Robert L Norris
Affiliation: Stanford University
- Death following coral snake bite in the United States--first documented case (with ELISA confirmation of envenomation) in over 40 yearsRobert L Norris
Department of Surgery, Stanford University, 701 Welch Rd, Suite C, Palo Alto, CA 94304 5777, USA
Toxicon 53:693-7. 2009..The clinical significance of the impending absence of commercially available antivenom for coral snake bites in the U.S. is highlighted...
- Syncope, massive aspiration, and sudden death following rattlesnake biteRobert L Norris
Department of Emergency Medicine, Stanford Hospital, Stanford, California, USA
Wilderness Environ Med 18:206-8. 2007..We report a patient with acute syncope and subsequent massive aspiration resulting in airway obstruction and rapid death following a probable Northern Pacific rattlesnake (Crotalus oreganus oreganus) bite...
- Digital necrosis necessitating amputation after tube gauze dressing application in the EDRobert L Norris
Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
Am J Emerg Med 24:618-21. 2006
- First report of a bite by the mottled rock rattlesnake (Crotalus lepidus lepidus)Robert L Norris
Department of Surgery, Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA, USA
Toxicon 46:414-7. 2005..There appear to be no reports of bites by this subspecies in the literature. This is a case report of a bite by a captive specimen of this diminutive pit viper, and includes a review of what is known regarding its venom...
- Physicians and lay people are unable to apply pressure immobilization properly in a simulated snakebite scenarioRobert L Norris
Department of Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
Wilderness Environ Med 16:16-21. 2005..To determine whether volunteers (with or without prior medical training) can correctly apply pressure immobilization (PI) in a simulated snakebite scenario after receiving standard instructions describing the technique...
- A case of elevated liver function tests after crown-of-thorns (Acanthaster planci) envenomationBrian Lin
Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, CA, USA
Wilderness Environ Med 19:275-9. 2008..We describe elevated liver enzymes in a 19-year-old female associated with A planci spine puncture wounds. To our knowledge, this is the first documented report of transaminitis in a human after A planci envenomation...
- Regional vs systemic antivenom administration in the treatment of snake venom poisoning in a rabbit model: a pilot studyRobert L Norris
Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
Wilderness Environ Med 14:231-5. 2003....
- Snakes of medical importance in India: is the concept of the "Big 4" still relevant and useful?Ian D Simpson
WHO Snakebite Treatment Group
Wilderness Environ Med 18:2-9. 2007..It should be replaced by the model introduced in the 1980s by the World Health Organization, which has not received adequate circulation and implementation...
- The Ebbinghaus retention curve: training does not increase the ability to apply pressure immobilisation in simulated snake bite--implications for snake bite first aid in the developing worldIan D Simpson
Tamil Nadu Government Snakebite Taskforce, Chennai, India
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 102:451-9. 2008..Neither written instructions nor intense training with feedback adequately prepares individuals to apply PIM with correct pressures under the wrap...
- Rediscovery of severe saw-scaled viper (Echis sochureki) envenoming in the Thar desert region of Rajasthan, IndiaD K Kochar
S P Medical College Bikaner, Rajasthan, India
Wilderness Environ Med 18:75-85. 2007..Clinical information is reported on 12 victims bitten by definitively identified E sochureki, and 2 clinical cases are described in greater detail to illustrate the severity of envenoming by this snake...
- Venomous snakebite in mountainous terrain: prevention and managementJeff J Boyd
Emergency Department, Mineral Springs Hospital, Banff, Alberta, Canada
Wilderness Environ Med 18:190-202. 2007..This paper offers practical recommendations for managing such cases and summarizes the approach to first aid and advanced management in 2 algorithms...
- Snake antivenom product guidelines in India: "the devil is in the details"Ian D Simpson
Wilderness Environ Med 18:163-8. 2007..It is the intent of this article to point out problems with the current Indian antivenom product guidelines and to encourage these manufacturers to produce new literature to accompany their products based on the best available evidence...