Reed G Williams

Summary

Affiliation: Southern Illinois University School of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint A controlled study to determine measurement conditions necessary for a reliable and valid operative performance assessment: a controlled prospective observational study
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL 62794, USA
    Ann Surg 256:177-87. 2012
  2. doi request reprint A template for reliable assessment of resident operative performance: assessment intervals, numbers of cases and raters
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL, USA
    Surgery 152:517-24; discussion 524-7. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Examining the diagnostic justification abilities of fourth-year medical students
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL 62794 9638, USA
    Acad Med 87:1008-14. 2012
  4. ncbi request reprint Assuring the reliability of resident performance appraisals: more items or more observations?
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, PO Box 19638, Springfield, IL 62794 9638, USA
    Surgery 137:141-7. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint Forecasting residents' performance--partly cloudy
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, 62794 9638, USA
    Acad Med 80:415-22. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint A sampling strategy for promoting and assessing medical student retention of physical examination skills
    Reed G Williams
    Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery, 800 North Rutledge Street, PO Box 19638, Springfield, IL 62794 9638, USA
    Acad Med 82:S22-5. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint See one, do one, teach one--exploring the core teaching beliefs of medical school faculty
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL 62794 9638, USA
    Med Teach 28:418-24. 2006
  8. pmc Surgeon information transfer and communication: factors affecting quality and efficiency of inpatient care
    Reed G Williams
    Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL, USA
    Ann Surg 245:159-69. 2007
  9. doi request reprint The nature of general surgery resident performance problems
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, 800 North Rutledge Street, Springfield, IL 62794 9638, USA
    Surgery 145:651-8. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint Medical student acquisition of clinical working knowledge
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois 62794 9638, USA
    Teach Learn Med 20:5-10. 2008

Detail Information

Publications41

  1. doi request reprint A controlled study to determine measurement conditions necessary for a reliable and valid operative performance assessment: a controlled prospective observational study
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL 62794, USA
    Ann Surg 256:177-87. 2012
    ..This study evaluated operative performance rating (OPR) characteristics and measurement conditions necessary for reliable and valid operative performance (OP) assessment...
  2. doi request reprint A template for reliable assessment of resident operative performance: assessment intervals, numbers of cases and raters
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL, USA
    Surgery 152:517-24; discussion 524-7. 2012
    ..To guide program implementation, this study determined: 1) Appropriate intervals for OP progress decisions, 2) Number of OPRs and raters required per interval to achieve reproducible results...
  3. doi request reprint Examining the diagnostic justification abilities of fourth-year medical students
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL 62794 9638, USA
    Acad Med 87:1008-14. 2012
    ..However, these abilities are not systematically examined prior to graduation. This study examined diagnostic justification (DXJ) ability of medical students shortly before graduation...
  4. ncbi request reprint Assuring the reliability of resident performance appraisals: more items or more observations?
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, PO Box 19638, Springfield, IL 62794 9638, USA
    Surgery 137:141-7. 2005
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Forecasting residents' performance--partly cloudy
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, 62794 9638, USA
    Acad Med 80:415-22. 2005
    ..While this article is couched in the context of the performance evaluation of residents, everything included pertains to measuring and appraising medical students' and practicing physicians' clinical performance as well...
  6. ncbi request reprint A sampling strategy for promoting and assessing medical student retention of physical examination skills
    Reed G Williams
    Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery, 800 North Rutledge Street, PO Box 19638, Springfield, IL 62794 9638, USA
    Acad Med 82:S22-5. 2007
    ..The authors assessed the nature and size of physical examination performance samples necessary to accurately estimate total physical examination skill...
  7. ncbi request reprint See one, do one, teach one--exploring the core teaching beliefs of medical school faculty
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL 62794 9638, USA
    Med Teach 28:418-24. 2006
    ..Fifty-one respondents (41%) were found to have a blend of these viewpoints. Respondents' type of training or type of teaching did not provide a reliable indication of core teaching beliefs classification...
  8. pmc Surgeon information transfer and communication: factors affecting quality and efficiency of inpatient care
    Reed G Williams
    Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL, USA
    Ann Surg 245:159-69. 2007
    ..To determine the nature of surgeon information transfer and communication (ITC) errors that lead to adverse events and near misses. To recommend strategies for minimizing or preventing these errors...
  9. doi request reprint The nature of general surgery resident performance problems
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, 800 North Rutledge Street, Springfield, IL 62794 9638, USA
    Surgery 145:651-8. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify residents who had serious, substantive, and recurring academic, clinical, and/or professional behavior problems, and to describe and classify their nature...
  10. ncbi request reprint Medical student acquisition of clinical working knowledge
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois 62794 9638, USA
    Teach Learn Med 20:5-10. 2008
    ..Working knowledge of physicians manifests as a combination of diagnostic pattern recognition and clinical data interpretation (analytic fact checking)...
  11. ncbi request reprint The effects of group dynamics on resident progress committee deliberations
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois 62794 9638, USA
    Teach Learn Med 17:96-100. 2005
    ..There is countervailing concern that group dynamics may compromise quality of progress decisions...
  12. ncbi request reprint Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education core competencies initiative: the road to implementation in the surgical specialties
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, 800 North Rutledge Street, PO Box 19638, Springfield, IL 62794 9638, USA
    Surg Clin North Am 84:1621-46, xi. 2004
  13. ncbi request reprint Prognostic value of resident clinical performance ratings
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL 62794 9638, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 199:620-7. 2004
    ..This study investigated the concurrent and predictive validity of end-of-rotation (EOR) clinical performance ratings...
  14. ncbi request reprint The impact of a program for systematically recognizing and rewarding academic performance
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL 62794 9638, USA
    Acad Med 78:156-66. 2003
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Cognitive, social and environmental sources of bias in clinical performance ratings
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, PO Box 19638, Springfield, IL 62794 9638, USA
    Teach Learn Med 15:270-92. 2003
    ..This review explores cognitive, social, and environmental factors that contribute unwanted sources of score variation (bias) to clinical performance evaluations...
  16. ncbi request reprint A theory-based curriculum for enhancing surgical skillfulness
    Margaret L Boehler
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL 62794 9655, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 205:492-7. 2007
    ..We hypothesized that training novices with such a curriculum for a 1-month period would yield skills performance levels equivalent to those of second year surgery residents who had trained in a traditional program...
  17. ncbi request reprint Variations in senior medical student diagnostic justification ability
    Reed G Williams
    Dr Williams is adjunct professor, Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana He is emeritus professor of medical education and J Roland Folse Professor of Surgical Education Research and Development Emeritus, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois Dr Klamen is associate dean for education and curriculum and professor and chair, Department of Medical Education, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois Mr Markwell is director of statistics and research consulting, Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois Dr Cianciolo is assistant professor of medical education, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois Dr Colliver is professor of medical education emeritus and past director of statistics and research consulting, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois Dr Verhulst is professor and director of statistics and research informatics, Center for Clinical Research, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois
    Acad Med 89:790-8. 2014
    ..To determine the diagnostic justification proficiency of senior medical students across a broad spectrum of cases with common chief complaints and diagnoses...
  18. doi request reprint How do supervising surgeons evaluate guidance provided in the operating room?
    Xiaodong Phoenix Chen
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, PO Box 19638, Springfield, IL 62794, USA
    Am J Surg 203:44-8. 2012
    ..This study explored the amount of guidance provided to residents in the operating room (OR) and the relationship of OR guidance with postgraduate year (PGY) and operative performance rating (OPR)...
  19. ncbi request reprint Capturing the teachable moment: a grounded theory study of verbal teaching interactions in the operating room
    Nicole K Roberts
    Department of Medical Education, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL, USA
    Surgery 151:643-50. 2012
    ..We studied how surgeons communicate with residents during an operation, with the goal of enhancing intraoperative teaching opportunities...
  20. doi request reprint Impact of a structured skills laboratory curriculum on surgery residents' intraoperative decision-making and technical skills
    Debra DaRosa
    Department of Surgery, 251 E Huron, Galter 3 150, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Acad Med 83:S68-71. 2008
    ..This project sought to study the effectiveness of a curriculum to enhance the intraoperative clinical judgment and procedural skill of surgical residents...
  21. ncbi request reprint Variables influencing medical student learning in the operating room
    Cathy J Schwind
    Department of Surgery, P O Box 19638, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL 62794 9638, USA
    Am J Surg 187:198-200. 2004
    ..We designed this study to identify variables that affected medical student learning in the OR...
  22. doi request reprint The impact of brief team communication, leadership and team behavior training on ad hoc team performance in trauma care settings
    Nicole K Roberts
    Department of Medical Education, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, PO Box 19681, Springfield, IL 62794 9681, USA Electronic address
    Am J Surg 207:170-8. 2014
    ..Existing teamwork curricula do not address the particular issues associated with ad hoc emergency teams providing trauma care...
  23. doi request reprint Refining the evaluation of operating room performance
    Michael J Kim
    Department of Surgery, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14642, USA
    J Surg Educ 66:352-6. 2009
    ..This study continues the examination of the Southern Illinois University (SIU) operative performance rating system (OPRS) by studying additional factors that may influence reliability, accuracy, and interpretability of results...
  24. doi request reprint The efficacy of a targeted remediation process for students who fail standardized patient examinations
    Debra L Klamen
    Department of Medical Education, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois 62794 9622, USA
    Teach Learn Med 23:3-11. 2011
    ..Current remediation strategies for students failing standardized patient examinations represent poorly targeted approaches since the specific nature of clinical performance weaknesses has not been defined...
  25. ncbi request reprint Skills coaches as part of the educational team: a randomized controlled trial of teaching of a basic surgical skill in the laboratory setting
    Michael J Kim
    Department of Surgery, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA
    Am J Surg 199:94-8. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the laboratory teaching of a basic technical skill by a nonphysician skills coach and a faculty surgeon...
  26. ncbi request reprint Do individual attendings' post-rotation performance ratings detect residents' clinical performance deficiencies?
    Cathy J Schwind
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, 62794 9638, USA
    Acad Med 79:453-7. 2004
    ..To determine whether attending physicians' post-rotation performance ratings and written comments detect surgery residents' clinical performance deficits...
  27. doi request reprint Evaluating resident operative performance: a qualitative analysis of expert opinions
    Hilary Sanfey
    Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Springfield, IL 62794, USA
    Surgery 150:759-70. 2011
    ..To elicit and analyze the strengths and weaknesses of resident operative performance (ROP) as identified by independent expert ratings...
  28. ncbi request reprint An investigation of medical student reactions to feedback: a randomised controlled trial
    Margaret L Boehler
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois 62794 9655, USA
    Med Educ 40:746-9. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate learning outcomes and perceptions in students who received feedback compared to those who received general compliments...
  29. doi request reprint Use of simulated pages to prepare medical students for internship and improve patient safety
    Cathy J Schwind
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois 62794 9649, USA
    Acad Med 86:77-84. 2011
    ..The authors piloted the use of simulated pages to improve medical student preparedness, decrease stress related to pages, and familiarize medical students with common patient problems...
  30. doi request reprint Pursuing professional accountability: an evidence-based approach to addressing residents with behavioral problems
    Hilary Sanfey
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL 62794, USA
    Arch Surg 147:642-7. 2012
    ..To develop an evidence-based approach to the identification, prevention, and management of surgical residents with behavioral problems...
  31. ncbi request reprint Feasibility, reliability and validity of an operative performance rating system for evaluating surgery residents
    Jennine L Larson
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield 62794 9638, USA
    Surgery 138:640-7; discussion 647-9. 2005
    ..These evaluations lack objective assessment of operative skills. We describe an operative performance rating system (OPRS) designed to provide objective operative performance ratings using a sentinel procedure format...
  32. doi request reprint Biomedical knowledge, clinical cognition and diagnostic justification: a structural equation model
    Anna T Cianciolo
    Department of Medical Education, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois 62794 9681, USA
    Med Educ 47:309-16. 2013
    ..This study examined the performance data of medical students in an integrated curriculum to determine the relative contributions of biomedical knowledge and clinical pattern recognition to diagnostic strategy...
  33. doi request reprint The case of the entitled resident: a composite case study of a resident performance problem syndrome with interdisciplinary commentary
    Nicole K Roberts
    Department of Medical Education, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, P O Box 19681, Springfield, IL 62794 9681, USA
    Med Teach 34:1024-32. 2012
    ..Residents with performance problems create substantial burden on programs and institutions. Understanding the nature and quality of performance problems can help in learning to address performance problems...
  34. ncbi request reprint Have standardized patient examinations stood the test of time and experience?
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois, USA
    Teach Learn Med 16:215-22. 2004
  35. doi request reprint Patient-care-related telephone communication between general surgery residents and attending surgeons
    Roy Phitayakorn
    Department of Surgery, Case Western Reserve University Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 206:742-50. 2008
  36. ncbi request reprint Addressing the new competencies for residents' surgical training
    Gary L Dunnington
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois 62794 9638, USA
    Acad Med 78:14-21. 2003
    ..The program's benefits include time savings and the availability of validity data and norms to inform decision making on residents' and program progress...
  37. ncbi request reprint Self-assessment in simulation-based surgical skills training
    Jeannie Macdonald
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, PO Box 19638, Springfield, IL 62794 9638, USA
    Am J Surg 185:319-22. 2003
    ..Research has shown medical trainees are poor self-assessors. The purpose of this study was to examine trainees' ability to self-assess technical skills using a simulation-trainer...
  38. doi request reprint Tracking development of clinical reasoning ability across five medical schools using a progress test
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, 62794 9622, USA
    Acad Med 86:1148-54. 2011
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Who are the surgery clerkship directors and what are their educational needs?
    Margaret L Boehler
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, P O Box 19655, Springfield 62794 9655, USA
    Am J Surg 185:216-8. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to develop a demographic profile and an educational needs assessment for surgery clerkship directors...
  40. ncbi request reprint Surgeon communication behaviors that lead patients to not recommend the surgeon to family members or friends: Analysis and impact
    Robert B McLafferty
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University, School of Medicine, Springfield, Ill, USA
    Surgery 140:616-22; discussion 622-4. 2006
    ..This study analyzes specific elements of physician communication that lead patients to not recommend surgeons to family members or friends (FMoFs)...
  41. ncbi request reprint Improving resident performance assessment data: numeric precision and narrative specificity
    John H Littlefield
    University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Academic Informatics Services, 78229 3900, USA
    Acad Med 80:489-95. 2005
    ..To evaluate the use of a systems approach for diagnosing performance assessment problems in surgery residencies, and intervene to improve the numeric precision of global rating scores and the behavioral specificity of narrative comments...