Roberta Ness

Summary

Affiliation: Texas Medical Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Contraception methods, beyond oral contraceptives and tubal ligation, and risk of ovarian cancer
    Roberta B Ness
    School of Public Health, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 21:188-96. 2011
  2. pmc Recent alcohol consumption and risk of incident ovarian carcinoma: a pooled analysis of 5,342 cases and 10,358 controls from the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium
    Linda E Kelemen
    Department of Population Health Research, Alberta Health Services Cancer Care, AB, Canada
    BMC Cancer 13:28. 2013
  3. doi request reprint Tools for innovative thinking in epidemiology
    Roberta B Ness
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Texas, 1200 Herman Pressler, Suite W114, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 175:733-8. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Commentary: Teaching creativity and innovative thinking in medicine and the health sciences
    Roberta B Ness
    University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, Texas, USA
    Acad Med 86:1201-3. 2011
  5. doi request reprint Influence of estrogen plus testosterone supplementation on breast cancer
    Roberta B Ness
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:41-6. 2009
  6. doi request reprint The future of epidemiology
    Roberta B Ness
    Joint Policy Committee, Societies of Epidemiology, The University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Acad Med 84:1631-7. 2009
  7. doi request reprint Invited commentary: Population-based human subjects research in the era of enhanced privacy regulation
    Roberta B Ness
    School of Public Health, University of Texas, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:648-50; discussion 651-2. 2010
  8. doi request reprint How to be a department chair of epidemiology: a survival guide
    Roberta B Ness
    School of Public Health, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:747-51. 2010
  9. pmc Chlamydia trachomatis serology in women with and without ovarian cancer
    Roberta B Ness
    School of Public Health, University of Texas, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2008:219672. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Anthropometry and the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer
    Julia B Greer
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Cancer 106:2247-57. 2006

Research Grants

  1. HOME SCREENING FOR CHLAMYDIA SURVEILLANCE
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2004
  2. Fetal Growth Restriction & Maternal Cardiovascular Risk
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2007
  3. Inflammation and Ovarian Cancer
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2007
  4. Fetal Growth Restriction & Maternal Cardiovascular Risk
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2009
  5. EFFECTIVENESS OF OUTPATIENT TREATMENT OF PID
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2003
  6. DOUCHING, VAGINAL MICROBIOLOGY, AND PID
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2003

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications70

  1. pmc Contraception methods, beyond oral contraceptives and tubal ligation, and risk of ovarian cancer
    Roberta B Ness
    School of Public Health, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 21:188-96. 2011
    ..Few studies have examined methods of contraception, beyond oral contraceptives (OCs) and tubal ligation, in relation to ovarian cancer risk...
  2. pmc Recent alcohol consumption and risk of incident ovarian carcinoma: a pooled analysis of 5,342 cases and 10,358 controls from the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium
    Linda E Kelemen
    Department of Population Health Research, Alberta Health Services Cancer Care, AB, Canada
    BMC Cancer 13:28. 2013
    ..Because OC and ovarian borderline tumor histologic types differ genetically, molecularly and clinically, large numbers are needed to estimate risk associations...
  3. doi request reprint Tools for innovative thinking in epidemiology
    Roberta B Ness
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Texas, 1200 Herman Pressler, Suite W114, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 175:733-8. 2012
    ..Broader mastery of many of these tools, particularly when used in combination, has provided our students with a powerful device for enhancing innovation...
  4. doi request reprint Commentary: Teaching creativity and innovative thinking in medicine and the health sciences
    Roberta B Ness
    University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, Texas, USA
    Acad Med 86:1201-3. 2011
    ....
  5. doi request reprint Influence of estrogen plus testosterone supplementation on breast cancer
    Roberta B Ness
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:41-6. 2009
    ..We sought to examine the relationship between the use of estrogen plus testosterone (E + T) therapy (esterified estradiol plus methyltestosterone) and the occurrence of breast cancer...
  6. doi request reprint The future of epidemiology
    Roberta B Ness
    Joint Policy Committee, Societies of Epidemiology, The University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Acad Med 84:1631-7. 2009
    ..g., genomics, comparative effectiveness in therapeutics), and factors shaping human health (e.g., increasing globalism, the environment, disease and lifestyle, demographics, infectious disease)...
  7. doi request reprint Invited commentary: Population-based human subjects research in the era of enhanced privacy regulation
    Roberta B Ness
    School of Public Health, University of Texas, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:648-50; discussion 651-2. 2010
    ..The need to remove major barriers to human health research cannot be forgotten. At risk is America's progress in finding solutions to our most pressing health concerns...
  8. doi request reprint How to be a department chair of epidemiology: a survival guide
    Roberta B Ness
    School of Public Health, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:747-51. 2010
    ..Eventually, the chair must know when to quit and how to quit well. Although being chair is demanding and sometimes difficult, it is a position that can be rewarding to both the individual and the department...
  9. pmc Chlamydia trachomatis serology in women with and without ovarian cancer
    Roberta B Ness
    School of Public Health, University of Texas, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2008:219672. 2008
    ..40 OD units) were 0.6 (95% CI 0.4-0.9). These data do not support our earlier finding of elevated titers for antibodies to C. trachomatis among women with ovarian cancer...
  10. ncbi request reprint Anthropometry and the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer
    Julia B Greer
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Cancer 106:2247-57. 2006
    ..Because factors such as oral contraceptive (OC), hormone therapy (HT), and parity may affect weight and hormone levels, the associations were examined in women with and without these characteristics...
  11. pmc Association of lifestyle and relationship factors with sexual functioning of women during midlife
    Rachel Hess
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 230 McKee Place, Suite 600, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    J Sex Med 6:1358-68. 2009
    ..As women progress through menopause, they experience changes in sexual functioning that are multifactorial, likely encompassing biological, psychological, and social domains...
  12. pmc Immunosuppression for liver transplantation in HCV-infected patients: mechanism-based principles
    Bijan Eghtesad
    Thomas E Starzl Transplantation Institute, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Liver Transpl 11:1343-52. 2005
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Chlamydia antibodies, chlamydia heat shock protein, and adverse sequelae after pelvic inflammatory disease: the PID Evaluation and Clinical Health (PEACH) Study
    Roberta B Ness
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:129-35. 2008
    ..Among women with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), we assessed the associations among antibodies to Chlamydia trachomatis elementary bodies (EB), antibodies to chlamydia heat shock protein (Chsp60), rates of pregnancy, and PID recurrence...
  14. ncbi request reprint Serologic evidence of past infection with Chlamydia trachomatis, in relation to ovarian cancer
    Roberta B Ness
    Graduate School of Public Health and Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, University of Pittsburgh, 130 DeSoto Street, 517 Parran Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    J Infect Dis 187:1147-52. 2003
    ..09) in ovarian cancer risk associated with CHSP60-1 but not with CHSP60-2, CHSP60-3, or CHSP10. These data suggest that past or chronic persistent infection with chlamydia may be a risk factor for ovarian cancer...
  15. ncbi request reprint Effect of raloxifene on sexual function in older postmenopausal women with osteoporosis
    Francesmary Modugno
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 101:353-61. 2003
    ..To assess the effect of raloxifene compared with placebo on sexual function in older postmenopausal women undergoing therapy for the treatment of osteoporosis...
  16. doi request reprint Sodium intake and cardiovascular disease
    Alanna C Morrison
    School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 32:71-90. 2011
    ..Public health policy to reduce sodium intake in the United States would have significant cost-savings, far greater than the cost of intervention, and would also result in a significant gain in quality-adjusted life years...
  17. pmc Complications of right lobe living donor liver transplantation
    James W Marsh
    Thomas E Starzl Transplantation Institute, University of Pittsburgh, UPMC Montefiore, 3459 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Hepatol 51:715-24. 2009
    ..Our aims were to ensure full disclosure to donors and recipients of the risks and benefits of this procedure in a large University center and to help explain reporting inconsistencies...
  18. ncbi request reprint Bacterial vaginosis (BV) and the risk of incident gonococcal or chlamydial genital infection in a predominantly black population
    Roberta B Ness
    University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 32:413-7. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to assess in prospective data whether bacterial vaginosis (BV) is associated with gonococcal/chlamydial cervicitis...
  19. ncbi request reprint Short-term oral contraceptive use and the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer
    Julia B Greer
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 162:66-72. 2005
    ..Mediating factors may reflect endogenous hormone levels, OC metabolism, or OC bioactivity...
  20. pmc Do short-term markers of treatment efficacy predict long-term sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease?
    Gail M Trautmann
    University of Pittsburgh School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 198:30.e1-7. 2008
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Oral contraceptive use, reproductive history, and risk of epithelial ovarian cancer in women with and without endometriosis
    Francesmary Modugno
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, and University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 191:733-40. 2004
    ..We investigated whether the odds ratios for ovarian cancer that were associated with oral contraceptive use, childbearing, hysterectomy, and tubal ligation differ among women with and without endometriosis...
  22. ncbi request reprint Cigarette smoking and the risk of mucinous and nonmucinous epithelial ovarian cancer
    Francesmary Modugno
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, 516A Parran Hall, 130 DeSoto Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Epidemiology 13:467-71. 2002
    ..The association between cigarette smoking and ovarian cancer may vary according to the histologic type of tumor...
  23. ncbi request reprint Influence of the HIPAA Privacy Rule on health research
    Roberta B Ness
    University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    JAMA 298:2164-70. 2007
    ..Anecdotal reports suggest that the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act Privacy Rule (HIPAA Privacy Rule) may be affecting health research in the United States...
  24. ncbi request reprint Newest approaches to treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease: a review of recent randomized clinical trials
    Catherine L Haggerty
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 44:953-60. 2007
    ..Although a handful of studies have shown that monotherapies for PID achieve high rates of clinical cure, the efficacy of these regimens in treating anaerobic PID and in preventing adverse reproductive sequelae is not fully elucidated...
  25. pmc Polymorphism in the IL18 gene and epithelial ovarian cancer in non-Hispanic white women
    Rachel T Palmieri
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:3567-72. 2008
    ..This analysis shows the importance of consortia, like the OCAC, in either confirming or refuting the validity of putative findings in studies with smaller sample sizes. (Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2008;17(12):3567-72)...
  26. pmc Interactions between smoking and weight in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia and small-for-gestational-age birth
    Roberta B Ness
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:427-33. 2008
    ..Obesity eliminated the inverse association between smoking and preeclampsia but did not substantially alter the positive association between smoking and SGA. A possible unifying biologic explanation is discussed in this paper...
  27. pmc Clinical presentation of Mycoplasma genitalium Infection versus Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection among women with pelvic inflammatory disease
    Vanessa L Short
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 48:41-7. 2009
    ..The characteristics of nongonococcal, nonchlamydial PID have not been well described. Our objective was to examine the characteristics of Mycoplasma genitalium infection among women with clinically suspected PID...
  28. ncbi request reprint Prediction of pelvic inflammatory disease among young, single, sexually active women
    Roberta B Ness
    Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 33:137-42. 2006
    ..To assess prediction strategies for pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)...
  29. ncbi request reprint Inflammation and triglycerides partially mediate the effect of prepregnancy body mass index on the risk of preeclampsia
    Lisa M Bodnar
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 162:1198-206. 2005
    ..Inflammation was a more important mediator than triglycerides. These findings suggest that approximately one third of the total effect of body mass index on preeclampsia risk is mediated through inflammation and triglyceride levels...
  30. ncbi request reprint Infertility, fertility drugs, and ovarian cancer: a pooled analysis of case-control studies
    Roberta B Ness
    University of Pittsburgh School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:217-24. 2002
    ..10, 2.71) and unknown cause of infertility (OR = 1.19, 95% CI: 1.00, 1.40) increased cancer risk. These data suggest a role for specific biologic causes of infertility, but not for fertility drugs in overall risk for ovarian cancer...
  31. ncbi request reprint Hormone replacement therapy formulations and risk of epithelial ovarian carcinoma
    Anita S Y Sit
    Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Gynecol Oncol 86:118-23. 2002
    ..The aim of the study is to evaluate the impact of various HRT formulations and their characteristics of use on the risk of epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC)...
  32. ncbi request reprint Endometritis does not predict reproductive morbidity after pelvic inflammatory disease
    Catherine L Haggerty
    University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 188:141-8. 2003
    ..We investigated the association between endometritis and reproductive morbidity...
  33. ncbi request reprint Douching, pelvic inflammatory disease, and incident gonococcal and chlamydial genital infection in a cohort of high-risk women
    Roberta B Ness
    University of Pittsburgh, Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, Room A530 Crabtree Hall, 130 DeSoto Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 161:186-95. 2005
    ..These data do not support an association between douching and development of PID or gonococcal/chlamydial genital infection among predominantly young, African-American women...
  34. ncbi request reprint Relations of gestational length and timing and type of incomplete pregnancy to ovarian cancer risk
    Gretchen L Gierach
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 161:452-61. 2005
    ..80, 95% CI: 0.44, 1.47). These data do not support an independent association between incomplete pregnancies, either spontaneous or induced, and ovarian cancer risk...
  35. ncbi request reprint Associations among human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II DQ variants, bacterial sexually transmitted diseases, endometritis, and fertility among women with clinical pelvic inflammatory disease
    Roberta B Ness
    Graduate School of Public Health and Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 31:301-4. 2004
    ..We investigated associations between HLA class II DQ alleles, chlamydial and gonococcal cervicitis, endometritis, and infertility among women with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)...
  36. doi request reprint Pregnancy and birth history influence women's experience of menopause
    Rachel Hess
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Menopause 15:435-41. 2008
    ..We hypothesize that nulliparous women will have more dissatisfaction with childbearing choices and more negative attitudes toward menopause but will experience fewer menopausal symptoms...
  37. ncbi request reprint Predictors of chronic pelvic pain in an urban population of women with symptoms and signs of pelvic inflammatory disease
    Catherine L Haggerty
    University of Pittsburgh, Department of Epidemiology, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 32:293-9. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to assess the risk profile for chronic pelvic pain (CPP) after pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)...
  38. ncbi request reprint Endometriosis and its treatment with danazol or lupron in relation to ovarian cancer
    Carrie M Cottreau
    University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Clin Cancer Res 9:5142-4. 2003
    ..The androgenic medication, danazol, and the antiandrogenic medications, leuprolide and nafarelin, are commonly used in the treatment of endometriosis. We assessed the associations between the use of these medications and ovarian cancer...
  39. pmc Parity and cardiovascular disease risk among older women: how do pregnancy complications mediate the association?
    Janet M Catov
    University of Pittsburgh, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Pittsburgh PA 15213, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 18:873-9. 2008
    ..To determine whether parity is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) after accounting for perinatal complications...
  40. pmc Condom use and the risk of recurrent pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic pelvic pain, or infertility following an episode of pelvic inflammatory disease
    Roberta B Ness
    University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health, 130 DeSoto St, A530 Crabtree Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1327-9. 2004
    ..Consistent condom use (about 60% of encounters) at baseline also reduced these risks, after adjustment for confounders, by 30% to 60%. Self-reported persistent and consistent condom use was associated with lower rates of PID sequelae...
  41. doi request reprint Diagnosis and treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease
    Catherine L Haggerty
    University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Womens Health (Lond Engl) 4:383-97. 2008
    ..Research comparing sequelae development by differing antimicrobial regimens is extremely limited, but will ultimately shape future treatment guidelines...
  42. ncbi request reprint Adherence to oral therapies in pelvic inflammatory disease
    Jacqueline Dunbar-Jacob
    School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 13:285-91. 2004
    ..To assess adherence to oral therapies in pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)...
  43. pmc Duration of lactation and risk factors for maternal cardiovascular disease
    Eleanor Bimla Schwarz
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 113:974-82. 2009
    ..To examine dose-response relationships between the cumulative number of months women lactated and postmenopausal risk factors for cardiovascular disease...
  44. pmc Mycoplasma genitalium among young, urban pregnant women
    Vanessa L Short
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2010:984760. 2010
    ..As the consequences of Mycoplasma genitalium in pregnant women are unknown, we examined the relationship between prenatal M. genitalium infection and SAB...
  45. doi request reprint Risk of sequelae after Chlamydia trachomatis genital infection in women
    Catherine L Haggerty
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    J Infect Dis 201:S134-55. 2010
    ..trachomatis infection; better tools to measure PID and tubal damage; and studies on the natural history of repeated chlamydial infections are needed...
  46. ncbi request reprint Androgenic progestins in oral contraceptives and the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer
    Julia B Greer
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 105:731-40. 2005
    ..The authors investigated whether OC efficacy might differ according to androgenicity by using data from a large, population-based, case-control study (the Steroid Hormones and Reproductions [SHARE] Study)...
  47. ncbi request reprint Quality of life utilities for pelvic inflammatory disease health states
    Kenneth J Smith
    Section of Decision Sciences and Clinical Systems Modeling, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:307-11. 2008
    ..Utilities for PID could have important implications on the cost-effectiveness of interventions to prevent and manage this disease...
  48. ncbi request reprint Association between allelic variants in cytokine genes and preeclampsia
    Catherine L Haggerty
    University of Pittsburgh, Magee Womens Research Institute, PA 15261, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 193:209-15. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between cytokine genotypes and preeclampsia...
  49. ncbi request reprint Breast cancer risk factors and mammographic breast density in women over age 70
    Francesmary Modugno
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 97:157-66. 2006
    ..Breast density is a strong risk factor for breast cancer, but little is known about factors associated with breast density in women over 70...
  50. ncbi request reprint Gender of offspring and maternal ovarian cancer risk
    Gretchen L Gierach
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, 3520 5th Avenue, Suite 510, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Gynecol Oncol 101:476-80. 2006
    ..We sought to determine whether offspring gender, which differentially alters maternal hormonal milieu, may be associated with maternal ovarian cancer risk...
  51. ncbi request reprint Endometriosis as a model for inflammation-hormone interactions in ovarian and breast cancers
    Roberta B Ness
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Room 513 Parran Hall, 130 DeSoto Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Eur J Cancer 42:691-703. 2006
    ..Moreover, treatments for endometriosis may require consideration of the impact on long-term cancer risk...
  52. pmc Can known risk factors explain racial differences in the occurrence of bacterial vaginosis?
    Roberta B Ness
    University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health, Magee Womens Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 95:201-12. 2003
    ..Black women are more likely to have bacterial vaginosis (BV) than are non-Hispanic white women. We examined whether this disparity can be explained by racial differences in known BV risk factors...
  53. ncbi request reprint Systematic review: noninvasive testing for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    Robert L Cook
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Ann Intern Med 142:914-25. 2005
    ..Testing of urine samples is noninvasive and could overcome several barriers to screening for chlamydial and gonococcal infections, but most test samples are obtained directly from the cervix or urethra...
  54. ncbi request reprint Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 is increased in preeclampsia but not in normotensive pregnancies with small-for-gestational-age neonates: relationship to circulating placental growth factor
    Eiji Shibata
    Magee Womens Research Institute, University of Pittsburgh, 204 Craft Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90:4895-903. 2005
    ..However, the latter condition occurs without maternal vascular disease...
  55. pmc Mycoplasma genitalium among women with nongonococcal, nonchlamydial pelvic inflammatory disease
    Catherine L Haggerty
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2006:30184. 2006
    ..We detected M genitalium in 7 (14%) of the women tested: 6 (12%) in cervical specimens and 4 (8%) in endometrial specimens. We conclude that M genitalium is prevalent in the endometrium of women with nongonococcal, nonchlamydial PID...
  56. ncbi request reprint Association of periconceptional multivitamin use and risk of preterm or small-for-gestational-age births
    Janet M Catov
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:296-303. 2007
    ..Study results indicate lower rates of severe preterm births and extreme SGA in women who report periconceptional vitamin use, although these should be considered cautiously until replicated...
  57. ncbi request reprint Inflammation and dyslipidemia related to risk of spontaneous preterm birth
    Janet M Catov
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1312-9. 2007
    ..The results indicate that some metabolic factors together with inflammation may be related to the risk of sPTB...
  58. ncbi request reprint Vaginal douching and development of bacterial vaginosis among women with normal and abnormal vaginal microflora
    Katherine B Hutchinson
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 34:671-5. 2007
    ..To evaluate the relationship between douching and bacterial vaginosis (BV) among women with and without prior abnormal vaginal flora...
  59. ncbi request reprint Condom use and its association with bacterial vaginosis and bacterial vaginosis-associated vaginal microflora
    Katherine B Hutchinson
    Gynecologic Infection Follow Through GIFT Investigators, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Epidemiology 18:702-8. 2007
    ..Previous studies have been inconsistent with regard to whether condom use is associated with bacterial vaginosis. We evaluated this association using case-crossover analyses...
  60. pmc Cost comparisons between home- and clinic-based testing for sexually transmitted diseases in high-risk young women
    Kenneth J Smith
    Section of Decision Sciences and Clinical Systems Modeling, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2007:62467. 2007
    ..A home testing program could be cost saving, depending on whether changes in clinic testing frequency occur when home testing is available...
  61. ncbi request reprint Cell viability assay for drug testing in ovarian cancer: in vitro kill versus clinical response
    Roberta B Ness
    Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Anticancer Res 22:1145-9. 2002
    ..Several methods have been and are in use for assessing the in vitro sensitivity and resistance of an individual woman's tumor cells. We report the predictive accuracy of an optimized chemoresponsiveness test...
  62. ncbi request reprint Trauma associated with acute myocardial infarction in a multi-state hospitalized population
    Rovshan M Ismailov
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, P O Box 19122, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Int J Cardiol 105:141-6. 2005
    ..AMI following non-penetrating injury has been shown to carry significant morbidity and mortality...
  63. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of treatment strategies of some women with pelvic inflammatory disease: a randomized trial
    Roberta B Ness
    University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 106:573-80. 2005
    ..We assessed whether outpatient is as effective as inpatient treatment in relevant age, race, and clinical subgroups of women with PID...
  64. ncbi request reprint The consequences for human reproduction of a robust inflammatory response
    Roberta B Ness
    University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Q Rev Biol 79:383-93. 2004
    ..The hypothesis that immune hyperresponsiveness limits reproductive capacity suggests many avenues for research...
  65. ncbi request reprint Association between infant birth weight and maternal cardiovascular risk factors in the health, aging, and body composition study
    Janet M Catov
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:36-43. 2007
    ....
  66. ncbi request reprint Alcohol consumption and the risk of mucinous and nonmucinous epithelial ovarian cancer
    Francesmary Modugno
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 102:1336-43. 2003
    ..To examine alcohol consumption as a risk factor for epithelial ovarian cancer according to tumor histology...
  67. ncbi request reprint Prepregnancy body mass index and the occurrence of severe hypertensive disorders of pregnancy
    Lisa M Bodnar
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Epidemiology 18:234-9. 2007
    ..Prepregnancy overweight is a risk factor for mild preeclampsia and mild transient hypertension of pregnancy. Its association with severe subtypes of these disorders has received less attention...
  68. ncbi request reprint Maternal leptin concentrations are similar in African Americans and Caucasians in normal pregnancy, preeclampsia and small-for-gestational-age infants
    Laura D Jenkins
    Magee Womens Research Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Hypertens Pregnancy 26:101-9. 2007
    ..Differences in the frequency and severity of preeclampsia in African Americans cannot be explained by higher leptin concentrations...
  69. ncbi request reprint Preferences for fertility in women with pelvic inflammatory disease
    Thomas J Songer
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Fertil Steril 81:1344-50. 2004
    ..To identify the value that women with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) assign to the health impact of future infertility...
  70. ncbi request reprint High prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases in young women seeking HIV testing in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Robert L Cook
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 31:67-72. 2004
    ..Few data are available on the prevalence of and risk factors for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) other than HIV in Brazil...

Research Grants23

  1. HOME SCREENING FOR CHLAMYDIA SURVEILLANCE
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will determine whether a home screening strategy for bacterial STD's would enhance compliance with screening recommendations; such a strategy could contribute to elimination of STD's at reduced societal cost. ..
  2. Fetal Growth Restriction & Maternal Cardiovascular Risk
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The presence of risk markers at an early age, specifically an age wherein markers of cardiovascular risk are typically not measured, may allow for implementation of early preventative interventions. ..
  3. Inflammation and Ovarian Cancer
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In particular, NSAID use may prove to be a potentially important chemopreventative for this often-fatal disease. ..
  4. Fetal Growth Restriction & Maternal Cardiovascular Risk
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The presence of risk markers at an early age, specifically an age wherein markers of cardiovascular risk are typically not measured, may allow for implementation of early preventative interventions. ..
  5. EFFECTIVENESS OF OUTPATIENT TREATMENT OF PID
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We gain great efficiency in the use of the extensive resources and excellent follow-up success within the PEACH cohort. ..
  6. DOUCHING, VAGINAL MICROBIOLOGY, AND PID
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Given the paucity of information regarding the relationship between douching and reproductive outcomes, the proposed study is imperative in order to direct future public health recommendations. ..