Cindy Ehlers

Summary

Affiliation: The Scripps Research Institute
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Developmental differences in EEG and sleep responses to acute ethanol administration and its withdrawal (hangover) in adolescent and adult Wistar rats
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 N Torrey Pines Rd SP30 1501, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA Electronic address
    Alcohol 47:601-10. 2013
  2. pmc Measuring historical trauma in an American Indian community sample: contributions of substance dependence, affective disorder, conduct disorder and PTSD
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 133:180-7. 2013
  3. pmc Periadolescent ethanol vapor exposure persistently reduces measures of hippocampal neurogenesis that are associated with behavioral outcomes in adulthood
    C L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neuroscience 244:1-15. 2013
  4. pmc Evidence for a genetic component for substance dependence in Native Americans
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 170:154-64. 2013
  5. pmc Lifetime history of traumatic events in an American Indian community sample: heritability and relation to substance dependence, affective disorder, conduct disorder and PTSD
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 47:155-61. 2013
  6. pmc ADH and ALDH polymorphisms and alcohol dependence in Mexican and Native Americans
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 38:389-94. 2012
  7. pmc Ethanol reduces the phase locking of neural activity in human and rodent brain
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neuroscience, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Brain Res 1450:67-79. 2012
  8. pmc EEG alpha phenotypes: linkage analyses and relation to alcohol dependence in an American Indian community study
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Rd, SP30 1501, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    BMC Med Genet 11:43. 2010
  9. ncbi Increased alcohol drinking in isolate-housed alcohol-preferring rats
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Behav Neurosci 121:111-9. 2007
  10. ncbi Heritability of illicit drug use and transition to dependence in Southwest California Indians
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Neuropharmacology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Psychiatr Genet 17:171-6. 2007

Research Grants

  1. RISK FACTORS FOR ALCOHOLISM IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2004
  2. ADOLESCENT MARIJUANA USE IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2004
  3. ADOLESCENT MARIJUANA USE IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2005
  4. ADOLESCENT MARIJUANA USE IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2005
  5. Neurobehavioral Consequences of Adolescent Alcohol
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2006
  6. RISK FACTORS FOR ALCOHOLISM IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2006
  7. Alcoholism risk and protective factors in Trinidad
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2006
  8. ADOLESCENT MARIJUANA USE IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2006
  9. Neurobehavioral Consequences of Adolescent Alcohol
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2007
  10. ADOLESCENT MARIJUANA USE IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications101 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Developmental differences in EEG and sleep responses to acute ethanol administration and its withdrawal (hangover) in adolescent and adult Wistar rats
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 N Torrey Pines Rd SP30 1501, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA Electronic address
    Alcohol 47:601-10. 2013
    ..These studies may lend support to the idea that these traits may contribute to increased risk for alcohol use disorders seen in adults who begin drinking in their early teenage years...
  2. pmc Measuring historical trauma in an American Indian community sample: contributions of substance dependence, affective disorder, conduct disorder and PTSD
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 133:180-7. 2013
    ....
  3. pmc Periadolescent ethanol vapor exposure persistently reduces measures of hippocampal neurogenesis that are associated with behavioral outcomes in adulthood
    C L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neuroscience 244:1-15. 2013
    ..These studies demonstrate that behavioral measures of disinhibitory behavior correlated with decreases in neurogenesis are all significantly and persistently impacted by periadolescent ethanol exposure and withdrawal in Wistar rats...
  4. pmc Evidence for a genetic component for substance dependence in Native Americans
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 170:154-64. 2013
    ....
  5. pmc Lifetime history of traumatic events in an American Indian community sample: heritability and relation to substance dependence, affective disorder, conduct disorder and PTSD
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 47:155-61. 2013
    ..Additionally, trauma, PTSD and substance dependence appear to all co-emerge in early adulthood in this high-risk population...
  6. pmc ADH and ALDH polymorphisms and alcohol dependence in Mexican and Native Americans
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 38:389-94. 2012
    ....
  7. pmc Ethanol reduces the phase locking of neural activity in human and rodent brain
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neuroscience, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Brain Res 1450:67-79. 2012
    ....
  8. pmc EEG alpha phenotypes: linkage analyses and relation to alcohol dependence in an American Indian community study
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Rd, SP30 1501, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    BMC Med Genet 11:43. 2010
    ..This study's aims were to map loci linked to EEG alpha phenotypes and to determine if there was overlap with loci previously mapped for alcohol dependence in an American Indian community at high risk for substance dependence...
  9. ncbi Increased alcohol drinking in isolate-housed alcohol-preferring rats
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Behav Neurosci 121:111-9. 2007
    ..Selective enhancement of limited access ethanol drinking in P rats may represent a model whereby genetic liability to excessive drinking is enhanced by specific environmental exposures...
  10. ncbi Heritability of illicit drug use and transition to dependence in Southwest California Indians
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Neuropharmacology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Psychiatr Genet 17:171-6. 2007
    ....
  11. pmc Association of EEG alpha variants and alpha power with alcohol dependence in Mexican American young adults
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, CVN 14, SP30 1501, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Alcohol 41:13-20. 2007
    ....
  12. doi Association between single nucleotide polymorphisms in the cannabinoid receptor gene (CNR1) and impulsivity in southwest California Indians
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Twin Res Hum Genet 10:805-11. 2007
    ..001), rs2023239 (p = .004), rs1049353 (p < .001) and rs806368 (p < .0006). These studies provide data to suggest that the CNR1 receptor gene may be significantly associated with impulsivity in SWC Indians...
  13. pmc Event-related oscillations in mice: effects of stimulus characteristics
    Cindy L Ehlers
    The Scripps Research Institute, Molecular and Integrative Neuroscience Department, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    J Neurosci Methods 181:52-7. 2009
    ....
  14. ncbi Association of the ADHIB*3 allele with alcohol-related phenotypes in Trinidad
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 31:216-20. 2007
    ..The relationship between these alleles and alcohol-associated phenotypes has not been previously investigated in individuals living in the Caribbean...
  15. ncbi Genomic screen for loci associated with alcohol dependence in Mission Indians
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Neuropharmacology, The Scripps Research Institute, University of California, San Diego, California 92037, USA
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 129:110-5. 2004
    ....
  16. ncbi Age at first intoxication and alcohol use disorders in Southwest California Indians
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 30:1856-65. 2006
    ..S. ethnic group, the relationship of age of onset of intoxication with alcohol dependence in Native American populations is relatively unknown...
  17. ncbi Age of first marijuana use and the occurrence of marijuana use disorders in Southwest California Indians
    Cindy L Ehlers
    The Scripps Research Institute TSRI, Department of Neuropharmacology CVN 14, 10550 N Torrey Pines Rd, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 86:290-6. 2007
    ..These data suggest that effective environmental prevention efforts at reducing early marijuana use may be an important strategy to lower the prevalence of use disorders in this high risk population...
  18. ncbi Electrophysiological responses to affective stimuli in American Indians experiencing trauma with and without PTSD
    Cindy L Ehlers
    The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 N Torrey Pines Road, CVN 14, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1071:125-36. 2006
    ..They also partially confirm ERP data reported in combat victims with PTSD suggesting that PTSD may induce neurobiological consequences that transcend type of eliciting trauma as well as ethnic and cultural factors...
  19. ncbi Genomic screen for substance dependence and body mass index in southwest California Indians
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, USA
    Genes Brain Behav 6:184-91. 2007
    ..These results provide suggestive evidence for linkage for substance abuse and BMI in this Mission Indian population and, furthermore, provide preliminary data suggesting that 'consumption phenotypes' may share some genetic determinants...
  20. pmc Genomic screen for loci associated with tobacco usage in Mission Indians
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla California, USA
    BMC Med Genet 7:9. 2006
    ..A genome scan for loci associated with tobacco use phenotypes was performed with data collected from a community sample of Mission Indians residing in Southwest California...
  21. doi P3 components of the event-related potential and marijuana dependence in Southwest California Indians
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences and Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Addict Biol 13:130-42. 2008
    ..Taken together these studies suggest that marijuana dependence may be associated with delays in the evaluation and identification of emotional stimuli in SWC Indians...
  22. pmc Externalizing disorders in American Indians: comorbidity and a genome wide linkage analysis
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, USA
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 147:690-8. 2008
    ....
  23. pmc Association between single nucleotide polymorphisms in the mu opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) and self-reported responses to alcohol in American Indians
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA
    BMC Med Genet 9:35. 2008
    ....
  24. pmc Periadolescent ethanol exposure reduces adult forebrain ChAT+IR neurons: correlation with behavioral pathology
    C L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neuroscience 199:333-45. 2011
    ..These studies demonstrate that behavioral measures of arousal, affective state, disinhibitory behavior, and ChAT+IR, are all significantly impacted by periadolescent ethanol exposure and withdrawal in Wistar rats...
  25. pmc Linkage analyses of stimulant dependence, craving, and heavy use in American Indians
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 156:772-80. 2011
    ....
  26. pmc N4 component responses to pre-pulse startle stimuli in young adults: relationship to alcohol dependence
    Cindy Louise Ehlers
    The Scripps Research Institute, Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road SP30 1501, La Jolla, CA 92037, United States
    Psychiatry Res 188:237-44. 2011
    ..The present study suggests that gender and a lifetime diagnosis of alcohol dependence may selectively contribute to this frontal late wave electrophysiological response to prepulse-plus-startle stimuli...
  27. pmc Sleep quality and alcohol-use disorders in a select population of young-adult Mexican Americans
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, SP30 1501, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 71:879-84. 2010
    ..Because alcohol and other substance-use disorders are frequently associated with disturbances in sleep, this study investigated measures of sleep quality and substance use disorders in a select sample of young-adult Mexican Americans...
  28. pmc Age at regular drinking, clinical course, and heritability of alcohol dependence in the San Francisco family study: a gender analysis
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, USA
    Am J Addict 19:101-10. 2010
    ..Am J Addict 2010;00:1-10)...
  29. pmc A comparison of selected quantitative trait loci associated with alcohol use phenotypes in humans and mouse models
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Addict Biol 15:185-99. 2010
    ....
  30. pmc Adolescent ethanol exposure: does it produce long-lasting electrophysiological effects?
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Alcohol 44:27-37. 2010
    ..Further studies are necessary to confirm these findings, in a range of strains, and to link those findings to the neuroanatomical and neurochemical mechanisms potentially underlying the lasting effects of adolescent ethanol exposure...
  31. pmc Linkage analyses of cannabis dependence, craving, and withdrawal in the San Francisco family study
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 153:802-11. 2010
    ....
  32. pmc Cannabis dependence in the San Francisco Family Study: age of onset of use, DSM-IV symptoms, withdrawal, and heritability
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, SP30 1501, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Addict Behav 35:102-10. 2010
    ....
  33. pmc EEG spectral phenotypes: heritability and association with marijuana and alcohol dependence in an American Indian community study
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 106:101-10. 2010
    ..These data suggest that the traits of EEG delta and high beta/gamma activity are correlated with MJ dependence and alcohol dependence, respectively, in this community sample of Native Americans...
  34. pmc Heritability and a genome-wide linkage analysis of a Type II/B cluster construct for cannabis dependence in an American Indian community
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Addict Biol 14:338-48. 2009
    ....
  35. ncbi P3 components and adolescent binge drinking in Southwest California Indians
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 N Torrey Pines Rd, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 29:153-63. 2007
    ..Taken together these preliminary studies suggests that adolescent binge drinking may result in a decreases in P3 component latencies and amplitudes perhaps reflecting a loss or delay in the development of inhibitory brain systems...
  36. ncbi Association of the ADH2*3 allele with a negative family history of alcoholism in African American young adults
    C L Ehlers
    Department of Neuropharmacology, The Scripps Research Institute, LaJolla, California, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 25:1773-7. 2001
    ..In African Americans, the presence of the ADH2*3 allele is associated with protection from alcohol-related birth defects. However, its relationship to risk for alcoholism in African Americans remains relatively unexplored...
  37. ncbi Association of ALDH1 promoter polymorphisms with alcohol-related phenotypes in southwest California Indians
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Neuropharmacology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 28:1481-6. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of these polymorphisms in a sample of Southwest California Indians and to test for associations with alcohol dependence and other substance-related behaviors...
  38. ncbi The clinical course of alcoholism in 243 Mission Indians
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Neuropharmacology, Scripps Research Institute, VCN 14, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 161:1204-10. 2004
    ..This study was conducted to describe the order of appearance and the progression of alcohol-related life events in Mission Indian men and women with a lifetime diagnosis of alcohol dependence...
  39. ncbi EEG alpha and level of response to alcohol in Hispanic- and non-Hispanic-American young adults with a family history of alcoholism
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Neuropharmacology, Scripps Research Institute, Department of Psychiaty, University of California, San Diego, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 65:301-8. 2004
    ..The present study's aims were to investigate EEG alpha and response to alcohol in Hispanic-American and non-Hispanic-American young adults...
  40. ncbi Long latency event-related potentials in mice: effects of stimulus characteristics and strain
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Neuropharmacology, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Brain Res 957:117-28. 2002
    ..These studies further suggest that ERPs are an electrophysiological assay suitable for the exploration of the effects of genetic manipulations on neurosensory processing in mice...
  41. ncbi EEG alpha variants and alpha power in Hispanic American and white non-Hispanic American young adults with a family history of alcohol dependence
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Neuropharmacology, The Scripps Research Institute CVN 14 TSRI, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Alcohol 33:99-106. 2004
    ..Results of the current study confirm the presence of ethnic stratification in EEG alpha variants...
  42. ncbi Genomic scan for alcohol craving in Mission Indians
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, University of California, San Diego, CA 92037, USA
    Psychiatr Genet 15:71-5. 2005
    ..Identification of genes contributing to alcohol craving may give clues to the etiology of the disorder and also provide targets for the development of new medications to treat alcohol dependence...
  43. ncbi EEG low-voltage alpha and alpha power in African American young adults: relation to family history of alcoholism
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Neuropharmacology, The Scripps Research Institute, CVN 14, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 27:765-72. 2003
    ....
  44. ncbi Long latency event-related potentials in rats: response of amygdala, nucleus accumbens, dorsal hippocampus and frontal cortex to changes in reward characteristics of conditioned stimuli
    C L Ehlers
    The Scripps Research Institute, Department of Neuropharmacology, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Brain Res 780:138-42. 1998
    ....
  45. ncbi Visual P3 findings in Mission Indian youth: relationship to family history of alcohol dependence and behavioral problems
    C L Ehlers
    Department of Neuropharmacology, The Scripps Research Institute, CVN 14, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA, USA
    Psychiatry Res 105:67-78. 2001
    ....
  46. ncbi Association of the ADH2*3 allele with greater alcohol expectancies in African-American young adults
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Neuropharmacology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 64:176-81. 2003
    ..While it appears that this allele may produce protection from alcohol-induced morbidity, the mechanism by which it does so remains unknown...
  47. ncbi Auditory P3 findings in mission Indian youth
    C L Ehlers
    Department of Neuropharmacology, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 62:562-70. 2001
    ..In this study, the amplitude of the P3 component of the event-related potential (ERP), a measure associated with risk for alcoholism in European-American youth, was investigated in Mission Indians...
  48. ncbi Effects of age and parental history of alcoholism on EEG findings in mission Indian children and adolescents
    C L Ehlers
    Department of Neuropharmacology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 25:672-9. 2001
    ..In addition, the relationship between EEG development and risk for alcoholism in Indian youth has not been previously studied...
  49. ncbi Effects of chronic ethanol exposure on sleep in rats
    C L Ehlers
    The Scripps Research Institute, Department of Neuropharmacology, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Alcohol 20:173-9. 2000
    ....
  50. ncbi The Pittsburgh study of normal sleep in young adults: focus on the relationship between waking and sleeping EEG spectral patterns
    C L Ehlers
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, PA, USA
    Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 106:199-205. 1998
    ..Significant correlations between waking and sleep EEG suggest that the spectral signature of an individual's EEG may be found across sleep/wake states...
  51. ncbi Protective association of genetic variation in alcohol dehydrogenase with alcohol dependence in Native American Mission Indians
    Tamara L Wall
    Department of Neuropharmacology, Scripps Research Institute, San Diego, CA, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 160:41-6. 2003
    ..An additional goal was to determine if any associations exist between these polymorphisms and the endophenotype, maximum number of drinks ever consumed in a 24-hour period...
  52. ncbi Heritability of substance dependence in a native American population
    Kirk C Wilhelmsen
    Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Psychiatr Genet 15:101-7. 2005
    ..To estimate the heritability of substance dependence and associated symptoms in a sample of Southwest California (Mission) Indians...
  53. ncbi Effects of neuropeptide Y and corticotropin-releasing factor on ethanol intake in Wistar rats: interaction with chronic ethanol exposure
    Annika Thorsell
    The Scripps Research Institute, Department of Neuropharmacology, Mail Drop CVN 14, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Behav Brain Res 161:133-40. 2005
    ..Furthermore, the results presented here suggest that a balance between the stress-related peptides NPY and CRF may be involved in the regulation of ethanol intake...
  54. pmc Differential effects of acute alcohol on prepulse inhibition and event-related potentials in adolescent and adult Wistar rats
    Jerry P Pian
    Scripps Research Institute, Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 32:2062-73. 2008
    ..The present study determined the age-related effects of acute alcohol on behavioral and event-related potential (ERP) responses to acoustic startle (AS) and prepulse inhibition (PPI)...
  55. pmc Effects of adolescent ethanol exposure on event-related oscillations (EROs) in the hippocampus of adult rats
    Jose R Criado
    The Scripps Research Institute, Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Behav Brain Res 210:164-70. 2010
    ..Further studies are needed to determine the relationship between the mechanisms that regulate these neurophysiological endophenotypes and the consequences of adolescent EtOH exposure...
  56. pmc Differential effects of acute alcohol on EEG and sedative responses in adolescent and adult Wistar rats
    Jerry P Pian
    Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 N Torrey Pines Rd, SP30 1501, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Brain Res 1194:28-36. 2008
    ..Our results provide additional evidence of age-related differences in the effects of acute alcohol on cortical EEG, sedation and tolerance...
  57. ncbi Effects of neuropeptide Y on appetitive and consummatory behaviors associated with alcohol drinking in wistar rats with a history of ethanol exposure
    Annika Thorsell
    The Scripps Research Institute, Department of Neuropharmacology, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 29:584-90. 2005
    ..The current study was designed to determine whether NPY differentially alters ethanol-associated appetitive behavior (i.e., lever pressing) or ethanol consumption in Wistar rats with a history of ethanol vapor exposure...
  58. ncbi The effects of social isolation on neuropeptide Y levels, exploratory and anxiety-related behaviors in rats
    Annika Thorsell
    The Scripps Research Institute, Department of Neuropharmacology CVN 14, 10550 N Torrey Pines Rd, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 83:28-34. 2006
    ....
  59. pmc Variations in ADH and ALDH in Southwest California Indians
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neuroscience, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, USA
    Alcohol Res Health 30:14-7. 2007
    ..However, these findings do not explain the high prevalence of alcoholism in the tribes investigated...
  60. ncbi Nocturnal proinflammatory cytokine-associated sleep disturbances in abstinent African American alcoholics
    Michael Irwin
    Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology, Neuropsychiatric Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Brain Behav Immun 18:349-60. 2004
    ..These findings have implications for determining why sleep is disordered in alcoholics and may aid in the development of novel treatments to optimize sleep in this population...
  61. pmc Factors associated with remission from alcohol dependence in an American Indian community group
    David A Gilder
    Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Rd, SP30 1501, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 165:1172-8. 2008
    ..This study identified factors associated with remission from DSM-III-R alcohol dependence in an American Indian community group...
  62. doi Electrophysiological effects of dizocilpine (MK-801) in adult rats exposed to ethanol during adolescence
    Jose R Criado
    Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 32:1752-62. 2008
    ....
  63. pmc Appetitive motivational experience during adolescence results in enhanced alcohol consumption during adulthood
    Brendan M Walker
    Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, USA
    Behav Neurosci 123:926-35. 2009
    ..This model should prove useful in delineating appetitive motivation-related factors that contribute to excessive ethanol consumption...
  64. pmc EEG spectral analysis in primary insomnia: NREM period effects and sex differences
    Daniel J Buysse
    Neuroscience Clinical and Translational Research Center and Sleep Medicine Institute, University ofPittsburgh School ofMedicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Sleep 31:1673-82. 2008
    ..To compare NREM EEG power in primary insomnia (PI) and good sleeper controls (GSC), examining both sex and NREM period effects; to examine relationships between EEG power, clinical characteristics, and self-reports of sleep...
  65. pmc Milk consumption during adolescence decreases alcohol drinking in adulthood
    Jerry P Pian
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, SP30 1501, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 94:179-85. 2009
    ..Our findings suggest adolescent exposure to sucrose increases, whereas, exposure to milk reduces ethanol consumption in adult rats. Our results may provide a new theoretical approach to the early prevention of alcoholism...
  66. ncbi Sleep deprivation as a probe of homeostatic sleep regulation in primary alcoholics
    Michael Irwin
    Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, 300 UCLA Medical Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 51:632-41. 2002
    ..Using partial sleep deprivation, this study examined the extent to which abnormal sleep is reversible in alcoholic subjects...
  67. pmc Effects of adolescent ethanol exposure on sleep in adult rats
    Jose R Criado
    Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, SP30 1501, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Alcohol 42:631-9. 2008
    ..Although the cellular and molecular mechanisms mediating the consequences of EtOH exposure on the aging process are not known, the similarities between adolescent EtOH exposure and aging merits further investigation...
  68. ncbi Co-morbidity of select anxiety, affective, and psychotic disorders with cannabis dependence in Southwest California Indians
    David A Gilder
    Moleciular and and Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    J Addict Dis 25:67-79. 2006
    ..No significant co-morbidity with independent psychiatric disorders was found. In SWC Indians, cannabis dependence may be less etiologically related to psychiatric disorders than in the general population...
  69. pmc Hypermorphic mutation of the voltage-gated sodium channel encoding gene Scn10a causes a dramatic stimulus-dependent neurobehavioral phenotype
    Amanda L Blasius
    Department of Genetics, and Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:19413-8. 2011
    ..Our data confirm the involvement of Na(v)1.8 in transducing pain initiated by cold and additionally implicate Na(v)1.8 in previously unknown functions in the central nervous system and heart...
  70. ncbi Enhanced prepulse inhibition following adolescent ethanol exposure in Sprague-Dawley rats
    Craig J Slawecki
    Scripps Research Institute, Department of Neuropharmacology, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 29:1829-36. 2005
    ..Six days after the cessation of ethanol vapor exposure, the ASR and PPI were assessed...
  71. ncbi Increased anxiety-like behavior in adult rats exposed to nicotine as adolescents
    Craig J Slawecki
    Department of Neuropharmacology, CVN 14, Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 75:355-61. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to further define the behavioral effects of nicotine exposure during adolescence...
  72. ncbi Event-related potential responses to alcohol-related stimuli in African-American young adults: relation to family history of alcoholism and drug usage
    Cindy L Ehlers
    Department of Neuropharmacology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Alcohol Alcohol 38:332-8. 2003
    ..To use event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate the response to alcohol-related stimuli in African-American young adults...
  73. pmc Item response theory analysis of lifetime cannabis-use disorder symptom severity in an American Indian community sample
    David A Gilder
    Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 70:839-49. 2009
    ....
  74. ncbi Associations of ALDH2 and ADH1B genotypes with response to alcohol in Asian Americans
    Travis A R Cook
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 66:196-204. 2005
    ..This study was designed to determine whether the ADH1B genotype is associated with more intense reactions to alcohol after controlling for the ALDH2 genotype...
  75. ncbi Lasting effects of adolescent nicotine exposure on the electroencephalogram, event related potentials, and locomotor activity in the rat
    Craig J Slawecki
    The Scripps Research Institute, Department of Neuropharmacology, CVN 14, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Brain Res Dev Brain Res 138:15-25. 2002
    ..These changes may be indicative of a lasting 'nicotine abstinence syndrome' characterized by increased arousal, anxiety, or emotionality...
  76. ncbi Neuropeptide Y administration into the amygdala does not affect ethanol consumption
    Simon N Katner
    The Scripps Research Institute, Department of Neuropharmacology, CVN 14, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Alcohol 28:29-38. 2002
    ..Overall, these findings support the suggestion that NPY administration into the central nucleus of the amygdala does not alter consumption of 10 E, 2S, or food, nor the cortical electroencephalographic or locomotor activity...
  77. ncbi The effects of corticotropin-releasing factor on the cortical EEG are reduced following adolescent nicotine exposure
    Craig J Slawecki
    Department of Neuropharmacology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neuropeptides 37:66-73. 2003
    ..Given the role of CRF systems in behavioral responses to stress and anxiety, these data suggest that adolescent nicotine exposure may produce long-term decreases in neurophysiological responses to stress...
  78. ncbi Comorbidity of select anxiety and affective disorders with alcohol dependence in southwest California Indians
    David A Gilder
    Department of Neuropharmacology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 28:1805-13. 2004
    ..However, the frequencies of these disorders and their comorbidity with alcohol dependence in Native American populations are relatively unknown...
  79. ncbi Electrophysiological effects of allopregnanolone in rats with a history of ethanol exposure
    Craig J Slawecki
    Department of Neuropharmacology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 29:66-74. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the neurophysiological effects of ALLO in rats with a history of chronic EtOH exposure after a protracted period of abstinence...
  80. pmc Age-related differences in the blood alcohol levels of Wistar rats
    Brendan M Walker
    Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, United States
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 91:560-5. 2009
    ....
  81. ncbi Electrophysiological responses to affective stimuli in Southwest California Indians: relationship to alcohol dependence
    Jose R Criado
    Division of Neurology, Brain Research and Treatment Center, Scripps Clinic, 10666 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 68:813-23. 2007
    ....
  82. ncbi Effect of ethanol on brain neuropeptides in adolescent and adult rats
    Craig J Slawecki
    Scripps Research Institute, Department of Neuropharmacology, CVN 14, 10550 N Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92307, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 66:46-52. 2005
    ..This study assessed the effects of ethanol exposure on several neuropeptides to begin to elucidate potential substrates that could mediate the differential effects of ethanol on adolescent and adult rats...
  83. ncbi ADH1C*2 allele is associated with alcohol dependence and elevated liver enzymes in Trinidad and Tobago
    Karelia Montane-Jaime
    Department of Pharmacology, University of the West Indies, St Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
    Alcohol 39:81-6. 2006
    ..These results suggest that ADH1C polymorphisms are associated with alcohol dependence and alcohol associated elevations of liver enzymes in a population with a low frequency of ADH1B2 alleles...
  84. ncbi Neurophysiologic consequences of neonatal ethanol exposure in the rat
    Craig J Slawecki
    The Scripps Research Institute, Department of Neuropharmacology, CVN 14, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Alcohol 34:187-96. 2004
    ..This neurobehavioral profile in the rat is consistent with clinical observations of attention deficits and hyperactivity in children exposed to ethanol during prenatal development...
  85. ncbi Association between nocturnal vagal tone and sleep depth, sleep quality, and fatigue in alcohol dependence
    Michael R Irwin
    Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology, University of California, Los Angeles, Neuropsychiatric Institute, Los Angeles, CA 90095 7057, USA
    Psychosom Med 68:159-66. 2006
    ....
  86. ncbi Effect of social isolation on ethanol consumption and substance P/neurokinin expression in Wistar rats
    Annika Thorsell
    The Scripps Research Institute, Department of Neuropharmacology CVN 14, 10550 N Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Alcohol 36:91-7. 2005
    ..These data indicate that endogenous SP and neurokinin levels are reduced by isolation housing, but this was not associated with alterations in drinking levels using a two-bottle choice procedure...
  87. ncbi Adolescent vulnerabilities to chronic alcohol or nicotine exposure: findings from rodent models
    Susan Barron
    Psychology Department, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 29:1720-5. 2005
    ..Finally, Linda Spear provided some summary points and recommendations regarding unresolved issues and future directions...
  88. ncbi Increased CRF-like and NPY-like immunoreactivity in adult rats exposed to nicotine during adolescence: relation to anxiety-like and depressive-like behavior
    Craig J Slawecki
    Department of Neuropharmacology, CVN 14, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neuropeptides 39:369-77. 2005
    ..This study further examined the impact of adolescent nicotine exposure on anxiety-like and depressive-like behavior, as well as on levels of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in this model...
  89. ncbi Spectral analyses of sleep EEG in depressed offspring of fathers with or without a positive history of alcohol abuse or dependence: a pilot study
    Ronald E Dahl
    Department of Psychiatry, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 3811 O Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Alcohol 30:193-200. 2003
    ..75-4.50 Hz) during the second REM period. These findings are consistent with results from previous studies, demonstrating that EEG alpha power is positively associated with a family history of alcohol use disorders...
  90. ncbi Association of ALDH1 promoter polymorphisms with alcohol-related phenotypes in Trinidad and Tobago
    Shelly Moore
    Pharmacology Unit, Department of Paraclinical Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies, St Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 68:192-6. 2007
    ..The present study sought to determine whether an association exists between ALDH1A1 genotypes, alcohol dependence, drinking history, and liver function tests in the two major ethnic groups of Trinidad and Tobago (TT)...
  91. ncbi A co-morbidity of alcohol dependence with other psychiatric disorders in young adult Mexican Americans
    David A Gilder
    Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, LaJolla, CA 92037, USA
    J Addict Dis 26:31-40. 2007
    ..Mexican Americans comprise one of the most rapidly growing populations in the U.S. However, information on the co-morbidity of alcohol dependence with other psychiatric disorders in Mexican Americans is sparse...
  92. pmc Variations in alcohol-metabolizing enzymes in people of East Indian and African descent from Trinidad and Tobago
    Shelley Moore
    Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, St Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
    Alcohol Res Health 30:28-30. 2007
    ..However, a variant in the gene encoding cytosolic ALDH1A (i.e. ALDH1A1*1/*2) was found to be associated with an increase in alcohol dependence in Indo-Trinidadians...
  93. pmc Electrophysiological responses to affective stimuli in Mexican Americans: Relationship to alcohol dependence and personality traits
    Jose R Criado
    Scripps Clinic, Division of Neurology, Brain Research and Treatment Center, 10666 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, United States
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 88:148-57. 2007
    ..These data suggest that interpretations of P450 responses in Mexican Americans need to take into account the interactions between gender, the affective valence of the eliciting stimuli, as well as psychiatric status...
  94. ncbi Evaluation of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 promoter polymorphisms identified in human populations
    John P Spence
    Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis 46202, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 27:1389-94. 2003
    ....
  95. ncbi Factors associated with remission from cannabis dependence in southwest California Indians
    David A Gilder
    Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, LaJolla, CA 92037, USA
    J Addict Dis 26:23-30. 2007
    ..Attention to factors associated with remission from cannabis dependence may be important in designing more effective treatment and intervention programs in this high-risk population...
  96. pmc Addictions biology: haplotype-based analysis for 130 candidate genes on a single array
    Colin A Hodgkinson
    Laboratory of Neurogenetics, NIAAA, 5625 Fishers Lane, Room 3S32 MSC9412, Rockville, MD 20852 1728, USA
    Alcohol Alcohol 43:505-15. 2008
    ..To develop a panel of markers able to extract full haplotype information for candidate genes in alcoholism, other addictions and disorders of mood and anxiety...
  97. ncbi Long-term neurobehavioral effects of alcohol or nicotine exposure in adolescent animal models
    Craig J Slawecki
    The Scripps Research Institute, Department of Neuropharmacology, CVN14, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1021:448-52. 2004
    ..These findings support the hypothesis that adolescents are uniquely susceptible to the effects of chronic alcohol and nicotine exposure...
  98. pmc Dissociable effects of ethanol consumption during the light and dark phase in adolescent and adult Wistar rats
    Brendan M Walker
    Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Alcohol 42:83-9. 2008
    ..Knowledge of these parameters should be useful for future experiments attempting to evaluate the effects of self-administered ethanol exposure in adult and adolescent rats...
  99. ncbi Sex differences in cardiac sympathovagal balance and vagal tone during nocturnal sleep
    Edwin M Valladares
    Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology, UCLA Semel Institute for Neuroscience, 300 Medical Plaza, Suite 3 109, Los Angeles, CA 90095 7057, USA
    Sleep Med 9:310-6. 2008
    ..To analyze sex differences in nocturnal vagal tone and cardiac sympathovagal balance during sleep in healthy men and women...
  100. ncbi Testing of an orthogonal measure of cultural identification with adult mission Indians
    Kamilla L Venner
    Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse and Addictions, Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque 87131 1161, USA
    Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 12:632-43. 2006
    ..Confirmatory factor analysis revealed 2 factors: (1) Anglo American Identification and (2) Native American Identification. These results indicate the OCIS is a reliable and valid instrument for use with adult Native Americans...
  101. ncbi Psychiatric diagnoses among Mission Indian children with and without a parental history of alcohol dependence
    David A Gilder
    Department of Neuropharmacology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 63:18-23. 2002
    ..A secondary goal was to explore associations of other familial variables with rates of childhood psychiatric disorders...

Research Grants37

  1. RISK FACTORS FOR ALCOHOLISM IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The identification of such variables may potentially be useful in the development of specific prevention and treatment programs for this population as well as other Native American tribes. ..
  2. ADOLESCENT MARIJUANA USE IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. ADOLESCENT MARIJUANA USE IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. ADOLESCENT MARIJUANA USE IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Neurobehavioral Consequences of Adolescent Alcohol
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..AIM 3: To investigate the neurochemical substrates underlying the lasting neurobehavioral consequences of adolescent ethanol exposure, with a focus on NMDA systems ..
  6. RISK FACTORS FOR ALCOHOLISM IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The identification of such variables may potentially be useful in the development of specific prevention and treatment programs for this population as well as other Native American tribes. ..
  7. Alcoholism risk and protective factors in Trinidad
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Study findings can be compared to similar studies being conducted in the US. We believe these studies will allow for the identification of risk and protective factors for alcoholism in these islands. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. ADOLESCENT MARIJUANA USE IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Neurobehavioral Consequences of Adolescent Alcohol
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..AIM 3: To investigate the neurochemical substrates underlying the lasting neurobehavioral consequences of adolescent ethanol exposure, with a focus on NMDA systems ..
  10. ADOLESCENT MARIJUANA USE IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. EEG and ERP Measures of Alcohol's Effects
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  12. Neurobehavioral Consequences of Adolescent Alcohol
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..AIM 3: To investigate the neurochemical substrates underlying the lasting neurobehavioral consequences of adolescent ethanol exposure, with a focus on NMDA systems ..
  13. ADOLESCENT MARIJUANA USE IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. EEG and ERP Measures of Alcohol's Effects
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  15. EEG, ERP, AND SLEEP MEASURES OF ALCOHOL'S EFFECTS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The use of these electrophysiological measures, combined with neurochemical findings will provide data necessary to directly link these peptidergic systems to alcohol preference and long term neuroadaptation to alcohol. ..
  16. EEG, ERP, AND SLEEP MEASURES OF ALCOHOL'S EFFECTS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The use of these electrophysiological measures, combined with neurochemical findings will provide data necessary to directly link these peptidergic systems to alcohol preference and long term neuroadaptation to alcohol. ..
  17. EEG and ERP Measures of Alcohol's Effects
    Cindy L Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  18. RISK FACTORS FOR ALCOHOLISM IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The identification of such variables may potentially be useful in the development of specific prevention and treatment programs for this population as well as other Native American tribes. ..
  19. EEG AND ERP MARKERS OF ALCOHOL INTOXICATION
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  20. RISK FACTORS FOR ALCOHOLISM IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The identification of such variables may potentially be useful in the development of specific prevention and treatment programs for this population as well as other Native American tribes. ..
  21. RISK FACTORS FOR ALCOHOLISM IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The identification of such variables may potentially be useful in the development of specific prevention and treatment programs for this population as well as other Native American tribes. ..
  22. EEG, ERP, AND SLEEP MEASURES OF ALCOHOL'S EFFECTS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The use of these electrophysiological measures, combined with neurochemical findings will provide data necessary to directly link these peptidergic systems to alcohol preference and long term neuroadaptation to alcohol. ..
  23. RISK FACTORS FOR ALCOHOLISM IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The identification of such variables may potentially be useful in the development of specific prevention and treatment programs for this population as well as other Native American tribes. ..
  24. EEG, ERP, AND SLEEP MEASURES OF ALCOHOL'S EFFECTS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The use of these electrophysiological measures, combined with neurochemical findings will provide data necessary to directly link these peptidergic systems to alcohol preference and long term neuroadaptation to alcohol. ..
  25. RISK FACTORS FOR ALCOHOLISM IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The identification of such variables may potentially be useful in the development of specific prevention and treatment programs for this population as well as other Native American tribes. ..
  26. EEG AND ERP MARKERS OF ALCOHOL INTOXICATION
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ....
  27. RISK FACTORS FOR ALCOHOLISM IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The identification of such variables may potentially be useful in the development of specific prevention and treatment programs for this population as well as other Native American tribes. ..
  28. EEG and ERP Measures of Alcohol's Effects
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  29. RISK FACTORS FOR ALCOHOLISM IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The identification of such variables may potentially be useful in the development of specific prevention and treatment programs for this population as well as other Native American tribes. ..
  30. RISK FACTORS FOR ALCOHOLISM IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The identification of such variables may potentially be useful in the development of specific prevention and treatment programs for this population as well as other Native American tribes. ..