Walton Roth

Summary

Affiliation: Stanford University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Autonomic instability during relaxation in panic disorder
    W T Roth
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, CA 94305 5548, USA
    Psychiatry Res 80:155-64. 1998
  2. pmc Sympathetic activation in broadly defined generalized anxiety disorder
    Walton T Roth
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 42:205-12. 2008
  3. doi request reprint Diversity of effective treatments of panic attacks: what do they have in common?
    Walton T Roth
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    Depress Anxiety 27:5-11. 2010
  4. ncbi request reprint Physiological markers for anxiety: panic disorder and phobias
    Walton T Roth
    Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Int J Psychophysiol 58:190-8. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint Are current theories of panic falsifiable?
    Walton T Roth
    Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Psychol Bull 131:171-92. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Voluntary breath holding in panic and generalized anxiety disorders
    W T Roth
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, California, USA
    Psychosom Med 60:671-9. 1998
  7. ncbi request reprint High altitudes, anxiety, and panic attacks: is there a relationship?
    Walton T Roth
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    Depress Anxiety 16:51-8. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint Psychophysiological effects of breathing instructions for stress management
    Ansgar Conrad
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, and the Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 32:89-98. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint Salivary cortisol response during exposure treatment in driving phobics
    Georg W Alpers
    Stanford University School of Medicine, and VAPA Health Care System, Palo Alto, California, USA
    Psychosom Med 65:679-87. 2003
  10. pmc Circadian affective, cardiopulmonary, and cortisol variability in depressed and nondepressed individuals at risk for cardiovascular disease
    Ansgar Conrad
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 42:769-77. 2008

Detail Information

Publications38

  1. ncbi request reprint Autonomic instability during relaxation in panic disorder
    W T Roth
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, CA 94305 5548, USA
    Psychiatry Res 80:155-64. 1998
    ..In conclusion, indicators of relaxation were inconsistent. Skin conductance suggested autonomic instability during quiet sitting in patients who panic or who are prone to panic...
  2. pmc Sympathetic activation in broadly defined generalized anxiety disorder
    Walton T Roth
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 42:205-12. 2008
    ..We conclude that broader GAD criteria include a substantial number of chronically anxious and hyperaroused patients who do not fall within standard criteria. Such patients deserve attention by clinicians and researchers...
  3. doi request reprint Diversity of effective treatments of panic attacks: what do they have in common?
    Walton T Roth
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    Depress Anxiety 27:5-11. 2010
    ..Therapies should be evaluated that deal with expectations directly by promoting positive thinking or by fostering non-expectancy...
  4. ncbi request reprint Physiological markers for anxiety: panic disorder and phobias
    Walton T Roth
    Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Int J Psychophysiol 58:190-8. 2005
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Are current theories of panic falsifiable?
    Walton T Roth
    Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Psychol Bull 131:171-92. 2005
    ..All these theories have heuristic value, and their unfalsifiable aspects are capable of modification...
  6. ncbi request reprint Voluntary breath holding in panic and generalized anxiety disorders
    W T Roth
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, California, USA
    Psychosom Med 60:671-9. 1998
    ..Because breath holding causes arterial pCO2 to increase, we used it to test the hypothesis that in panic disorder (PD) a biological suffocation monitor is pathologically sensitive...
  7. ncbi request reprint High altitudes, anxiety, and panic attacks: is there a relationship?
    Walton T Roth
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    Depress Anxiety 16:51-8. 2002
    ..We suggest some improvements that could be made in the design of future studies, possible tests of some of the theoretical causal links, and possible treatment applications, such as systematic exposure of panic patients to high altitude...
  8. ncbi request reprint Psychophysiological effects of breathing instructions for stress management
    Ansgar Conrad
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, and the Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 32:89-98. 2007
    ..To understand the results of breathing instructions for stress and anxiety management, respiration needs to be monitored physiologically...
  9. ncbi request reprint Salivary cortisol response during exposure treatment in driving phobics
    Georg W Alpers
    Stanford University School of Medicine, and VAPA Health Care System, Palo Alto, California, USA
    Psychosom Med 65:679-87. 2003
    ..We addressed this issue by measuring cortisol in situational phobics during exposure treatment...
  10. pmc Circadian affective, cardiopulmonary, and cortisol variability in depressed and nondepressed individuals at risk for cardiovascular disease
    Ansgar Conrad
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 42:769-77. 2008
    ..Diurnal mood variations of older individuals at risk for CVD differ from those reported for other groups and daily fluctuations in NA are not related to cardiac autonomic control in depressed individuals...
  11. ncbi request reprint Predictors of response in anxiety disorders
    H Brent Solvason
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, 401 Quarry Road, Stanford, CA 94305 5723, USA
    Psychiatr Clin North Am 26:411-33. 2003
    ..However, it should be emphasized that such an approach has not been empirically demonstrated in a rigorous experimental context at this time...
  12. ncbi request reprint Psychophysiological and cortisol responses to psychological stress in depressed and nondepressed older men and women with elevated cardiovascular disease risk
    C Barr Taylor
    Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305 5722, USA
    Psychosom Med 68:538-46. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to compare psychophysiological and cortisol reactions to psychological stress in older depressed and nondepressed patients at risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
  13. ncbi request reprint Physiological evaluation of psychological treatments for anxiety
    Eileen Wollburg
    VA Palo Alto Health Care System, 116 PAD, 3801 Miranda Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Expert Rev Neurother 7:129-41. 2007
    ..The most convincing studies dealt with the treatment of specific phobias and post-traumatic stress disorder...
  14. ncbi request reprint Psychophysiological reactions to two levels of voluntary hyperventilation in panic disorder
    Eileen Wollburg
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 22:886-98. 2008
    ..In general, differences between patients and controls in response to HV were in the cognitive-language rather than in the physiological realm...
  15. ncbi request reprint Psychophysiological assessment during exposure in driving phobic patients
    Georg W Alpers
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 114:126-39. 2005
    ..Thus, selected respiratory and autonomic measures are valid diagnostic and therapeutic outcome criteria for this situational phobia...
  16. doi request reprint The psychophysiology of generalized anxiety disorder: 1. Pretreatment characteristics
    Ansgar Conrad
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, and the Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, California, USA
    Psychophysiology 45:366-76. 2008
    ..We conclude that GAD is not necessarily characterized by chronic muscle tension, and that this rationale for MRT should be reconsidered...
  17. ncbi request reprint The lifeShirt. An advanced system for ambulatory measurement of respiratory and cardiac function
    Frank H Wilhelm
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, USA
    Behav Modif 27:671-91. 2003
    ..The device also serves as an electronic diary of symptoms, moods, and activities. This advanced system may open a new era in ambulatory monitoring for clinical practice and scientific research...
  18. pmc Does improving mood in depressed patients alter factors that may affect cardiovascular disease risk?
    C Barr Taylor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford Medical Center, 401 Quarry Rd, Room 1316, Stanford, CA 94305 5722, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 43:1246-52. 2009
    ..The normal controls exhibited no change in the variables measured during the same time. A significant improvement in mood may have little impact on most traditional or atypical risk factors, cortisol or cardiophysiology...
  19. ncbi request reprint Muscle relaxation therapy for anxiety disorders: it works but how?
    Ansgar Conrad
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 21:243-64. 2007
    ..Better-designed studies will be required to identify the mechanisms of MRT and to advance clinical practice...
  20. doi request reprint The psychophysiology of generalized anxiety disorder: 2. Effects of applied relaxation
    Ansgar Conrad
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, and the Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, California, USA
    Psychophysiology 45:377-88. 2008
    ..We conclude that the clinical effects of AR in improving GAD symptoms are moderate at most and cannot be attributed to reducing muscle tension or autonomic activation...
  21. ncbi request reprint Respiratory feedback for treating panic disorder
    Alicia E Meuret
    Stanford University and the Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    J Clin Psychol 60:197-207. 2004
    ..Respiratory monitoring may provide relevant diagnostic, prognostic, and outcome information...
  22. doi request reprint End-tidal versus transcutaneous measurement of PCO2 during voluntary hypo- and hyperventilation
    Eileen Wollburg
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
    Int J Psychophysiol 71:103-8. 2009
    ..We conclude that since the two methods give comparable results choosing between them for specific applications is principally a matter of whether the time lag of the transcutaneous method is acceptable...
  23. ncbi request reprint Detection of speaking with a new respiratory inductive plethysmography system
    Frank H Wilhelm
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Biomed Sci Instrum 39:136-41. 2003
    ..These results demonstrate the high efficacy of RIP-derived IE-ratio for speech detection and suggest that auditory recording is not necessary for detection of speech in ambulatory assessment...
  24. ncbi request reprint Breathing training for treating panic disorder. Useful intervention or impediment?
    Alicia E Meuret
    University of Hamburg, Stanford University, and Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care System, USA
    Behav Modif 27:731-54. 2003
    ..More studies are needed that are designed to measure the efficacy of BT using an adequate rationale and methodology. Claims that BT should be rejected in favor of cognitive or other forms of intervention are premature...
  25. ncbi request reprint Voluntary hyperventilation in the treatment of panic disorder--functions of hyperventilation, their implications for breathing training, and recommendations for standardization
    Alicia E Meuret
    Center for Anxiety and Related Disorders, Boston University, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 25:285-306. 2005
    ..We propose how VH procedures might be standardized in future studies...
  26. ncbi request reprint Panic attack symptom dimensions and their relationship to illness characteristics in panic disorder
    Alicia E Meuret
    Department of Psychology, Southern Methodist University, 6424 Hilltop Lane, Dallas, TX 75205, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 40:520-7. 2006
    ..We conclude that partly independent panic symptom dimensions can be identified that have different implications for severity and control of panic disorder...
  27. pmc Feedback of end-tidal pCO2 as a therapeutic approach for panic disorder
    Alicia E Meuret
    Department of Psychology, Southern Methodist University, 6424 Hilltop Lane, Dallas, TX 75205, United States
    J Psychiatr Res 42:560-8. 2008
    ..We tested the effectiveness of a new, brief, capnometry-assisted breathing therapy (BRT) on clinical and respiratory measures in PD...
  28. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular, electrodermal, and respiratory response patterns to fear- and sadness-inducing films
    Sylvia D Kreibig
    Department of Psychology, Swiss Center for Affective Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Psychophysiology 44:787-806. 2007
    ..Findings are discussed in terms of the fight-flight and conservation-withdrawal responses and possible limitations of a valence-arousal categorization of emotion in affective space...
  29. ncbi request reprint End-tidal pCO2 in blood phobics during viewing of emotion- and disease-related films
    Thomas Ritz
    Psychological Institute III, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
    Psychosom Med 67:661-8. 2005
    ..We studied end-tidal pCO2 in 12 patients with BII phobia and 14 nonanxious controls during presentation of emotional films...
  30. ncbi request reprint The Driving Cognitions Questionnaire: development and preliminary psychometric properties
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    J Anxiety Disord 21:493-509. 2007
    ..It discriminated well between people with and without driving phobia. It also showed convergent validity with other measures. The questionnaire shows promise for use in research and clinical practice...
  31. ncbi request reprint Targeting pCO(2) in asthma: pilot evaluation of a capnometry-assisted breathing training
    Alicia E Meuret
    Department of Psychology, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX 75205, USA
    Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 32:99-109. 2007
    ..This pilot study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and potential benefits of a novel biofeedback breathing training for achieving sustained increases in pCO(2) levels...
  32. ncbi request reprint Selective attention in anxiety: distraction and enhancement in visual search
    Mike Rinck
    Technische Universitat Dresden, Dresden, Germany
    Depress Anxiety 18:18-28. 2003
    ..SP patients showed neither distraction nor enhancement effects. These results extend previous findings of attentional biases observed with other experimental paradigms...
  33. doi request reprint Translational research for panic disorder
    Walton T Roth
    Am J Psychiatry 165:796-8. 2008
  34. ncbi request reprint Behavioral interventions in asthma: biofeedback techniques
    Thomas Ritz
    Psychological Institute III, University of Hamburg, Von Melle Park 5, D 20146 Hamburg, Germany
    J Psychosom Res 56:711-20. 2004
    ..We review evidence for the effectiveness of these biofeedback interventions and discuss the psychophysiological rationale behind individual techniques...
  35. ncbi request reprint Embarrassment and social phobia: the role of parasympathetic activation
    Alexander L Gerlach
    Stanford University Medical School, Psych Institute I, Westfalian Wilhelms University of Munster, Fliednerstr 21, 48149, Munster, Germany
    J Anxiety Disord 17:197-210. 2003
    ..Thus, our data do not support the notion that an increase in parasympathetic activation plays a significant role in social phobia and embarrassment. Social anxiety and embarrassment both resulted in sympathetic activation...
  36. ncbi request reprint Distinguishing emotional from physical activation in ambulatory psychophysiological monitoring
    Frank H Wilhelm
    Institute for Psychology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Biomed Sci Instrum 42:458-63. 2006
    ..This can be achieved by specific channels such as accelerometry, items in an electronic diary, semi-structured protocols, and statistical modeling...
  37. ncbi request reprint Medical events during airline flights
    Walton T Roth
    N Engl J Med 347:535-7; author reply 535-7. 2002
  38. ncbi request reprint Assessment of heart rate variability during alterations in stress: complex demodulation vs. spectral analysis
    Frank H Wilhelm
    Institute for Psychology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Biomed Sci Instrum 41:346-51. 2005
    ..CDM may also hold promise for a range of physiological and environmental non-steady state conditions where rapid dynamic alterations in autonomic control are likely to occur...

Research Grants9

  1. PHYSIOLOGICAL MARKERS FOR ANXIETY DISORDER--PD AND GAD
    Walton Roth; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..5. Physiological activation is related to subjective report of anxiety and panic and specific anxiety symptoms. ..
  2. RESPIRATORY & AUTONOMIC PATHOPHYSIOLOGY--PANIC DISORDER
    Walton Roth; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. Respiratory Therapeutic Procedures in Panic Disorder
    Walton Roth; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....