K Armstrong

Summary

Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Academic general internal medicine: a mission for the future
    Katrina Armstrong
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 28:845-51. 2013
  2. pmc Prior experiences of racial discrimination and racial differences in health care system distrust
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Med Care 51:144-50. 2013
  3. pmc Breast cancer risk prediction and mammography biopsy decisions: a model-based study
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Prev Med 44:15-22. 2013
  4. pmc Methods in comparative effectiveness research
    Katrina Armstrong
    Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Clin Oncol 30:4208-14. 2012
  5. pmc The influence of health care policies and health care system distrust on willingness to undergo genetic testing
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Med Care 50:381-7. 2012
  6. ncbi request reprint Hormone replacement therapy and life expectancy after prophylactic oophorectomy in women with BRCA1/2 mutations: a decision analysis
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    J Clin Oncol 22:1045-54. 2004
  7. pmc Racial/ethnic differences in physician distrust in the United States
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine and Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:1283-9. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Measuring adherence to mammography screening recommendations among low-income women
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Prev Med 38:754-60. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint Early use of clinical BRCA1/2 testing: associations with race and breast cancer risk
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 117:154-60. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in the use of BRCA1/2 testing among women with a family history of breast or ovarian cancer
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    JAMA 293:1729-36. 2005

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications89

  1. pmc Academic general internal medicine: a mission for the future
    Katrina Armstrong
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 28:845-51. 2013
    ..This mission of health care transformation has implications for the clinical, educational, and research activities of divisions of general internal medicine over the next several decades...
  2. pmc Prior experiences of racial discrimination and racial differences in health care system distrust
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Med Care 51:144-50. 2013
    ..Factors contributing to racial differences in health care system distrust (HCSD) are currently unknown. Proposed potential contributing factors are prior experiences of racial discrimination and racial residential segregation...
  3. pmc Breast cancer risk prediction and mammography biopsy decisions: a model-based study
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Prev Med 44:15-22. 2013
    ..Controversy continues about screening mammography, in part because of the risk of false-negative and false-positive mammograms. Pre-test breast cancer risk factors may improve the positive and negative predictive value of screening...
  4. pmc Methods in comparative effectiveness research
    Katrina Armstrong
    Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Clin Oncol 30:4208-14. 2012
    ..Value of information methods can identify priority areas for investigation and inform research methods...
  5. pmc The influence of health care policies and health care system distrust on willingness to undergo genetic testing
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Med Care 50:381-7. 2012
    ..Characteristics of how genetic tests are delivered may influence willingness to undergo testing and, if they affect population subgroups differently, alter disparities in testing...
  6. ncbi request reprint Hormone replacement therapy and life expectancy after prophylactic oophorectomy in women with BRCA1/2 mutations: a decision analysis
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    J Clin Oncol 22:1045-54. 2004
    ..The decision about prophylactic oophorectomy is difficult for many premenopausal women with BRCA1/2 mutations because of concerns and controversy about the use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) after oophorectomy...
  7. pmc Racial/ethnic differences in physician distrust in the United States
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine and Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:1283-9. 2007
    ..We examined the racial/ethnic and geographic variation in distrust of physicians in the United States...
  8. ncbi request reprint Measuring adherence to mammography screening recommendations among low-income women
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Prev Med 38:754-60. 2004
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Early use of clinical BRCA1/2 testing: associations with race and breast cancer risk
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 117:154-60. 2003
    ..These findings suggest that ensuring equal access to testing for high-risk individuals irrespective of race may be as important for the future of predictive genetic testing as restricting the use of testing among low-risk individuals...
  10. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in the use of BRCA1/2 testing among women with a family history of breast or ovarian cancer
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    JAMA 293:1729-36. 2005
    ..However, to our knowledge there are no published studies examining the magnitude and determinants of racial differences in the use of genetic susceptibility testing...
  11. ncbi request reprint Prescription of tamoxifen for breast cancer prevention by primary care physicians
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:2260-5. 2006
    ..Although tamoxifen citrate has been approved for primary reduction of breast cancer risk since 1998, little is known about the prescription of tamoxifen by primary care physicians...
  12. pmc Differences in the patterns of health care system distrust between blacks and whites
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:827-33. 2008
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Individualized survival curves improve satisfaction with cancer risk management decisions in women with BRCA1/2 mutations
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Clin Oncol 23:9319-28. 2005
    ..This study was conducted to determine the effect of a tailored decision support system (DSS) that provides individualized survival and cancer incidence curves specific to expected outcomes of alternative management strategies...
  14. pmc Distrust of the health care system and self-reported health in the United States
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, PA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:292-7. 2006
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Patient preferences can be misleading as explanations for racial disparities in health care
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:950-4. 2006
    ..Uncovering the hidden constraints that we impose on health care choice may help us reduce unwanted disparities in health care...
  16. pmc Racial differences in surgeons and hospitals for endometrial cancer treatment
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Med Care 49:207-14. 2011
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Life insurance and breast cancer risk assessment: adverse selection, genetic testing decisions, and discrimination
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 120:359-64. 2003
    ..Although fear of insurance discrimination is associated with the decision not to undergo BRCA1/2 testing, there was no evidence of actual insurance discrimination from BRCA1/2 testing...
  18. ncbi request reprint Effect of framing as gain versus loss on understanding and hypothetical treatment choices: survival and mortality curves
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, USA
    Med Decis Making 22:76-83. 2002
    ..However, the effect of framing as survival versus mortality on understanding and treatment choice is not known...
  19. ncbi request reprint What does my doctor think? Preferences for knowing the doctor's opinion among women considering clinical testing for BRCA1/2 mutations
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine and Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Genet Test 6:115-8. 2002
    ..These results support the use of models of genetic counseling that allow for sharing the health care providers' opinions when desired by the patient...
  20. ncbi request reprint Cost-effectiveness of raloxifene and hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women: impact of breast cancer risk
    K Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6021, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 98:996-1003. 2001
    ..To examine the life expectancy and cost-effectiveness of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and raloxifene therapy in healthy 50-year-old postmenopausal women...
  21. ncbi request reprint Barriers to influenza immunization in a low-income urban population
    K Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Am J Prev Med 20:21-5. 2001
    ..Preliminary interviews suggested that fear of undisclosed ingredients in the influenza vaccine may impede vaccine acceptance in this vulnerable population...
  22. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with decisions about clinical BRCA1/2 testing
    K Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center, Philadelphia 19104 6021, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 9:1251-4. 2000
    ..Women who undergo testing are also more interested in ovarian cancer risk information and less concerned about job and insurance discrimination...
  23. ncbi request reprint Beliefs about breast cancer risk and use of postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy
    K Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, The University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, Philadelphia, USA
    Med Decis Making 20:308-13. 2000
    ..Although only 20-30% of postmenopausal women in the United States take HRT, the relationship between breast cancer risk perception and use of HRT is not known...
  24. pmc Prospective study of breast MRI in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers: effect of mutation status on cancer incidence
    P Shah
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 118:539-46. 2009
    ..These data suggest that surveillance and prevention strategies may have different outcomes in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers...
  25. pmc Racial differences in the impact of comorbidities on survival among elderly men with prostate cancer
    Mary Putt
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Med Care Res Rev 66:409-35. 2009
    ..Adjusting for treatment had little impact on these results, despite variation in the racial difference in receipt of prostatectomy with differing comorbidity levels...
  26. pmc Development of a revised Health Care System Distrust scale
    Judy A Shea
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:727-32. 2008
    ..Prior measures of health care system distrust have not reflected this multidimensional structure and may be limiting research into the role of health care system distrust in health and health care in the US...
  27. ncbi request reprint Early adoption of BRCA1/2 testing: who and why
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Genet Med 5:92-8. 2003
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint The association between race and attitudes about predictive genetic testing
    Nikki Peters
    Department of Medicine and Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 13:361-5. 2004
    ..To investigate differences in attitudes about predictive genetic testing for cancer risk between African-American and Caucasian residents of the city of Philadelphia...
  29. pmc Using survival curve comparisons to inform patient decision making can a practice exercise improve understanding?
    K Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 16:482-5. 2001
    ..However, previous studies of survival curves did not measure comprehension, used face-to-face explanations, and focused on a VA population...
  30. pmc Diffusion of breast cancer risk assessment in primary care
    Carmen E Guerra
    Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Am Board Fam Med 22:272-9. 2009
    ..Our objective was to determine the prevalence and determinants of the adoption of breast cancer risk assessment by primary care physicians...
  31. ncbi request reprint Screening mammography in women 40 to 49 years of age: a systematic review for the American College of Physicians
    Katrina Armstrong
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Ann Intern Med 146:516-26. 2007
    ..The risks and benefits of mammography screening among women 40 to 49 years of age remain an important issue for clinical practice...
  32. pmc Educational content and the effectiveness of influenza vaccination reminders
    K Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19118, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 14:695-8. 1999
    ..66.5% vs 57.1%, p =.05). CONCLUSIONS: A mailed educational brochure is more effective than a simple reminder in increasing influenza vaccination rates among inner-city, elderly patients...
  33. ncbi request reprint Ross syndrome plus: beyond horner, Holmes-Adie, and harlequin
    R K Shin
    Departments of Neurology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104 4283, USA
    Neurology 55:1841-6. 2000
    ..Ross syndrome is an uncommon disorder characterized by the triad of segmental anhidrosis, hyporeflexia, and tonic pupils...
  34. pmc Factors determining dissemination of results and uptake of genetic testing in families with known BRCA1/2 mutations
    Esme Finlay
    Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 4283, USA
    Genet Test 12:81-91. 2008
    ..We report disclosure and uptake patterns by BRCA1/2-positive individuals to at-risk relatives, in the setting of no-cost genetic counseling and testing...
  35. pmc Acupuncture expectancy scale: development and preliminary validation in China
    Jun J Mao
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Explore (NY) 3:372-7. 2007
    ..We seek to develop and validate an instrument that measures patients' expected response from acupuncture...
  36. ncbi request reprint Symptom burden among cancer survivors: impact of age and comorbidity
    Jun J Mao
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    J Am Board Fam Med 20:434-43. 2007
    ....
  37. pmc Barriers of and facilitators to physician recommendation of colorectal cancer screening
    Carmen E Guerra
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:1681-8. 2007
    ..Patients cite physician recommendation as the most important motivator of screening. This study explored the barriers of and facilitators to physician recommendation of CRCS...
  38. ncbi request reprint De qi: Chinese acupuncture patients' experiences and beliefs regarding acupuncture needling sensation--an exploratory survey
    Jun J Mao
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicne, USA
    Acupunct Med 25:158-65. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to describe Chinese acupuncture patients' perceived sensations of, and beliefs about, acupuncture needling...
  39. doi request reprint Patient attitudes regarding participation in studies of antimicrobial resistance
    Pam Tolomeo
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6021, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 29:155-9. 2008
    ..However, participation rates have been low in studies that involve fecal sampling. Attitudes toward such studies among potential study participants have not been assessed...
  40. doi request reprint Postoperative mortality after esophagectomy for cancer: development of a preoperative risk prediction model
    Jin Ra
    Department of Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Ann Surg Oncol 15:1577-84. 2008
    ..To develop a model to predict risk of postoperative death, we sought to identify factors associated with postoperative mortality for Medicare patients undergoing esophagectomy for cancer...
  41. pmc Racial disparities in stage-specific colorectal cancer mortality: 1960-2005
    Samir Soneji
    Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholars Program, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1912-6. 2010
    ..We examined whether racial disparities in stage-specific colorectal cancer survival changed between 1960 and 2005...
  42. doi request reprint Acuity and survival in colon cancer surgery
    E Carter Paulson
    Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Dis Colon Rectum 53:385-92. 2010
    ....
  43. doi request reprint Social capital and glucose control
    Judith A Long
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, 1201 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    J Community Health 35:519-26. 2010
    ..No other measure of social capital was associated with HbA1c. In this study of black veterans with diabetes we observed that living in neighborhoods where people work together is associated with better glucose control...
  44. doi request reprint Resected colorectal cancer among Medicare beneficiaries:adoption of FDG PET
    Hanna M Zafar
    Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Radiology 254:501-8. 2010
    ....
  45. doi request reprint Influence of sex on the out-of-hospital management of chest pain
    Zachary F Meisel
    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 17:80-7. 2010
    ..Out-of-hospital (OOH) care for chest pain is protocol-driven and may be less likely to demonstrate differences between men and women...
  46. doi request reprint The geographic accessibility of retail clinics for underserved populations
    Craig Evan Pollack
    The Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, 1303B Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Dr, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:945-9; discussion 950-3. 2009
    ..The extent to which retail clinics provide access to care for underserved populations remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether retail clinics tend to be located in census tracts with higher medical need...
  47. doi request reprint Delivery of survivorship care by primary care physicians: the perspective of breast cancer patients
    Jun J Mao
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Clin Oncol 27:933-8. 2009
    ..This study aims to describe postmenopausal breast cancer survivors' (BCS) perceptions of PCP-related survivorship care...
  48. doi request reprint Underuse of esophagectomy as treatment for resectable esophageal cancer
    E Carter Paulson
    Department of Surgery Education, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce St, 4 Maloney Pavilion, Philadelphia, PA 19147, USA
    Arch Surg 143:1198-203; discussion 1203. 2008
    ..Esophagectomy is underused as treatment for resectable stage I, II, and III esophageal cancers...
  49. pmc Community volunteerism of US physicians
    David Grande
    Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:1987-91. 2008
    ..Volunteerism has also received increasing attention in the national agenda for social change. Yet little is known about physicians' community volunteer activities...
  50. doi request reprint Effect of guidelines on primary care physician use of PSA screening: results from the Community Tracking Study Physician Survey
    Carmen E Guerra
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Med Decis Making 28:681-9. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the association between physicians' perceived effect of guidelines on clinical practice and self-reported prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening patterns...
  51. pmc Cancer-related information seeking and scanning behavior of older Vietnamese immigrants
    Giang T Nguyen
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    J Health Commun 15:754-68. 2010
    ..Knowledge of SSB patterns among linguistically isolated communities is essential for efficient dissemination of cancer information to these at-risk communities...
  52. pmc Differential willingness to undergo smallpox vaccination among African-American and white individuals
    Ellyn Micco
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 19:451-5. 2004
    ..To examine potential disparities in willingness to be vaccinated against smallpox among different U.S. racial/ethnic groups...
  53. ncbi request reprint Effect of short-term hormone replacement therapy on breast cancer risk reduction after bilateral prophylactic oophorectomy in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers: the PROSE Study Group
    Timothy R Rebbeck
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, 19104, USA
    J Clin Oncol 23:7804-10. 2005
    ..Thus, we evaluated whether the breast cancer risk reduction conferred by BPO in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers is altered by use of post-BPO HRT...
  54. pmc Cancer and communication in the health care setting: experiences of older Vietnamese immigrants, a qualitative study
    Giang T Nguyen
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:45-50. 2008
    ..As patients grow older, accurate communication with health care providers about cancer becomes increasingly important. However, little is known about the cancer communication experiences of older Asian immigrants...
  55. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in trust in health care providers
    Chanita Hughes Halbert
    Department of Psychiatry, Abramson Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:896-901. 2006
    ..This study evaluated the association between trust in health care providers and prior health care experiences, structural characteristics of health care, and sociodemographic factors among African Americans and whites...
  56. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in prostate cancer treatment outcomes: a systematic review
    Nikki Peters
    University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Pennsylvania, USA
    Cancer Nurs 28:108-18. 2005
    ..Research should focus on interventions to reduce advanced presentation of the disease and disease-related mortality among black men...
  57. ncbi request reprint Differences in treatment and outcome between African-American and white women with endometrial cancer
    Thomas C Randall
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Clin Oncol 21:4200-6. 2003
    ..To investigate disparities in treatment and outcomes between African-American and white women with endometrial cancer...
  58. ncbi request reprint Survival associated with treatment vs observation of localized prostate cancer in elderly men
    Yu Ning Wong
    Division of Population Science, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA 19111, USA
    JAMA 296:2683-93. 2006
    ..Prostate-specific antigen screening has led to an increase in the diagnosis and treatment of localized prostate cancer. However, the role of active treatment of low- and intermediate-risk disease in elderly men is controversial...
  59. ncbi request reprint Use of complementary and alternative medicine and prayer among a national sample of cancer survivors compared to other populations without cancer
    Jun J Mao
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 2 Gates Building 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Complement Ther Med 15:21-9. 2007
    ..Extensive use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among cancer survivors has been described in literature, but the rate has not previously been compared to other groups in a true population sample...
  60. ncbi request reprint What do ratings of cancer-specific distress mean among women at high risk of breast and ovarian cancer?
    James C Coyne
    University of Pennsylvania Health Care System, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 116:222-8. 2003
    ..The need to interpret psychological distress and the stressfulness of genetic testing among high-risk women with respect to relevant comparison data is discussed...
  61. pmc Do doctors vote?
    David Grande
    Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholars Program, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6218, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:585-9. 2007
    ..Organizational leaders and scholars have issued calls for the medical profession to refocus its efforts on fulfilling the core tenets of professionalism. A key element of professionalism is participation in community affairs...
  62. ncbi request reprint Interest in BRCA1/2 testing in a primary care population
    Katrina Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, USA
    Prev Med 34:590-5. 2002
    ..Over the next decade, BRCA1/2 testing is likely to become substantially less expensive and to move into primary care practice where pretest counseling may be limited...
  63. ncbi request reprint Aggregating and partitioning populations in health care disparities research: differences in perspective
    David A Asch
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Clin Oncol 25:2117-21. 2007
    ..The result is that health care disparities can be challenging to interpret unless the analytic and policy perspective is clear...
  64. ncbi request reprint Clinical management of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers
    Susan M Domchek
    Cancer Risk Evaluation Program, Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19014, USA
    Nat Clin Pract Oncol 3:2-3. 2006
  65. ncbi request reprint Attitudes and misconceptions about predictive genetic testing for cancer risk
    Abigail L Rose
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Community Genet 8:145-51. 2005
    ..To describe awareness, knowledge, and attitudes about genetic testing for cancer risk among the general public...
  66. doi request reprint Gender influences treatment and survival in colorectal cancer surgery
    E Carter Paulson
    Department of Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Dis Colon Rectum 52:1982-91. 2009
    ....
  67. ncbi request reprint Knowledge, attitudes, and utilization of BRCA1/2 testing among women with early-onset breast cancer
    Nikki Peters
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Genet Test 9:48-53. 2005
    ..Further education regarding these specific points may enhance the use of genetic testing...
  68. pmc Development and testing of the health care system distrust scale
    Abigail Rose
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 19:57-63. 2004
    ..Distrust of the health care system may be a significant barrier to seeking medical care, adhering to preventive health care and treatment regimens, and participating in medical research...
  69. pmc Screening for breast cancer
    Joann G Elmore
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, USA
    JAMA 293:1245-56. 2005
    ..Breast cancer screening in community practices may be different from that in randomized controlled trials. New screening modalities are becoming available...
  70. doi request reprint National Cancer Institute designation predicts improved outcomes in colorectal cancer surgery
    Emily Carter Paulson
    Department of Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Ann Surg 248:675-86. 2008
    ..Although National Cancer Institute (NCI) designation as a cancer center is based almost solely on research activities, it is often viewed, by patients and referring providers, as an indication of clinical excellence...
  71. ncbi request reprint The association between knowledge and attitudes about genetic testing for cancer risk in the United States
    Abigail Rose
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia VA Medical Center, Pennsylvania, PA 19104 6021, USA
    J Health Commun 10:309-21. 2005
    ....
  72. pmc The role of primary androgen deprivation therapy in localized prostate cancer
    Yu Ning Wong
    Medical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA 19111, USA
    Eur Urol 56:609-16. 2009
    ..Primary androgen deprivation therapy (PADT) is frequently used as a sole modality of treatment in men with localized prostate cancer, despite a lack of clinical trial data supporting its use...
  73. pmc Written informed-consent statutes and HIV testing
    Peter D Ehrenkranz
    Department of General Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Am J Prev Med 37:57-63. 2009
    ..This study examined whether people residing in states with statutes requiring written informed consent prior to HIV testing were less likely to report a recent HIV test...
  74. pmc Role of androgen deprivation therapy for node-positive prostate cancer
    Yu Ning Wong
    Division of Population Science and Medical Science, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA 19111, USA
    J Clin Oncol 27:100-5. 2009
    ..To determine the impact of adjuvant androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for patients who have node-positive prostate cancer in the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) era...
  75. ncbi request reprint Measuring perceptions of breast cancer risk
    Andrea Gurmankin Levy
    Center for Community Based Research, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, 44 Binney Street, Smith 253, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:1893-8. 2006
    ..Accurate measurement of people's risk perceptions is important for numerous bodies of research and in clinical practice, but there is no consensus about the best measure...
  76. pmc Making sense of cancer risk calculators on the web
    Andrea Gurmankin Levy
    Center for Community Based Research, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, 44 Binney St, LW 618, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:229-35. 2008
    ..However, the lack of oversight of these sites raises concerns about low quality and inconsistent information. These concerns led us to evaluate internet cancer risk calculators...
  77. ncbi request reprint Physicians' missed opportunities to address tobacco use during prenatal care
    Susan Moran
    Tobacco Research and Treatment Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 5:363-8. 2003
    ..These results indicate a clear need to improve quality of care provided to pregnant women who use tobacco...
  78. ncbi request reprint Comparing the standard rating scale and the magnifier scale for assessing risk perceptions
    Andrea D Gurmankin
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Med Decis Making 25:560-70. 2005
    ..The authors tested whether the magnifier scale lowers risk perceptions for low-probability (in 0%-1% magnifying glass section of scale) but not high-probability (>1%) events compared to a standard rating scale (SRS)...
  79. ncbi request reprint Decrease in racial disparities in the staging evaluation for prostate cancer after publication of staging guidelines
    Nitya Abraham
    New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, USA
    J Urol 178:82-7; discussion 87. 2007
    ....
  80. pmc Leading the way in breast cancer screening and prevention
    Katrina Armstrong
    J Gen Intern Med 19:390-1. 2004
  81. ncbi request reprint Value for the future and breast cancer-preventive health behavior
    Andrea Gurmankin Levy
    Dana Farber Cancer Institute, 44 Binney Street, 253 Smith Building, Boston, MA 02446, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:955-60. 2006
    ..Eight hundred women who saw a primary care physician in the University of Pennsylvania Health System in the 3 years before the study, of whom 234 had undergone BRCA1/2 counseling (cases) and of whom 566 had not (controls)...
  82. ncbi request reprint The effect of numerical statements of risk on trust and comfort with hypothetical physician risk communication
    Andrea D Gurmankin
    Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research, Rutgers University, New Jersey, USA
    Med Decis Making 24:265-71. 2004
    ..To contribute to the debate about whether numeric statements of risk ought to be included in risk communications...
  83. ncbi request reprint Intended message versus message received in hypothetical physician risk communications: exploring the gap
    Andrea D Gurmankin
    Dana Farber Cancer Institute Harvard School of Public Health, CT, USA
    Risk Anal 24:1337-47. 2004
    ..These results demonstrate significant gaps between the intended message and the message received in physician risk communications. Implications for medical decisions, patient distress, and future research are discussed...
  84. ncbi request reprint Patients' resistance to risk information in genetic counseling for BRCA1/2
    Andrea D Gurmankin
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, 44 Binney Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:523-9. 2005
    ..This study examines patients' risk perceptions following communication with health care providers during genetic counseling about the risks of breast cancer and BRCA1/2 mutations...
  85. ncbi request reprint Interest in breast cancer chemoprevention among older women
    Jennifer Tjia
    The University of Massachusetts Medical School, Biotech Four, Worcester, MA 01605, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 108:435-53. 2008
    ....
  86. ncbi request reprint Should risk factors for breast cancer influence evaluation of breast abnormalities?
    Susan Ross
    Am Fam Physician 70:35-6, 38. 2004
  87. ncbi request reprint Women smokers' perceptions of smoking-related health risks
    Susan Moran
    Internal Medicine Unit, MGH Tobacco Research and Treatment Center, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 50 Staniford Street, 9th Floor, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 12:363-71. 2003
    ..This study was undertaken to assess perceptions of smoking-related health risks among women smokers...
  88. ncbi request reprint A meta-analysis of the performance characteristics of the free prostate-specific antigen test
    Richard Lee
    Department of Urology, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Urology 67:762-8. 2006
    ..To conduct a meta-analysis of the diagnostic performance of the percent free prostate-specific antigen (%fPSA) test in determining prostate cancer status and to assess its value in helping to decide whether to biopsy the prostate...
  89. doi request reprint Lack of community insurance and mammography screening rates among insured and uninsured women
    José A Pagán
    Department of Economics and Finance, Institute for Population Health Policy, College of Business Administration, University of Texas Pan American, 1201 W University Drive, Edinburg, TX 78539, USA
    J Clin Oncol 26:1865-70. 2008
    ..To evaluate whether the proportion of the local population without health insurance coverage is related to whether women undergo mammography screening...

Research Grants10

  1. Cultural Model of Prevention in African-American Women
    Katrina Armstrong; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This understanding may lay the groundwork for improved understanding and trust between biomedical practitioners and African American patients. ..
  2. Distrust, Race/Ethnicity, and Predictive Genetic Testing
    Katrina Armstrong; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  3. Race,Treatment and Endometrial Cancer Survival
    Katrina Armstrong; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, within each category, we will investigate differences related to primary surgery and adjuvant radiation therapy. ..
  4. Racial Differences in BRCA1/2 Testing: Patients or Providers?
    Katrina Armstrong; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project will increase our understanding of the use of testing among Black and White women with early onset breast cancer and the patient and provider determinants of disparities in that use. ..