M Hojat

Summary

Affiliation: Thomas Jefferson University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Comparisons of American, Israeli, Italian and Mexican physicians and nurses on the total and factor scores of the Jefferson scale of attitudes toward physician-nurse collaborative relationships
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, 1025 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Int J Nurs Stud 40:427-35. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Impartial judgment by the "gatekeepers" of science: fallibility and accountability in the peer review process
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107 5083, USA
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 8:75-96. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy: further psychometric data and differences by gender and specialty at item level
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Cernter for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Acad Med 77:S58-60. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint Physician empathy: definition, components, measurement, and relationship to gender and specialty
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:1563-9. 2002
  5. ncbi request reprint Empathy in medical students as related to academic performance, clinical competence and gender
    M Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    Med Educ 36:522-7. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint Gender comparisons of income expectations in the USA at the beginning of medical school during the past 28 years
    M Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 50:1665-72. 2000
  7. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the personality profiles of internal medicine residents, physician role models, and the general population
    M Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA 19107 5083, USA
    Acad Med 74:1327-33. 1999
  8. ncbi request reprint Attitudes toward physician-nurse collaboration: a cross-cultural study of male and female physicians and nurses in the United States and Mexico
    M Hojat
    Jefferson Longitudinal Study in the Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107-5083, USA
    Nurs Res 50:123-8. 2001
  9. ncbi request reprint Who is a generalist? An analysis of whether physicians trained as generalists practice as generalists
    H K Rabinowitz
    Department of Family Medicine, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Eval Health Prof 22:497-502. 1999
  10. ncbi request reprint Medical students' personal values and their career choices a quarter-century later
    M Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA 19107 5083, USA
    Psychol Rep 83:243-8. 1998

Detail Information

Publications39

  1. ncbi request reprint Comparisons of American, Israeli, Italian and Mexican physicians and nurses on the total and factor scores of the Jefferson scale of attitudes toward physician-nurse collaborative relationships
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, 1025 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Int J Nurs Stud 40:427-35. 2003
    ..Implications for promoting physician-nurse education and inter-professional collaboration are discussed...
  2. ncbi request reprint Impartial judgment by the "gatekeepers" of science: fallibility and accountability in the peer review process
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107 5083, USA
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 8:75-96. 2003
    ..We recommend that the journal editors conduct periodic internal and external evaluations of their journals' peer review process and outcomes, with participation of reviewers, contributors, readers and owners...
  3. ncbi request reprint The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy: further psychometric data and differences by gender and specialty at item level
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Cernter for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Acad Med 77:S58-60. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint Physician empathy: definition, components, measurement, and relationship to gender and specialty
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:1563-9. 2002
    ..This study was designed to investigate the components of physician empathy, its measurement properties, and group differences in empathy scores...
  5. ncbi request reprint Empathy in medical students as related to academic performance, clinical competence and gender
    M Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    Med Educ 36:522-7. 2002
    ..Therefore, it is important to address the measurement of empathy, its development and its correlates in medical schools...
  6. ncbi request reprint Gender comparisons of income expectations in the USA at the beginning of medical school during the past 28 years
    M Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 50:1665-72. 2000
    ..Findings suggest that social learning may contribute to gender gap in anticipated income...
  7. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the personality profiles of internal medicine residents, physician role models, and the general population
    M Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA 19107 5083, USA
    Acad Med 74:1327-33. 1999
    ..To compare personality profiles of internal medicine residents with those of the general population and positive role models in medicine...
  8. ncbi request reprint Attitudes toward physician-nurse collaboration: a cross-cultural study of male and female physicians and nurses in the United States and Mexico
    M Hojat
    Jefferson Longitudinal Study in the Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107-5083, USA
    Nurs Res 50:123-8. 2001
    ..Faculty preparation for collaboration is necessary in such cultures before implementing collaborative education...
  9. ncbi request reprint Who is a generalist? An analysis of whether physicians trained as generalists practice as generalists
    H K Rabinowitz
    Department of Family Medicine, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Eval Health Prof 22:497-502. 1999
    ..These results indicate GME training is a valid predictor of self-reported practice and provide baseline data to monitor future changes...
  10. ncbi request reprint Medical students' personal values and their career choices a quarter-century later
    M Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA 19107 5083, USA
    Psychol Rep 83:243-8. 1998
    ..The findings have implications with regard to two major issues in the evolving health care system, namely, the distribution of physicians by specialty and cost containment...
  11. ncbi request reprint Board certification: associations with physicians' demographics and performances during medical school and residency
    G Xu
    Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Acad Med 73:1283-9. 1998
    ..To examine the associations between board certification and both physicians' demographics and their performances during medical school and residency...
  12. ncbi request reprint Perception of maternal availability in childhood and selected psychosocial characteristics in adulthood
    M Hojat
    Jefferson Medical College, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Genet Soc Gen Psychol Monogr 122:425-50. 1996
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Documenting and comparing medical students' clinical experiences
    S L Rattner
    Office of the Dean, Jefferson Medical College, 1025 Walnut St, Room 100, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    JAMA 286:1035-40. 2001
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Satisfaction with early relationships with parents and psychosocial attributes in adulthood: which parent contributes more?
    M Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA 19107 5083, USA
    J Genet Psychol 159:203-20. 1998
    ..No significant association was found between perceived satisfaction with the father and these personality measures. The results are discussed in the context of attachment theory and internal working models...
  15. ncbi request reprint Academic performance of psychiatrists compared to other specialists before, during, and after medical school
    Frederick S Sierles
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science Chicago Medical School, IL 60064, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 161:1477-82. 2004
    ..This study was designed to compare psychiatrists with other physicians on measures of academic performance before, during, and after medical school...
  16. ncbi request reprint An empirical study of the predictive validity of number grades in medical school using 3 decades of longitudinal data: implications for a grading system
    Joseph S Gonnella
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, 1025 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Educ 38:425-34. 2004
    ..Furthermore, the results of this study raise questions about abandoning number grades in favour of a pass/fail system. Consideration of these findings in policy decisions regarding assessment systems of medical students is recommended...
  17. ncbi request reprint An empirical study of decline in empathy in medical school
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, 1025 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Educ 38:934-41. 2004
    ..This can lead to a decline in empathy. Empirical research to address this issue is scarce because the definition of empathy lacks clarity, and a tool to measure empathy specifically in medical students and doctors has been unavailable...
  18. ncbi request reprint Relationships between scores of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE) and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI)
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Teach 27:625-8. 2005
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint A visitor's guide to effect sizes: statistical significance versus practical (clinical) importance of research findings
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, 1025 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 9:241-9. 2004
    ..4. Operational definitions for the ES s are given, along with numerical examples for the purpose of illustration...
  20. ncbi request reprint Empathy scores in medical school and ratings of empathic behavior in residency training 3 years later
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    J Soc Psychol 145:663-72. 2005
    ..Because empathy is relevant to prosocial and helping behavior, it is important for investigators to further enhance our understanding of its correlates and outcomes among health professionals...
  21. pmc Assessing physicians' orientation toward lifelong learning
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:931-6. 2006
    ..Despite the importance of lifelong learning as an element of professionalism, no psychometrically sound instrument is available for its assessment among physicians...
  22. pmc Jefferson Scale of Patient's Perceptions of Physician Empathy: preliminary psychometric data
    Gregory C Kane
    Department of Medicine, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Croat Med J 48:81-6. 2007
    ..To develop a brief scale for measuring patient's perceptions of their physician's empathic engagement and to provide preliminary evidence in support of aspects of the scale's psychometrics...
  23. ncbi request reprint Relationships between scores on the Jefferson Scale of physician empathy, patient perceptions of physician empathy, and humanistic approaches to patient care: a validity study
    Karen M Glaser
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Sci Monit 13:CR291-4. 2007
    ..Empathy is the backbone of a positive physician-patient relationship. Physician empathy and the patient's awareness of the physician's empathic concern can lead to a more positive clinical outcome...
  24. ncbi request reprint Components of postgraduate competence: analyses of thirty years of longitudinal data
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Med Educ 41:982-9. 2007
    ..The conceptualisation and measurement of competence in patient care are critical to the design of medical education programmes and outcome assessment...
  25. ncbi request reprint Comparisons of nurses and physicians on an operational measure of empathy
    Sylvia K Fields
    Jefferson Medical College, USA
    Eval Health Prof 27:80-94. 2004
    ..Findings suggest that the JSPE is a reliable research tool that can be used to assess empathy among health professionals including nurses...
  26. ncbi request reprint Evaluations of medical students' clinical experiences in a family medicine clerkship: differences in patient encounters by disease severity in different clerkship sites
    Fred W Markham
    Department of Family Medicine, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Fam Med 34:451-4. 2002
    ..In this study, we collected data on the diagnoses and disease severity in student-patient encounters at different family medicine clerkship sites...
  27. ncbi request reprint Assessment of empathy in different years of internal medicine training
    Salvatore Mangione
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care and Department of Medicine, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Teach 24:370-3. 2002
    ..The issue of whether targeted educational activities for the purpose of cultivating empathy can improve empathy scores awaits empirical scrutiny...
  28. ncbi request reprint Sooner or later? USMLE step 1 performance and test administration date at the end of the second year
    Charles A Pohl
    Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, 1020 Locust Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107 6799, USA
    Acad Med 77:S17-9. 2002
  29. ncbi request reprint Empathy: an NP/MD comparison
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Nurse Pract 28:45-7. 2003
  30. ncbi request reprint Conceptualization and measurement of clinical competence of residents: a brief rating form and its psychometric properties
    Thomas J Nasca
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Med Teach 24:299-303. 2002
    ..98 and 0.97, respectively. This brief rating form can be employed as one measure to evaluate clinical competence of residents with reasonable confidence in its measurement properties...
  31. ncbi request reprint Mindfulness-based stress reduction lowers psychological distress in medical students
    Steven Rosenzweig
    Center for Integrative Medicine, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Teach Learn Med 15:88-92. 2003
    ..Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is an educational intervention designed to improve coping skills and reduce emotional distress...
  32. ncbi request reprint African American and white physicians: a comparison of satisfaction with medical education, professional careers, and research activities
    John J Gartland
    Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Teach Learn Med 15:106-12. 2003
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Effects of reviewers' gender on assessments of a gender-related standardized manuscript
    Addeane S Caelleigh
    Science Publishing Services, LLC, Chevy Chase, Maryland, USA
    Teach Learn Med 15:163-7. 2003
    ..Several factors including reviewers' gender can influence the assessment of submitted manuscripts...
  34. ncbi request reprint An operational measure of physician lifelong learning: its development, components and preliminary psychometric data
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Reserach in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    Med Teach 25:433-7. 2003
    ..It is concluded that lifelong learning is a multifaceted concept, and its operational measure is feasible for evaluating different educational programs and for studying group differences among physicians...
  35. ncbi request reprint Volunteer bias in medical education research: an empirical study of over three decades of longitudinal data
    Clara A Callahan
    Office of Admissions, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    Med Educ 41:746-53. 2007
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Medical education and health services research: the linkage
    Joseph S Gonnella
    Med Teach 26:7-11. 2004
    ..Academic health centers have an important role in this partnership providing an infrastructure and expertise for both education and health services research...
  37. ncbi request reprint Intra- and intercultural comparisons of the personality profiles of medical students in Argentina and the United States
    Horacio J A Rimoldi
    Center for Interdisciplinary Investigation of Mathematical and Experimental Psychology Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigaciones en Psicologia Matematica y Experimental, CIIPME, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Adolescence 37:477-94. 2002
    ..g., construct validity, and internal consistency aspect of reliability). Further study of the implications of the findings in predicting academic attainment in medical school and to physician performance is recommended...
  38. ncbi request reprint Curricular reform may improve students' performance on externally administered comprehensive examinations
    Ivan Damjanov
    Department of Pathology, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, USA
    Croat Med J 46:443-8. 2005
    ..To determine whether changes in the format of teaching pathology and the introduction of active learning principles can improve medical students' performance on external examinations and enhance clinical skills...
  39. ncbi request reprint Personality and specialty interest in medical students
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, 1025 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Teach 30:400-6. 2008
    ..Research on the relationship between personality and specialty interest is important because of its implications in student career counseling and in forecasting future specialty distribution...