EDWARD CALLAWAY

Summary

Affiliation: The Salk Institute
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Retrograde tracing with recombinant rabies virus reveals correlations between projection targets and dendritic architecture in layer 5 of mouse barrel cortex
    DeLaine D Larsen
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Neurosciences Graduate Program, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
    Front Neural Circuits 1:5. 2007
  2. pmc Short Promoters in Viral Vectors Drive Selective Expression in Mammalian Inhibitory Neurons, but do not Restrict Activity to Specific Inhibitory Cell-Types
    Jason L Nathanson
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, Salk Institute for Biological Studies La Jolla, CA, USA
    Front Neural Circuits 3:19. 2009
  3. ncbi request reprint Cell type specificity of local cortical connections
    Edward M Callaway
    The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    J Neurocytol 31:231-7. 2002
  4. pmc Structure and function of parallel pathways in the primate early visual system
    Edward M Callaway
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    J Physiol 566:13-9. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint A molecular and genetic arsenal for systems neuroscience
    Edward M Callaway
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Trends Neurosci 28:196-201. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Feedforward, feedback and inhibitory connections in primate visual cortex
    Edward M Callaway
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neural Netw 17:625-32. 2004
  7. pmc Transneuronal circuit tracing with neurotropic viruses
    Edward M Callaway
    The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 18:617-23. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Stimulating neurons with light
    Edward M Callaway
    The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 12:587-92. 2002
  9. pmc Specialized circuits from primary visual cortex to V2 and area MT
    Jonathan J Nassi
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neuron 55:799-808. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Selective and quickly reversible inactivation of mammalian neurons in vivo using the Drosophila allatostatin receptor
    Elaine M Tan
    Systems Neurobiology, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, and Graduate Program in Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
    Neuron 51:157-70. 2006

Research Grants

  1. Local Connections of Inhibitory Cortical Neurons
    Edward M Callaway; Fiscal Year: 2010
  2. Neural Circuits and Function in Primary Visual Cortex
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2009
  3. Local Connections of Inhibitory Cortical Neurons
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2009
  4. Local Connections of Inhibitory Cortical Neurons
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2001
  5. Neural Circuits and Function in Primary Visual Cortex
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2006
  6. Local Connections of Inhibitory Cortical Neurons
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2002
  7. Neural Circuits and Function in Primary Visual Cortex
    Edward M Callaway; Fiscal Year: 2010
  8. NEURAL CIRCUITS IN VISUAL CORTICAL AREAS V1 AND V2
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 1999
  9. Local Connections of Inhibitory Cortical Neurons
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2009
  10. Local Connections of Inhibitory Cortical Neurons
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications47

  1. pmc Retrograde tracing with recombinant rabies virus reveals correlations between projection targets and dendritic architecture in layer 5 of mouse barrel cortex
    DeLaine D Larsen
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Neurosciences Graduate Program, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
    Front Neural Circuits 1:5. 2007
    ..These differences were revealed by the ability to completely label dendritic and axonal arbors in vivo and have not been apparent in previous studies using labeling in brain slices...
  2. pmc Short Promoters in Viral Vectors Drive Selective Expression in Mammalian Inhibitory Neurons, but do not Restrict Activity to Specific Inhibitory Cell-Types
    Jason L Nathanson
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, Salk Institute for Biological Studies La Jolla, CA, USA
    Front Neural Circuits 3:19. 2009
    ..1 binding sites, NRSE and a minimal CMV promoter showed markedly restricted expression to a small subset of mostly inhibitory neurons, but whose commonalities are unknown...
  3. ncbi request reprint Cell type specificity of local cortical connections
    Edward M Callaway
    The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    J Neurocytol 31:231-7. 2002
    ..Here I review photostimulation-based studies investigating the laminar sources of cortical input to distinct cell types in the visual and somatosensory cortices of rats and the primary visual cortex of monkeys...
  4. pmc Structure and function of parallel pathways in the primate early visual system
    Edward M Callaway
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    J Physiol 566:13-9. 2005
    ..and there remains ambiguity about how best to define additional pathways, such as the koniocellular (K) pathway, which probably arise from these other, less common, RGC types...
  5. ncbi request reprint A molecular and genetic arsenal for systems neuroscience
    Edward M Callaway
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Trends Neurosci 28:196-201. 2005
    ..These methods are likely to become the archetype for future studies linking perception, cognition and behavior to specific components of the brain...
  6. ncbi request reprint Feedforward, feedback and inhibitory connections in primate visual cortex
    Edward M Callaway
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neural Netw 17:625-32. 2004
    ..These studies have informed current views about the functional interactions between cortical areas and modules and the mechanisms by which fine scale microcircuits influence interactions at more coarse levels of organization...
  7. pmc Transneuronal circuit tracing with neurotropic viruses
    Edward M Callaway
    The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 18:617-23. 2008
    ..These modifications, along with the likelihood of future developments, suggest that neurotropic viruses will be increasingly important and effective tools for future studies of neural circuits...
  8. ncbi request reprint Stimulating neurons with light
    Edward M Callaway
    The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 12:587-92. 2002
    ..Different methods that have been developed in the last several decades have been used to probe neuronal sensitivity, mimic synaptic input, and elucidate patterns of neural connectivity...
  9. pmc Specialized circuits from primary visual cortex to V2 and area MT
    Jonathan J Nassi
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neuron 55:799-808. 2007
    ..We conclude that MT-projecting layer 4B neurons are specialized for the fast transmission of information from the M pathway, while V2-projecting neurons are likely to mediate slower computations involving mixed M and P signals...
  10. ncbi request reprint Selective and quickly reversible inactivation of mammalian neurons in vivo using the Drosophila allatostatin receptor
    Elaine M Tan
    Systems Neurobiology, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, and Graduate Program in Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
    Neuron 51:157-70. 2006
    ..Inactivation can be reversed within minutes upon washout of the ligand and is repeatable, demonstrating that the AlstR/AL system is effective for selective, quick, and reversible silencing of mammalian neurons in vivo...
  11. pmc Laminar specificity of functional input to distinct types of inhibitory cortical neurons
    Xiangmin Xu
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Neurosci 29:70-85. 2009
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Fine-scale specificity of cortical networks depends on inhibitory cell type and connectivity
    Yumiko Yoshimura
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037 USA
    Nat Neurosci 8:1552-9. 2005
    ..Furthermore, fine-scale specificity depends on the type of inhibitory neuron and on direct connectivity between neighboring pyramidal-inhibitory neuron pairs...
  13. pmc Monosynaptic restriction of transsynaptic tracing from single, genetically targeted neurons
    Ian R Wickersham
    Systems Neurobiology, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neuron 53:639-47. 2007
    ..This technology should enable a far more detailed understanding of neural connectivity than has previously been possible...
  14. pmc Targeting single neuronal networks for gene expression and cell labeling in vivo
    James H Marshel
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neuron 67:562-74. 2010
    ....
  15. pmc Cell type-specific control of neuronal responsiveness by gamma-band oscillatory inhibition
    Stephani Otte
    Crick Jacobs Center for Theoretical and Computational Biology, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Neurosci 30:2150-9. 2010
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Mouse cortical inhibitory neuron type that coexpresses somatostatin and calretinin
    Xiangmin Xu
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Comp Neurol 499:144-60. 2006
    ..Thus, our data show an important species difference in the chemical distinction of inhibitory neuron subtypes, and indicate that colocalization of CR in SST cells correlates with different morphological and physiological features...
  17. ncbi request reprint Orientation tuning--a crooked path to the straight and narrow
    Edward M Callaway
    The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neuron 36:783-5. 2002
    ..In this issue of Neuron, Schummers and colleagues provide evidence that the local circuit mechanisms contributing to orientation selectivity differ depending on the local organization of the orientation map...
  18. pmc Retrograde neuronal tracing with a deletion-mutant rabies virus
    Ian R Wickersham
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratory, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Rd, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Nat Methods 4:47-9. 2007
    ..The cells therefore fluoresce intensely, revealing fine dendritic and axonal structure with no background from partially or faintly labeled cells...
  19. pmc Immunochemical characterization of inhibitory mouse cortical neurons: three chemically distinct classes of inhibitory cells
    Xiangmin Xu
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Comp Neurol 518:389-404. 2010
    ..Taken together, our data reveal important chemical distinctions between mouse inhibitory cortical neurons and indicate that PV, SOM, and VIP can differentially label a majority of mouse inhibitory cortical neurons...
  20. ncbi request reprint Targeted gene delivery to telencephalic inhibitory neurons by directional in utero electroporation
    Victor Borrell
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratory, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    J Neurosci Methods 143:151-8. 2005
    ..Ganglionic eminence-directed in utero electroporation is therefore an effective, rapid, and versatile method of selectively transfecting telencephalic interneurons, optimal for both developmental studies and adult functional studies...
  21. ncbi request reprint Reorganization of exuberant axonal arbors contributes to the development of laminar specificity in ferret visual cortex
    Victor Borrell
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Neurosci 22:6682-95. 2002
    ..Therefore the mechanisms that regulate axonal growth are not as precise initially as later, and mechanisms must exist to allow selective elimination of axon collaterals from incorrect layers...
  22. ncbi request reprint A genetic method for selective and quickly reversible silencing of Mammalian neurons
    Hilde A E Lechner
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Neurosci 22:5287-90. 2002
    ..Moreover, the effects of AL were selective for AlstR-transfected neurons. The AlstR/AL system is therefore a promising genetic method for selective and quickly reversible silencing of neuronal activity...
  23. ncbi request reprint Local connections to specific types of layer 6 neurons in the rat visual cortex
    Amir Zarrinpar
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratory, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 N Torrey Pines Rd, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    J Neurophysiol 95:1751-61. 2006
    ..These observations provide insight into differences in function between cortical projections to first-order versus higher-order thalamic nuclei and also show that these circuits can be organized differently in different species...
  24. ncbi request reprint Parallel colour-opponent pathways to primary visual cortex
    Soumya Chatterjee
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Nature 426:668-71. 2003
    ..Chromatic information is thus conveyed to V1 by parallel, anatomically segregated colour-opponent systems, to be combined at a later stage of the colour circuit...
  25. pmc Selective viral vector transduction of ErbB4 expressing cortical interneurons in vivo with a viral receptor-ligand bridge protein
    Jiwon Choi
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:16703-8. 2010
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Close encounters: how cortical neurons find and connect to their correct synaptic partners depends on the cell type
    Edward M Callaway
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neuron 43:156-8. 2004
    ..These results suggest that the mechanisms for selectivity depend on the type of presynaptic neuron...
  27. ncbi request reprint Development of layer-specific axonal arborizations in mouse primary somatosensory cortex
    DeLaine D Larsen
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Comp Neurol 494:398-414. 2006
    ..The axons of tall-tufted layer 5 pyramidal neurons arborize almost exclusively within deep layers while tall-simple, and short layer 5 pyramidal neurons also project axons to superficial layers...
  28. ncbi request reprint S cone contributions to the magnocellular visual pathway in macaque monkey
    Soumya Chatterjee
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neuron 35:1135-46. 2002
    ..e., no color opponency). Magnocellular afferent recordings following inactivation of primary visual cortex demonstrated that S cone signals were feedforward in nature and did not arise from cortical feedback to LGN..
  29. pmc Laminar patterns of local excitatory input to layer 5 neurons in macaque primary visual cortex
    Farran Briggs
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Sciences, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Cereb Cortex 15:479-88. 2005
    ..Differences in input from layer 4Calpha versus 4Cbeta also suggest specific associations of the magnocellular and parvocellular visual pathways, with populations receiving stronger input from deep versus superficial cortical layers...
  30. ncbi request reprint Excitatory cortical neurons form fine-scale functional networks
    Yumiko Yoshimura
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Nature 433:868-73. 2005
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint In vivo evidence for radial migration of neurons by long-distance somal translocation in the developing ferret visual cortex
    Victor Borrell
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratory, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Cereb Cortex 16:1571-83. 2006
    ..Furthermore, by combining different labeling methods we find the simultaneous presence in the developing ferret cortex of long-distance translocating neurons and neurons migrating within a short leading process...
  32. pmc Metabolic cost as a unifying principle governing neuronal biophysics
    Andrea Hasenstaub
    Crick Jacobs Center for Theoretical and Computational Biology, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:12329-34. 2010
    ..We find further evidence supporting this hypothesis in a wide range of other neurons from several species and conclude that the ion channels in these neurons minimize energy expenditure in their normal range of spiking...
  33. pmc More than a feeling: sensation from cortical stimulation
    Kristina J Nielsen
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Nat Neurosci 11:10-1. 2008
    ..Changes in neuronal firing underlie sensation, but how many neurons are needed to perceive these activity shifts? Two new studies in Nature suggest that the experimental modulation of only a few neurons can influence perception...
  34. ncbi request reprint V1 spinal neurons regulate the speed of vertebrate locomotor outputs
    Simon Gosgnach
    Molecular Neurobiology Laboratory, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Nature 440:215-9. 2006
    ....
  35. pmc The parvocellular LGN provides a robust disynaptic input to the visual motion area MT
    Jonathan J Nassi
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Neuron 50:319-27. 2006
    ..These observations provide definitive evidence for P pathway input to MT and show that convergence of parallel visual pathways occurs in the dorsal stream...
  36. ncbi request reprint Should I stay or should I go? Presynaptic boutons in the adult cortex still haven't made up their minds
    Edward M Callaway
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Neuron 49:780-3. 2006
    ..The other study shows that bouton turnover occurs in primates as well as rodents...
  37. pmc Multiple circuits relaying primate parallel visual pathways to the middle temporal area
    Jonathan J Nassi
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Neurosci 26:12789-98. 2006
    ..Our observations provide evidence for multiple pathways from V1 to MT, with varying degrees of M and P convergence. Each pathway likely provides functionally specialized information to MT and dorsal stream visual processing...
  38. pmc A disynaptic relay from superior colliculus to dorsal stream visual cortex in macaque monkey
    David C Lyon
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neuron 65:270-9. 2010
    ..Furthermore, by circumventing primary visual cortex, this pathway may also underlie the remaining visual capacities associated with blindsight...
  39. ncbi request reprint Redefining the boundaries of the hippocampal CA2 subfield in the mouse using gene expression and 3-dimensional reconstruction
    Edward S Lein
    Laboratory of Genetics, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Comp Neurol 485:1-10. 2005
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint Visual spatial summation in macaque geniculocortical afferents
    Michael P Sceniak
    Department of Anesthesia, Stanford University Medical Center, Room S288, Stanford, CA 94305 5117, USA
    J Neurophysiol 96:3474-84. 2006
    ..This argues for distinct mechanisms of action for contrast-dependent modulation in cortical and subcortical responses...
  41. pmc Topographic specificity of functional connections from hippocampal CA3 to CA1
    Iman H Brivanlou
    Molecular Neurobiology Laboratory, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, San Francisco, CA 94143 0452, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:2560-5. 2004
    ..Our results show that, at a given septotemporal level, nearby CA1 neurons receive synaptic inputs from neighboring CA3 neurons. Thus, the CA3 to CA1 mapping preserves neighbor relations...
  42. pmc Excitatory local connections of superficial neurons in rat auditory cortex
    Dennis L Barbour
    Laboratory of Sensory Neuroscience and Neuroengineering, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    J Neurosci 28:11174-85. 2008
    ....
  43. pmc Silencing preBötzinger complex somatostatin-expressing neurons induces persistent apnea in awake rat
    Wenbin Tan
    Department of Neurobiology, Box 951763, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, 650 Charles E Young Dr South, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Nat Neurosci 11:538-40. 2008
    ..We hypothesize that breathing requires preBötC Sst neurons and that their sudden depression can lead to serious, even fatal, respiratory failure...
  44. pmc Genetic dissection of neural circuits
    Liqun Luo
    Department of Biology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Neuron 57:634-60. 2008
    ..Here we review progress in the genetic analysis of neural circuits and discuss directions for future research and development...
  45. ncbi request reprint New technologies
    Edward M Callaway
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 16:540-2. 2006
  46. pmc Francis Crick's legacy for neuroscience: between the alpha and the Omega
    Ralph M Siegel
    Center for Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience, Rutgers University, Newark, New Jersey, United States of America
    PLoS Biol 2:e419. 2004
  47. ncbi request reprint Antisense inhibition of reward learning
    Gregory D Horwitz
    Nat Neurosci 7:1023-4. 2004

Research Grants32

  1. Local Connections of Inhibitory Cortical Neurons
    Edward M Callaway; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  2. Neural Circuits and Function in Primary Visual Cortex
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed studies will reveal the normal organization and function of visual cortical circuits, which is necessary to understand the underlying causes of visual dysfunction. ..
  3. Local Connections of Inhibitory Cortical Neurons
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  4. Local Connections of Inhibitory Cortical Neurons
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These experiments are expected to provide insight into the basic mechanisms by which inhibitory and excitatory circuits interact to give rise to the complex function of dynamic cortical neural networks. ..
  5. Neural Circuits and Function in Primary Visual Cortex
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Local Connections of Inhibitory Cortical Neurons
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These experiments are expected to provide insight into the basic mechanisms by which inhibitory and excitatory circuits interact to give rise to the complex function of dynamic cortical neural networks. ..
  7. Neural Circuits and Function in Primary Visual Cortex
    Edward M Callaway; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed studies will reveal the normal organization and function of visual cortical circuits, which is necessary to understand the underlying causes of visual dysfunction. ..
  8. NEURAL CIRCUITS IN VISUAL CORTICAL AREAS V1 AND V2
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..These analyses reveal the flow of visual information across multiple synapses, allowing an unprecedented view of visual cortical circuits. ..
  9. Local Connections of Inhibitory Cortical Neurons
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  10. Local Connections of Inhibitory Cortical Neurons
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  11. Local Connections of Inhibitory Cortical Neurons
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  12. Neural Circuits and Function in Primary Visual Cortex
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. Neural Circuits and Function in Primary Visual Cortex
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed studies will reveal the normal organization and function of visual cortical circuits, which is necessary to understand the underlying causes of visual dysfunction. ..
  14. Multiphoton Confocal Microscopy System
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These studies are only possible with the use of a multiphoton confocal microscopy system ..
  15. Fugu Promoters for Mammalian Cortical Neurons
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Small capacity viruses are also among the most promising vectors presently available for human gene therapy in the brain, and their eventual use for this purpose will also require effective short promoters. ..
  16. NEURAL CIRCUITS IN VISUAL CORTICAL AREAS V1 AND V2
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..These analyses reveal the flow of visual information across multiple synapses, allowing an unprecedented view of visual cortical circuits. ..
  17. NEURAL CIRCUITS IN VISUAL CORTICAL AREAS V1 AND V2
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These analyses reveal the flow of visual information across multiple synapses, allowing an unprecedented view of visual cortical circuits. ..
  18. Neural Circuits and Function in Primary Visual Cortex
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Neural Circuits and Function in Primary Visual Cortex
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. Local Connections of Inhibitory Cortical Neurons
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These experiments are expected to provide insight into the basic mechanisms by which inhibitory and excitatory circuits interact to give rise to the complex function of dynamic cortical neural networks. ..
  21. Neural Circuits and Function in Primary Visual Cortex
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. Local Connections of Inhibitory Cortical Neurons
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These experiments are expected to provide insight into the basic mechanisms by which inhibitory and excitatory circuits interact to give rise to the complex function of dynamic cortical neural networks. ..
  23. Neural Circuits and Function in Primary Visual Cortex
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. Local Connections of Inhibitory Cortical Neurons
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These experiments are expected to provide insight into the basic mechanisms by which inhibitory and excitatory circuits interact to give rise to the complex function of dynamic cortical neural networks. ..
  25. Neural Circuits and Function in Primary Visual Cortex
    EDWARD CALLAWAY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. Neural Circuits and Function in Primary Visual Cortex
    Edward M Callaway; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed studies will reveal the normal organization and function of visual cortical circuits, which is necessary to understand the underlying causes of visual dysfunction. ..