Kidd
    Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e36399. 2012
    ....
  13. pmc Statistical learning of adjacent and nonadjacent dependencies among nonlinguistic sounds
    Andrea L Gebhart
    University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 16:486-90. 2009
    ..Supplemental materials for this article can be downloaded from pbr.psychonomic-journals.org/content/supplemental...
  14. pmc Perception of speech reflects optimal use of probabilistic speech cues
    Meghan Clayards
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Cognition 108:804-9. 2008
    ..Both measures closely reflected the posterior probability of the word given the likelihood distributions of VOT, suggesting that listeners are sensitive to these distributions...
  15. pmc Cue integration in categorical tasks: insights from audio-visual speech perception
    Vikranth Rao Bejjanki
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e19812. 2011
    ..The findings and computational principles described here represent a principled first step towards characterizing the mechanisms underlying human cue integration in categorical tasks...
  16. ncbi request reprint Learning at a distance I. Statistical learning of non-adjacent dependencies
    Elissa L Newport
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Meliora Hall River Campus, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Cogn Psychol 48:127-62. 2004
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Infants are sensitive to within-category variation in speech perception
    Bob McMurray
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Cognition 95:B15-26. 2005
    ..Thus infants, like adults, show systematic sensitivity to fine-grained, within-category detail in speech perception...
  18. doi request reprint SMART-T: a system for novel fully automated anticipatory eye-tracking paradigms
    Mohinish Shukla
    Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Meliora Hall, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Behav Res Methods 43:384-98. 2011
    ..We report a pilot study showing that Smart-T can detect 6-month-old infants' learning of simple predictive patterns involving the disappearance and reappearance of multimodal stimuli...
  19. ncbi request reprint Gradient effects of within-category phonetic variation on lexical access
    Bob McMurray
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Cognition 86:B33-42. 2002
    ..Thus, fine-grained acoustic/phonetic differences are preserved in patterns of lexical activation for competing lexical candidates and could be used to maximize the efficiency of on-line word recognition...
  20. pmc Short-term memory span: insights from sign language
    Mrim Boutla
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    Nat Neurosci 7:997-1002. 2004
    ....
  21. pmc Ordered short-term memory differs in signers and speakers: implications for models of short-term memory
    Daphne Bavelier
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Meliora Hall Box 270268, Rochester, NY 14627 0268, USA
    Cognition 107:433-59. 2008
    ..Other factors that may affect STM processes in signers are discussed...
  22. ncbi request reprint Persistent difference in short-term memory span between sign and speech: implications for cross-linguistic comparisons
    Daphne Bavelier
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:1090-2. 2006
  23. ncbi request reprint Statistical learning of higher-order temporal structure from visual shape sequences
    Jozsef Fiser
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences and Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, New York 14627 0268, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 28:458-67. 2002
    ..These results suggest that observers automatically extract multiple statistics of temporal events that are suitable for efficient associative learning of new temporal features...
  24. pmc Neural correlates of partial lexical activation
    Kathleen Pirog Revill
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:13111-5. 2008
    ..These results provide evidence of activation of a perceptual brain region in response to the semantics of a word while lexical competition is in process and before the word is fully recognized...
  25. ncbi request reprint Bayesian integration of visual and auditory signals for spatial localization
    Peter W Battaglia
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, The Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 20:1391-7. 2003
    ..These results have important implications for the development of cue integration and for neural plasticity in the adult brain that enables humans to optimally integrate multimodal information...
  26. pmc Statistical learning of new visual feature combinations by infants
    Jozsef Fiser
    Center for Visual Science, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:15822-6. 2002
    ....
  27. pmc Prosody guides the rapid mapping of auditory word forms onto visual objects in 6-mo-old infants
    Mohinish Shukla
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Meliora Hall, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:6038-43. 2011
    ..Further, and somewhat paradoxically, we observed successful learning in a more complex context than previously studied, suggesting that learning is enhanced when the language input is well matched to the learner's expectations...
  28. ncbi request reprint Encoding multielement scenes: statistical learning of visual feature hierarchies
    Jozsef Fiser
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 134:521-37. 2005
    ..These results suggest that a bootstrapping approach of constrained statistical learning offers a unified framework for investigating the formation of different internal representations in pattern and scene perception...
  29. ncbi request reprint Distant melodies: statistical learning of nonadjacent dependencies in tone sequences
    Sarah C Creel
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 30:1119-30. 2004
    ..Finally, with a moderate grouping cue, both adjacent and nonadjacent statistics were learned, indicating that statistical learning is governed not only by temporal adjacency but also by Gestalt principles of similarity...
  30. ncbi request reprint Young children's sensitivity to probabilistic phonotactics in the developing lexicon
    Jeffry A Coady
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    J Exp Child Psychol 89:183-213. 2004
    ..Implications for the acoustic nature of both developing and mature lexical representations are discussed...
  31. pmc From shared contexts to syntactic categories: the role of distributional information in learning linguistic form-classes
    Patricia A Reeder
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Cogn Psychol 66:30-54. 2013
    ....
  32. pmc Rational snacking: young children's decision-making on the marshmallow task is moderated by beliefs about environmental reliability
    Celeste Kidd
    Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Meliora Hall, Rochester, NY 14627 0268, USA
    Cognition 126:109-14. 2013
    ..Thus, wait-times on sustained delay-of-gratification tasks (e.g., the marshmallow task) may not only reflect differences in self-control abilities, but also beliefs about the stability of the world...
  33. ncbi request reprint Probabilistic constraint satisfaction at the lexical/phonetic interface: evidence for gradient effects of within-category VOT on lexical access
    Bob McMurray
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    J Psycholinguist Res 32:77-97. 2003
    ..These data support a model in which the perceptual system integrates information from multiple sources and from the surrounding temporal context using probabilistic cue-weighting mechanisms...
  34. pmc Immediate effects of form-class constraints on spoken word recognition
    James S Magnuson
    Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, New Haven, CT 06269 1020, USA
    Cognition 108:866-73. 2008
    ..These results suggest that predictive context is integrated continuously, and that previous findings supporting delayed context integration stem from weak contexts rather than delayed integration...
  35. ncbi request reprint Lexical neighborhoods and the word-form representations of 14-month-olds
    Daniel Swingley
    Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Psychol Sci 13:480-4. 2002
    ....
  36. pmc Lexical competition in young children's word learning
    Daniel Swingley
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Cogn Psychol 54:99-132. 2007
    ..These results suggest that word learning in young children, as in adults, relies not only on the discrimination and identification of phonetic categories, but also on evaluating the likelihood that an utterance conveys a new word...
  37. ncbi request reprint Depth-dependent blur adaptation
    Peter W Battaglia
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Vision Res 44:113-7. 2004
    ..These results demonstrate that blur adaptation is conditioned by 3D viewing contexts...
  38. ncbi request reprint Heeding the voice of experience: the role of talker variation in lexical access
    Sarah C Creel
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Cognition 106:633-64. 2008
    ..Overall, these results support a view of the lexicon in which entries contain extra-phonemic information. Extensions of the artificial lexicon paradigm and developmental implications are discussed...
  39. ncbi request reprint Perceived object trajectories during occlusion constrain visual statistical learning
    Jozsef Fiser
    Volen Center for Complex Systems, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts 02454, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 14:173-8. 2007
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint The time course of spoken word learning and recognition: studies with artificial lexicons
    James S Magnuson
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 132:202-27. 2003
    ....
  41. doi request reprint Visual speech contributes to phonetic learning in 6-month-old infants
    Tuomas Teinonen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Cognition 108:850-5. 2008
    ..These results not only show that visual information about speech articulation enhances phoneme discrimination, but also that it may contribute to the learning of phoneme boundaries in infancy...
  42. doi request reprint Statistical phonetic learning in infants: facilitation and feature generalization
    Jessica Maye
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders and the Northwestern Institute on Complex Systems, Northwestern University, USA
    Dev Sci 11:122-34. 2008
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Innate phonetic boundaries revisited
    Richard N Aslin
    J Acoust Soc Am 112:1257-60; author reply 1261-4. 2002
  44. ncbi request reprint Phonological neighbourhoods in the developing lexicon
    Jeffry A Coady
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, 53706, USA
    J Child Lang 30:441-69. 2003
    ..These findings suggest that positing fundamentally different lexical representations for children may be premature...
  45. pmc Bayesian learning of visual chunks by human observers
    Gergo Orbán
    Collegium Budapest Institute for Advanced Study, 2 Szentháromság utca, Budapest H 1014, Hungary
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:2745-50. 2008
    ..Thus, humans extract chunks from complex visual patterns by generating accurate yet economical representations and not by encoding the full correlational structure of the input...

Research Grants11

  1. Statistical approaches to linguistic pattern learning
    Elissa L Newport; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Moreover, understanding the mechanisms that lead to successful acquisition in normal children can help to identify loci of language disorders and design methods for remediating disorders. ..
  2. Statistical approaches to linguistic pattern learning
    RICHARD ASLIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Moreover, understanding the mechanisms that lead to successful acquisition in normal children can help to identify loci of language disorders and design methods for remediating disorders. ..
  3. Visual statistical learning in human infants
    RICHARD ASLIN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Failure to learn efficiently could lead to deficits in the early phases of learning in infancy and negatively affect the formation of higher level categories. ..
  4. STATISTICAL LANGUAGE LEARNING IN HUMAN INFANTS
    RICHARD ASLIN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Statistical approaches to linguistic pattern learning
    RICHARD ASLIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Moreover, understanding the mechanisms that lead to successful acquisition in normal children can help to identify loci of language disorders and design methods for remediating disorders. ..