P A Heidenreich

Summary

Affiliation: Stanford University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Effect of beta-blockade on mortality in patients with heart failure: a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials
    P A Heidenreich
    Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University, California, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 30:27-34. 1997
  2. ncbi request reprint Diastolic dysfunction after mediastinal irradiation
    Paul A Heidenreich
    Cardiology Section, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    Am Heart J 150:977-82. 2005
  3. doi request reprint Improving heart failure care with a reminder attached to the echocardiography report
    Paul Heidenreich
    VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Am J Med 121:853-4. 2008
  4. ncbi request reprint Asymptomatic cardiac disease following mediastinal irradiation
    Paul A Heidenreich
    Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Health Care System, California 94034, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 42:743-9. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint What a physician needs to know about cost-effectiveness
    P A Heidenreich
    111C Cardiology, Palo Alto VA Medical Center, 3801 Miranda Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Cardiol Rev 8:96-102. 2000
  6. ncbi request reprint Meta-analysis of trials comparing beta-blockers, calcium antagonists, and nitrates for stable angina
    P A Heidenreich
    Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Calif, USA
    JAMA 281:1927-36. 1999
  7. ncbi request reprint Peripheral edema due to heart disease: diagnosis and outcome
    Maulik G Shah
    Department of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    Clin Cardiol 29:31-5. 2006
  8. pmc Cost-effectiveness of preparticipation screening for prevention of sudden cardiac death in young athletes
    Matthew T Wheeler
    Stanford University, California 94305, USA
    Ann Intern Med 152:276-86. 2010
  9. ncbi request reprint Potential cost-effectiveness of prophylactic use of the implantable cardioverter defibrillator or amiodarone after myocardial infarction
    G D Sanders
    Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, 179 Encina Commons, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 6019, USA
    Ann Intern Med 135:870-83. 2001
  10. doi request reprint The relation between hospital procedure volume and complications of cardioverter-defibrillator implantation from the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator registry
    James V Freeman
    Stanford University School of Medicine, California, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 56:1133-9. 2010

Detail Information

Publications63

  1. ncbi request reprint Effect of beta-blockade on mortality in patients with heart failure: a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials
    P A Heidenreich
    Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University, California, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 30:27-34. 1997
    ..We sought to evaluate the current evidence for an effect of beta-blockade treatment on mortality in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF)...
  2. ncbi request reprint Diastolic dysfunction after mediastinal irradiation
    Paul A Heidenreich
    Cardiology Section, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    Am Heart J 150:977-82. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction and its association with prognosis in asymptomatic patients after mediastinal irradiation...
  3. doi request reprint Improving heart failure care with a reminder attached to the echocardiography report
    Paul Heidenreich
    VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Am J Med 121:853-4. 2008
  4. ncbi request reprint Asymptomatic cardiac disease following mediastinal irradiation
    Paul A Heidenreich
    Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Health Care System, California 94034, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 42:743-9. 2003
    ..This study was designed to evaluate the potential benefit of screening previously irradiated patients with echocardiography...
  5. ncbi request reprint What a physician needs to know about cost-effectiveness
    P A Heidenreich
    111C Cardiology, Palo Alto VA Medical Center, 3801 Miranda Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Cardiol Rev 8:96-102. 2000
    ..This article provides an introduction to the field of cost-effectiveness analysis and describes an approach to interpreting the rapidly proliferating cost-effectiveness literature...
  6. ncbi request reprint Meta-analysis of trials comparing beta-blockers, calcium antagonists, and nitrates for stable angina
    P A Heidenreich
    Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Calif, USA
    JAMA 281:1927-36. 1999
    ..Which drug is most effective as a first-line treatment for stable angina is not known...
  7. ncbi request reprint Peripheral edema due to heart disease: diagnosis and outcome
    Maulik G Shah
    Department of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    Clin Cardiol 29:31-5. 2006
    ....
  8. pmc Cost-effectiveness of preparticipation screening for prevention of sudden cardiac death in young athletes
    Matthew T Wheeler
    Stanford University, California 94305, USA
    Ann Intern Med 152:276-86. 2010
    ..Inclusion of 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) in preparticipation screening of young athletes is controversial because of concerns about cost-effectiveness...
  9. ncbi request reprint Potential cost-effectiveness of prophylactic use of the implantable cardioverter defibrillator or amiodarone after myocardial infarction
    G D Sanders
    Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, 179 Encina Commons, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 6019, USA
    Ann Intern Med 135:870-83. 2001
    ..Clinical trials have shown that implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) improve survival in patients with sustained ventricular arrhythmias...
  10. doi request reprint The relation between hospital procedure volume and complications of cardioverter-defibrillator implantation from the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator registry
    James V Freeman
    Stanford University School of Medicine, California, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 56:1133-9. 2010
    ..We sought to examine the relationship between hospital implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation volume and procedural complications in a contemporary, representative population...
  11. ncbi request reprint Cost-effectiveness of screening with B-type natriuretic peptide to identify patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction
    Paul A Heidenreich
    11C Cardiology, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto VAMC, 3801 Miranda Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94034, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 43:1019-26. 2004
    ..This study was designed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of screening patients with a B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) blood test to identify those with depressed left ventricular systolic function...
  12. doi request reprint Clinical significance of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in patients with low low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
    Emil M deGoma
    Department of Cardiology, Stanford University Hospital, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 51:49-55. 2008
    ..We sought to evaluate the significance of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in the context of low low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)...
  13. ncbi request reprint Are registry hospitals different? A comparison of patients admitted to hospitals of a commercial heart failure registry with those from national and community cohorts
    Paul A Heidenreich
    VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    Am Heart J 152:935-9. 2006
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Quality indicators for the care of heart failure in vulnerable elders
    Paul A Heidenreich
    Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System Department of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94303, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 55:S340-6. 2007
  15. ncbi request reprint A systolic murmur is a common presentation of aortic regurgitation detected by echocardiography
    Paul A Heidenreich
    VA Palo Alto Health Care System, California 94304, USA
    Clin Cardiol 27:502-6. 2004
    ..The finding of aortic regurgitation at a classical examination is a diastolic murmur...
  16. ncbi request reprint Screening for coronary artery disease after mediastinal irradiation for Hodgkin's disease
    Paul A Heidenreich
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA, USA
    J Clin Oncol 25:43-9. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate whether stress imaging can identify severe, unsuspected coronary stenoses in patients who had prior mediastinal irradiation for Hodgkin's disease...
  17. ncbi request reprint ACE inhibitor reminders attached to echocardiography reports of patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction
    Paul A Heidenreich
    VA Palo Alto Health Care System, and the Department of Medicine, Stanford University, CA 94304, USA
    Am J Med 118:1034-7. 2005
  18. ncbi request reprint Clinical reminders attached to echocardiography reports of patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction increase use of beta-blockers: a randomized trial
    Paul A Heidenreich
    Palo Alto VA Health Care System, 3801 Miranda Ave, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Circulation 115:2829-34. 2007
    ..We hypothesized that a reminder attached to the echocardiography report would increase the use of beta-blockers for patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction...
  19. ncbi request reprint Statin use in patients with extremely low low-density lipoprotein levels is associated with improved survival
    Nicholas J Leeper
    Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, VA Palo Alto Healthcare System, Palo Alto, Calif, USA
    Circulation 116:613-8. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and clinical outcomes of statin treatment in patients with LDL cholesterol levels below 60 mg/dL...
  20. doi request reprint Survival among patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction treated with atenolol
    John R Kapoor
    Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    Congest Heart Fail 15:213-7. 2009
    ..These results suggest that atenolol may be useful for patients with heart failure treatment and highlight the need for a randomized trial comparing atenolol with established beta-blockers...
  21. ncbi request reprint The relation between managed care market share and the treatment of elderly fee-for-service patients with myocardial infarction
    Paul A Heidenreich
    Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA
    Am J Med 112:176-82. 2002
    ..To determine if greater managed care market share is associated with greater use of recommended therapies for fee-for-service patients with acute myocardial infarction...
  22. ncbi request reprint Racial and sex differences in refusal of coronary angiography
    Paul A Heidenreich
    Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California, USA
    Am J Med 113:200-7. 2002
    ..To determine the effect of patient refusal on racial and sex differences in the use of coronary angiography and in outcomes among elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction...
  23. ncbi request reprint Overview of randomized trials of antiarrhythmic drugs and devices for the prevention of sudden cardiac death
    Paul A Heidenreich
    Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif 94305 5405, USA
    Am Heart J 144:422-30. 2002
    ..Sudden cardiac death is a prominent feature of the natural history of heart disease. The efficacy of antiarrhythmic drugs and devices in preventing sudden death and reducing total mortality is uncertain...
  24. ncbi request reprint Effect of risk stratification on cost-effectiveness of the implantable cardioverter defibrillator
    Douglas K Owens
    VA Health Care System, Palo Alto, Calif 94304, USA
    Am Heart J 144:440-8. 2002
    ..We evaluated whether risk stratification based on risk of sudden cardiac death alone was sufficient to predict the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the ICD...
  25. ncbi request reprint Health status identifies heart failure outpatients at risk for hospitalization or death
    Paul A Heidenreich
    VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 47:752-6. 2006
    ..We tested the hypothesis that one health status measure, the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ), provides prognostic information independent of other clinical data in outpatients with heart failure (HF)...
  26. doi request reprint Divergent trends in survival and readmission following a hospitalization for heart failure in the Veterans Affairs health care system 2002 to 2006
    Paul A Heidenreich
    VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 56:362-8. 2010
    ..This study sought to determine recent trends over time in heart failure hospitalization, patient characteristics, treatment, rehospitalization, and mortality within the Veterans Affairs health care system...
  27. doi request reprint Obesity and survival in patients with heart failure and preserved systolic function: a U-shaped relationship
    John R Kapoor
    Division of Cardiology, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 94305, USA
    Am Heart J 159:75-80. 2010
    ..However, it is unknown if this "obesity paradox" applies to heart failure patients with preserved EF or if it extends to the very obese (BMI >35)...
  28. doi request reprint Hospital performance recognition with the Get With The Guidelines Program and mortality for acute myocardial infarction and heart failure
    Paul A Heidenreich
    Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Am Heart J 158:546-53. 2009
    ..However, it is unclear if outcomes are better in those hospitals recognized by the GWTG program for their processes of care...
  29. ncbi request reprint Cost-effectiveness of measuring fractional flow reserve to guide coronary interventions
    William F Fearon
    Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, Calif 94305 5406, USA
    Am Heart J 145:882-7. 2003
    ..Most patients come to the catheterization laboratory without prior functional tests, which makes the cost-effective treatment of patients with intermediate coronary lesions a practical challenge...
  30. ncbi request reprint Racial disparity in cardiac procedures and mortality among long-term survivors of cardiac arrest
    Peter W Groeneveld
    Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, University, 117 Encina Commons, Stanford, Calif 94305 6019, USA
    Circulation 108:286-91. 2003
    ..It is unknown whether white and black Medicare beneficiaries have different rates of cardiac procedure utilization or long-term survival after cardiac arrest...
  31. ncbi request reprint The prognostic value of troponin in patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes: a meta-analysis
    P A Heidenreich
    Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, California 94304, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 38:478-85. 2001
    ..This study was designed to compare the prognostic value of an abnormal troponin level derived from studies of patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes (ACS)...
  32. pmc Cost-effectiveness of chlorthalidone, amlodipine, and lisinopril as first-step treatment for patients with hypertension: an analysis of the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT)
    Paul A Heidenreich
    VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:509-16. 2008
    ..To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of first-line treatments for hypertension...
  33. ncbi request reprint Impact of tricuspid regurgitation on long-term survival
    Jayant Nath
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 3801 Miranda Avenue 111C, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 43:405-9. 2004
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Health-care costs and exercise capacity
    J Peter Weiss
    Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center and Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Chest 126:608-13. 2004
    ..While the beneficial effect of exercise capacity on mortality is well-accepted, its effect on health-care costs remains uncertain. This study investigates the relationship between exercise capacity and health-care costs...
  35. ncbi request reprint Increased risk of colorectal neoplasia in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis and ulcerative colitis: a meta-analysis
    Roy M Soetikno
    Gastroenterology Section, VA Palo Alto and Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA
    Gastrointest Endosc 56:48-54. 2002
    ..A meta-analysis was performed to synthesize available publications and to compare the risk of colorectal neoplasia in patients with ulcerative colitis with and without primary sclerosing cholangitis...
  36. ncbi request reprint Task force #2--the cost of prevention: can we afford it? Can we afford not to do it? 33rd Bethesda Conference
    Harlan M Krumholz
    Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 40:603-15. 2002
  37. ncbi request reprint National trends in outcomes among elderly patients with heart failure
    Mikhail Kosiborod
    Mid America Heart Institute of Saint Luke s Hospital, Kansas City, MO, USA
    Am J Med 119:616.e1-7. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine temporal trends in outcomes of elderly patients with heart failure between 1992 and 1999...
  38. ncbi request reprint A dilated inferior vena cava is a marker of poor survival
    Jayant Nath
    University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66213, USA
    Am Heart J 151:730-5. 2006
    ..The inferior vena cava (IVC) morphology is often used to estimate right atrial pressure; however, the association of IVC morphology and outcome is poorly described...
  39. ncbi request reprint Temporal trends in clinical characteristics, treatments, and outcomes for heart failure hospitalizations, 2002 to 2004: findings from Acute Decompensated Heart Failure National Registry (ADHERE)
    Gregg C Fonarow
    Ahmanson UCLA Cardiomyopathy Center, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Am Heart J 153:1021-8. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess temporal trends in clinical characteristics, treatments, quality indicators, and outcomes for heart failure (HF) hospitalizations...
  40. ncbi request reprint Patient adherence: the next frontier in quality improvement
    Paul A Heidenreich
    Am J Med 117:130-2. 2004
  41. ncbi request reprint Association of renal insufficiency with treatment and outcomes after myocardial infarction in elderly patients
    Michael G Shlipak
    General Internal Medicine Section, Veterans Affairs Medical Center 111A1 and University of California, San Francisco, 4150 Clement Street, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
    Ann Intern Med 137:555-62. 2002
    ..Patients with end-stage renal disease are known to have decreased survival after myocardial infarction, but the association of less severe renal dysfunction with survival after myocardial infarction is unknown...
  42. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and beta-blockers in the management of left ventricular systolic dysfunction according to race, gender, and diabetic status: a meta-analysis of major clinical trials
    Paul G Shekelle
    Southern California Evidence Based Practice Center, RAND Health, Santa Monica, California 90407 2138, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 41:1529-38. 2003
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Improving guideline adherence: a randomized trial evaluating strategies to increase beta-blocker use in heart failure
    Maria Ansari
    Cardiology Division, San Francisco VA Medical Center, 4150 Clement St, San Francisco, Calif 94121, USA
    Circulation 107:2799-804. 2003
    ..This study evaluated interventions for implementing a new practice guideline advocating the use of beta-blockers for heart failure patients...
  44. ncbi request reprint The effect of ethnicity on survival in male veterans referred for electrocardiography and treadmill testing
    Manish Prakash
    Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center and the University of California, Irvine, USA
    Arch Intern Med 163:2204-10. 2003
    ..Previous studies in this area have lacked clinical and cardiovascular data with which to adjust for baseline differences in patients' health...
  45. ncbi request reprint Increasing rates of cardiac device infections among Medicare beneficiaries: 1990-1999
    Christopher H Cabell
    Divisions of Division of Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center, and Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC 27715, USA
    Am Heart J 147:582-6. 2004
    ....
  46. ncbi request reprint Trends in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator racial disparity: the importance of geography
    Peter W Groeneveld
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6021, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 45:72-8. 2005
    ....
  47. ncbi request reprint Cilostazol, clopidogrel or ticlopidine to prevent sub-acute stent thrombosis: a meta-analysis of randomized trials
    Mark D Schleinitz
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Brown University and Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Am Heart J 148:990-7. 2004
    ..Clopidogrel plus aspirin is the accepted prophylactic regimen, but has yet to be proven superior to ticlopidine plus aspirin, and a new regimen combining cilostazol and aspirin has been introduced...
  48. ncbi request reprint A cost-effectiveness analysis of combination antiplatelet therapy for high-risk acute coronary syndromes: clopidogrel plus aspirin versus aspirin alone
    Mark D Schleinitz
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Brown University and Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA
    Ann Intern Med 142:251-9. 2005
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint The relationship between B-type natriuretic peptide and health status in patients with heart failure
    Stacie A Luther
    Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, USA
    J Card Fail 11:414-21. 2005
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint Will beta-blockers save money?
    Paul A Heidenreich
    J Card Fail 11:657-8. 2005
  51. ncbi request reprint ACC/AHA 2007 methodology for the development of clinical data standards: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Data Standards
    Martha J Radford
    Circulation 115:936-43. 2007
  52. ncbi request reprint AHA/ACCF Scientific Statement on the evaluation of syncope: from the American Heart Association Councils on Clinical Cardiology, Cardiovascular Nursing, Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, and Stroke, and the Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Interdi
    S Adam Strickberger
    Circulation 113:316-27. 2006
  53. ncbi request reprint The search for myocardial viability: do Q waves help?
    Paul A Heidenreich
    Am Heart J 144:745-6. 2002
  54. ncbi request reprint AHA/ACCF scientific statement on the evaluation of syncope: from the American Heart Association Councils on Clinical Cardiology, Cardiovascular Nursing, Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, and Stroke, and the Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Interdi
    S Adam Strickberger
    J Am Coll Cardiol 47:473-84. 2006
  55. ncbi request reprint ACC/AHA/HRS 2006 key data elements and definitions for electrophysiological studies and procedures: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Data Standards (ACC/AHA/HRS Writing Committee to Develop D
    Alfred E Buxton
    Circulation 114:2534-70. 2006
  56. pmc Understanding and modifying physician behavior for prevention and management of cardiovascular disease
    Paul A Heidenreich
    J Gen Intern Med 18:1060-1. 2003
  57. ncbi request reprint Costs and quality-of-life effects of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators
    Peter W Groeneveld
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Am J Cardiol 98:1409-15. 2006
    ..In conclusion, ICD implantation remains costly but may be becoming less expensive over time, and ICD recipients' QOL is significantly affected by their devices...
  58. doi request reprint Heart failure disease management programs: a cost-effectiveness analysis
    David C Chan
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am Heart J 155:332-8. 2008
    ..Current guidelines thus only recommend disease management targeted to high-risk patients with HF...
  59. ncbi request reprint ACC/AHA key data elements and definitions for measuring the clinical management and outcomes of patients with atrial fibrillation: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Data Standards (Writing Com
    Robert L McNamara
    Circulation 109:3223-43. 2004
  60. ncbi request reprint ACC/AHA key data elements and definitions for measuring the clinical management and outcomes of patients with atrial fibrillation: A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Data Standards (Writing Com
    Robert L McNamara
    J Am Coll Cardiol 44:475-95. 2004
  61. ncbi request reprint ACC/AHA/HRS 2006 key data elements and definitions for electrophysiological studies and procedures: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Data Standards (ACC/AHA/HRS Writing Committee to Develop D
    Alfred E Buxton
    J Am Coll Cardiol 48:2360-96. 2006
  62. ncbi request reprint Monitoring clinical changes in patients with heart failure: a comparison of methods
    John Spertus
    Mid America Heart Institute, Saint Luke s Hospital, Kansas City, MO, USA
    Am Heart J 150:707-15. 2005
    ..This study sought to describe changes in various measures of disease status associated with gradations of clinical change...
  63. ncbi request reprint ACC/AHA 2007 methodology for the development of clinical data standards: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Data Standards
    Martha J Radford
    J Am Coll Cardiol 49:830-7. 2007