Susan C Nicolson

Summary

Affiliation: The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint A comparison of the efficacy and safety of chloral hydrate versus inhaled anesthesia for sedating infants and toddlers for transthoracic echocardiograms
    Susan C Nicolson
    Division of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia, The Cardiac Center at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 4399, USA
    J Am Soc Echocardiogr 23:38-42. 2010
  2. doi request reprint Younger gestational age is associated with worse neurodevelopmental outcomes after cardiac surgery in infancy
    Donna A Goff
    Division of Pediatric Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 143:535-42. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Morbidity and mortality after surgery for congenital cardiac disease in the infant born with low weight
    Anne M Ades
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Cardiol Young 20:8-17. 2010
  4. doi request reprint Neurodevelopmental outcomes after staged palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome
    Sarah Tabbutt
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 121:476-83. 2008
  5. doi request reprint A contemporary comparison of the effect of shunt type in hypoplastic left heart syndrome on the hemodynamics and outcome at Fontan completion
    Jean A Ballweg
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 140:537-44. 2010
  6. pmc Patient characteristics are important determinants of neurodevelopmental outcome at one year of age after neonatal and infant cardiac surgery
    J William Gaynor
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Cardiac Center at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 133:1344-53, 1353.e1-3. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint Hyperglycemia after infant cardiac surgery does not adversely impact neurodevelopmental outcome
    Jean A Ballweg
    Division of Pediatric Cardiology, The Cardiac Center at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 84:2052-8. 2007
  8. doi request reprint Postoperative electroencephalographic seizures are associated with deficits in executive function and social behaviors at 4 years of age following cardiac surgery in infancy
    J William Gaynor
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 146:132-7. 2013
  9. pmc Perioperative stroke in infants undergoing open heart operations for congenital heart disease
    Jodi Chen
    Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 88:823-9. 2009
  10. doi request reprint Critical heart disease in the neonate: presentation and outcome at a tertiary care center
    Aaron T Dorfman
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 19104, USA
    Pediatr Crit Care Med 9:193-202. 2008

Detail Information

Publications54

  1. doi request reprint A comparison of the efficacy and safety of chloral hydrate versus inhaled anesthesia for sedating infants and toddlers for transthoracic echocardiograms
    Susan C Nicolson
    Division of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia, The Cardiac Center at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 4399, USA
    J Am Soc Echocardiogr 23:38-42. 2010
    ..Pediatric patients may need sedation for a transthoracic echocardiogram. Due to the unpredictability and safety concerns with chloral hydrate, we offered mask anesthesia as an alternate strategy...
  2. doi request reprint Younger gestational age is associated with worse neurodevelopmental outcomes after cardiac surgery in infancy
    Donna A Goff
    Division of Pediatric Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 143:535-42. 2012
    ..Evaluate the impact of near-term delivery on neurodevelopmental (ND) outcomes in children with congenital heart disease (CHD)...
  3. doi request reprint Morbidity and mortality after surgery for congenital cardiac disease in the infant born with low weight
    Anne M Ades
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Cardiol Young 20:8-17. 2010
    ..Our goal was to report on the current incidences of morbidities and mortality in infants born with low weight and undergoing surgery for congenital cardiac disease...
  4. doi request reprint Neurodevelopmental outcomes after staged palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome
    Sarah Tabbutt
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 121:476-83. 2008
    ..The goal was to determine the relative effects of underlying genetic factors and current management strategies on neurodevelopmental disabilities among one-year old survivors of palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome...
  5. doi request reprint A contemporary comparison of the effect of shunt type in hypoplastic left heart syndrome on the hemodynamics and outcome at Fontan completion
    Jean A Ballweg
    Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 140:537-44. 2010
    ..This article compares the hemodynamics and perioperative course at the time of the Fontan completion and reports longer-term survival for this cohort...
  6. pmc Patient characteristics are important determinants of neurodevelopmental outcome at one year of age after neonatal and infant cardiac surgery
    J William Gaynor
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Cardiac Center at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 133:1344-53, 1353.e1-3. 2007
    ..There is increasing evidence that patient-specific factors are more important determinants of outcome...
  7. ncbi request reprint Hyperglycemia after infant cardiac surgery does not adversely impact neurodevelopmental outcome
    Jean A Ballweg
    Division of Pediatric Cardiology, The Cardiac Center at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 84:2052-8. 2007
    ..Hyperglycemia has been associated with worse outcome after traumatic brain injury and cardiac surgery in adults. It is not known whether postoperative hyperglycemia results in worse neurodevelopmental outcome after infant cardiac surgery...
  8. doi request reprint Postoperative electroencephalographic seizures are associated with deficits in executive function and social behaviors at 4 years of age following cardiac surgery in infancy
    J William Gaynor
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 146:132-7. 2013
    ..The current study was undertaken to determine if testing in the preschool period would identify deficits that become apparent as children develop...
  9. pmc Perioperative stroke in infants undergoing open heart operations for congenital heart disease
    Jodi Chen
    Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 88:823-9. 2009
    ....
  10. doi request reprint Critical heart disease in the neonate: presentation and outcome at a tertiary care center
    Aaron T Dorfman
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 19104, USA
    Pediatr Crit Care Med 9:193-202. 2008
    ..To define the modes of presentation, incidence of major organ dysfunction, predictors of hospital mortality, and adverse outcomes in neonates with critical heart disease admitted to a tertiary care center...
  11. pmc The relationship of postoperative electrographic seizures to neurodevelopmental outcome at 1 year of age after neonatal and infant cardiac surgery
    J William Gaynor
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Cardiac Center at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 131:181-9. 2006
    ..The occurrence of a seizure after the arterial switch operation is associated with a worse long-term neurodevelopmental outcome. The significance of seizures after neonatal and infant repair of other congenital heart defects is not known...
  12. ncbi request reprint A contemporary comparison of the effect of shunt type in hypoplastic left heart syndrome on the hemodynamics and outcome at stage 2 reconstruction
    Jean A Ballweg
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19119, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 134:297-303. 2007
    ..We compare the hemodynamics and perioperative course of shunt type in hypoplastic left heart syndrome at the time of stage 2 reconstruction and longer-term survival...
  13. doi request reprint Perioperative course in 118 infants and children undergoing coarctation repair via a thoracotomy: a prospective, multicenter experience
    Sarah Tabbutt
    Cardiac Intensive Care Unit, The Cardiac Center, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 136:1229-36. 2008
    ....
  14. pmc Brain maturation is delayed in infants with complex congenital heart defects
    Daniel J Licht
    Divison of Neurology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 137:529-36; discussion 536-7. 2009
    ..This study tests the hypothesis that congenital heart defects delay in utero structural brain development...
  15. pmc Apolipoprotein E genotype modifies the risk of behavior problems after infant cardiac surgery
    J William Gaynor
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 124:241-50. 2009
    ..The goal was to evaluate polymorphisms of the APOE gene as modifiers of neurobehavioral outcomes for preschool-aged children with congenital heart defects, after cardiac surgery...
  16. doi request reprint Contemporary outcomes of surgical ventricular septal defect closure
    Brett R Anderson
    Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 145:641-7. 2013
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess both baseline characteristics and outcomes of children undergoing surgical repair of ventricular septal defects in a contemporary cohort...
  17. pmc J. Maxwell Chamberlain Memorial Paper for congenital heart surgery. Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest does not impair neurodevelopmental outcome in school-age children after infant cardiac surgery
    Stephanie Fuller
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 90:1985-94; discussion 1994-5. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) as a modifier of neurodevelopmental (ND) outcomes in preschool children after cardiac surgery in infancy for repair of congenital heart defects (CHD)...
  18. ncbi request reprint Neurodevelopmental outcome after early repair of a ventricular septal defect with or without aortic arch obstruction
    Jonathan R Kaltman
    Division of Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 131:792-8. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the neurodevelopmental outcome at 1 year of age of children who had surgical repair in infancy of a ventricular septal defect or a ventricular septal defect with aortic arch obstruction...
  19. pmc Preoperative brain injury in transposition of the great arteries is associated with oxygenation and time to surgery, not balloon atrial septostomy
    Christopher J Petit
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Circulation 119:709-16. 2009
    ..We hypothesized that brain injury results from hypoxic injury, not from the BAS itself...
  20. ncbi request reprint Postoperative course in the cardiac intensive care unit following the first stage of Norwood reconstruction
    Gil Wernovsky
    Department of Pediatrics Division of Pediatric Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Cardiol Young 17:652-65. 2007
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Early results of single-stage biventricular repair of severe aortic hypoplasia or atresia with ventricular septal defect and normal left ventricle
    Peter J Gruber
    Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 132:260-3. 2006
    ..We considered whether primary biventricular repair was a safe alternative in all cases, even in the presence of interrupted aortic arch...
  22. pmc Population pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine in infants after open heart surgery
    Felice Su
    Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Abramson Research Center, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Anesth Analg 110:1383-92. 2010
    ..Only limited pharmacokinetic data are available for pediatric patients. The primary aim of this study was to determine the pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine in infants after open heart surgery...
  23. pmc Sodium bicarbonate causes dose-dependent increases in cerebral blood flow in infants and children with single-ventricle physiology
    Erin M Buckley
    Division of Neurology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Pediatr Res 73:668-73. 2013
    ..This pilot observational study quantifies relative changes in cerebral blood flow (ΔrCBF) and oxy- and deoxyhemoglobin concentrations (ΔHbO2 and ΔHb) due to bolus administration of NaHCO3 in patients with mild base deficits...
  24. pmc Increasing duration of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest is associated with an increased incidence of postoperative electroencephalographic seizures
    J William Gaynor
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Cardiac Center at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 130:1278-86. 2005
    ..The contemporary incidence of postoperative seizures after repair of cardiac defects such as hypoplastic left heart syndrome and other forms of single ventricle is not known...
  25. ncbi request reprint Intracardiac temperature monitoring in infants after cardiac surgery
    Sarah Tabbutt
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 131:614-20. 2006
    ....
  26. doi request reprint Agreement between long-term neonatal background classification by conventional and amplitude-integrated EEG
    Robert R Clancy
    The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    J Clin Neurophysiol 28:1-9. 2011
    ..However, the ability of moderately abnormal AEEGs to correctly predict moderately or markedly abnormal CEEG was significantly associated with the knowledge of the patient's age and the presence of seizures on CEEG...
  27. ncbi request reprint Outcomes after the stage I reconstruction comparing the right ventricular to pulmonary artery conduit with the modified Blalock Taussig shunt
    Sarah Tabbutt
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 80:1582-90; discussion 1590-1. 2005
    ..Recent reports advocate that a right ventricular to pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduit improves outcome after the stage I reconstruction...
  28. pmc Early postoperative changes in cerebral oxygen metabolism following neonatal cardiac surgery: effects of surgical duration
    Erin M Buckley
    Division of Neurology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 145:196-203, 205.e1; discussion 203-5. 2013
    ....
  29. doi request reprint Implications of anesthesia in children with long QT syndrome
    Aruna T Nathan
    Division of Cardio Thoracic Anesthesia, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 12 NW 40, 3400 Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Anesth Analg 112:1163-8. 2011
    ..We describe the occurrence of perioperative adverse events (AEs) related to arrhythmias in children with congenital LQTS exposed to volatile general anesthesia and describe associated risk factors...
  30. ncbi request reprint Preoperative cerebral blood flow is diminished in neonates with severe congenital heart defects
    Daniel J Licht
    Division of Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Wood Building 6th Floor, 34th and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 128:841-9. 2004
    ..The hypothesis of this study is that preoperative cerebral blood flow is substantially diminished and might relate to preoperative neurologic conditions...
  31. pmc Population pharmacokinetics of pentobarbital in neonates, infants, and children after open heart surgery
    Athena F Zuppa
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Pediatr 159:414-419.e1-3. 2011
    ..To determine the pharmacokinetics of pentobarbital in neonates, infants, and young children with congenital heart disease after open-heart surgery...
  32. ncbi request reprint Haemodynamic changes during modified ultrafiltration immediately following the first stage of the Norwood reconstruction
    J William Gaynor
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Cardiac Center at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Cardiol Young 15:4-7. 2005
    ..There has been concern, however, about the safety and efficacy of modified ultrafiltration after the first stage of Norwood reconstruction for palliation of neonates with hypoplasia of the left heart and its variants...
  33. doi request reprint 18 years of the Fontan operation at a single institution: results from 771 consecutive patients
    Lindsay S Rogers
    The Cardiac Center, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 60:1018-25. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate Fontan peri-operative outcomes for 771 consecutive patients...
  34. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of tissue saturation as a noninvasive measure of mixed venous saturation in children
    Richard J Levy
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine and Division of Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Pediatr Crit Care Med 6:671-5. 2005
    ..In adult and animal studies, S to 2 correlated with oxygen delivery and S & OV0456;o2. There has been no evaluation in pediatric patients...
  35. ncbi request reprint Effect of congenital heart disease on neurodevelopmental outcomes within multiple-gestation births
    Amy H Schultz
    Division of Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 130:1511-6. 2005
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Population pharmacokinetics of milrinone in neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome undergoing stage I reconstruction
    Athena F Zuppa
    Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Department of Pediatrics, Abramson Research Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 4318, USA
    Anesth Analg 102:1062-9. 2006
    ..6 mL x kg(-1) x min(-1)) by postoperative day 4. In the postoperative setting of markedly impaired renal function, an infusion rate of 0.2 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1) should be considered...
  37. ncbi request reprint Effects of inspired hypoxic and hypercapnic gas mixtures on cerebral oxygen saturation in neonates with univentricular heart defects
    Chandra Ramamoorthy
    Department of Anesthesiology Critical Care Medicine, and Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Anesthesiology 96:283-8. 2002
    ..This study examined the effect of these treatments on cerebral oxygen saturation and systemic hemodynamics...
  38. doi request reprint The safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of esmolol for blood pressure control immediately after repair of coarctation of the aorta in infants and children: a multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial
    Sarah Tabbutt
    Cardiac Intensive Care Unit, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 136:321-8. 2008
    ..We report the first prospective multi-institutional trial addressing the safety and efficacy of esmolol after repair of coarctation of the aorta in infants and children...
  39. ncbi request reprint An MRI study of neurological injury before and after congenital heart surgery
    William T Mahle
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Penn, USA
    Circulation 106:I109-14. 2002
    ..To understand the impact of preoperative events and to characterize the evaluation of neurological injury, we performed serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies of the brain in a cohort of neonates undergoing open-heart surgery...
  40. ncbi request reprint Apolipoprotein E genotype and neurodevelopmental sequelae of infant cardiac surgery
    J William Gaynor
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 126:1736-45. 2003
    ..Polymorphisms of apolipoprotein E have been identified as a risk factor for worse neurologic recovery after central nervous system injury...
  41. ncbi request reprint Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation after stage I reconstruction for hypoplastic left heart syndrome
    Chitra Ravishankar
    Division of Cardiology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, PA 19104 4399, USA
    Pediatr Crit Care Med 7:319-23. 2006
    ..Our objective is to describe the outcome of "nonelective" ECMO after stage I reconstruction...
  42. ncbi request reprint Surrogate markers for neurological outcome in children after deep hypothermic circulatory arrest
    Scott D Markowitz
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 11:59-65. 2007
    ..This article summarizes the state of the art and an admission about how far we have yet to travel as we strive to make the neurodevelopmental outcomes of patients with CHD comparable to their healthy peers...
  43. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for mortality after the Norwood procedure
    J William Gaynor
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Cardiac Center at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, Suite 8527, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 22:82-9. 2002
    ..The current study was undertaken to evaluate our recent experience with the Norwood procedure and to evaluate potential predictors of operative and 1-year mortality...
  44. doi request reprint Risk factors for interstage death after stage 1 reconstruction of hypoplastic left heart syndrome and variants
    David A Hehir
    Division of Cardiology, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 136:94-9, 99.e1-3. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study is to identify risk factors for interstage death and to describe the events leading to interstage death...
  45. ncbi request reprint An evaluation of a noninvasive cardiac output measurement using partial carbon dioxide rebreathing in children
    Richard J Levy
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th St and Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Anesth Analg 99:1642-7, table of contents. 2004
    ..6 m(2) ventilated with tidal volumes <300 mL. Based on these findings, noninvasive CO measurement using partial rebreathing may be clinically acceptable in children with >0.6 m(2) body surface area and >300 mL tidal volume...
  46. doi request reprint Outcome of high-risk neonates with congenital complete heart block paced in the first 24 hours after birth
    Andrew C Glatz
    The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4399, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 136:767-73. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study is to assess outcomes of patients with congenital complete heart block who were paced in the first 24 hours after birth owing to the presence of known risk factors...
  47. ncbi request reprint Periventricular leukomalacia is common after neonatal cardiac surgery
    Kristin K Galli
    Division of Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology, The Cardiac Center, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 127:692-704. 2004
    ..The incidence of periventricular leukomalacia and the risk factors for development of periventricular leukomalacia after infant cardiac surgery are not known...
  48. pmc A dose-response study of dexmedetomidine administered as the primary sedative in infants following open heart surgery
    Felice Su
    Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    Pediatr Crit Care Med 14:499-507. 2013
    ..To evaluate the dose-response relationship of dexmedetomidine in infants with congenital heart disease postoperative from open heart surgery...
  49. ncbi request reprint A comparison of on-site and off-site patent ductus arteriosus ligation in premature infants
    Douglas S Gould
    Division of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 112:1298-301. 2003
    ..We retrospectively reviewed our experience...
  50. ncbi request reprint Improving outcomes in functional single ventricle and total anomalous pulmonary venous connection
    Andrew J Lodge
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 78:1688-95. 2004
    ..A review of our recent experience was undertaken to determine whether results in these patients are improving...
  51. doi request reprint Novel use of dexmedetomidine in a patient with pulmonary hypertension
    Aruna T Nathan
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th St and Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4399, USA
    Paediatr Anaesth 18:782-4. 2008
    ..This resulted in avoidance of endotracheal intubation and positive pressure ventilation, with subsequent recovery to discharge home...
  52. ncbi request reprint Surgical reinterventions following the Fontan procedure
    Matus Petko
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Cardiac Center at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th and Civic Center Boulevard, Suite 8527, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 24:255-9. 2003
    ..Short- and long-term outcomes have improved significantly, however, some patients require additional cardiac procedures following the Fontan operation. The outcomes for these reinterventions are not known...
  53. doi request reprint Challenges at the Bedside With ECMO and VAD
    James T Connelly
    The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg 3:67-71. 2012
    ....
  54. ncbi request reprint Adverse events after protamine administration following cardiopulmonary bypass in infants and children
    Harry A Seifert
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Anesth Analg 97:383-9, table of contents. 2003
    ..47; 95% CI, 1.66-32.8), after larger doses of protamine (OR, 1.88; 95% CI, 1.03-3.63), or after smaller doses of heparin (OR, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.17-0.67)...