Mohammadreza Hojat

Summary

Affiliation: Thomas Jefferson University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint An empirical study of decline in empathy in medical school
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, 1025 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Educ 38:934-41. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Components of postgraduate competence: analyses of thirty years of longitudinal data
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Med Educ 41:982-9. 2007
  3. pmc Measurement and correlates of empathy among female Japanese physicians
    Hitomi U Kataoka
    Department of Primary Care and Medical Education, Okayama University Medical School, Okayama, Japan
    BMC Med Educ 12:48. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Psychometrics of the scale of attitudes toward physician-pharmacist collaboration: a study with medical students
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Teach 34:e833-7. 2012
  5. ncbi request reprint Relationships between scores of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE) and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI)
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Teach 27:625-8. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Empathy scores in medical school and ratings of empathic behavior in residency training 3 years later
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    J Soc Psychol 145:663-72. 2005
  7. pmc Assessing physicians' orientation toward lifelong learning
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:931-6. 2006
  8. doi request reprint The devil is in the third year: a longitudinal study of erosion of empathy in medical school
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107 5083, USA
    Acad Med 84:1182-91. 2009
  9. doi request reprint Personality and specialty interest in medical students
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, 1025 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Teach 30:400-6. 2008
  10. doi request reprint Measurement and correlates of physicians' lifelong learning
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107 5083, USA
    Acad Med 84:1066-74. 2009

Detail Information

Publications50

  1. ncbi request reprint An empirical study of decline in empathy in medical school
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, 1025 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Educ 38:934-41. 2004
    ..This can lead to a decline in empathy. Empirical research to address this issue is scarce because the definition of empathy lacks clarity, and a tool to measure empathy specifically in medical students and doctors has been unavailable...
  2. ncbi request reprint Components of postgraduate competence: analyses of thirty years of longitudinal data
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Med Educ 41:982-9. 2007
    ..The conceptualisation and measurement of competence in patient care are critical to the design of medical education programmes and outcome assessment...
  3. pmc Measurement and correlates of empathy among female Japanese physicians
    Hitomi U Kataoka
    Department of Primary Care and Medical Education, Okayama University Medical School, Okayama, Japan
    BMC Med Educ 12:48. 2012
    ..In Japan, the number of female physicians has increased rapidly in the past ten years. In this study, we focused on female Japanese physicians and addressed factors that were associated with their empathic engagement in patient care...
  4. doi request reprint Psychometrics of the scale of attitudes toward physician-pharmacist collaboration: a study with medical students
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Teach 34:e833-7. 2012
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Relationships between scores of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE) and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI)
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Teach 27:625-8. 2005
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Empathy scores in medical school and ratings of empathic behavior in residency training 3 years later
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    J Soc Psychol 145:663-72. 2005
    ..Because empathy is relevant to prosocial and helping behavior, it is important for investigators to further enhance our understanding of its correlates and outcomes among health professionals...
  7. pmc Assessing physicians' orientation toward lifelong learning
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:931-6. 2006
    ..Despite the importance of lifelong learning as an element of professionalism, no psychometrically sound instrument is available for its assessment among physicians...
  8. doi request reprint The devil is in the third year: a longitudinal study of erosion of empathy in medical school
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107 5083, USA
    Acad Med 84:1182-91. 2009
    ..This longitudinal study was designed to examine changes in medical students' empathy during medical school and to determine when the most significant changes occur...
  9. doi request reprint Personality and specialty interest in medical students
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, 1025 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Teach 30:400-6. 2008
    ..Research on the relationship between personality and specialty interest is important because of its implications in student career counseling and in forecasting future specialty distribution...
  10. doi request reprint Measurement and correlates of physicians' lifelong learning
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107 5083, USA
    Acad Med 84:1066-74. 2009
    ..To examine the psychometric properties and correlates of an instrument to measure physicians' orientation toward lifelong learning with attention to differences between full-time and academic clinicians...
  11. doi request reprint An instrument for measuring pharmacist and physician attitudes towards collaboration: preliminary psychometric data
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    J Interprof Care 25:66-72. 2011
    ....
  12. doi request reprint Career satisfaction and professional accomplishments
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 190107, USA
    Med Educ 44:969-76. 2010
    ..Other educational, personal and professional factors have not received sufficient empirical attention...
  13. doi request reprint Physicians' empathy and clinical outcomes for diabetic patients
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Jefferson Longitudinal Study of Medical Education, Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    Acad Med 86:359-64. 2011
    ..To test the hypothesis that physicians' empathy is associated with positive clinical outcomes for diabetic patients...
  14. ncbi request reprint A brief instrument to measure patients' overall satisfaction with primary care physicians
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Fam Med 43:412-7. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to develop and examine the psychometrics of a brief instrument to measure patients' overall satisfaction with their primary care physicians...
  15. ncbi request reprint A visitor's guide to effect sizes: statistical significance versus practical (clinical) importance of research findings
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, 1025 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 9:241-9. 2004
    ..4. Operational definitions for the ES s are given, along with numerical examples for the purpose of illustration...
  16. doi request reprint Empathic and sympathetic orientations toward patient care: conceptualization, measurement, and psychometrics
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    Acad Med 86:989-95. 2011
    ..To develop instruments for measuring empathic and sympathetic orientations in patient care and to provide evidence in support of their psychometrics...
  17. ncbi request reprint An operational measure of physician lifelong learning: its development, components and preliminary psychometric data
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Reserach in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    Med Teach 25:433-7. 2003
    ..It is concluded that lifelong learning is a multifaceted concept, and its operational measure is feasible for evaluating different educational programs and for studying group differences among physicians...
  18. ncbi request reprint The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy: further psychometric data and differences by gender and specialty at item level
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Cernter for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Acad Med 77:S58-60. 2002
  19. doi request reprint The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy: preliminary psychometrics and group comparisons in Italian physicians
    Mariangela Di Lillo
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    Acad Med 84:1198-202. 2009
    ..To examine the psychometrics of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE) among a sample of Italian physicians...
  20. ncbi request reprint Evaluations of medical students' clinical experiences in a family medicine clerkship: differences in patient encounters by disease severity in different clerkship sites
    Fred W Markham
    Department of Family Medicine, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Fam Med 34:451-4. 2002
    ..In this study, we collected data on the diagnoses and disease severity in student-patient encounters at different family medicine clerkship sites...
  21. ncbi request reprint Physician empathy: definition, components, measurement, and relationship to gender and specialty
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:1563-9. 2002
    ..This study was designed to investigate the components of physician empathy, its measurement properties, and group differences in empathy scores...
  22. ncbi request reprint Assessment of empathy in different years of internal medicine training
    Salvatore Mangione
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care and Department of Medicine, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Teach 24:370-3. 2002
    ..The issue of whether targeted educational activities for the purpose of cultivating empathy can improve empathy scores awaits empirical scrutiny...
  23. doi request reprint The predictive validity of three versions of the MCAT in relation to performance in medical school, residency, and licensing examinations: a longitudinal study of 36 classes of Jefferson Medical College
    Clara A Callahan
    Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Acad Med 85:980-7. 2010
    ..With another comprehensive review pending, this study examines changes in the predictive validity of the MCAT's three recent versions...
  24. pmc Jefferson Scale of Patient's Perceptions of Physician Empathy: preliminary psychometric data
    Gregory C Kane
    Department of Medicine, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Croat Med J 48:81-6. 2007
    ..To develop a brief scale for measuring patient's perceptions of their physician's empathic engagement and to provide preliminary evidence in support of aspects of the scale's psychometrics...
  25. ncbi request reprint Reliability and validity of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy in undergraduate nursing students
    Julia Ward
    Thomas Jefferson University, Jefferson College of Health Professions, Jefferson School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    J Nurs Meas 17:73-88. 2009
    ..It was concluded that the empathy scale used in this study is a psychometrically sound instrument for measuring empathy in undergraduate nursing students...
  26. ncbi request reprint Empathy: an NP/MD comparison
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Nurse Pract 28:45-7. 2003
  27. ncbi request reprint Relationships between scores on the Jefferson Scale of physician empathy, patient perceptions of physician empathy, and humanistic approaches to patient care: a validity study
    Karen M Glaser
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Sci Monit 13:CR291-4. 2007
    ..Empathy is the backbone of a positive physician-patient relationship. Physician empathy and the patient's awareness of the physician's empathic concern can lead to a more positive clinical outcome...
  28. ncbi request reprint Conceptualization and measurement of clinical competence of residents: a brief rating form and its psychometric properties
    Thomas J Nasca
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Med Teach 24:299-303. 2002
    ..98 and 0.97, respectively. This brief rating form can be employed as one measure to evaluate clinical competence of residents with reasonable confidence in its measurement properties...
  29. doi request reprint Measuring empathy in healthcare profession students using the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy: health provider--student version
    Sylvia K Fields
    Center for Research Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, USA
    J Interprof Care 25:287-93. 2011
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Comparisons of nurses and physicians on an operational measure of empathy
    Sylvia K Fields
    Jefferson Medical College, USA
    Eval Health Prof 27:80-94. 2004
    ..Findings suggest that the JSPE is a reliable research tool that can be used to assess empathy among health professionals including nurses...
  31. doi request reprint Medical students' self-reported empathy and simulated patients' assessments of student empathy: an analysis by gender and ethnicity
    Katherine Berg
    University Clinical Skills and Simulation Center, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Acad Med 86:984-8. 2011
    ..To examine the contribution of students' gender and ethnicity to assessments by simulated patients (SPs) of medical students' empathy, and to compare the results with students' self-assessments of their own empathy...
  32. doi request reprint Peer nominations as related to academic attainment, empathy, personality, and specialty interest
    Charles A Pohl
    Department of Pediatrics, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, 1020 Locust Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Acad Med 86:747-51. 2011
    ..To test the hypotheses that peer nomination is associated with measures of (1) academic performance, (2) empathy, (3) personality, and (4) specialty interest...
  33. doi request reprint Personality assessments and outcomes in medical education and the practice of medicine: AMEE Guide No. 79
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA mohammadreza
    Med Teach 35:e1267-301. 2013
    ..Implications for career counseling, assessments of professional development and medical education outcomes, and potential use as supplementary information for admission decisions are discussed. ..
  34. doi request reprint The Jefferson Scale of Attitudes toward Physician-Nurse Collaboration: a study with undergraduate nursing students
    Julia Ward
    Jefferson School of Nursing, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    J Interprof Care 22:375-86. 2008
    ..Implications for future studies in nursing education are discussed...
  35. ncbi request reprint An empirical study of the predictive validity of number grades in medical school using 3 decades of longitudinal data: implications for a grading system
    Joseph S Gonnella
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, 1025 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Educ 38:425-34. 2004
    ..Furthermore, the results of this study raise questions about abandoning number grades in favour of a pass/fail system. Consideration of these findings in policy decisions regarding assessment systems of medical students is recommended...
  36. ncbi request reprint Comparisons of American, Israeli, Italian and Mexican physicians and nurses on the total and factor scores of the Jefferson scale of attitudes toward physician-nurse collaborative relationships
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, 1025 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Int J Nurs Stud 40:427-35. 2003
    ..Implications for promoting physician-nurse education and inter-professional collaboration are discussed...
  37. doi request reprint The empathy enigma: an empirical study of decline in empathy among undergraduate nursing students
    Julia Ward
    Thomas Jefferson University, Jefferson School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    J Prof Nurs 28:34-40. 2012
    ..Suggestions for improving empathic behaviors in nursing students are discussed...
  38. ncbi request reprint Volunteer bias in medical education research: an empirical study of over three decades of longitudinal data
    Clara A Callahan
    Office of Admissions, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    Med Educ 41:746-53. 2007
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint African American and white physicians: a comparison of satisfaction with medical education, professional careers, and research activities
    John J Gartland
    Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Teach Learn Med 15:106-12. 2003
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint Sooner or later? USMLE step 1 performance and test administration date at the end of the second year
    Charles A Pohl
    Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, 1020 Locust Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107 6799, USA
    Acad Med 77:S17-9. 2002
  41. doi request reprint Enhancing and sustaining empathy in medical students
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, USA
    Med Teach 35:996-1001. 2013
    ..Empathy is an important component of physician competence that needs to be enhanced...
  42. ncbi request reprint Mindfulness-based stress reduction lowers psychological distress in medical students
    Steven Rosenzweig
    Center for Integrative Medicine, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Teach Learn Med 15:88-92. 2003
    ..Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is an educational intervention designed to improve coping skills and reduce emotional distress...
  43. doi request reprint A comparison of medical students' self-reported empathy with simulated patients' assessments of the students' empathy
    Katherine Berg
    University Clinical Skills and Simulation Center, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Teach 33:388-91. 2011
    ..Empathy is necessary for communication between patients and physicians to achieve optimal clinical outcomes...
  44. doi request reprint Psychostimulant drug abuse and personality factors in medical students
    Joshua T Bucher
    Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Teach 35:53-7. 2013
    ..Psychostimulants have a high abuse potential and are appealing to college students for enhancing their examination performance...
  45. ncbi request reprint Impartial judgment by the "gatekeepers" of science: fallibility and accountability in the peer review process
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107 5083, USA
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 8:75-96. 2003
    ..We recommend that the journal editors conduct periodic internal and external evaluations of their journals' peer review process and outcomes, with participation of reviewers, contributors, readers and owners...
  46. ncbi request reprint Academic performance of psychiatrists compared to other specialists before, during, and after medical school
    Frederick S Sierles
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science Chicago Medical School, IL 60064, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 161:1477-82. 2004
    ..This study was designed to compare psychiatrists with other physicians on measures of academic performance before, during, and after medical school...
  47. ncbi request reprint Intra- and intercultural comparisons of the personality profiles of medical students in Argentina and the United States
    Horacio J A Rimoldi
    Center for Interdisciplinary Investigation of Mathematical and Experimental Psychology Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigaciones en Psicologia Matematica y Experimental, CIIPME, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Adolescence 37:477-94. 2002
    ..g., construct validity, and internal consistency aspect of reliability). Further study of the implications of the findings in predicting academic attainment in medical school and to physician performance is recommended...
  48. ncbi request reprint Curricular reform may improve students' performance on externally administered comprehensive examinations
    Ivan Damjanov
    Department of Pathology, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, USA
    Croat Med J 46:443-8. 2005
    ..To determine whether changes in the format of teaching pathology and the introduction of active learning principles can improve medical students' performance on external examinations and enhance clinical skills...
  49. ncbi request reprint Economic diversity in medical education: the relationship between students' family income and academic performance, career choice, and student debt
    Raelynn Cooter
    Jefferson Medical College
    Eval Health Prof 27:252-64. 2004
    ..The mean of accumulated educational debt was significantly higher for the low-income group. The study provides support for maintaining economic diversity in medical education...
  50. ncbi request reprint Effects of reviewers' gender on assessments of a gender-related standardized manuscript
    Addeane S Caelleigh
    Science Publishing Services, LLC, Chevy Chase, Maryland, USA
    Teach Learn Med 15:163-7. 2003
    ..Several factors including reviewers' gender can influence the assessment of submitted manuscripts...