Steven M Southwick

Summary

Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint MRI and PET study of deficits in hippocampal structure and function in women with childhood sexual abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder
    J Douglas Bremner
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory Clinical Neuroscience Research Unit, Emory University School of Medicine, 1256 Briarcliff Road, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 160:924-32. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Responses to trauma: normal reactions or pathological symptoms
    Steven M Southwick
    Yale Medical School, Yale Child Study Center, and Clinical Neuroscience Division of the National Center for PTSDVA Connecticut, USA
    Psychiatry 67:170-3. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint Relationship of enhanced norepinephrine activity during memory consolidation to enhanced long-term memory in humans
    Steven M Southwick
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, CT, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:1420-2. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint The psychobiology of depression and resilience to stress: implications for prevention and treatment
    Steven M Southwick
    Yale University School of Medicine, National Center for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut 06516, USA
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 1:255-91. 2005
  5. doi request reprint Structure of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and psychosocial functioning in Veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Resilience Laboratory, Clinical Neurosciences Division, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    Psychiatry Res 178:323-9. 2010
  6. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder mediates the relationship between mild traumatic brain injury and health and psychosocial functioning in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom
    Robert H Pietrzak
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 197:748-53. 2009
  7. doi request reprint Risk and protective factors associated with suicidal ideation in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA
    J Affect Disord 123:102-7. 2010
  8. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial buffers of traumatic stress, depressive symptoms, and psychosocial difficulties in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom: the role of resilience, unit support, and postdeployment social support
    Robert H Pietrzak
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT 06510, USA
    J Spec Oper Med 9:74-8. 2009
  9. doi request reprint Examining the dimensionality of combat-related posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms in treatment-seeking OEF/OIF/OND veterans
    Jack Tsai
    VA New England Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    J Affect Disord 135:310-4. 2011
  10. doi request reprint Posttraumatic growth in Veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Resilience Laboratory, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA
    J Affect Disord 126:230-5. 2010

Detail Information

Publications58

  1. ncbi request reprint MRI and PET study of deficits in hippocampal structure and function in women with childhood sexual abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder
    J Douglas Bremner
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory Clinical Neuroscience Research Unit, Emory University School of Medicine, 1256 Briarcliff Road, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 160:924-32. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to measure both hippocampal structure and function in women with and without early childhood sexual abuse and the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  2. ncbi request reprint Responses to trauma: normal reactions or pathological symptoms
    Steven M Southwick
    Yale Medical School, Yale Child Study Center, and Clinical Neuroscience Division of the National Center for PTSDVA Connecticut, USA
    Psychiatry 67:170-3. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint Relationship of enhanced norepinephrine activity during memory consolidation to enhanced long-term memory in humans
    Steven M Southwick
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, CT, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:1420-2. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of enhanced noradrenergic activity on memory consolidation in humans...
  4. ncbi request reprint The psychobiology of depression and resilience to stress: implications for prevention and treatment
    Steven M Southwick
    Yale University School of Medicine, National Center for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut 06516, USA
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 1:255-91. 2005
    ....
  5. doi request reprint Structure of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and psychosocial functioning in Veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Resilience Laboratory, Clinical Neurosciences Division, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    Psychiatry Res 178:323-9. 2010
    ..Dysphoria symptoms may deserve special attention in the assessment and treatment of symptomatic OEF-OIF Veterans...
  6. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder mediates the relationship between mild traumatic brain injury and health and psychosocial functioning in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom
    Robert H Pietrzak
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 197:748-53. 2009
    ..PTSD mediated the relationship between MTBI and all of these outcomes. These results underscore the importance of assessing PTSD in OEF/OIF veterans who screen positive for MTBI...
  7. doi request reprint Risk and protective factors associated with suicidal ideation in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA
    J Affect Disord 123:102-7. 2010
    ..Little is known about variables associated with suicidality in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF)...
  8. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial buffers of traumatic stress, depressive symptoms, and psychosocial difficulties in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom: the role of resilience, unit support, and postdeployment social support
    Robert H Pietrzak
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT 06510, USA
    J Spec Oper Med 9:74-8. 2009
    ....
  9. doi request reprint Examining the dimensionality of combat-related posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms in treatment-seeking OEF/OIF/OND veterans
    Jack Tsai
    VA New England Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    J Affect Disord 135:310-4. 2011
    ....
  10. doi request reprint Posttraumatic growth in Veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Resilience Laboratory, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA
    J Affect Disord 126:230-5. 2010
    ..While these studies help characterize the deleterious effects of combat, no known study has examined factors that may enhance posttraumatic growth or positive changes experienced as a result of combat in this population...
  11. doi request reprint Psychosocial buffers of traumatic stress, depressive symptoms, and psychosocial difficulties in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom: the role of resilience, unit support, and postdeployment social support
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA
    J Affect Disord 120:188-92. 2010
    ....
  12. pmc Personality disorders associated with full and partial posttraumatic stress disorder in the U.S. population: results from Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 45:678-86. 2011
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Relationships among plasma dehydroepiandrosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, cortisol, symptoms of dissociation, and objective performance in humans exposed to underwater navigation stress
    Charles A Morgan
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 66:334-40. 2009
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Perceived stigma and barriers to mental health care utilization among OEF-OIF veterans
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Department of Veterans Affairs VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 60:1118-22. 2009
    ....
  15. doi request reprint Sleep quality in treatment-seeking veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom: the role of cognitive coping strategies and unit cohesion
    Robert H Pietrzak
    Resilience Laboratory, Clinical Neurosciences Division, National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    J Psychosom Res 69:441-8. 2010
    ..This study examined the severity and correlates of sleep difficulties in a sample of treatment-seeking veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom (OEF-OIF)...
  16. doi request reprint Determinants of prospective engagement in mental health treatment among symptomatic Iraq/Afghanistan veterans
    Ilan Harpaz-Rotem
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT Clinical Neurosciences Division, National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, West Haven, CT and VA New England Mental Illness, Research, Education and Clinical Center, West Haven, CT
    J Nerv Ment Dis 202:97-104. 2014
    ..Stigma, barriers to care, and beliefs about mental health treatment were not associated with either mental health initiation or retention. ..
  17. doi request reprint Support for a novel five-factor model of posttraumatic stress symptoms in three independent samples of Iraq/Afghanistan veterans: a confirmatory factor analytic study
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Clinical Neurosciences Division, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 46:317-22. 2012
    ..However, little research has evaluated the best-fitting representation of PTSD symptoms in veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars...
  18. doi request reprint Suicidal ideation in treatment-seeking Veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom: the role of coping strategies, resilience, and social support
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Clinical Neurosciences Division, Resilience Laboratory, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 45:720-6. 2011
    ..However, little is known about whether variables other than psychiatric conditions, such as coping strategies, resilience, and social support, may be related to suicidality in this population...
  19. doi request reprint Subsyndromal posttraumatic stress disorder is associated with health and psychosocial difficulties in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA
    Depress Anxiety 26:739-44. 2009
    ..This study examined health and psychosocial correlates of subsyndromal/partial posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and full PTSD in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF)...
  20. pmc Psychiatric comorbidity of full and partial posttraumatic stress disorder among older adults in the United States: results from wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions
    Robert H Pietrzak
    From the National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 20:380-90. 2012
    ..S. older adults...
  21. pmc Mild worry symptoms predict decline in learning and memory in healthy older adults: a 2-year prospective cohort study
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Clinical Neurosciences Division, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, New Haven, Connecticut 06516, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 20:266-75. 2012
    ..This study examined the association between mild worry and depressive symptoms, and cognitive function in healthy, community-dwelling older adults...
  22. doi request reprint An examination of the relation between combat experiences and combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder in a sample of Connecticut OEF-OIF Veterans
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Clinical Neurosciences Division, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 45:1579-84. 2011
    ..However, little research has examined specific combat experiences associated with PTSD and confirmatory factor analytically (CFA)-derived re-experiencing, avoidance, dysphoria, and hyperarousal symptom clusters...
  23. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in Bosnian refugees 3 1/2 years after resettlement
    Dolores Vojvoda
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    J Rehabil Res Dev 45:421-6. 2008
    ..Women refugees and those who had not mastered the English language appeared to be more vulnerable to persisting psychological effects of trauma...
  24. doi request reprint Psychological resilience in OEF-OIF Veterans: application of a novel classification approach and examination of demographic and psychosocial correlates
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Clinical Neurosciences Division, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    J Affect Disord 133:560-8. 2011
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Baseline and modulated acoustic startle responses in adolescent girls with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Deborah S Lipschitz
    Neuroscience Division, National Center for PTSD, and the Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06824, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 44:807-14. 2005
    ..To assess baseline and modulated acoustic startle responses in adolescent girls with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  26. doi request reprint The role of coping, resilience, and social support in mediating the relation between PTSD and social functioning in veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan
    Jack Tsai
    VA New England Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, West Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Psychiatry 75:135-49. 2012
    ..These results suggest that psychotherapeutic interventions that address these mediating variables may help improve social functioning in treatment-seeking veterans with PTSD...
  27. pmc Medical comorbidity of full and partial posttraumatic stress disorder in US adults: results from Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, 950 Campbell Ave 151 E, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    Psychosom Med 73:697-707. 2011
    ..This study examined associations between lifetime trauma exposures, PTSD and partial PTSD, and past-year medical conditions in a nationally representative sample of US adults...
  28. doi request reprint Psychological resilience and postdeployment social support protect against traumatic stress and depressive symptoms in soldiers returning from Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom
    Robert H Pietrzak
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Depress Anxiety 26:745-51. 2009
    ....
  29. pmc Prevalence and Axis I comorbidity of full and partial posttraumatic stress disorder in the United States: results from Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 25:456-65. 2011
    ..Respondents with partial PTSD generally had intermediate odds of comorbid Axis I disorders and psychosocial impairment relative to trauma controls and full PTSD...
  30. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder and substance use in inner-city adolescent girls
    Deborah S Lipschitz
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 191:714-21. 2003
    ..Inner-city adolescent girls with PTSD exhibit problematic substance use and may be at high risk of developing a comorbid substance-use disorder...
  31. doi request reprint Cognitive-behavioral coping strategies associated with combat-related PTSD in treatment-seeking OEF-OIF Veterans
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA
    Psychiatry Res 189:251-8. 2011
    ....
  32. doi request reprint Gender differences in the correlates of hazardous drinking among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans
    J Cobb Scott
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Clinical Neurosciences Division, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, 151E, 950 Campbell Ave, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 127:15-22. 2013
    ..The present study examined the prevalence of and risk and protective factors for hazardous drinking in a community-based sample of men and women veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom/Iraqi Freedom/New Dawn (OEF/OIF/OND)...
  33. ncbi request reprint Assessment of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis over a 24-hour diurnal period and in response to neuroendocrine challenges in women with and without childhood sexual abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder
    J Douglas Bremner
    Department of Psychiatry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 54:710-8. 2003
    ..We performed a comprehensive assessment of the HPA axis in women with and without a history of early childhood sexual abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  34. ncbi request reprint Psychological resilience and postdeployment social support project against traumatic stress and depressive symptoms in soldiers returning from Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom
    Robert H Pietrzak
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    J Spec Oper Med 9:67-73. 2009
    ..CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that interventions to bolster psychological resilience and postdeployment social support may help reduce the severity of traumatic stress and depressive symptoms in OEF/OIF veterans...
  35. ncbi request reprint Stress-induced deficits in working memory and visuo-constructive abilities in Special Operations soldiers
    Charles A Morgan
    National Center for PTSD, VA Connecticut Healthcare Systems, West Haven, 06516, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 60:722-9. 2006
    ..This study was designed to clarify the nature of stress-induced cognitive deficits in soldiers and how such deficits may contribute to operational or battlefield errors...
  36. doi request reprint Thought suppression failures in combat PTSD: a cognitive load hypothesis
    Deane E Aikins
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Behav Res Ther 47:744-51. 2009
    ..Intrusive traumatic thoughts combined with failures in neutral thought suppression may be a consequence of increased cognitive load in PTSD...
  37. ncbi request reprint Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and borderline personality disorder in veterans of Operation Desert Storm
    Seth R Axelrod
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, 425 George St, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:270-5. 2005
    ....
  38. pmc Examining the relation between the serotonin transporter 5-HTTPLR genotype x trauma exposure interaction on a contemporary phenotypic model of posttraumatic stress symptomatology: a pilot study
    Robert H Pietrzak
    Clinical Neurosciences Division, National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    J Affect Disord 148:123-8. 2013
    ....
  39. pmc Posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and perceived needs for psychological care in older persons affected by Hurricane Ike
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA
    J Affect Disord 138:96-103. 2012
    ..To examine the prevalence and correlates of disaster-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and needs for psychological care in older persons affected by Hurricane Ike...
  40. doi request reprint The burden of full and subsyndromal posttraumatic stress disorder among police involved in the World Trade Center rescue and recovery effort
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 46:835-42. 2012
    ..This study examined the prevalence, correlates, and perceived mental healthcare needs associated with subsyndromal PTSD in police involved in the World Trade Center (WTC) rescue and recovery effort...
  41. pmc Physical health conditions associated with posttraumatic stress disorder in U.S. older adults: results from wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut 06516, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 60:296-303. 2012
    ..To present findings on past-year medical conditions associated with lifetime trauma exposure and full and partial posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a nationally representative sample of U.S. older adults...
  42. ncbi request reprint Successful aging among older veterans in the United States
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT Electronic address
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 22:551-63. 2014
    ..To develop a unidimensional latent model of successful aging and to evaluate sociodemographic, medical, psychiatric, and psychosocial correlates of this construct in a nationally representative sample of older veterans in the United States...
  43. ncbi request reprint Typologies of posttraumatic stress disorder in the U.S. adult population
    Robert H Pietrzak
    United States Department of Veterans Affairs National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA Electronic address
    J Affect Disord 162:102-6. 2014
    ..However, data are lacking regarding the predominant, population-based typologies of this disorder, and how they are linked to trauma-related characteristics, psychiatric comorbidities, and health-related quality of life...
  44. ncbi request reprint Baseline burnout symptoms predict visuospatial executive function during survival school training in special operations military personnel
    Charles A Morgan
    1Clinical Neurosciences Division, National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 17:494-501. 2011
    ..Assessment of burnout symptoms, particularly perceptions of professional efficacy, may help identify military personnel at risk for stress-related executive dysfunction...
  45. doi request reprint The science of resilience: implications for the prevention and treatment of depression
    Steven M Southwick
    Yale University School of Medicine and Yale Child Study Center, U S Department of Veterans Affairs National Center for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    Science 338:79-82. 2012
    ..Individual variability in how animals and humans respond to stress and trauma depends on numerous genetic, developmental, cognitive, psychological, and neurobiological risk and protective factors...
  46. ncbi request reprint Central type benzodiazepine receptors in Gulf War veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Masahiro Fujita
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University and Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 56:95-100. 2004
    ..To assess the generalizability of this finding to patients with more recent history, we studied central type benzodiazepine receptors in Gulf War veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder...
  47. ncbi request reprint Accuracy of eyewitness memory for persons encountered during exposure to highly intense stress
    Charles A Morgan
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, Connecticut Mental Health Center, Law and Psychiatry Division, 34 Park Street, New Haven, CT 06519 1187, USA
    Int J Law Psychiatry 27:265-79. 2004
  48. ncbi request reprint Salivary cortisol responses to dexamethasone in adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Deborah S Lipschitz
    Yale University School of Medicine, 100 York Street, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 42:1310-7. 2003
    ..The purpose of the present study was to investigate salivary cortisol responses to low-dose dexamethasone in adolescents with PTSD...
  49. ncbi request reprint Toward early pharmacological posttraumatic stress intervention
    Charles A Morgan
    Clinical Neurosciences Division, VA National Center for PTSD, West Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 53:834-43. 2003
    ..To date there is almost no empirical data on effective pharmacologic interventions in the immediate aftermath of extreme psychological trauma. As a result, much of what is discussed in this review is speculative in nature..
  50. ncbi request reprint Logotherapy as an adjunctive treatment for chronic combat-related PTSD: a meaning-based intervention
    Steven M Southwick
    Yale University School of Medicine, USA
    Am J Psychother 60:161-74. 2006
    ..In this report we describe the use of logotherapy (healing through meaning) for the treatment of combat-related PTSD..
  51. ncbi request reprint Trends in U.S. emergency department visits for anxiety-related mental health conditions, 1992-2001
    Rebecca P Smith
    Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 69:286-94. 2008
    ..To describe trends in anxiety-related mental health visits to U.S. emergency departments, an expanding portal of access for mental health care...
  52. ncbi request reprint Twenty-four-hour urine cortisol in combat veterans with PTSD and comorbid borderline personality disorder
    Steven M Southwick
    Clinical Neurosciences Division, National Center for PTSD 116 A, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, 950 Campbell Avenue, West Haven, Connecticut 06516, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 191:261-2. 2003
  53. pmc Alterations in stress reactivity after long-term treatment with paroxetine in women with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Eric Vermetten
    Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neurosciences, Department Psychiatry, University Medical Center, Int mailbox B01206, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1071:184-202. 2006
    ..These results suggest that successful treatment with SSRI in chronic PTSD is associated with a trend for a decrease in baseline diurnal cortisol and with reduced cortisol reactivity to stress...
  54. ncbi request reprint Yohimbine-induced withdrawal and anxiety symptoms in opioid-dependent patients
    Susan M Stine
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, Wayne State University School of Medicine, 2761 E Jefferson Avenue, Detroit, MI 48207, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 51:642-51. 2002
    ..Alteration in noradrenergic regulation as well as alteration in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis have been associated with opioid dependence and acute abstinence symptoms...
  55. ncbi request reprint Neural correlates of declarative memory for emotionally valenced words in women with posttraumatic stress disorder related to early childhood sexual abuse
    J Douglas Bremner
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory Center for Positron Emission Tomography, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30306, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 53:879-89. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess neural correlates of emotionally valenced declarative memory in women with early childhood sexual abuse and PTSD...
  56. ncbi request reprint Smaller head of the hippocampus in Gulf War-related posttraumatic stress disorder
    Meena Vythilingam
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, MAP, 15K North Drive, Room 111, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892 2670, USA
    Psychiatry Res 139:89-99. 2005
    ....
  57. pmc Positron tomographic emission study of olfactory induced emotional recall in veterans with and without combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder
    Eric Vermetten
    University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Psychopharmacol Bull 40:8-30. 2007
    ..Primitive brain systems involved in fear responsivity and survival also mediate smell, including the olfactory cortex and amygdala. The purpose of this study was to measure neural correlates of olfaction in PTSD...
  58. pmc Long-term treatment with paroxetine increases verbal declarative memory and hippocampal volume in posttraumatic stress disorder
    Eric Vermetten
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 54:693-702. 2003
    ..This study assessed the effects of long-term treatment with paroxetine on hippocampal volume and declarative memory performance in PTSD...