- Phase angle, frailty and mortality in older adultsEmilee R Wilhelm-Leen
Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA
J Gen Intern Med 29:147-54. 2014..Phase angle is a composite measure of tissue resistance and reactance measured via bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). Whether phase angle is associated with frailty and mortality in the general population is unknown...
- Frailty and chronic kidney disease: the Third National Health and Nutrition Evaluation SurveyEmilee R Wilhelm-Leen
Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
Am J Med 122:664-71.e2. 2009..Frailty is common in the elderly and in persons with chronic diseases. Few studies have examined the association of frailty with chronic kidney disease...
- Vitamin D deficiency and frailty in older AmericansE R Wilhelm-Leen
Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
J Intern Med 268:171-80. 2010..Low serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D are known to be associated with multiple chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes, in addition to all cause mortality...