- Hippocampal volume differences in Gulf War veterans with current versus lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder symptomsBrigitte A Apfel
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
Biol Psychiatry 69:541-8. 2011..However, it is not known whether it is a risk factor for the development of PTSD or a consequence of PTSD. We sought to determine the effects of PTSD and depressive symptoms on hippocampal volume...
- Pretraumatic prolonged elevation of salivary MHPG predicts peritraumatic distress and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorderBrigitte A Apfel
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
J Psychiatr Res 45:735-41. 2011..Prolonged elevation of salivary MHPG in response to a laboratory stressor marks a predisposition to experience higher levels of peritraumatic distress and subsequently more PTSD symptoms following critical incident exposure...
- Cortisol awakening response prospectively predicts peritraumatic and acute stress reactions in police officersSabra S Inslicht
PTSD Research Program, San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 4150 Clement Street 116P, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
Biol Psychiatry 70:1055-62. 2011..However, few studies have prospectively examined the relationships among pre-exposure hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal activity, acute stress reactions and PTSD...