Christopher Gardner

Summary

Affiliation: Stanford University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Comparison of the Atkins, Zone, Ornish, and LEARN diets for change in weight and related risk factors among overweight premenopausal women: the A TO Z Weight Loss Study: a randomized trial
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford Prevention Research Center and the Department of Medicine, Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, Calif, USA
    JAMA 297:969-77. 2007
  2. pmc The Breathe Easier through Weight Loss Lifestyle (BE WELL) Intervention: a randomized controlled trial
    Jun Ma
    Department of Health Services Research, Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    BMC Pulm Med 10:16. 2010
  3. ncbi request reprint The effect of soy protein with or without isoflavones relative to milk protein on plasma lipids in hypercholesterolemic postmenopausal women
    C D Gardner
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention and the Department of Medicine, Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, CA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 73:728-35. 2001
  4. ncbi request reprint Effect of two types of soy milk and dairy milk on plasma lipids in hypercholesterolemic adults: a randomized trial
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine, Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, CA, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 26:669-77. 2007
  5. pmc Effects of isoflavone supplements vs. soy foods on blood concentrations of genistein and daidzein in adults
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University Medical School, CA 94305 5705, USA
    J Nutr Biochem 20:227-34. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint Effect of Ginkgo biloba (EGb 761) and aspirin on platelet aggregation and platelet function analysis among older adults at risk of cardiovascular disease: a randomized clinical trial
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford Prevention Research Center and the Department of Medicine, Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, California, USA
    Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis 18:787-93. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint Effect of raw garlic vs commercial garlic supplements on plasma lipid concentrations in adults with moderate hypercholesterolemia: a randomized clinical trial
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford Prevention Research Center and Department of Medicine, Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, Calif 94305, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:346-53. 2007
  8. pmc Micronutrient quality of weight-loss diets that focus on macronutrients: results from the A TO Z study
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford Prevention Research Center and Department of Medicine, Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, CA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:304-12. 2010
  9. ncbi request reprint The effect of a plant-based diet on plasma lipids in hypercholesterolemic adults: a randomized trial
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford University Medical School and Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California, USA
    Ann Intern Med 142:725-33. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Soy, garlic, and ginkgo biloba: their potential role in cardiovascular disease prevention and treatment
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University Medical School, 730 Welch Road, Suite B, Palo Alto, CA 94304 1583, USA
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 5:468-75. 2003

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications23

  1. ncbi request reprint Comparison of the Atkins, Zone, Ornish, and LEARN diets for change in weight and related risk factors among overweight premenopausal women: the A TO Z Weight Loss Study: a randomized trial
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford Prevention Research Center and the Department of Medicine, Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, Calif, USA
    JAMA 297:969-77. 2007
    ..Popular diets, particularly those low in carbohydrates, have challenged current recommendations advising a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet for weight loss. Potential benefits and risks have not been tested adequately...
  2. pmc The Breathe Easier through Weight Loss Lifestyle (BE WELL) Intervention: a randomized controlled trial
    Jun Ma
    Department of Health Services Research, Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    BMC Pulm Med 10:16. 2010
    ..Due to methodological shortcomings of previous studies, however, well-controlled trials are needed to investigate the efficacy of weight loss strategies to improve asthma control in obese individuals...
  3. ncbi request reprint The effect of soy protein with or without isoflavones relative to milk protein on plasma lipids in hypercholesterolemic postmenopausal women
    C D Gardner
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention and the Department of Medicine, Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, CA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 73:728-35. 2001
    ..The effect may be partially attributable to the isoflavones in soy. Few studies have examined the separate effects of soy protein and isoflavones...
  4. ncbi request reprint Effect of two types of soy milk and dairy milk on plasma lipids in hypercholesterolemic adults: a randomized trial
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine, Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, CA, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 26:669-77. 2007
    ..To compare the effects of two commercially available soy milks (one made using whole soy beans, the other using soy protein isolate) with low-fat dairy milk on plasma lipid, insulin, and glucose responses...
  5. pmc Effects of isoflavone supplements vs. soy foods on blood concentrations of genistein and daidzein in adults
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University Medical School, CA 94305 5705, USA
    J Nutr Biochem 20:227-34. 2009
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Effect of Ginkgo biloba (EGb 761) and aspirin on platelet aggregation and platelet function analysis among older adults at risk of cardiovascular disease: a randomized clinical trial
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford Prevention Research Center and the Department of Medicine, Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, California, USA
    Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis 18:787-93. 2007
    ..No adverse bleeding events were observed, although the trial was limited to a small sample size...
  7. ncbi request reprint Effect of raw garlic vs commercial garlic supplements on plasma lipid concentrations in adults with moderate hypercholesterolemia: a randomized clinical trial
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford Prevention Research Center and Department of Medicine, Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, Calif 94305, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:346-53. 2007
    ..Garlic supplements differ in bioavailability of key phytochemicals. We evaluated the effect of raw garlic and 2 commonly used garlic supplements on cholesterol concentrations in adults with moderate hypercholesterolemia...
  8. pmc Micronutrient quality of weight-loss diets that focus on macronutrients: results from the A TO Z study
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford Prevention Research Center and Department of Medicine, Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, CA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:304-12. 2010
    ..Information on the micronutrient quality of alternative weight-loss diets is limited, despite the significant public health relevance...
  9. ncbi request reprint The effect of a plant-based diet on plasma lipids in hypercholesterolemic adults: a randomized trial
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford University Medical School and Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California, USA
    Ann Intern Med 142:725-33. 2005
    ..A variety of food combinations can be used to meet national U.S. guidelines for obtaining 30% of energy or less from total fat and 10% of energy or less from saturated fat...
  10. ncbi request reprint Soy, garlic, and ginkgo biloba: their potential role in cardiovascular disease prevention and treatment
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University Medical School, 730 Welch Road, Suite B, Palo Alto, CA 94304 1583, USA
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 5:468-75. 2003
    ..And for each there is at least some level of disagreement or controversy. The focus of this review is on results from recent human clinical trials...
  11. pmc Effect of Ginkgo biloba (EGb 761) on treadmill walking time among adults with peripheral artery disease: a randomized clinical trial
    Christopher D Gardner
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 28:258-65. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to compare the effects of 300 mg/d of Ginkgo biloba (EGb 761) versus placebo on treadmill walking time and related cardiovascular measures among patients with PAD...
  12. pmc Prostatic soy isoflavone concentrations exceed serum levels after dietary supplementation
    Christopher D Gardner
    Department of Medicine, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Prostate 69:719-26. 2009
    ..The effects of soy isoflavones on prostate cancer may be concentration-dependent. The impact of soy supplementation on isoflavone concentrations in prostate tissues and serum remain unclear...
  13. doi request reprint Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis and actions by genistein in human prostate cancer cells and by soy isoflavones in prostate cancer patients
    Srilatha Swami
    Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5103, USA
    Int J Cancer 124:2050-9. 2009
    ..We propose that the inhibition of the PG pathway contributes to the beneficial effect of soy isoflavones in PCa chemoprevention and/or treatment...
  14. pmc Metabolic syndrome: do clinical criteria identify similar individuals among overweight premenopausal women?
    Sofiya Alhassan
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Metabolism 57:49-56. 2008
    ..Regardless of MetSyn clinical criteria, >/=7% reduction in body weight has a beneficial impact on variables used to define MetSyn...
  15. doi request reprint No beneficial effects of pine bark extract on cardiovascular disease risk factors
    Rebecca L Drieling
    Program on Prevention Outcomes and Practices, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305 5411, USA
    Arch Intern Med 170:1541-7. 2010
    ..Pine bark extract, a dietary supplement source of antioxidant oligomeric proanthocyanidin complexes, has multiple putative cardiovascular benefits. Studies published to date about the supplement have notable methodological limitations...
  16. doi request reprint Effects of a college course about food and society on students' eating behaviors
    Eric B Hekler
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305 5705, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:543-7. 2010
    ..Health education programs for promoting a healthful diet have shown limited success in clinical trials...
  17. pmc Promoting physical activity through hand-held computer technology
    Abby C King
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305 5705, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:138-42. 2008
    ..e., personal digital assistant [PDA]) for increasing moderate intensity or more vigorous (MOD+) physical activity levels over 8 weeks in mid-life and older adults relative to a standard information control arm...
  18. ncbi request reprint Efficacy and safety of low-carbohydrate diets: a systematic review
    Dena M Bravata
    Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif 94305 6019, USA
    JAMA 289:1837-50. 2003
    ..Low-carbohydrate diets have been popularized without detailed evidence of their efficacy or safety. The literature has no clear consensus as to what amount of carbohydrates per day constitutes a low-carbohydrate diet...
  19. pmc Outcome expectations and realizations as predictors of weight regain among dieters
    Susan D Moore
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, 251 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA 94305 5411, USA
    Eat Behav 12:60-3. 2011
    ..Experimental research should investigate whether improving realizations leads to reduced weight regain in response to this popular diet...
  20. doi request reprint Drinking water is associated with weight loss in overweight dieting women independent of diet and activity
    Jodi D Stookey
    Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:2481-8. 2008
    ..The long-term effects of drinking water on change in body weight and composition are unknown, however...
  21. pmc Composition, stability, and bioavailability of garlic products used in a clinical trial
    Larry D Lawson
    Plant Bioactives Research Institute, Inc, Orem, Utah 84058, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 53:6254-61. 2005
    ....
  22. doi request reprint Using hand-held computer technologies to improve dietary intake
    Audie A Atienza
    National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, Behavioral Research Program, Health Promotion Research Branch, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:514-8. 2008
    ..e., personal digital assistant [PDA]) for increasing vegetable and whole-grain intake over 8 weeks in mid-life and older adults, using a randomized study design...
  23. doi request reprint Replacing sweetened caloric beverages with drinking water is associated with lower energy intake
    Jodi D Stookey
    Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, 5700 Martin Luther King Jr Way, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:3013-22. 2007
    ..Compensatory increases in other food or beverages reportedly negate benefits of diet beverages. The purpose of this study was to evaluate drinking water as an alternative to SCBs...

Research Grants11

  1. Effect of Antioxidants on Inflammatory Markers and FMVD
    Christopher Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  2. Comparing Effects of 3 Sources of Garlic on Serum Lipids
    Christopher Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The comprehensive approach taken in this study will provide important evidence for both the public and for health professionals as to whether fresh garlic or garlic supplements have beneficial effects on serum lipids. ..
  3. Benefits & Risks of Popular Weight Loss Diets
    Christopher Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The data generated from this preliminary/feasibility study will be used to strengthen the proposal and design of a future full-scale study. ..
  4. ALA & EPA/DHA (w-3) Effects On Inflammatory Markers in Insulin Resistant Adults
    Christopher Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The adults with the metabolic syndrome selected for this study are those that are at increased risk of heart disease, and those most likely to be benefit from the different therapies tested. ..