L S Kao

Summary

Affiliation: Texas Medical Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Should perioperative supplemental oxygen be routinely recommended for surgery patients? A Bayesian meta-analysis
    Lillian S Kao
    Center for Clinical Research and Evidence Based Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, TX 77026, USA
    Ann Surg 256:894-901. 2012
  2. pmc Reliability of superficial surgical site infections as a hospital quality measure
    Lillian S Kao
    Center for Surgical Trials and Evidence Based Practice C STEP, Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77026, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 213:231-5. 2011
  3. pmc Local variations in the epidemiology, microbiology, and outcome of necrotizing soft-tissue infections: a multicenter study
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, USA
    Am J Surg 202:139-45. 2011
  4. doi request reprint Antimicrobial prophylaxis and infection surveillance in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation patients: a multi-institutional survey of practice patterns
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA
    ASAIO J 57:231-8. 2011
  5. doi request reprint A tale of 2 hospitals: a staggered cohort study of targeted interventions to improve compliance with antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77026, USA
    Surgery 148:255-62. 2010
  6. pmc Clinical research methodology I: introduction to randomized trials
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 206:361-9. 2008
  7. pmc Analysis of variance: is there a difference in means and what does it mean?
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA
    J Surg Res 144:158-70. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Navigating towards improved surgical safety using aviation-based strategies
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 62008, USA
    J Surg Res 145:327-35. 2008
  9. ncbi request reprint The impact of diabetes on outcome in traumatically injured patients: an analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 5656 Kelley St, Suite 30S 62008, Houston, TX 77026, USA
    Am J Surg 192:710-4. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Hyperglycemia and morbidity and mortality in extremely low birth weight infants
    L S Kao
    Department of Surgery, Lyndon Baines Johnson General Hospital, University of Texas, Houston Medical School, Houston, TX 77026, USA
    J Perinatol 26:730-6. 2006

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications25

  1. pmc Should perioperative supplemental oxygen be routinely recommended for surgery patients? A Bayesian meta-analysis
    Lillian S Kao
    Center for Clinical Research and Evidence Based Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, TX 77026, USA
    Ann Surg 256:894-901. 2012
    ..Because few trials assessed potential harms of hyperoxia, hazards were not included...
  2. pmc Reliability of superficial surgical site infections as a hospital quality measure
    Lillian S Kao
    Center for Surgical Trials and Evidence Based Practice C STEP, Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77026, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 213:231-5. 2011
    ..We used the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program data to determine the reliability of SSI rates as a measure of hospital performance and to evaluate the effect of hospital caseload on reliability...
  3. pmc Local variations in the epidemiology, microbiology, and outcome of necrotizing soft-tissue infections: a multicenter study
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, USA
    Am J Surg 202:139-45. 2011
    ..Necrotizing soft-tissue infections (NSTIs) are rare and highly lethal...
  4. doi request reprint Antimicrobial prophylaxis and infection surveillance in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation patients: a multi-institutional survey of practice patterns
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA
    ASAIO J 57:231-8. 2011
    ..Almost half of centers (49%, 64/132) perform routine surveillance cultures but at variable intervals. There is significant heterogeneity in antibiotic prophylaxis and infection surveillance practice patterns among ELSO centers...
  5. doi request reprint A tale of 2 hospitals: a staggered cohort study of targeted interventions to improve compliance with antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77026, USA
    Surgery 148:255-62. 2010
    ..The purpose of this prospective study was to determine the effectiveness of targeted interventions to improve compliance with antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines (timing, spectrum, and discontinuation) at 2 university-affiliated hospitals...
  6. pmc Clinical research methodology I: introduction to randomized trials
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 206:361-9. 2008
  7. pmc Analysis of variance: is there a difference in means and what does it mean?
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA
    J Surg Res 144:158-70. 2008
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Navigating towards improved surgical safety using aviation-based strategies
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 62008, USA
    J Surg Res 145:327-35. 2008
    ..Avenues and challenges for future research are also discussed...
  9. ncbi request reprint The impact of diabetes on outcome in traumatically injured patients: an analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 5656 Kelley St, Suite 30S 62008, Houston, TX 77026, USA
    Am J Surg 192:710-4. 2006
    ..Studies on stress hyperglycemia in trauma patients have largely ignored diabetes, a potential confounder. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between diabetes and outcome in trauma patients...
  10. ncbi request reprint Hyperglycemia and morbidity and mortality in extremely low birth weight infants
    L S Kao
    Department of Surgery, Lyndon Baines Johnson General Hospital, University of Texas, Houston Medical School, Houston, TX 77026, USA
    J Perinatol 26:730-6. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the association between hyperglycemia and mortality and late-onset infections (>72 h) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants...
  11. ncbi request reprint Gender differences among spouses of surgeons
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Houston Medical School, 5656 Kelley Street, Suite 30S62008, Houston, TX 77026, USA
    Am J Surg 189:435-40. 2005
    ..The goal of this study was to identify whether gender differences exist regarding the degree of spousal support for, satisfaction with, and perception of surgeons' careers...
  12. ncbi request reprint Prophylactic cholecystectomy in transplant patients: a decision analysis
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, LBJ General Hospital, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77026, USA
    J Gastrointest Surg 9:965-72. 2005
    ..Expectant management is the preferred strategy for pancreas and/or kidney transplant recipients with asymptomatic cholelithiasis...
  13. ncbi request reprint The impact of diabetes in patients with necrotizing soft tissue infections
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of General Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 6:427-38. 2005
    ..Given the association of diabetes with necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs) and hyperglycemia with mortality in critically ill patients, this study investigates the impact of diabetes and hyperglycemia in NSTI patients...
  14. ncbi request reprint Perceptions and predictors of surgeon satisfaction: a survey of spouses of academic surgeons
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 200:684-90. 2005
    ..This study examined satisfaction with surgeons' careers and potential contributing factors from a spousal standpoint...
  15. doi request reprint Alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone in critically injured trauma patients
    S Rob Todd
    Department of Surgery, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    J Trauma 66:465-9. 2009
    ..We hypothesized that alpha-MSH levels would be decreased in critically injured patients and that this would correlate with poor outcome...
  16. ncbi request reprint Preclinical predictors of surgery NBME exam performance
    Rosemary A Kozar
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    J Surg Res 140:204-7. 2007
    ..We hypothesized that at-risk students could be accurately identified and offered an intense tutorial program to enhance success on their exam...
  17. ncbi request reprint Effect of NOS inhibition on rat gastric matrix metalloproteinase production during endotoxemia
    Emily K Robinson
    Department of Surgery, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Shock 25:507-14. 2006
    ..Therefore, the purpose of these studies was to compare the effects of selective and nonselective NOS inhibition on LPS-induced gastric MMP production...
  18. ncbi request reprint A multidisciplinary clinical pathway decreases rib fracture-associated infectious morbidity and mortality in high-risk trauma patients
    S Rob Todd
    Department of Surgery, The Methodist Hospital, 6550 Fannin Street, Smith Tower 1661, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Am J Surg 192:806-11. 2006
    ..The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effect of this pathway on infectious morbidity and mortality...
  19. doi request reprint Training future surgical scientists: realities and recommendations
    James W Suliburk
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical School, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Ann Surg 247:741-9. 2008
    ..To examine factors influencing surgical research and assess the current state of training future surgical scientists...
  20. ncbi request reprint Should cholecystectomy be performed for asymptomatic cholelithiasis in transplant patients?
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of General Surgery, LBJ Hospital, University of Texas Houston Medical School, Houston, TX 77026, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 197:302-12. 2003
  21. ncbi request reprint Predictors of morbidity after traumatic pancreatic injury
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, USA
    J Trauma 55:898-905. 2003
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Early predictors of prolonged mechanical ventilation in major torso trauma patients who require resuscitation
    Steven C Agle
    Department of Surgery, Eastern Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA
    Am J Surg 192:822-7. 2006
    ..The study purpose was to identify early predictors of prolonged mechanical ventilation in major torso trauma patients...
  23. doi request reprint Surgical education in the internet era
    Carla M Pugh
    Department of Surgery, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    J Surg Res 156:177-82. 2009
    ..This paper highlights presentations about the challenges as well as the rewards of surgical education in the age of the Internet from the 2009 Academic Surgical Congress...
  24. doi request reprint Predicting death in necrotizing soft tissue infections: a clinical score
    Daniel A Anaya
    Division of General Surgery, Michael E DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 10:517-22. 2009
    ..The goal of this study was to develop a clinical score based on data available at the time of initial assessment to aid in stratifying patients according to their risk of death...
  25. ncbi request reprint Trials and tribulations: current challenges in conducting clinical trials
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Box 356410, 1959 NE Pacific St, Seattle, WA 98125, USA
    Arch Surg 138:59-62. 2003
    ..This article describes the difficulties encountered at a single institution participating in a multicenter drug study and reviews the challenges involved in developing a high-quality randomized controlled study...

Research Grants2

  1. Studies on Hyperglycemia in Surgical Infection
    LILLIAN KAO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....