S N Blair

Summary

Affiliation: The Cooper Institute
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Effects of physical inactivity and obesity on morbidity and mortality: current evidence and research issues
    S N Blair
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:S646-62. 1999
  2. ncbi request reprint The evolution of physical activity recommendations: how much is enough?
    Steven N Blair
    The Cooper Institute, 12330 Preston Road, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:913S-920S. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint How much physical activity should we do? The case for moderate amounts and intensities of physical activity
    S N Blair
    Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications, Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research in Dallas, Texas, USA
    Res Q Exerc Sport 67:193-205. 1996
  4. ncbi request reprint Commentary: current perspectives on obesity and health: black and white, or shades of grey?
    Steven N Blair
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 35:69-72; discussion 81-2. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Is physical activity or physical fitness more important in defining health benefits?
    S N Blair
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:S379-99; discussion S419-20. 2001
  6. ncbi request reprint Low cardiorespiratory fitness and physical inactivity as predictors of mortality in men with type 2 diabetes
    M Wei
    The Cooper Institute and The Cooper Clinic, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Ann Intern Med 132:605-11. 2000
  7. ncbi request reprint Six-month physical activity and fitness changes in Project Active, a randomized trial
    A L Dunn
    Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 30:1076-83. 1998
  8. ncbi request reprint Influences of cardiorespiratory fitness and other precursors on cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in men and women
    S N Blair
    Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research, Dallas, Tex 75230, USA
    JAMA 276:205-10. 1996
  9. ncbi request reprint Reduction in cardiovascular disease risk factors: 6-month results from Project Active
    A L Dunn
    Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Prev Med 26:883-92. 1997
  10. ncbi request reprint The association between cardiorespiratory fitness and impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes mellitus in men
    M Wei
    Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research and the Cooper Clinic, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Ann Intern Med 130:89-96. 1999

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications91

  1. ncbi request reprint Effects of physical inactivity and obesity on morbidity and mortality: current evidence and research issues
    S N Blair
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:S646-62. 1999
    ..or obese individuals? 2) Do obese but active individuals actually have a lower morbidity and mortality risk than normal weight persons who are sedentary? 3) Which is a more important predictor of mortality, overweight or inactivity?..
  2. ncbi request reprint The evolution of physical activity recommendations: how much is enough?
    Steven N Blair
    The Cooper Institute, 12330 Preston Road, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:913S-920S. 2004
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint How much physical activity should we do? The case for moderate amounts and intensities of physical activity
    S N Blair
    Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications, Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research in Dallas, Texas, USA
    Res Q Exerc Sport 67:193-205. 1996
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Commentary: current perspectives on obesity and health: black and white, or shades of grey?
    Steven N Blair
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 35:69-72; discussion 81-2. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Is physical activity or physical fitness more important in defining health benefits?
    S N Blair
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:S379-99; discussion S419-20. 2001
    ..activity and health? 2) Is there a dose-response relation between cardiorespiratory fitness and health? 3) If both activity and fitness have a dose-response relation to health, is it possible to determine which exposure is more important?..
  6. ncbi request reprint Low cardiorespiratory fitness and physical inactivity as predictors of mortality in men with type 2 diabetes
    M Wei
    The Cooper Institute and The Cooper Clinic, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Ann Intern Med 132:605-11. 2000
    ..Although physical activity is recommended as a basic treatment for patients with diabetes, its long-term association with mortality in these patients is unknown...
  7. ncbi request reprint Six-month physical activity and fitness changes in Project Active, a randomized trial
    A L Dunn
    Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 30:1076-83. 1998
    ..kg-1.d-1]) and cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2peak in mL.kg-1.min-1)...
  8. ncbi request reprint Influences of cardiorespiratory fitness and other precursors on cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in men and women
    S N Blair
    Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research, Dallas, Tex 75230, USA
    JAMA 276:205-10. 1996
    ..We calculated CVD and all-cause death rates for low (least fit 20%), moderate (next 40%), and high (most fit 40%) fitness categories by strata of smoking habit, cholesterol level, blood pressure, and health status...
  9. ncbi request reprint Reduction in cardiovascular disease risk factors: 6-month results from Project Active
    A L Dunn
    Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Prev Med 26:883-92. 1997
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint The association between cardiorespiratory fitness and impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes mellitus in men
    M Wei
    Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research and the Cooper Clinic, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Ann Intern Med 130:89-96. 1999
    ..It is not known whether physical activity or cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with the onset of objectively determined impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes...
  11. ncbi request reprint Associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and C-reactive protein in men
    T S Church
    Cooper Institute, Dallas, Tex 75230, USA
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 22:1869-76. 2002
    ..This study examined the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and C-reactive protein (CRP), with adjustment for weight and within weight categories...
  12. ncbi request reprint Comparison of coronary artery calcium detected by electron beam tomography in patients with to those without symptomatic coronary heart disease
    Yiling J Cheng
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas, USA
    Am J Cardiol 92:498-503. 2003
    ..These observations support the potential of EBT as a sensitive test for detection of CHD...
  13. ncbi request reprint Influences of cardiorespiratory fitness levels and other predictors on cardiovascular disease mortality in men
    S W Farrell
    Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 30:899-905. 1998
    ..This investigation quantifies the relation between cardiorespiratory fitness levels and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality within strata of other CVD predictors...
  14. ncbi request reprint A randomized trial of physical activity interventions: design and baseline data from project active
    H W Kohl
    Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research, Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 30:275-83. 1998
    ..Six months of active intervention are followed by 18 months of a tapered follow-up maintenance intervention in both groups. Primary outcome measures are measured after 6 and 24 months...
  15. ncbi request reprint Usefulness of cardiorespiratory fitness as a predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in men with systemic hypertension
    T S Church
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Am J Cardiol 88:651-6. 2001
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Comparison of lifestyle and structured interventions to increase physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness: a randomized trial
    A L Dunn
    The Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    JAMA 281:327-34. 1999
    ..Traditional methods of prescribing exercise have not proven effective for increasing and maintaining a program of regular physical activity...
  17. ncbi request reprint Alcohol intake and incidence of type 2 diabetes in men
    M Wei
    Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Diabetes Care 23:18-22. 2000
    ..To evaluate the relation between alcohol intake and incidence of type 2 diabetes...
  18. ncbi request reprint US weight guidelines: is it also important to consider cardiorespiratory fitness?
    C D Lee
    Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications, Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research, Dallas, Texas, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 22:S2-7. 1998
    ..The health consequences of weight ranges across low to moderate and high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness are unknown...
  19. pmc Cardiorespiratory fitness and risk of nonfatal cardiovascular disease in women and men with hypertension
    Xuemei Sui
    Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas, USA
    Am J Hypertens 20:608-15. 2007
    ..Whether the cardioprotective characteristic of higher cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) extends to adults with manifest hypertension (HTN) is poorly understood...
  20. pmc Cardiorespiratory fitness as a predictor of nonfatal cardiovascular events in asymptomatic women and men
    Xuemei Sui
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:1413-23. 2007
    ..001, and were 1.00 (referent), 0.74 (95% CI: 0.49, 1.13), and 0.63 (95% CI: 0.40, 0.98) in women, p(trend) = 0.05. After adjustment for other CVD predictors, the association remained significant in men but not in women...
  21. ncbi request reprint Association of cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index, and waist circumference to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
    Timothy S Church
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas, USA
    Gastroenterology 130:2023-30. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the association between cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference with markers of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)...
  22. ncbi request reprint Low fasting plasma glucose level as a predictor of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality
    M Wei
    Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Circulation 101:2047-52. 2000
    ..Although medical textbooks usually classify fasting plasma glucose <70 or 80 mg/dL (<3.89 or 4.44 mmol/L) as abnormal, the prognosis for patients with low fasting plasma glucose is unclear...
  23. ncbi request reprint Retention rates and weight loss in a commercial weight loss program
    C E Finley
    The Cooper Institute, Center for Epidemiologic Research, Dallas, TX, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:292-8. 2007
    ..To evaluate and describe retention rates and weight loss in clients participating in a commercial weight loss program...
  24. ncbi request reprint Exercise management of obesity
    E A Leermakers
    Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications, Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas, USA
    Med Clin North Am 84:419-40. 2000
    ..It is also important for physicians to remember that their success in changing behavior may be in small increments. These small changes can and do eventually lead to success for many patients and physicians...
  25. ncbi request reprint Attitudes toward obese individuals among exercise science students
    Heather O Chambliss
    Centers for Integrated Health Research, The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:468-74. 2004
    ..The purpose of this research was to evaluate attitudes toward obese individuals and to identify personal characteristics associated with antifat bias among students majoring in exercise science...
  26. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome across cardiorespiratory fitness levels in women
    Stephen W Farrell
    The Cooper Institute, 12330 Preston Rd, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Obes Res 12:824-30. 2004
    ..To determine the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome across age strata and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) levels in women...
  27. ncbi request reprint Dose Response to Exercise in Women aged 45-75 yr (DREW): design and rationale
    Gina M Morss
    Centers for Integrated Health Research, The Cooper Institute, 12330 Preston Road, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:336-44. 2004
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness is an independent predictor of hypertension incidence among initially normotensive healthy women
    Carolyn E Barlow
    Centers for Integrated Health Research, The Cooper Institute, 12230 Preston Road, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 163:142-50. 2006
    ..An active lifestyle should be promoted for the primary prevention of hypertension in women...
  29. ncbi request reprint Association of muscular strength with incidence of metabolic syndrome in men
    Radim Jurca
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:1849-55. 2005
    ..To examine the association between muscular strength and incidence of metabolic syndrome...
  30. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index as predictors of cardiovascular disease mortality among men with diabetes
    Timothy S Church
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:2114-20. 2005
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Associations of muscle strength and fitness with metabolic syndrome in men
    Radim Jurca
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1301-7. 2004
    ..To examine the associations for muscular strength and cardiorespiratory fitness with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among men...
  32. ncbi request reprint Pedometer indices for weekly physical activity recommendations in postmenopausal women
    Alexander N Jordan
    The Cooper Institute Centers for Integrated Health Research, Center for Laboratory and Medical Research, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:1627-32. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to quantify pedometer-determined steps per day associated with 50, 100, and 150% of the current public health recommendation for weekly physical activity in sedentary postmenopausal women...
  33. ncbi request reprint Assessing cardiorespiratory fitness without performing exercise testing
    Radim Jurca
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Am J Prev Med 29:185-93. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study is to extend previous work on a non-exercise test model to predict CRF from health indicators that are easily obtained...
  34. ncbi request reprint Coronary artery calcium score and coronary heart disease events in a large cohort of asymptomatic men and women
    Michael J LaMonte
    Centers for Integrated Health Research, The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 162:421-9. 2005
    ..These findings show that CAC is associated with an increased risk of CHD events in asymptomatic women and men...
  35. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness is inversely associated with the incidence of metabolic syndrome: a prospective study of men and women
    Michael J LaMonte
    Cooper Institute, 12330 Preston Rd, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Circulation 112:505-12. 2005
    ..Few studies have reported the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness and metabolic syndrome incidence, particularly in women...
  36. ncbi request reprint Coronary artery calcium, exercise tolerance, and CHD events in asymptomatic men
    Michael J LaMonte
    The Cooper Institute, 12330 Preston Rd, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Atherosclerosis 189:157-62. 2006
    ..16 (95% CI=0.05-0.56) and 0.23 (95% CI=0.11-0.46), respectively. In asymptomatic men with subclinical coronary atherosclerosis, an ET of >/=10METs identifies patients at lower risk for manifest CHD...
  37. ncbi request reprint Exercise capacity and body composition as predictors of mortality among men with diabetes
    Timothy S Church
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas Cooper Clinic, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Diabetes Care 27:83-8. 2004
    ..To quantify the relation of fitness to mortality among men with diabetes, adjusted for BMI and within levels of BMI...
  38. ncbi request reprint Heart rate reserve as a predictor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in men
    Yiling J Cheng
    The Cooper Institute, 12330 Preston Road, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:1873-8. 2002
    ..This study examined the relationship of heart rate reserve (HRR: maximal heart rate - resting heart rate) and cardiovascular disease mortality (CVD) or all-cause mortality among healthy men...
  39. ncbi request reprint The relation of body mass index, cardiorespiratory fitness, and all-cause mortality in women
    Stephen W Farrell
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Obes Res 10:417-23. 2002
    ..To examine the relation of body mass index (BMI), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and all-cause mortality in women...
  40. doi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness, different measures of adiposity, and cancer mortality in men
    Stephen W Farrell
    The Cooper Institute, Division of Professional Education, 12330 Preston Rd, Dallas TX 75230, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:3140-9. 2007
    ..The purpose was to examine the prospective relationship among cardiorespiratory fitness level (CRF), different measures of adiposity, and cancer mortality in men...
  41. ncbi request reprint Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and adiposity: contributions to disease risk
    Michael J LaMonte
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 9:540-6. 2006
    ..To discuss assessing physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and adiposity in the context of examining their prospective joint associations with mortality in cohort studies...
  42. ncbi request reprint Heart rate recovery following maximal exercise testing as a predictor of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in men with diabetes
    Yiling J Cheng
    Cooper Institute, Center for Epidemiological Research, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Diabetes Care 26:2052-7. 2003
    ..Heart rate recovery (HRR) is an independent prognostic indicator for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality in healthy men. We examined the association of HRR to CVD-related and all-cause mortality in men with diabetes...
  43. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness, macronutrient intake, and the metabolic syndrome: the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study
    Carrie E Finley
    Center for Data Management, The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:673-9. 2006
    ..This study examines the cross-sectional associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and the metabolic syndrome with adjustment for macronutrient intake from 3-day dietary records...
  44. ncbi request reprint Coronary artery calcium score, risk factors, and incident coronary heart disease events
    Timothy S Church
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, United States
    Atherosclerosis 190:224-31. 2007
    ..We sought to identify a potential threshold of coronary artery calcium for clinical use and examine the predictive power of coronary artery calcium in individuals categorized using conventional coronary heart disease risk assessment...
  45. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and diabetes prevention
    Michael J LaMonte
    Center for Integrated Health Research, The Cooper Institute, 12330 Preston Rd, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    J Appl Physiol 99:1205-13. 2005
    ..In this review we will discuss some of the key observational and experimental studies that have examined associations among physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and non-insulin-dependent diabetes...
  46. ncbi request reprint Translating evidenced-based physical activity interventions into practice. The 2010 challenge
    Andrea L Dunn
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Am J Prev Med 22:8-9. 2002
  47. ncbi request reprint Evaluating the reproducibility and validity of the Aerobic Adaptation Test
    T S Church
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:1770-3. 2001
    ....
  48. pmc Effects of physical activity on exercise tests and respiratory function
    Y J Cheng
    The Cooper Institute, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Br J Sports Med 37:521-8. 2003
    ..Exercise is an important component of pulmonary rehabilitation for patients with chronic lung disease...
  49. ncbi request reprint Development of public policy and physical activity initiatives internationally
    S N Blair
    Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Sports Med 21:157-63. 1996
    ..Exercise scientists and public health officials need to turn attention to public policy and legislative initiatives to restructure physical and social environments to encourage more physical activity and discourage sedentary habits...
  50. ncbi request reprint Physical activity, epidemiology, public health, and the American College of Sports Medicine
    Steven N Blair
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1463. 2003
  51. ncbi request reprint Relative associations of fitness and fatness to fibrinogen, white blood cell count, uric acid and metabolic syndrome
    T S Church
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26:805-13. 2002
    ..To examine the relation between fitness and fibrinogen, white blood cell count, uric acid and metabolic syndrome across levels of adiposity in apparently healthy, nonsmoking men...
  52. ncbi request reprint New vision for health promotion within sports medicine
    Steven N Blair
    Cooper Institute, 12330 Preston Road, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Am J Health Promot 18:182-5. 2003
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness, BMI, and risk of hypertension: the HYPGENE study
    Tuomo Rankinen
    Human Genomics Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1687-92. 2007
    ..Genetic factors contribute significantly to the interindividual differences in endurance training-induced changes in BP. However, similar data on the genotype-by-fitness interactions on the risk of hypertension are scarce...
  54. ncbi request reprint Combined influence of cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index on cardiovascular disease risk factors among 8-18 year old youth: The Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study
    Joey C Eisenmann
    Department of Health and Human Performance, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50010, USA
    Int J Pediatr Obes 2:66-72. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine differences in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors across four cross-tabulated groups of cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index in 8- to 18-year-old children and adolescents...
  55. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness and smoking-related and total cancer mortality in men
    Chong Do Lee
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:735-9. 2002
    ..We investigated the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and smoking-related, nonsmoking-related, and total cancer mortality in men...
  56. ncbi request reprint Effects of different doses of physical activity on cardiorespiratory fitness among sedentary, overweight or obese postmenopausal women with elevated blood pressure: a randomized controlled trial
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge 70808 4124, USA
    JAMA 297:2081-91. 2007
    ..However, a poor understanding of the physical activity-fitness dose response relation remains...
  57. ncbi request reprint Independent associations between liver fat, visceral adipose tissue, and metabolic risk factors in men
    Kathleen P McMillan
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 32:265-72. 2007
    ..Both liver fat and visceral AT were associated with metabolic risk in men. However, when controlled for each other, visceral AT was the only independent associate of metabolic risk...
  58. ncbi request reprint Prevention Conference VI: Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease: Writing Group III: risk assessment in persons with diabetes
    Rita F Redberg
    Circulation 105:e144-52. 2002
  59. pmc Objectively measured physical activity and fat mass in a large cohort of children
    Andy R Ness
    Department of Oral and Dental Science, University of Bristol, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 4:e97. 2007
    ..Previous studies have been unable to characterise the association between physical activity and obesity, possibly because most relied on inaccurate measures of physical activity and obesity...
  60. ncbi request reprint Physical activity, clinical medicine, and public health
    Steven N Blair
    Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Curr Sports Med Rep 6:71-2. 2007
  61. ncbi request reprint Relationship between adolescent fitness and fatness and cardiovascular disease risk factors in adulthood: the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study (ACLS)
    Joey C Eisenmann
    Department of Health and Human Performance, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50010, USA
    Am Heart J 149:46-53. 2005
    ..To examine the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness and body fatness during adolescence and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in adulthood...
  62. pmc Estimated functional capacity predicts mortality in older adults
    Xuemei Sui
    Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 55:1940-7. 2007
    ..To examine associations between functional capacity estimated from cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and mortality risks in adults aged 60 and older...
  63. ncbi request reprint Fitness, fatness, and cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes: look ahead study
    Rena R Wing
    Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:2107-16. 2007
    ..The present study examined the association of cardiorespiratory fitness and obesity with CVD risk factors in an ethnically diverse sample of overweight/obese individuals with type 2 diabetes...
  64. pmc Cardiorespiratory fitness and adiposity as mortality predictors in older adults
    Xuemei Sui
    Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    JAMA 298:2507-16. 2007
    ....
  65. pmc A prospective study of cardiorespiratory fitness and risk of type 2 diabetes in women
    Xuemei Sui
    Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:550-5. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the independent and joint associations of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and BMI with the incidence of type 2 diabetes in women...
  66. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and blood pressure in childhood: findings from a population-based study
    Sam D Leary
    Department of Oral and Dental Science, University of Bristol, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TQ UK
    Hypertension 51:92-8. 2008
    ..03 (95% CI -0.54, 0.48) mm Hg per 15 minutes/d MVPA. In conclusion, higher levels of PA were associated with lower BP, and results suggested that the volume of activity may be more important than the intensity...
  67. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness as a predictor of cancer mortality among men with pre-diabetes and diabetes
    Angela M Thompson
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 4600 Perkins Rd, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 4124, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:764-9. 2008
    ..The purpose of this article was to examine the risk of cancer mortality across levels of fitness and to examine the fitness-mortality relation for site-specific cancers in men with pre-diabetes and diabetes...
  68. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness and stroke mortality in men
    Chong Do Lee
    Department of Sports and Exercise Sciences, West Texas A and M University, Canyon, TX, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:592-5. 2002
    ..We examined the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and stroke mortality in men...
  69. pmc Maximal exercise electrocardiography responses and coronary heart disease mortality among men with diabetes mellitus
    G William Lyerly
    Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Circulation 117:2734-42. 2008
    ..However, little is known about the relationship between exercise ECG responses and CHD risk in men with diabetes mellitus...
  70. pmc Association between muscular strength and mortality in men: prospective cohort study
    Jonatan R Ruiz
    Department of Biosciences and Nutrition at Novum, Unit for Preventive Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden
    BMJ 337:a439. 2008
    ..To examine prospectively the association between muscular strength and mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer in men...
  71. ncbi request reprint Visceral fat and liver fat are independent predictors of metabolic risk factors in men
    Thanh Binh Nguyen-Duy
    School of Physical and Health Education, Department of Medicine, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 284:E1065-71. 2003
    ..These observations reinforce the importance of visceral obesity in the pathogenesis of dyslipidemia in men, and they suggest that visceral AT and liver fat carry independent health risk...
  72. ncbi request reprint Effects of a 16-month randomized controlled exercise trial on body weight and composition in young, overweight men and women: the Midwest Exercise Trial
    Joseph E Donnelly
    Energy Balance Laboratory, Schiefelbusch Life Span Institute, University of Kansas, Lawrence 66045, USA
    Arch Intern Med 163:1343-50. 2003
    ..We hypothesized that a 16-month program of verified exercise would prevent weight gain or provide weight loss in the exercise group compared with controls...
  73. ncbi request reprint Exercise and physical activity in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease: a statement from the Council on Clinical Cardiology (Subcommittee on Exercise, Rehabilitation, and Prevention) and the Council on Nutrition, Physical
    Paul D Thompson
    Circulation 107:3109-16. 2003
  74. ncbi request reprint Metabolic syndrome, obesity, and mortality: impact of cardiorespiratory fitness
    Peter T Katzmarzyk
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Diabetes Care 28:391-7. 2005
    ..To determine in normal weight, overweight, and obese men the risk of all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and the influence of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF)...
  75. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness attenuates metabolic risk independent of abdominal subcutaneous and visceral fat in men
    SoJung Lee
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, K7L 3N6
    Diabetes Care 28:895-901. 2005
    ..Unknown is whether CRF attenuates health risk for a given level of abdominal visceral fat, subcutaneous fat, and/or waist circumference...
  76. ncbi request reprint Prevention Conference VII: Obesity, a worldwide epidemic related to heart disease and stroke: executive summary
    Robert H Eckel
    Circulation 110:2968-75. 2004
  77. ncbi request reprint Prevention Conference VII: Obesity, a worldwide epidemic related to heart disease and stroke: Group IV: prevention/treatment
    Rebecca M Mullis
    Circulation 110:e484-8. 2004
  78. ncbi request reprint Liver fat is not a marker of metabolic risk in lean premenopausal women
    Jennifer L Kuk
    School of Physical and Health Education, Department of Medicine, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Metabolism 53:1066-71. 2004
    ..Conversely, both visceral and the deep subcutaneous depot are determinants of metabolic risk in premenopausal woman despite the absence of obesity...
  79. ncbi request reprint Revised Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines and cardiovascular disease mortality in men attending a preventive medical clinic
    Chris I Ardern
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 3N6, Canada
    Circulation 112:1478-85. 2005
    ....
  80. ncbi request reprint Stability of variables associated with the metabolic syndrome from adolescence to adulthood: the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study
    Joey C Eisenmann
    Department of Health and Human Performance, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50010, USA
    Am J Hum Biol 16:690-6. 2004
    ..The findings support the prevention and treatment of obesity, atherosclerosis, type 2 diabetes, and the metabolic syndrome during childhood and adolescence...
  81. ncbi request reprint The fitness, obesity, and health equation: is physical activity the common denominator?
    Steven N Blair
    JAMA 292:1232-4. 2004
  82. ncbi request reprint Construct validity of self-reported historical physical activity
    Heather R Bowles
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Norman J Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 160:279-86. 2004
    ..Self-reported historical WRJ can be assessed with reasonable validity in comparison with measured treadmill performance, with no decay in accuracy of reporting for up to 10 years in the past...
  83. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal changes in cardiorespiratory fitness: measurement error or true change?
    Andrew S Jackson
    Department of Health and Human Performance, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1175-80. 2004
    ..We tested the research hypothesis that longitudinal changes in cardiorespiratory fitness of the ACLS cohort were a multivariate function of changes in self-report physical activity (SR-PA), resting heart rate, and body mass index (BMI)...
  84. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness attenuates the effects of the metabolic syndrome on all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in men
    Peter T Katzmarzyk
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    Arch Intern Med 164:1092-7. 2004
    ..The metabolic syndrome is a prevalent condition that carries with it an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and mortality...
  85. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with lower abdominal fat independent of body mass index
    Suzy L Wong
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:286-91. 2004
    ....
  86. ncbi request reprint The importance of waist circumference in the definition of metabolic syndrome: prospective analyses of mortality in men
    Peter T Katzmarzyk
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
    Diabetes Care 29:404-9. 2006
    ....
  87. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and stroke risk: a meta-analysis
    Chong Do Lee
    Department of Sports and Exercise Sciences, West Texas A and M University, Canyon, TX 79016, USA
    Stroke 34:2475-81. 2003
    ..Whether physical activity reduces stroke risk remains controversial. We used a meta-analysis to examine the overall association between physical activity or cardiorespiratory fitness and stroke incidence or mortality...
  88. ncbi request reprint Visceral fat is an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in men
    Jennifer L Kuk
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:336-41. 2006
    ..To examine the independent associations of abdominal fat (visceral and subcutaneous) and liver fat with all-cause mortality...
  89. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness and cancer mortality in Japanese men: a prospective study
    Susumu S Sawada
    Tokyo Gas Health Promotion Center, Tokyo, Japan
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1546-50. 2003
    ..Limited data are available on the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness and cancer mortality. We evaluated the cardiorespiratory fitness and risk of cancer mortality in Japanese men...
  90. ncbi request reprint AHA/ACC guidelines for secondary prevention for patients with coronary and other atherosclerotic vascular disease: 2006 update endorsed by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
    Sidney C Smith
    J Am Coll Cardiol 47:2130-9. 2006
  91. doi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness as a predictor of fatal and nonfatal stroke in asymptomatic women and men
    Steven P Hooker
    Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Stroke 39:2950-7. 2008
    ..This study examined the association between CRF and fatal and nonfatal stroke in a large cohort of asymptomatic women and men...