John J Wiens

Summary

Affiliation: State University of New York
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint What is speciation and how should we study it?
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Am Nat 163:914-23. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint The role of morphological data in phylogeny reconstruction
    John Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Syst Biol 53:653-61. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint Ontogeny discombobulates phylogeny: paedomorphosis and higher-level salamander relationships
    John Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Syst Biol 54:91-110. 2005
  4. pmc Resolving the phylogeny of lizards and snakes (Squamata) with extensive sampling of genes and species
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Biol Lett 8:1043-6. 2012
  5. pmc Highly incomplete taxa can rescue phylogenetic analyses from the negative impacts of limited taxon sampling
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e42925. 2012
  6. pmc Phylogenetic history underlies elevational biodiversity patterns in tropical salamanders
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 274:919-28. 2007
  7. doi request reprint Combining phylogenomics and fossils in higher-level squamate reptile phylogeny: molecular data change the placement of fossil taxa
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Syst Biol 59:674-88. 2010
  8. ncbi request reprint Loss and re-evolution of complex life cycles in marsupial frogs: does ancestral trait reconstruction mislead?
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Evolution 61:1886-99. 2007
  9. doi request reprint Branch lengths, support, and congruence: testing the phylogenomic approach with 20 nuclear loci in snakes
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Syst Biol 57:420-31. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Global patterns of diversification and species richness in amphibians
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA
    Am Nat 170:S86-106. 2007

Detail Information

Publications59

  1. ncbi request reprint What is speciation and how should we study it?
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Am Nat 163:914-23. 2004
    ..This research program will connect speciation to many other fundamental questions in evolutionary biology, ecology, biogeography, and conservation biology...
  2. ncbi request reprint The role of morphological data in phylogeny reconstruction
    John Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Syst Biol 53:653-61. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint Ontogeny discombobulates phylogeny: paedomorphosis and higher-level salamander relationships
    John Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Syst Biol 54:91-110. 2005
    ..Our results suggest that the effects of paedomorphosis on phylogenetic analyses may be complex, difficult to detect, and can lead to results that are both wrong and statistically well supported by parsimony and Bayesian analyses...
  4. pmc Resolving the phylogeny of lizards and snakes (Squamata) with extensive sampling of genes and species
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Biol Lett 8:1043-6. 2012
    ..These latter results have important implications for all studies that attempt to resolve phylogenies with large-scale phylogenomic datasets...
  5. pmc Highly incomplete taxa can rescue phylogenetic analyses from the negative impacts of limited taxon sampling
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e42925. 2012
    ..Here, we evaluate whether incomplete taxa can also rescue analyses under these conditions (empirically testing predictions from an earlier simulation study)...
  6. pmc Phylogenetic history underlies elevational biodiversity patterns in tropical salamanders
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 274:919-28. 2007
    ..This pattern may be widespread and suggests that mid-elevation habitats may not only harbour more species, but may also contain more phylogenetic diversity than other habitats within a region...
  7. doi request reprint Combining phylogenomics and fossils in higher-level squamate reptile phylogeny: molecular data change the placement of fossil taxa
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Syst Biol 59:674-88. 2010
    ..Overall, our results suggest promise for an integrated and comprehensive Tree of Life by combining molecular and morphological data for living and fossil taxa...
  8. ncbi request reprint Loss and re-evolution of complex life cycles in marsupial frogs: does ancestral trait reconstruction mislead?
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Evolution 61:1886-99. 2007
    ....
  9. doi request reprint Branch lengths, support, and congruence: testing the phylogenomic approach with 20 nuclear loci in snakes
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Syst Biol 57:420-31. 2008
    ..Nevertheless, our study provides strong support for many clades, including several that were controversial or poorly resolved in previous studies of snake phylogeny...
  10. ncbi request reprint Global patterns of diversification and species richness in amphibians
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA
    Am Nat 170:S86-106. 2007
    ..These results may shed light on both the evolutionary causes of the latitudinal diversity gradient and the dramatic but poorly explained disparities in the diversity of living amphibian clades...
  11. doi request reprint Niche conservatism as an emerging principle in ecology and conservation biology
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA
    Ecol Lett 13:1310-24. 2010
    ..g. invasives, global warming, tropical richness), and (3) suggests new areas for research (e.g. why are some clades largely nocturnal? why do related species share diseases?)...
  12. ncbi request reprint Species delimitation: new approaches for discovering diversity
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Syst Biol 56:875-8. 2007
  13. doi request reprint Paleontology, genomics, and combined-data phylogenetics: can molecular data improve phylogeny estimation for fossil taxa?
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Syst Biol 58:87-99. 2009
    ..Overall, the results suggest that improvements in molecular phylogenetics can potentially benefit phylogeny reconstruction for fossil taxa...
  14. doi request reprint An expanded phylogeny of treefrogs (Hylidae) based on nuclear and mitochondrial sequence data
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 55:871-82. 2010
    ..The new tree from maximum likelihood analysis is more well-resolved, strongly supported, and concordant with previous hypotheses, and provides a framework for future systematic, biogeographic, ecological, and evolutionary studies...
  15. doi request reprint Phylogenetic relationships of phrynosomatid lizards based on nuclear and mitochondrial data, and a revised phylogeny for Sceloporus
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 54:150-61. 2010
    ..We present a new classification for phrynosomatid lizards and the genus Sceloporus, and offer a new tree with branch lengths for use in comparative studies...
  16. pmc Estimating rates and patterns of morphological evolution from phylogenies: lessons in limb lability from Australian Lerista lizards
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, NY 11794 5245, USA
    J Biol 8:19. 2009
    ..A new phylogenetic study in BMC Evolutionary Biology of Australian lizards shows remarkable evolutionary lability in digit numbers among closely related species, but also highlights important challenges in this area...
  17. doi request reprint Digit reduction, body size, and paedomorphosis in salamanders
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Evol Dev 10:449-63. 2008
    ..We also show (possibly for the first time) a significant association between paedomorphosis and increased body size, rather than the expected association with reduced body size...
  18. doi request reprint Commentary on Losos (2008): niche conservatism déjà vu
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Ecol Lett 11:1004-5; discussion 1005-7. 2008
  19. doi request reprint Re-evolution of lost mandibular teeth in frogs after more than 200 million years, and re-evaluating Dollo's law
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Evolution 65:1283-96. 2011
    ..Finally, I discuss a mechanism that may facilitate trait re-evolution, and the evolution of mandibular teeth in frogs as an example of developmental constraint...
  20. ncbi request reprint Rapid diversification, incomplete isolation, and the "speciation clock" in North American salamanders (Genus Plethodon): testing the hybrid swarm hypothesis of rapid radiation
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Evolution 60:2585-603. 2006
    ..In contrast to the conclusions of a recent review of adaptive radiation and hybridization, we suggest that extensive hybridization sometimes may be a consequence, rather than a cause, of rapid diversification...
  21. ncbi request reprint Evolutionary and ecological causes of the latitudinal diversity gradient in hylid frogs: treefrog trees unearth the roots of high tropical diversity
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA
    Am Nat 168:579-96. 2006
    ..Overall, our study illustrates how two general principles (niche conservatism and the time-for-speciation effect) may help explain the latitudinal diversity gradient as well as many other diversity patterns across taxa and regions...
  22. ncbi request reprint When are phylogenetic analyses misled by convergence? A case study in Texas cave salamanders
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Syst Biol 52:501-14. 2003
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Missing data, incomplete taxa, and phylogenetic accuracy
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Syst Biol 52:528-38. 2003
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Speciation and ecology revisited: phylogenetic niche conservatism and the origin of species
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Evolution 58:193-7. 2004
    ..Yet, this perspective is complementary to the traditional view because it focuses on a different temporal stage of the speciation process...
  25. ncbi request reprint The causes of species richness patterns across space, time, and clades and the role of "ecological limits"
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Q Rev Biol 86:75-96. 2011
    ..The major challenge for future studies is to understand the ecological and evolutionary mechanisms underpinning the relationships between time, dispersal, diversification, and species richness patterns...
  26. doi request reprint Phylogenetic origins of local-scale diversity patterns and the causes of Amazonian megadiversity
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Ecol Lett 14:643-52. 2011
    ..Specifically, sympatry between clades seems to slow diversification and trait evolution, but prevents neither the accumulation of local richness over time nor the co-occurrence of similar species...
  27. pmc The niche, biogeography and species interactions
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:2336-50. 2011
    ..In general, the interface of biogeography and ecology could be a major area for research in both fields...
  28. doi request reprint Crest evolution in newts: implications for reconstruction methods, sexual selection, phenotypic plasticity and the origin of novelties
    J J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    J Evol Biol 24:2073-86. 2011
    ..Finally, we use salamandrids to address how novel structures may arise, and support a model involving the expansion and subdivision of pre-existing structures...
  29. ncbi request reprint Missing data and the design of phylogenetic analyses
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    J Biomed Inform 39:34-42. 2006
    ..Consideration of how missing data does (or does not) affect phylogenetic analyses may allow researchers to design studies that can reconstruct large phylogenies quickly, economically, and accurately...
  30. ncbi request reprint Hylid frog phylogeny and sampling strategies for speciose clades
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Syst Biol 54:778-807. 2005
    ..A new classification of hylid frogs is proposed. Several potentially misleading signals in the morphological data are discussed...
  31. ncbi request reprint Can incomplete taxa rescue phylogenetic analyses from long-branch attraction?
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Syst Biol 54:731-42. 2005
    ..In contrast, highly incomplete taxa can be surprisingly beneficial when using model-based methods. The results also suggest the importance of model-based methods in phylogenetic analyses that combine molecular and fossil data...
  32. ncbi request reprint Why does a trait evolve multiple times within a clade? Repeated evolution of snakelike body form in squamate reptiles
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Evolution 60:123-41. 2006
    ..Overall, the number of repeated origins of snakelike morphology seems to depend on large-scale biogeographic patterns and community ecology, in addition to more traditional explanations (e.g., selection, development)...
  33. doi request reprint Evolutionary and biogeographic origins of high tropical diversity in old world frogs (Ranidae)
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA
    Evolution 63:1217-31. 2009
    ..Instead, these results show the importance of historical biogeography in explaining high species richness in both the New World and Old World tropics...
  34. ncbi request reprint Replicate patterns of species richness, historical biogeography, and phylogeny in Holarctic treefrogs
    Sarah A Smith
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Evolution 59:2433-50. 2005
    ..Our results show the importance of ecology and evolution to large-scale biogeography and the importance of large-scale biogeography to understanding patterns of species richness...
  35. ncbi request reprint A phylogenetic perspective on elevational species richness patterns in Middle American treefrogs: why so few species in lowland tropical rainforests?
    Sarah A Smith
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Evolution 61:1188-207. 2007
    ..The results also imply that local-scale environmental factors alone may be insufficient to explain the high species richness of lowland tropical rainforests, and that diversification rates are lower in earth's most species-rich biome...
  36. pmc What are the consequences of combining nuclear and mitochondrial data for phylogenetic analysis? Lessons from Plethodon salamanders and 13 other vertebrate clades
    M Caitlin Fisher-Reid
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook NY, 11794 5245, USA
    BMC Evol Biol 11:300. 2011
    ....
  37. doi request reprint The phylogeny of advanced snakes (Colubroidea), with discovery of a new subfamily and comparison of support methods for likelihood trees
    R Alexander Pyron
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 58:329-42. 2011
    ..Our study provides the most comprehensive phylogeny of Colubroidea to date, and suggests that SHL values may provide a useful complement to bootstrapping for estimating support on likelihood-based trees...
  38. pmc Climatic zonation drives latitudinal variation in speciation mechanisms
    Kenneth H Kozak
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 274:2995-3003. 2007
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint A phylogenetic hot spot for evolutionary novelty in Middle American treefrogs
    Sarah A Smith
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Evolution 61:2075-85. 2007
    ..Our study may be the first to statistically document significant phylogenetic clustering and correlation in the origins of novel structures, and to demonstrate the strongly misleading effects of peramorphosis on phylogenetic analysis...
  40. doi request reprint Latitudinal variation in speciation mechanisms in frogs
    Xia Hua
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA
    Evolution 64:429-43. 2010
    ..Although our results support the idea of greater climatic zonation in tropical regions, they show that this climatic pattern does not lead to straightforward relationships between speciation, latitude, and niche evolution...
  41. doi request reprint Community assembly through evolutionary diversification and dispersal in Middle American treefrogs
    Daniel S Moen
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA
    Evolution 63:3228-47. 2009
    ....
  42. doi request reprint Parapatric divergence of sympatric morphs in a salamander: incipient speciation on Long Island?
    M Caitlin Fisher-Reid
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, 11794 5245, USA
    Mol Ecol 22:4681-94. 2013
    ..These results potentially support the idea that spatial segregation of sympatric ecotypes may sometimes play an important part in parapatric speciation. ..
  43. doi request reprint How is the rate of climatic-niche evolution related to climatic-niche breadth?
    M Caitlin Fisher-Reid
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Evolution 66:3836-51. 2012
    ..In summary, our results show that narrower niche breadths are not necessarily associated with faster rates of niche evolution...
  44. ncbi request reprint Does niche conservatism promote speciation? A case study in North American salamanders
    Kenneth H Kozak
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Evolution 60:2604-21. 2006
    ..Our results demonstrate that even the relatively subtle climatic differences between montane and lowland habitats in eastern North America may play a key role in the origin of new species...
  45. doi request reprint Phylogenetic evidence for competitively driven divergence: body-size evolution in Caribbean treefrogs (Hylidae: Osteopilus)
    Daniel S Moen
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Evolution 63:195-214. 2009
    ..Together, these results suggest that competition may have driven the rapid diversification of body sizes in Caribbean treefrogs to the extremes seen in treefrog communities around the world...
  46. doi request reprint How does climate influence speciation?
    Xia Hua
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA
    Am Nat 182:1-12. 2013
    ....
  47. pmc Why are there so few fish in the sea?
    Greta Carrete Vega
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5245, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 279:2323-9. 2012
    ..Finally, by analysing an entirely aquatic group, we are able to better sort among potential hypotheses for explaining the paradoxically low diversity of marine environments...
  48. pmc How does climate change cause extinction?
    Abigail E Cahill
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 280:20121890. 2013
    ..Finally, we briefly outline general research strategies for identifying these proximate causes in future studies...
  49. ncbi request reprint Convergence, divergence, and homogenization in the ecological structure of emydid turtle communities: the effects of phylogeny and dispersal
    Patrick R Stephens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Am Nat 164:244-54. 2004
    ..This pattern of ecologically conservative dispersal may be important in many continental and oceanic systems...
  50. pmc Evolutionary conservatism and convergence both lead to striking similarity in ecology, morphology and performance across continents in frogs
    Daniel S Moen
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, 650 Life Sciences Building, Stony Brook, NY 11795 5245, USA, Center for Applied Mathematics, Ecole Polytechnique, UMR 7641 CNRS, Route de Saclay, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex, France, Department of Biology, 221 Morrill Science Center, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA, Organismic and Evolutionary Biology Graduate Program, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 0088, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 280:20132156. 2013
    ....
  51. pmc Large-scale phylogenetic analyses reveal the causes of high tropical amphibian diversity
    R Alexander Pyron
    Department of Biological Sciences, The George Washington University, 2023 G Street NW, Washington, DC 20052, USA, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 0088, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 280:20131622. 2013
    ..Furthermore, we estimate strikingly low tropical extinction rates over geological time scales, in stark contrast to the dramatic losses of diversity occurring in tropical regions presently. ..
  52. doi request reprint Diversity and niche evolution along aridity gradients in north american lizards (phrynosomatidae)
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, AZ 85721, USA
    Evolution 67:1715-28. 2013
    ..In summary, phrynosomatids offer a counterexample to the idea that arid regions are inhabited by a small number of recent and highly specialized lineages...
  53. ncbi request reprint Delimiting species using DNA and morphological variation and discordant species limits in spiny lizards (Sceloporus)
    John J Wiens
    Section of Amphibians and Reptiles, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 4080, USA
    Syst Biol 51:69-91. 2002
    ..Because different data and approaches can disagree so extensively, our results demonstrate that the methodology of species delimitation is a critical issue in systematics...
  54. doi request reprint Integrating GIS-based environmental data into evolutionary biology
    Kenneth H Kozak
    Bell Museum of Natural History and Department of Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation Biology, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:141-8. 2008
    ..Here, we describe how the integration of GIS-based environmental data, along with new spatial tools, can transform evolutionary studies and reveal new insights into the ecological causes of evolutionary patterns...
  55. ncbi request reprint Phylogenetic evidence for a major reversal of life-history evolution in plethodontid salamanders
    Paul T Chippindale
    Department of Biology, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019, USA
    Evolution 58:2809-22. 2004
    ..Rather than being an evolutionary dead end, the reversal from direct developing to biphasic life history may have helped communities in eastern North America to achieve the highest local diversity of salamander species in the world...
  56. doi request reprint Rapid development of multiple nuclear loci for phylogenetic analysis using genomic resources: an example from squamate reptiles
    Ted M Townsend
    Department of Biology, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 4164, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 47:129-42. 2008
    ..We provide an online database of alignments and suggested primers for approximately 85 NPCL that should be useful across vertebrates...
  57. doi request reprint Rates and patterns in the evolution of snake-like body form in squamate reptiles: evidence for repeated re-evolution of lost digits and long-term persistence of intermediate body forms
    Matthew C Brandley
    Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94270, USA
    Evolution 62:2042-64. 2008
    ..Finally, although loss of digits is common, we find statistically significant support for at least six examples of the re-evolution of lost digits in the forelimb and hind limb...
  58. ncbi request reprint Explaining species richness from continents to communities: the time-for-speciation effect in emydid turtles
    Patrick R Stephens
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    Am Nat 161:112-28. 2003
    ..The time-for-speciation effect may act through a variety of processes at different spatial scales to determine diverse patterns of species richness...
  59. pmc Recurrent evolution of herbivory in small, cold-climate lizards: breaking the ecophysiological rules of reptilian herbivory
    Robert E Espinoza
    Department of Biology, California State University, Northridge, CA 91330 8303, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:16819-24. 2004
    ..More generally, our study demonstrates how integrating information from ecophysiology and phylogeny can help to explain macroevolutionary trends...