Elizabeth A Ainsworth

Summary

Affiliation: University of Illinois
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint What have we learned from 15 years of free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE)? A meta-analytic review of the responses of photosynthesis, canopy properties and plant production to rising CO2
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, 190 Edward R Madigan Laboratory, 1201 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    New Phytol 165:351-71. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint Estimation of total phenolic content and other oxidation substrates in plant tissues using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    USDA ARS Photosynthesis Research Unit, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Nat Protoc 2:875-7. 2007
  3. pmc The effects of elevated CO2 concentration on soybean gene expression. An analysis of growing and mature leaves
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service Photosynthesis Research Unit, Deparment of Plant Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, 61801, USA
    Plant Physiol 142:135-47. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint The response of photosynthesis and stomatal conductance to rising [CO2]: mechanisms and environmental interactions
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    USDA ARS Photosynthesis Research Unit and Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, 147 ERML, 1201 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Plant Cell Environ 30:258-70. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Does elevated atmospheric [CO2] alter diurnal C uptake and the balance of C and N metabolites in growing and fully expanded soybean leaves?
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    USDA ARS Photosynthesis Research Unit and Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Exp Bot 58:579-91. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint Glycine max leaflets lack a base-tip gradient in growth rate
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    USDA ARS and Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL 61801, USA
    J Plant Res 118:343-6. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Food for thought: lower-than-expected crop yield stimulation with rising CO2 concentrations
    Stephen P Long
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 1201 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Science 312:1918-21. 2006
  8. doi request reprint Elevated CO2 effects on plant carbon, nitrogen, and water relations: six important lessons from FACE
    Andrew D B Leakey
    1406 Institute of Genomic Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Exp Bot 60:2859-76. 2009
  9. pmc Ozone exposure response for U.S. soybean cultivars: linear reductions in photosynthetic potential, biomass, and yield
    Amy M Betzelberger
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, Illinois 61801, USA
    Plant Physiol 160:1827-39. 2012
  10. doi request reprint Arabidopsis transcript and metabolite profiles: ecotype-specific responses to open-air elevated [CO2]
    Pinghua Li
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Plant Cell Environ 31:1673-87. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications35

  1. ncbi request reprint What have we learned from 15 years of free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE)? A meta-analytic review of the responses of photosynthesis, canopy properties and plant production to rising CO2
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, 190 Edward R Madigan Laboratory, 1201 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    New Phytol 165:351-71. 2005
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Estimation of total phenolic content and other oxidation substrates in plant tissues using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    USDA ARS Photosynthesis Research Unit, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Nat Protoc 2:875-7. 2007
    ..This assay is performed in microcentrifuge tubes and assessed in a 96-well plate reader. At least 64 samples can be processed in 1 d...
  3. pmc The effects of elevated CO2 concentration on soybean gene expression. An analysis of growing and mature leaves
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service Photosynthesis Research Unit, Deparment of Plant Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, 61801, USA
    Plant Physiol 142:135-47. 2006
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint The response of photosynthesis and stomatal conductance to rising [CO2]: mechanisms and environmental interactions
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    USDA ARS Photosynthesis Research Unit and Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, 147 ERML, 1201 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Plant Cell Environ 30:258-70. 2007
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Does elevated atmospheric [CO2] alter diurnal C uptake and the balance of C and N metabolites in growing and fully expanded soybean leaves?
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    USDA ARS Photosynthesis Research Unit and Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Exp Bot 58:579-91. 2007
    ..This work shows that elevated [CO2] alters the balance of carbon and nitrogen pools in both mature and growing soybean leaves, which could have down-stream impacts on growth and productivity...
  6. ncbi request reprint Glycine max leaflets lack a base-tip gradient in growth rate
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    USDA ARS and Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL 61801, USA
    J Plant Res 118:343-6. 2005
    ..In contrast to findings from other species, maximum growth rates occurred at approximately 2 a.m. and the basipetal growth pattern was absent, suggesting the factors controlling soybean expansion are distinct from other species...
  7. ncbi request reprint Food for thought: lower-than-expected crop yield stimulation with rising CO2 concentrations
    Stephen P Long
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 1201 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Science 312:1918-21. 2006
    ..In those trials, elevated [CO2] enhanced yield by approximately 50% less than in enclosure studies. This casts serious doubt on projections that rising [CO2] will fully offset losses due to climate change...
  8. doi request reprint Elevated CO2 effects on plant carbon, nitrogen, and water relations: six important lessons from FACE
    Andrew D B Leakey
    1406 Institute of Genomic Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Exp Bot 60:2859-76. 2009
    ..While many of these lessons have been most clearly demonstrated in crop systems, all of the lessons have important implications for natural systems...
  9. pmc Ozone exposure response for U.S. soybean cultivars: linear reductions in photosynthetic potential, biomass, and yield
    Amy M Betzelberger
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, Illinois 61801, USA
    Plant Physiol 160:1827-39. 2012
    ....
  10. doi request reprint Arabidopsis transcript and metabolite profiles: ecotype-specific responses to open-air elevated [CO2]
    Pinghua Li
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Plant Cell Environ 31:1673-87. 2008
    ..Elevated [CO(2)] in Arabidopsis favoured adjustments in reactive oxygen species (ROS) homeostasis and signalling that defined genotypic markers...
  11. doi request reprint The effects of tropospheric ozone on net primary productivity and implications for climate change
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    Global Change and Photosynthesis Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Annu Rev Plant Biol 63:637-61. 2012
    ..We review the atmospheric chemistry governing tropospheric O(3) mass balance, the effects of O(3) on stomatal conductance and net primary productivity, and implications for agriculture, carbon sequestration, and climate change...
  12. doi request reprint Rising ozone concentrations decrease soybean evapotranspiration and water use efficiency whilst increasing canopy temperature
    Andy Vanloocke
    Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    New Phytol 195:164-71. 2012
    ..These results suggest that rising [O(3)] will alter the canopy energy fluxes that drive regional climate and hydrology, and have a negative impact on productivity and WUE, key ecosystem services...
  13. pmc Global food insecurity. treatment of major food crops with elevated carbon dioxide or ozone under large-scale fully open-air conditions suggests recent models may have overestimated future yields
    Stephen P Long
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois, 379 Edward R Madigan Laboratory, 1201 West Gregory, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360:2011-20. 2005
    ..Without more extensive study of the effects of these changes at an agronomic scale in the open air, our ever-more sophisticated models will continue to have feet of clay...
  14. pmc Photosynthesis, productivity, and yield of maize are not affected by open-air elevation of CO2 concentration in the absence of drought
    Andrew D B Leakey
    Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Plant Physiol 140:779-90. 2006
    ..This suggests that rising [CO2] may not provide the full dividend to North American maize production anticipated in projections of future global food supply...
  15. doi request reprint Growth at elevated ozone or elevated carbon dioxide concentration alters antioxidant capacity and response to acute oxidative stress in soybean (Glycine max)
    Kelly M Gillespie
    Physiological and Molecular Plant Biology Program, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, 1201 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Exp Bot 62:2667-78. 2011
    ..The results also indicate that future elevated [CO(2)] and [O(3)] will differentially affect the antioxidant system...
  16. doi request reprint A multi-biome gap in understanding of crop and ecosystem responses to elevated CO2
    Andrew D B Leakey
    Department of Plant Biology and Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, 1206 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 15:228-36. 2012
    ..Addressing this knowledge gap should be a high priority as it is vital to understanding 21st century food supply and ecosystem feedbacks on climate change...
  17. doi request reprint Next generation of elevated [CO2] experiments with crops: a critical investment for feeding the future world
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service and Photosynthesis Research Unit, Urbana, IL, USA
    Plant Cell Environ 31:1317-24. 2008
    ..This is necessary if we are to realize the potential for yield gains in the future...
  18. doi request reprint Effects of chronic elevated ozone concentration on antioxidant capacity, photosynthesis and seed yield of 10 soybean cultivars
    Amy M Betzelberger
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
    Plant Cell Environ 33:1569-81. 2010
    ..Exposure response curves indicate that there has not been a significant improvement in soybean tolerance to [O(3)] in the past 30 years...
  19. pmc Targets for crop biotechnology in a future high-CO2 and high-O3 world
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    Photosynthesis Research Unit, US Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Plant Physiol 147:13-9. 2008
  20. ncbi request reprint To what extent do current and projected increases in surface ozone affect photosynthesis and stomatal conductance of trees? A meta-analytic review of the last 3 decades of experiments
    Victoria E Wittig
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 190 ERML, 1201 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Plant Cell Environ 30:1150-62. 2007
    ....
  21. doi request reprint Spring leaf flush in aspen (Populus tremuloides) clones is altered by long-term growth at elevated carbon dioxide and elevated ozone concentration
    Justin M McGrath
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL 61801, USA
    Environ Pollut 158:1023-8. 2010
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide: plants FACE the future
    Stephen P Long
    Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Illinois 61801 4798, USA
    Annu Rev Plant Biol 55:591-628. 2004
    ....
  23. pmc Genomic basis for stimulated respiration by plants growing under elevated carbon dioxide
    Andrew D B Leakey
    Department of Plant Biology and Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois, 1206 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:3597-602. 2009
    ..Greater foliar respiration at elevated [CO(2)] will reduce plant carbon balance, but could facilitate greater yields through enhanced photoassimilate export to sink tissues...
  24. doi request reprint Greater antioxidant and respiratory metabolism in field-grown soybean exposed to elevated O3 under both ambient and elevated CO2
    Kelly M Gillespie
    Department of Plant Biology and Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Plant Cell Environ 35:169-84. 2012
    ..Energetically expensive increases in antioxidant metabolism and tetrapyrrole synthesis at elevated [O(3)] were associated with greater transcript levels of enzymes involved in respiratory metabolism...
  25. ncbi request reprint Measurement of reduced, oxidized and total ascorbate content in plants
    Kelly M Gillespie
    Program in Physiological and Molecular Plant Biology and Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, 147 ERML, 1201 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Nat Protoc 2:871-4. 2007
    ..The assay is performed in microcentrifuge tubes and assessed in a 96-well plate reader. Reduced ascorbate, DHA and total ascorbate of at least 64 experimental samples can be analyzed easily in 1 d...
  26. doi request reprint Chronic ozone exacerbates the reduction in photosynthesis and acceleration of senescence caused by limited N availability in Nicotiana sylvestris
    Craig R Yendrek
    USDA ARS Global Change and Photosynthesis Research Unit, 1201 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL, 61801, USA
    Glob Chang Biol 19:3155-66. 2013
    ..These results suggest that reductions in crop productivity in growing regions with poor soil fertility will be exacerbated by rising background O3 . ..
  27. pmc The bench scientist's guide to statistical analysis of RNA-Seq data
    Craig R Yendrek
    USDA ARS Global Change and Photosynthesis Research Unit, 1201 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    BMC Res Notes 5:506. 2012
    ..We also discuss potential sources of error in RNA-Seq analysis that could alter interpretation of global changes in gene expression...
  28. ncbi request reprint Meta-analysis: the past, present and future
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    USDA ARS Photosynthesis Research Unit and Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    New Phytol 176:742-5. 2007
  29. ncbi request reprint Rapid measurement of total antioxidant capacity in plants
    Kelly M Gillespie
    Program in Physiological and Molecular Plant Biology and Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, 147 ERML, 1201 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Nat Protoc 2:867-70. 2007
    ..This assay is presented along with rapid assays for total phenolic content and total ascorbate content. Overall, these assays provide a general diagnostic tool of the antioxidant capacity in leaf tissue extracts...
  30. ncbi request reprint Variation in acclimation of photosynthesis in Trifolium repens after eight years of exposure to Free Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE)
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    Departments of Crop Sciences and of Plant Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, 379 Edward R Madigan Laboratory, 1201 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Exp Bot 54:2769-74. 2003
    ..However, even with acclimation there was a highly significant increase in photosynthesis at elevated [CO2]...
  31. pmc A meta-analysis of responses of canopy photosynthetic conversion efficiency to environmental factors reveals major causes of yield gap
    Rebecca A Slattery
    Department of Plant Biology, 1206 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Exp Bot 64:3723-33. 2013
    ..To determine optimal practices for ╬Ác improvement, further studies should be conducted in the field since several responses were exaggerated by non-field experimental conditions. ..
  32. doi request reprint From climate change to molecular response: redox proteomics of ozone-induced responses in soybean
    Ashley Galant
    Department of Biology, Washington University, One Brookings Drive, Campus Box 1137, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    New Phytol 194:220-9. 2012
    ....
  33. doi request reprint Accelerating yield potential in soybean: potential targets for biotechnological improvement
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    USDA ARS Global Change and Photosynthesis Research Unit, 1201 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Plant Cell Environ 35:38-52. 2012
    ..Although few single targets are likely to deliver a quantum leap in yields, biotechnological advances in molecular breeding techniques that allow for alteration of the soybean genome and transcriptome promise significant yield gains...
  34. ncbi request reprint Anticipated yield loss in field-grown soybean under elevated ozone can be avoided at the expense of leaf growth during early reproductive growth stages in favourable environmental conditions
    Maja M Christ
    ICG III Phytosphere, Research Center Juelich, D 52425 Juelich, Germany
    J Exp Bot 57:2267-75. 2006
    ..Still, the results indicate that the anticipated yield loss under ozone concentrations was avoided at the expense of leaf growth, as reserves were diverted from vegetative to reproductive organs...
  35. doi request reprint FACE-ing the facts: inconsistencies and interdependence among field, chamber and modeling studies of elevated [CO2] impacts on crop yield and food supply
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    New Phytol 179:5-9. 2008