Chitra Ravishankar

Summary

Affiliation: The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Factors affecting Fontan length of stay: Results from the Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial
    Chitra Ravishankar
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA Electronic address
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 151:669-675.e1. 2016
  2. pmc Association of impaired linear growth and worse neurodevelopmental outcome in infants with single ventricle physiology: a report from the pediatric heart network infant single ventricle trial
    Chitra Ravishankar
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Pediatr 162:250-6.e2. 2013
  3. ncbi request reprint Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation after stage I reconstruction for hypoplastic left heart syndrome
    Chitra Ravishankar
    Division of Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, PA 19104 4399, USA
    Pediatr Crit Care Med 7:319-23. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint Mechanical support of the functionally single ventricle
    Chitra Ravishankar
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Cardiol Young 16:55-60. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Critical care in cardiovascular medicine
    Chitra Ravishankar
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Curr Opin Pediatr 15:443-53. 2003
  6. doi request reprint Poor post-operative growth in infants with two-ventricle physiology
    Jeffrey B Anderson
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45255, USA
    Cardiol Young 21:421-9. 2011
  7. doi request reprint Reintervention for arch obstruction after stage 1 reconstruction does not adversely affect survival or outcome at Fontan completion
    Jean A Ballweg
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 140:545-9. 2010
  8. doi request reprint Risk factors for interstage death after stage 1 reconstruction of hypoplastic left heart syndrome and variants
    David A Hehir
    Division of Cardiology, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 136:94-9, 99.e1-3. 2008
  9. doi request reprint A contemporary comparison of the effect of shunt type in hypoplastic left heart syndrome on the hemodynamics and outcome at Fontan completion
    Jean A Ballweg
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 140:537-44. 2010
  10. doi request reprint Early systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunt intervention in neonates with congenital heart disease
    Matthew J O'Connor
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4399, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 142:106-12. 2011

Detail Information

Publications50

  1. doi request reprint Factors affecting Fontan length of stay: Results from the Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial
    Chitra Ravishankar
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA Electronic address
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 151:669-675.e1. 2016
    ..We explored the effect of shunt type and other patient, medical, and surgical factors on postoperative length of stay (LOS) after the Fontan operation...
  2. pmc Association of impaired linear growth and worse neurodevelopmental outcome in infants with single ventricle physiology: a report from the pediatric heart network infant single ventricle trial
    Chitra Ravishankar
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Pediatr 162:250-6.e2. 2013
    ..To describe neurodevelopmental outcomes in infants with single ventricle (SV) physiology and determine factors associated with worse outcomes...
  3. ncbi request reprint Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation after stage I reconstruction for hypoplastic left heart syndrome
    Chitra Ravishankar
    Division of Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, PA 19104 4399, USA
    Pediatr Crit Care Med 7:319-23. 2006
    ..Our objective is to describe the outcome of "nonelective" ECMO after stage I reconstruction...
  4. ncbi request reprint Mechanical support of the functionally single ventricle
    Chitra Ravishankar
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Cardiol Young 16:55-60. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Critical care in cardiovascular medicine
    Chitra Ravishankar
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Curr Opin Pediatr 15:443-53. 2003
    ..The authors also briefly review the recent advances in the treatment of pulmonary hypertension, mechanical support, and neurologic surveillance after cardiac surgery...
  6. doi request reprint Poor post-operative growth in infants with two-ventricle physiology
    Jeffrey B Anderson
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45255, USA
    Cardiol Young 21:421-9. 2011
    ..The primary outcome was change in weight-for-age z score from surgery to discharge. Our secondary outcome variable was post-operative hospital length of stay...
  7. doi request reprint Reintervention for arch obstruction after stage 1 reconstruction does not adversely affect survival or outcome at Fontan completion
    Jean A Ballweg
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 140:545-9. 2010
    ..To determine the effect of reintervention for coarctation after stage 1 reconstruction for hypoplastic left heart syndrome and variants on survival, suitability for Fontan, and morbidity at Fontan...
  8. doi request reprint Risk factors for interstage death after stage 1 reconstruction of hypoplastic left heart syndrome and variants
    David A Hehir
    Division of Cardiology, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 136:94-9, 99.e1-3. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study is to identify risk factors for interstage death and to describe the events leading to interstage death...
  9. doi request reprint A contemporary comparison of the effect of shunt type in hypoplastic left heart syndrome on the hemodynamics and outcome at Fontan completion
    Jean A Ballweg
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 140:537-44. 2010
    ..This article compares the hemodynamics and perioperative course at the time of the Fontan completion and reports longer-term survival for this cohort...
  10. doi request reprint Early systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunt intervention in neonates with congenital heart disease
    Matthew J O'Connor
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4399, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 142:106-12. 2011
    ..To determine the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes after early, unplanned intervention on systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunts in neonates...
  11. pmc Risk factors for hospital morbidity and mortality after the Norwood procedure: A report from the Pediatric Heart Network Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial
    Sarah Tabbutt
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 144:882-95. 2012
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint A contemporary comparison of the effect of shunt type in hypoplastic left heart syndrome on the hemodynamics and outcome at stage 2 reconstruction
    Jean A Ballweg
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19119, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 134:297-303. 2007
    ..We compare the hemodynamics and perioperative course of shunt type in hypoplastic left heart syndrome at the time of stage 2 reconstruction and longer-term survival...
  13. pmc Resting energy expenditure at 3 months of age following neonatal surgery for congenital heart disease
    Sharon Y Irving
    School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Congenit Heart Dis 8:343-51. 2013
    ..To determine the resting energy expenditure (REE), body composition, and growth in infants with CHD at 3 months of age, with the secondary aim to identify predictors of REE as compared with healthy infants...
  14. doi request reprint 18 years of the Fontan operation at a single institution: results from 771 consecutive patients
    Lindsay S Rogers
    The Cardiac Center, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 60:1018-25. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate Fontan peri-operative outcomes for 771 consecutive patients...
  15. doi request reprint Critical heart disease in the neonate: presentation and outcome at a tertiary care center
    Aaron T Dorfman
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 19104, USA
    Pediatr Crit Care Med 9:193-202. 2008
    ..To define the modes of presentation, incidence of major organ dysfunction, predictors of hospital mortality, and adverse outcomes in neonates with critical heart disease admitted to a tertiary care center...
  16. doi request reprint Supplemental tube feeding does not mitigate weight loss in infants with shunt-dependent single-ventricle physiology
    Michael V Di Maria
    The Cardiac Center, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th Street and Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Pediatr Cardiol 34:1350-6. 2013
    ..Although GT after initial palliation is associated with longer LOS after SCPC, it is not associated with an increase in interstage morbidity or mortality...
  17. ncbi request reprint Outcomes after the stage I reconstruction comparing the right ventricular to pulmonary artery conduit with the modified Blalock Taussig shunt
    Sarah Tabbutt
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 80:1582-90; discussion 1590-1. 2005
    ..Recent reports advocate that a right ventricular to pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduit improves outcome after the stage I reconstruction...
  18. doi request reprint Management of early Fontan failure: a single-institution experience
    Michael O Murphy
    The Cardiac Center, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 46:458-64; discussion 464. 2014
    ..To analyse the incidence and outcomes of early Fontan failure (EFF) in a large contemporary cohort of palliated patients...
  19. doi request reprint Usefulness of transthoracic echocardiography to accurately diagnose recoarctation of the aorta after the Norwood procedure
    Shari L Wellen
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Electronic address
    Am J Cardiol 114:117-21. 2014
    ..The score performed equally well regardless of shunt type. In conclusion, a composite score of TTE indexes accurately discriminates RCoA in patients who have undergone the Norwood procedure. ..
  20. doi request reprint Determinants of intensive care unit length of stay for infants undergoing cardiac surgery
    Matthew Gillespie
    Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Congenit Heart Dis 1:152-60. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify factors that influence postoperative intensive care unit length of stay (ICULOS) in infants less than 6 months of age undergoing congenital heart surgery...
  21. doi request reprint Successful use of the total artificial heart in the failing Fontan circulation
    Joseph W Rossano
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, The Cardiac Center, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Electronic address
    Ann Thorac Surg 97:1438-40. 2014
    ..We report the first successful use of a total artificial heart as a bridge to transplant in a patient who had previously undergone a Fontan operation. ..
  22. doi request reprint Berlin Heart EXCOR pediatric ventricular assist device for bridge to heart transplantation in US children
    Christopher S Almond
    The Heart Center, Boston Children s Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Circulation 127:1702-11. 2013
    ..We analyzed outcomes for all US children who received the EXCOR to characterize device outcomes in an unselected cohort and to identify risk factors for mortality to facilitate patient selection...
  23. doi request reprint Ventricular assist device-associated anti-human leukocyte antigen antibody sensitization in pediatric patients bridged to heart transplantation
    Matthew J O'Connor
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 4399, USA
    J Heart Lung Transplant 29:109-16. 2010
    ..The incidence and effects of VAD-associated anti-HLA sensitization have not been well studied in the pediatric population...
  24. pmc Birth weight and prematurity in infants with single ventricle physiology: pediatric heart network infant single ventricle trial screened population
    Richard V Williams
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
    Congenit Heart Dis 5:96-103. 2010
    ....
  25. doi request reprint Experience with biventricular intervention for neonates with mitral valve abnormalities in the setting of critical left-side heart obstruction
    Catherine M Avitabile
    Division of Cardiology, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
    Ann Thorac Surg 99:877-83. 2015
    ..Mitral valve (MV) abnormalities may adversely impact outcomes after biventricular repair of critical left-side heart obstruction...
  26. pmc Usefulness of insulin like growth factor 1 as a marker of heart failure in children and young adults after the Fontan palliation procedure
    Catherine M Avitabile
    Division of Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Electronic address
    Am J Cardiol 115:816-20. 2015
    ..Longitudinal studies are needed to determine if these relations represent a mechanistic explanation for diminished growth in children with this physiology and with other forms of congenital heart disease...
  27. doi request reprint Coronary ostioplasty for congenital atresia of the left main coronary artery ostium
    David J Kaczorowski
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 94:1307-10. 2012
    ..This condition is often misdiagnosed as anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery until the time of surgical intervention, leaving the surgeon little time to contemplate the best operative technique...
  28. ncbi request reprint Postoperative course in the cardiac intensive care unit following the first stage of Norwood reconstruction
    Gil Wernovsky
    Department of Pediatrics Division of Pediatric Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Cardiol Young 17:652-65. 2007
    ....
  29. doi request reprint Weight change in infants with a functionally univentricular heart: from surgical intervention to hospital discharge
    Barbara Medoff-Cooper
    Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, United States of America
    Cardiol Young 21:136-44. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the pattern of weight change from surgical intervention to home discharge and to determine predictors of poor growth in this population of infants with congenital cardiac disease...
  30. doi request reprint Intramural Ventricular Septal Defect Is a Distinct Clinical Entity Associated With Postoperative Morbidity in Children After Repair of Conotruncal Anomalies
    Jyoti K Patel
    From Departments of Pediatrics J K P, A C G, R M G, S M J, S N, C R, M S C and Surgery C E M, T L S, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA
    Circulation 132:1387-94. 2015
    ..We assessed the prevalence of residual intramural VSDs and their effect on postoperative course...
  31. doi request reprint The Association among Feeding Mode, Growth, and Developmental Outcomes in Infants with Complex Congenital Heart Disease at 6 and 12 Months of Age
    Barbara Medoff-Cooper
    University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA Electronic address
    J Pediatr 169:154-159.e1. 2016
    ..To assess the association between early anthropometric measurements, device-assisted feeding, and early neurodevelopment in infants with complex congenital heart diseases (CHDs)...
  32. doi request reprint The Use of Pediatric Ventricular Assist Devices in Children's Hospitals From 2000 to 2010: Morbidity, Mortality, and Hospital Charges
    Robert T Mansfield
    1Cardiac Center, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 2Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Lucile Packard Children s Hospital, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 3Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA
    Pediatr Crit Care Med 16:522-8. 2015
    ..We sought to demonstrate that the use of ventricular assist devices in pediatric patients has increased over time and that mortality has decreased...
  33. doi request reprint Mechanical support as failure intervention in patients with cavopulmonary shunts (MFICS): rationale and aims of a new registry of mechanical circulatory support in single ventricle patients
    Joseph W Rossano
    Department of Pediatrics, The Cardiac Center, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Congenit Heart Dis 8:182-6. 2013
    ..This document reflects the consensus from the meeting and provides a descriptive overview of the registry referred to as Mechanical Support as Failure Intervention in Patients with Cavopulmonary Shunts...
  34. doi request reprint Epidemiologic features of the presentation of critical congenital heart disease: implications for screening
    Amy H Schultz
    Department of, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Pediatrics 121:751-7. 2008
    ..These descriptive parameters must be defined to evaluate the impact and feasibility of any proposed screening strategy...
  35. doi request reprint The failing Fontan: etiology, diagnosis and management
    David J Goldberg
    Division of Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th and Civic Center Blvd Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther 9:785-93. 2011
    ..In the meantime, continued development of medical therapeutics targeted at the specific problems of the Fontan circulation will be beneficial and might reduce the need for cardiac transplantation...
  36. doi request reprint Enteral feeding and caloric intake in neonates after cardiac surgery
    Courtney R Schwalbe-Terilli
    Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, PA, USA
    Am J Crit Care 18:52-7. 2009
    ..Adequate enteral nutrition may be difficult to achieve early in neonates after cardiac surgery, but it is essential for growth, wound healing, and immune function...
  37. ncbi request reprint Multiple cardiac arrhythmias in a previously healthy child: a case of accidental digitalis intoxication?
    Julie A Davis
    Division of Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 22:430-4. 2006
    ..Clinicians should be suspicious for digoxin toxicity when a child presents with persistent emesis, altered level of consciousness, and bradyarrhythmias with or without hemodynamic instability...
  38. doi request reprint Unplanned Readmission to the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit: Prevalence, Outcomes, and Risk Factors
    Marissa A Brunetti
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg 6:597-603. 2015
    ..We sought to define the prevalence and outcome for unscheduled CICU readmission. Secondary objectives were to identify indications and risk factors for unscheduled CICU readmission...
  39. pmc Validation of association of the apolipoprotein E ε2 allele with neurodevelopmental dysfunction after cardiac surgery in neonates and infants
    J William Gaynor
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA Electronic address
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 148:2560-6. 2014
    ..Replication of this finding in an independent cohort is essential to validate the observed genotype-phenotype association...
  40. pmc Factors affecting growth in infants with single ventricle physiology: a report from the Pediatric Heart Network Infant Single Ventricle Trial
    Richard V Williams
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
    J Pediatr 159:1017-22.e2. 2011
    ..To describe growth patterns in infants with single ventricle physiology and determine factors influencing growth...
  41. doi request reprint Brain-type natriuretic peptide correlates with right heart pressures in a cross section of pediatric heart transplant patients
    E K Hall
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Cardiology, Yale New Haven Children s Hospital, New Haven, CT, USA
    Pediatr Transplant 15:70-4. 2011
    ..This suggests that BNP may have a complimentary role in the monitoring of children following heart transplantation...
  42. pmc A multifaceted approach to the management of plastic bronchitis after cavopulmonary palliation
    Catherine M Avitabile
    Division of Cardiology, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Electronic address
    Ann Thorac Surg 98:634-40. 2014
    ..Pathologic studies of cast composition support medical treatment with fibrinolytics such as inhaled tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA)...
  43. doi request reprint Update on randomized clinical trials impacting clinical care in pediatric cardiac intensive care
    Sarah Tabbutt
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Congenit Heart Dis 2:104-9. 2007
    ..This article summarizes the challenges and the results of some single-center and multicenter trials evaluating perioperative care of infants and children undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease...
  44. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of tissue saturation as a noninvasive measure of mixed venous saturation in children
    Richard J Levy
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine and Division of Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Pediatr Crit Care Med 6:671-5. 2005
    ..In adult and animal studies, S to 2 correlated with oxygen delivery and S & OV0456;o2. There has been no evaluation in pediatric patients...
  45. doi request reprint Chest pain with elevated troponin assay in adolescents
    Matthew C Schwartz
    Division of Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Cardiol Young 23:353-60. 2013
    ....
  46. doi request reprint Nutrition and growth in congenital heart disease: a challenge in children
    Barbara Medoff-Cooper
    School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, USA
    Curr Opin Cardiol 28:122-9. 2013
    ..Growth failure secondary to feeding problems after complex neonatal cardiac surgery is well documented, but not well understood. The purpose of this review is to describe feeding and growth pattern in children with congenital heart defects...
  47. doi request reprint Too fat or too thin? Body habitus assessment in children listed for heart transplant and impact on outcome
    Beth D Kaufman
    Thoracic Organ Transplant Program, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, and Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 4399, USA
    J Heart Lung Transplant 27:508-13. 2008
    ..Wasting and obesity pre-heart transplant adversely affects outcomes in adults. The utility of BHA as a prognostic factor in children post-transplant is unknown...
  48. ncbi request reprint A trial of vitamin A therapy to facilitate ductal closure in premature infants
    Chitra Ravishankar
    Division of Pediatric Cardiology and the Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New York, USA
    J Pediatr 143:644-8. 2003
    ..To determine whether postnatal vitamin A therapy increased ductal closure rate in premature infants...
  49. ncbi request reprint Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for pneumonitis after a Glenn palliation
    James C Nielsen
    Department of Pediatric Cardiology, The Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New York 10029, USA
    Perfusion 17:457-8. 2002
    ..He was successfully rescued with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy and recovered with minimal morbidity...
  50. doi request reprint Cardiac extracorporeal life support: state of the art in 2007
    David S Cooper
    The Congenital Heart Institute of Florida, All Children s Hospital, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Florida Pediatric Associates and Cardiac Surgical Associates, Saint Petersburg, Florida 33701, USA
    Cardiol Young 17:104-15. 2007
    ..In an emergency, these patients can be resuscitated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and subsequently transitioned to a long-term ventricular assist device after a period of stability...