Linda Aiken

Summary

Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Hospital staffing, organization, and quality of care: cross-national findings
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia 19104 6069, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 14:5-13. 2002
  2. pmc Nursing care and patient outcomes: international evidence
    Robyn B Cheung
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing Philadelphia Estados Unidos
    Enferm Clin 18:35-40. 2008
  3. ncbi request reprint Nurse staffing and education and hospital mortality in nine European countries: a retrospective observational study
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA, USA Electronic address
    Lancet 383:1824-30. 2014
  4. pmc Hospital use of agency-employed supplemental nurses and patient mortality and failure to rescue
    Linda H Aiken
    School of Nursing, Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Health Serv Res 48:931-48. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Nurses' reports of working conditions and hospital quality of care in 12 countries in Europe
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Int J Nurs Stud 50:143-53. 2013
  6. ncbi request reprint Effects of nurse staffing and nurse education on patient deaths in hospitals with different nurse work environments
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, 418 Curie Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4217, USA
    J Nurs Adm 42:S10-6. 2012
  7. pmc Patient safety, satisfaction, and quality of hospital care: cross sectional surveys of nurses and patients in 12 countries in Europe and the United States
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    BMJ 344:e1717. 2012
  8. pmc Nurse forecasting in Europe (RN4CAST): Rationale, design and methodology
    Walter Sermeus
    Center for Health Services and Nursing Research, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35 4, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    BMC Nurs 10:6. 2011
  9. pmc Importance of work environments on hospital outcomes in nine countries
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, 418 Curie Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4217, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 23:357-64. 2011
  10. pmc Effects of hospital care environment on patient mortality and nurse outcomes
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6096, USA
    J Nurs Adm 38:223-9. 2008

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications57

  1. ncbi request reprint Hospital staffing, organization, and quality of care: cross-national findings
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia 19104 6069, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 14:5-13. 2002
    ..To examine the effects of nurse staffing and organizational support for nursing care on nurses' dissatisfaction with their jobs, nurse burnout, and nurse reports of quality of patient care in an international sample of hospitals...
  2. pmc Nursing care and patient outcomes: international evidence
    Robyn B Cheung
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing Philadelphia Estados Unidos
    Enferm Clin 18:35-40. 2008
    ..The Magnet hospital program is one model that has been shown to improve nurse and patient outcomes and is one solution to the shortage of hospital nurses...
  3. ncbi request reprint Nurse staffing and education and hospital mortality in nine European countries: a retrospective observational study
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA, USA Electronic address
    Lancet 383:1824-30. 2014
    ....
  4. pmc Hospital use of agency-employed supplemental nurses and patient mortality and failure to rescue
    Linda H Aiken
    School of Nursing, Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Health Serv Res 48:931-48. 2013
    ..To determine the association between the use of agency-employed supplemental registered nurses (SRNs) to staff hospitals and patient mortality and failure to rescue (FTR)...
  5. doi request reprint Nurses' reports of working conditions and hospital quality of care in 12 countries in Europe
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Int J Nurs Stud 50:143-53. 2013
    ..Cost containment pressures underscore the need to better understand how nursing resources can be optimally configured...
  6. ncbi request reprint Effects of nurse staffing and nurse education on patient deaths in hospitals with different nurse work environments
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, 418 Curie Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4217, USA
    J Nurs Adm 42:S10-6. 2012
    ..Little is known about whether and under what conditions each type of investment works better to improve outcomes...
  7. pmc Patient safety, satisfaction, and quality of hospital care: cross sectional surveys of nurses and patients in 12 countries in Europe and the United States
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    BMJ 344:e1717. 2012
    ..To determine whether hospitals with a good organisation of care (such as improved nurse staffing and work environments) can affect patient care and nurse workforce stability in European countries...
  8. pmc Nurse forecasting in Europe (RN4CAST): Rationale, design and methodology
    Walter Sermeus
    Center for Health Services and Nursing Research, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35 4, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    BMC Nurs 10:6. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  9. pmc Importance of work environments on hospital outcomes in nine countries
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, 418 Curie Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4217, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 23:357-64. 2011
    ..To determine the effect of hospital work environments on hospital outcomes across multiple countries...
  10. pmc Effects of hospital care environment on patient mortality and nurse outcomes
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6096, USA
    J Nurs Adm 38:223-9. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to analyze the net effects of nurse practice environments on nurse and patient outcomes after accounting for nurse staffing and education...
  11. pmc Transformative impact of Magnet designation: England case study
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    J Clin Nurs 17:3330-7. 2008
    ..To test the impact of the implementation of Magnet principles of improving nurses' work environments...
  12. pmc Education policy initiatives to address the nurse shortage in the United States
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 28:w646-56. 2009
    ..Increased public subsidies are needed to provide greater access to nursing education, with a priority on baccalaureate and graduate nursing education, where job growth is expected to be the greatest...
  13. pmc Evaluation of "magnet journey to nursing excellence program" in Russia and Armenia
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Claire M Fagin Hall, 418 Curie Blvd, Philadelphia, PA, 19104 4217, USA
    J Nurs Scholarsh 41:166-74. 2009
    ..To provide an outcomes-evaluation of an intervention to strengthen professional nursing practice in Russian and Armenian hospitals...
  14. ncbi request reprint Effects of hospital care environment on patient mortality and nurse outcomes
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6096, USA
    J Nurs Adm 39:S45-51. 2009
    ..CONCLUSION: Care environment elements must be optimized alongside nurse staffing and education to achieve high quality of care...
  15. pmc Implications of the California nurse staffing mandate for other states
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, 418 Curie Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4217, USA
    Health Serv Res 45:904-21. 2010
    ....
  16. pmc Supplemental nurse staffing in hospitals and quality of care
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6096, USA
    J Nurs Adm 37:335-42. 2007
    ..To promote evidence-based decision making regarding hospital staffing, the authors examined the characteristics of supplemental nurses, as well as the relationship of supplemental staff to nurse outcomes and adverse events...
  17. ncbi request reprint Hospital staffing, organization, and quality of care: Cross-national findings
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Department of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Nurs Outlook 50:187-94. 2002
    ..To examine the effects of nurse staffing and organizational support for nursing care on nurses' dissatisfaction with their jobs, nurse burnout, and nurse reports of quality of patient care in an international sample of hospitals...
  18. ncbi request reprint Trends in international nurse migration
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 23:69-77. 2004
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Hospital nurse staffing and patient mortality, nurse burnout, and job dissatisfaction
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, 420 Guardian Dr, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    JAMA 288:1987-93. 2002
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint [Job satisfaction and treatment outcomes. Support is vital for nursing quality]
    Linda Aiken
    School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Krankenpfl Soins Infirm 96:10-2, 62-3. 2003
  21. pmc Educational levels of hospital nurses and surgical patient mortality
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104 6096, USA
    JAMA 290:1617-23. 2003
    ..Growing evidence suggests that nurse staffing affects the quality of care in hospitals, but little is known about whether the educational composition of registered nurses (RNs) in hospitals is related to patient outcomes...
  22. pmc Effects of nurse staffing and nurse education on patient deaths in hospitals with different nurse work environments
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, PA 19104 4217, USA
    Med Care 49:1047-53. 2011
    ..Little is known about whether and under what conditions each type of investment works better to improve outcomes...
  23. pmc Development of the Hospital Nurse Surveillance Capacity Profile
    Ann Kutney-Lee
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4217, USA
    Res Nurs Health 32:217-28. 2009
    ..Greater nurse surveillance capacity was significantly associated with better quality of care and fewer adverse events. The profile may assist administrators to improve nurse surveillance and patient outcomes...
  24. pmc Economics of nursing
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Policy Polit Nurs Pract 9:73-9. 2008
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Hospital initiatives to support a better-educated workforce
    Robyn Cheung
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    J Nurs Adm 36:357-62. 2006
    ..In this report, that study's authors review case studies of 6 hospitals that demonstrate the kinds of initiatives employers are sponsoring to support a better-educated nurse workforce...
  26. ncbi request reprint Needlestick injuries to nurses, in context
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, USA
    LDI Issue Brief 8:1-4. 2002
    ..This Issue Brief summarizes a series of studies that investigate whether workplace aspects of the hospital (such as staffing levels, and organizational structure and climate) affect the risk of needlestick injuries to nurses...
  27. ncbi request reprint The California nurse staffing mandate: implications for other states
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    LDI Issue Brief 15:1-4. 2010
    ..This Issue brief summarizes the first comprehensive evaluation of the California mandate in achieving these goals...
  28. ncbi request reprint Organizational climate, staffing, and safety equipment as predictors of needlestick injuries and near-misses in hospital nurses
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, 420 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Infect Control 30:207-16. 2002
    ....
  29. pmc Nurse burnout and quality of care: cross-national investigation in six countries
    Lusine Poghosyan
    Bouve College of Health Sciences, School of Nursing, Northeastern University, 407C Robinson Hall, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 5000, USA
    Res Nurs Health 33:288-98. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that reducing nurse burnout may be an effective strategy for improving nurse-rated quality of care in hospitals...
  30. pmc Adverse events associated with organizational factors of general hospital inpatient psychiatric care environments
    Nancy P Hanrahan
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, 418 Curie Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 61:569-74. 2010
    ..The events examined were wrong medication, patient falls with injuries, complaints from patients and families, work-related staff injuries, and verbal abuse directed toward nurses...
  31. pmc Risk factors for hospital-acquired 'poor glycemic control': a case-control study
    Matthew D McHugh
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4217, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 23:44-51. 2011
    ....
  32. pmc Nurses' widespread job dissatisfaction, burnout, and frustration with health benefits signal problems for patient care
    Matthew D McHugh
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, inPhiladelphia, PA, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 30:202-10. 2011
    ..Improving nurses' working conditions may improve both nurses' and patients' satisfaction as well as the quality of care...
  33. pmc Psychiatric nurse reports on the quality of psychiatric care in general hospitals
    Nancy P Hanrahan
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, Leonard David Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Qual Manag Health Care 17:210-7. 2008
    ..Collectively, the results from this study underscore the organizational problems and quality-of-care issues that cause psychiatric nurses in general hospital settings to evaluate their work environments negatively...
  34. pmc Relationship between psychiatric nurse work environments and nurse burnout in acute care general hospitals
    Nancy P Hanrahan
    University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Issues Ment Health Nurs 31:198-207. 2010
    ..These results suggest that adjustments in organizational management of inpatient psychiatric environments could have a positive effect on psychiatric nurses' capacity to sustain safe and effective patient care environments...
  35. pmc The U.S. presidential election and health care workforce policy
    Matthew D McHugh
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    Policy Polit Nurs Pract 9:6-14. 2008
    ..Three general themes are highlighted for their implications on the physician and nurse workforce supply, including (a) expansion of health care coverage, (b) workforce investment, and (c) cost control and quality improvement...
  36. ncbi request reprint Does international nurse recruitment influence practice values in U.S. hospitals?
    Linda Flynn
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, 420 Guardian Drive, Nursing Education Building, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    J Nurs Scholarsh 34:67-73. 2002
    ..S. and international nurses...
  37. ncbi request reprint Failure to rescue
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, 420 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    Am J Nurs 103:42-7. 2003
  38. pmc Nursing: a key to patient satisfaction
    Ann Kutney-Lee
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 28:w669-77. 2009
    ..Improving nurses' work environments, including nurse staffing, may improve the patient experience and quality of care...
  39. pmc Effects of hospital staffing and organizational climate on needlestick injuries to nurses
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, 19104 6096, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1115-9. 2002
    ..This study determined the effects of nurse staffing and nursing organization on the likelihood of needlestick injuries in hospital nurses...
  40. ncbi request reprint The working hours of hospital staff nurses and patient safety
    Ann E Rogers
    School of Nursing, Center for Sleep and Respiratory Neurobiology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 23:202-12. 2004
    ..The risks of making an error were significantly increased when work shifts were longer than twelve hours, when nurses worked overtime, or when they worked more than forty hours per week...
  41. ncbi request reprint Journey to excellence
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    Reflect Nurs Leadersh 31:16-9. 2005
  42. pmc US nurse labor market dynamics are key to global nurse sufficiency
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    Health Serv Res 42:1299-320. 2007
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Medical migration to the U.S.: trends and impact
    Daniel Polsky
    Leonard David Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA USA
    LDI Issue Brief 12:1-4. 2007
    ..S. shortage. This Issue Brief analyzes trends in medical migration, and explores its short- and long-term effects on the health care workforce in the U.S. and in developing countries...
  44. pmc Nurse burnout and patient satisfaction
    Doris C Vahey
    Mount Sinai Medical Center, Department of Nursing, New York, NY, USA
    Med Care 42:II57-66. 2004
    ..Amid a national nurse shortage, there is growing concern that high levels of nurse burnout could adversely affect patient outcomes...
  45. ncbi request reprint Hospital nurse staffing, education, and patient mortality
    Linda H Aiken
    Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, 3641 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA, 19104 6218, USA
    LDI Issue Brief 9:1-4. 2003
    ....
  46. pmc Effect of nurse staffing and education on the outcomes of surgical patients with comorbid serious mental illness
    Ann Kutney-Lee
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, 418 Curie Blvd, 3R NEB, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 59:1466-9. 2008
    ....
  47. pmc An international hospital outcomes research agenda focused on nursing: lessons from a decade of collaboration
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    J Clin Nurs 17:3317-23. 2008
    ..To describe the origins, design and outcomes of an international hospital outcomes collaboration focused on nursing issues...
  48. pmc Hospital characteristics, clinical severity, and outcomes for surgical oncology patients
    Christopher R Friese
    Division of Nursing Business and Health Systems, School of Nursing, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5482, USA
    Surgery 147:602-9. 2010
    ..Our objective was to determine whether differences in outcomes explained by hospital structural characteristics are mitigated by differences in patient severity...
  49. ncbi request reprint Co-occurrence of HIV and serious mental illness among Medicaid recipients
    Michael B Blank
    Center for Mental Health Policy and Services Research in the Department of Psychiatry of the School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market Street, Suite 3020, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 2641, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 53:868-73. 2002
    ..The authors estimated the treated period prevalence of HIV infection in the Medicaid population and the rate of HIV infection among persons with serious mental illness in that population...
  50. pmc International migration of nurses: introduction
    Patricia Pittman
    AcademyHealth, Washington, DC 20006, USA
    Health Serv Res 42:1275-80. 2007
  51. ncbi request reprint Evidence of our instincts: an interview with Linda H. Aiken. Interview by Alison P. Smith
    Linda H Aiken
    Nurs Econ 20:58-61. 2002
  52. ncbi request reprint Perceived facilitators and barriers to the implementation of an advanced practice: nursing intervention for HIV regimen adherence among the seriously mentally ill
    Ann Kutney Lee
    University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research Room 325, 420 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia PA 19104, USA
    J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 13:626-8. 2006
  53. ncbi request reprint Health services delivery: reframing policies for global migration of nurses and physicians--a U.S. perspective
    Richard A Cooper
    Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics at the University of Pennsylvania, USA
    Policy Polit Nurs Pract 7:66S-70S. 2006
    ....
  54. pmc Outcomes of variation in hospital nurse staffing in English hospitals: cross-sectional analysis of survey data and discharge records
    Anne Marie Rafferty
    Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, King s College London, James Clerk Maxwell Building, 57 Waterloo Road, London SE1 8WA, UK
    Int J Nurs Stud 44:175-82. 2007
    ..Despite growing evidence in the US, little evidence has been available to evaluate whether internationally, hospitals in which nurses care for fewer patients have better outcomes in terms of patient survival and nurse retention...
  55. ncbi request reprint International experts' perspectives on the state of the nurse staffing and patient outcomes literature
    Koen Van den Heede
    Center for Health Services and Nursing Research, Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Nurs Scholarsh 39:290-7. 2007
    ..To assess the key variables used in research on nurse staffing and patient outcomes from the perspective of an international panel...
  56. pmc Hospital nurse practice environments and outcomes for surgical oncology patients
    Christopher R Friese
    Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard School of Public Health, 44 Binney Street SM 271, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Health Serv Res 43:1145-63. 2008
    ..To examine the effect of nursing practice environments on outcomes of hospitalized cancer patients undergoing surgery...

Research Grants14

  1. HOW NURSING AFFECTS THE VOLUME-OUTCOMES RELATIONSHIP
    Linda Aiken; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  2. Outcomes of Nurse Practice Environments
    Linda Aiken; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This research has the potential to advance the field of nursing outcomes research and to yield critical insights relevant to stemming the flight of nurses from front line care roles and improving hospital outcomes. ..
  3. Outcomes of Nurse Practice Environments
    Linda Aiken; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This research has the potential to advance the field of nursing outcomes research and to yield critical insights relevant to stemming the flight of nurses from front line care roles and improving hospital outcomes. ..
  4. Outcomes of Nurse Practice Environments
    Linda Aiken; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This research has the potential to advance the field of nursing outcomes research and to yield critical insights relevant to stemming the flight of nurses from front line care roles and improving hospital outcomes. ..
  5. Outcomes of Nurse Practice Environments
    Linda Aiken; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This research has the potential to advance the field of nursing outcomes research and to yield critical insights relevant to stemming the flight of nurses from front line care roles and improving hospital outcomes. ..
  6. HOW NURSING AFFECTS THE VOLUME-OUTCOMES RELATIONSHIP
    Linda Aiken; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  7. HOW NURSING AFFECTS THE VOLUME-OUTCOMES RELATIONSHIP
    Linda Aiken; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  8. OUTCOMES OF HOSPITAL STAFFING
    Linda Aiken; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  9. Nursing Impact on Care Outcomes for Chronically Ill and Minority Patients
    Linda H Aiken; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Disparities in hospital outcomes by race and ethnicity persist. This study examines whether improving nursing resources in hospitals would be a potentially effective strategy to improve outcomes in these overlapping populations. ..