Mildred Cho

Summary

Affiliation: Stanford University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Translating genomics into the clinic: moving to the post-Mendelian world
    Mildred K Cho
    Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, Center for Integration of Research on Genetics and Ethics, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Genetics, Welch Road, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Genome Med 1:7. 2009
  2. pmc Patently unpatentable: implications of the Myriad court decision on genetic diagnostics
    Mildred Cho
    Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, 1215 Welch Road, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Trends Biotechnol 28:548-51. 2010
  3. pmc Strangers at the benchside: research ethics consultation
    Mildred K Cho
    Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, Center for Integration of Research on Geneticsand Ethics, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Am J Bioeth 8:4-13. 2008
  4. ncbi request reprint Research conduct. Lessons of the stem cell scandal
    Mildred K Cho
    Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, Department of Pediatrics Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Science 311:614-5. 2006
  5. pmc Forensic genetics and ethical, legal and social implications beyond the clinic
    Mildred K Cho
    Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, 701A Welch Road, Suite 1105, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA
    Nat Genet 36:S8-12. 2004
  6. pmc Effects of patents and licenses on the provision of clinical genetic testing services
    Mildred K Cho
    Center for Biomedical Ethics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, USA
    J Mol Diagn 5:3-8. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Conflicts of interest in magnetic resonance imaging: issues in clinical practice and research
    Mildred K Cho
    Stanford University Center for Biomedical Ethics, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA
    Top Magn Reson Imaging 13:73-7. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint Ethics. Issues in oocyte donation for stem cell research
    David Magnus
    Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics and Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Science 308:1747-8. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Privacy issues in personalized medicine
    Laszlo T Vaszar
    Stanford University School of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, 300 Pasteur Drive, MC5236, Stanford, CA 94305 5236, USA
    Pharmacogenomics 4:107-12. 2003
  10. pmc Ethical implications of array comparative genomic hybridization in complex phenotypes: points to consider in research
    Holly K Tabor
    Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, USA
    Genet Med 9:626-31. 2007

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications30

  1. pmc Translating genomics into the clinic: moving to the post-Mendelian world
    Mildred K Cho
    Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, Center for Integration of Research on Genetics and Ethics, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Genetics, Welch Road, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Genome Med 1:7. 2009
    ..We have far to go to assure basic levels of analytical validity or clinical validity of the diagnostic or predictive tools on offer, and to determine their clinical utility in the medical context...
  2. pmc Patently unpatentable: implications of the Myriad court decision on genetic diagnostics
    Mildred Cho
    Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, 1215 Welch Road, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Trends Biotechnol 28:548-51. 2010
    ..It is clear that the intellectual property model challenged by the Myriad decision will have to be replaced if new genetic technologies are to achieve their full potential in promoting 'the progress of science and useful arts'...
  3. pmc Strangers at the benchside: research ethics consultation
    Mildred K Cho
    Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, Center for Integration of Research on Geneticsand Ethics, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Am J Bioeth 8:4-13. 2008
    ..We make preliminary recommendations for the structure and process of research ethics consultation, based on our initial experiences in a pilot program...
  4. ncbi request reprint Research conduct. Lessons of the stem cell scandal
    Mildred K Cho
    Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, Department of Pediatrics Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Science 311:614-5. 2006
  5. pmc Forensic genetics and ethical, legal and social implications beyond the clinic
    Mildred K Cho
    Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, 701A Welch Road, Suite 1105, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA
    Nat Genet 36:S8-12. 2004
    ..Here we examine forensic genetics and argue that all geneticists should anticipate the ethical and social issues associated with nonmedical applications of genetic variation research...
  6. pmc Effects of patents and licenses on the provision of clinical genetic testing services
    Mildred K Cho
    Center for Biomedical Ethics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, USA
    J Mol Diagn 5:3-8. 2003
    ..Furthermore, our findings suggest that clinical geneticists feel that their research is inhibited by patents. The effects of patents and licenses on patients' access to tests, and the costs and quality thereof, remains to be determined...
  7. ncbi request reprint Conflicts of interest in magnetic resonance imaging: issues in clinical practice and research
    Mildred K Cho
    Stanford University Center for Biomedical Ethics, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA
    Top Magn Reson Imaging 13:73-7. 2002
    ..Finally, it is important for medical professionals who work with MRI to understand some of the characteristics of MRI that might increase the prevalence of conflicts of interest in clinical practice and research...
  8. ncbi request reprint Ethics. Issues in oocyte donation for stem cell research
    David Magnus
    Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics and Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Science 308:1747-8. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Privacy issues in personalized medicine
    Laszlo T Vaszar
    Stanford University School of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, 300 Pasteur Drive, MC5236, Stanford, CA 94305 5236, USA
    Pharmacogenomics 4:107-12. 2003
    ..The genomic scans' magnitude, stability, implications to kin and ease of dissemination together represent a qualitatively different challenge compared to traditional, self-limited and often temporally transient medical information...
  10. pmc Ethical implications of array comparative genomic hybridization in complex phenotypes: points to consider in research
    Holly K Tabor
    Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, USA
    Genet Med 9:626-31. 2007
    ..Our goal was to identify points to consider for researchers, clinicians, and patients/families to ensure responsible and ethical design, presentation, and interpretation of these kinds of studies...
  11. pmc Ethics. Incidental findings in brain imaging research
    Judy Illes
    Center for Biomedical Ethics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Science 311:783-4. 2006
  12. pmc Biomedical scientists' perceptions of ethical and social implications: is there a role for research ethics consultation?
    Jennifer B McCormick
    Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e4659. 2009
    ..We conducted telephone interviews and focus groups in 2006 with researchers from Stanford University and a mailed survey in December 2006 to 7 research universities in the U.S...
  13. pmc ELSI priorities for brain imaging
    Judy Illes
    Stanford University, USA
    Am J Bioeth 6:W24-31. 2006
    ..We identified specific ethical, legal and social issues (ELSI) that highlight researcher obligations and the nonclinical impact of the technology at this new frontier...
  14. pmc Thinking about the human neuron mouse
    Henry T Greely
    Stanford University, CA, USA
    Am J Bioeth 7:27-40. 2007
  15. pmc Racial and ethnic categories in biomedical research: there is no baby in the bathwater
    Mildred K Cho
    Stanford University, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 34:497-9, 479. 2006
    ..I argue that race is too undefined and fluid to be useful as a proxy for biology or genetics...
  16. pmc Managing incidental findings in human subjects research: analysis and recommendations
    Susan M Wolf
    University of Minnesota, MN, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 36:219-48, 211. 2008
    ..We recommend a pathway and categorize IFs into those that must be disclosed to research participants, those that may be disclosed, and those that should not be disclosed...
  17. pmc Research ethics and the challenge of whole-genome sequencing
    Amy L McGuire
    Amy L McGuire is at the Center for Medical Ethics and Health Policy, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Nat Rev Genet 9:152-6. 2008
    ..Although the issues are not new, we discuss their implications for personal genomics and provide recommendations for appropriate management in the context of research involving individual whole-genome sequencing...
  18. pmc A pilot survey on the licensing of DNA inventions
    Michelle R Henry
    University of Pennsylvania s Center for Bioethics, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 31:442-9. 2003
  19. pmc Genetics. DNA patenting and licensing
    Michelle R Henry
    Center for Bioethics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104 3308, USA
    Science 297:1279. 2002
  20. ncbi request reprint Financial conflict-of-interest policies in clinical research: issues for clinical investigators
    Elizabeth A Boyd
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of California, San Francisco, 94143, USA
    Acad Med 78:769-74. 2003
    ....
  21. pmc What are gene patents and why are people worried about them?
    Jon F Merz
    Department of Medical Ethics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 3308, USA
    Community Genet 8:203-8. 2005
    ..Nonetheless, there are areas of concern, and policy makers, physicians and the public should be alert to ensure that the net social benefits of patenting human genes are maintained...
  22. pmc Protecting subjects' interests in genetics research
    Jon F Merz
    Center for Bioethics, University of Pennsylvania, 3401 Market Street, Suite 320, Philadelphia, PA 19104 3308, USA
    Am J Hum Genet 70:965-71. 2002
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint A commentary on oocyte donation for stem cell research in South Korea
    David Magnus
    Stanford University
    Am J Bioeth 6:W23-4. 2006
  24. pmc Understanding incidental findings in the context of genetics and genomics
    Mildred K Cho
    Department of Pediatrics at Stanford University, CA, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 36:280-5, 212. 2008
    ..What research results should be offered, and what should not be offered? For which research should individual results be offered to research participants, when should they be offered, how, and to whom?..
  25. ncbi request reprint Industry opposes genomic legislation
    Jon F Merz
    Nat Biotechnol 20:657; author reply 657. 2002
  26. pmc Medicine. The future of personal genomics
    Amy L McGuire
    Center for Medical Ethics and Health Policy, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Science 317:1687. 2007
  27. pmc Genetic research and health disparities
    Pamela Sankar
    Center for Bioethics, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104 3308, USA
    JAMA 291:2985-9. 2004
    ....
  28. pmc Race and ethnicity in genetic research
    Pamela Sankar
    Department of Medical Ethics Center for Bioethics Leonard Davis Institute for Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19130, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 143:961-70. 2007
    ..With limited exceptions, current practice does not reflect repeated recommendations for using race or ethnicity terms in genetic research. This study provides a baseline against which to measure future trends...
  29. pmc What is in a cause? Exploring the relationship between genetic cause and felt stigma
    Pamela Sankar
    Center for Bioethics, University of Pennsylvania, 3401 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Genet Med 8:33-42. 2006
    ..However, whether a genetic or hereditary basis necessarily confers a stigma to a condition remains unexamined...
  30. pmc Diagnostic testing fails the test
    Jon F Merz
    Center for Bioethics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 3308, USA
    Nature 415:577-9. 2002

Research Grants10

  1. Center for Integrating Ethics & Genetic Research
    Mildred Cho; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The new models will be widely adoptable and will enable unprecedented consideration of genetic research ethics issues among the research community and the public. ..
  2. EFFECTS OF GENE PATENTS ON GENETIC TESTING AND RESEARCH
    Mildred Cho; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Our analysis will form inform public policy by indicating whether intellectual property policies or their implementation should be changed to encourage research and technology transfer, and if so, how. ..
  3. Toward a Framework for Policy Analysis of Microbiome Research
    PAMELA L SANKAR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....