C E Ruhl

Summary

Affiliation: Social and Scientific Systems
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Gallstone disease is associated with increased mortality in the United States
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    Gastroenterology 140:508-16. 2011
  2. doi Relationship of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease with cholecystectomy in the US population
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    Am J Gastroenterol 108:952-8. 2013
  3. pmc Diurnal variation in serum alanine aminotransferase activity in the US population
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems Inc, Silver Spring, MD, USA
    J Clin Gastroenterol 47:165-73. 2013
  4. ncbi Coffee and tea consumption are associated with a lower incidence of chronic liver disease in the United States
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    Gastroenterology 129:1928-36. 2005
  5. ncbi Joint effects of body weight and alcohol on elevated serum alanine aminotransferase in the United States population
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 3:1260-8. 2005
  6. ncbi Risk factors for inguinal hernia among adults in the US population
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:1154-61. 2007
  7. ncbi Body mass index and serum leptin concentration independently estimate percentage body fat in older adults
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems Inc, Silver Spring, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:1121-6. 2007
  8. doi Elevated serum alanine aminotransferase and gamma-glutamyltransferase and mortality in the United States population
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    Gastroenterology 136:477-85.e11. 2009
  9. pmc Trunk fat is associated with increased serum levels of alanine aminotransferase in the United States
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    Gastroenterology 138:1346-56, 1356.e1-3. 2010
  10. pmc Upper limits of normal for alanine aminotransferase activity in the United States population
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Hepatology 55:447-54. 2012

Detail Information

Publications23

  1. pmc Gallstone disease is associated with increased mortality in the United States
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    Gastroenterology 140:508-16. 2011
    ..We examined whether gallstone disease was associated with overall and cause-specific mortalities in a prospective national population-based sample...
  2. doi Relationship of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease with cholecystectomy in the US population
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    Am J Gastroenterol 108:952-8. 2013
    ..We investigated the association of gallstones and cholecystectomy with NAFLD in a large, national, population-based study...
  3. pmc Diurnal variation in serum alanine aminotransferase activity in the US population
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems Inc, Silver Spring, MD, USA
    J Clin Gastroenterol 47:165-73. 2013
    ..Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity has been reported to be greater in the afternoon than the early morning, but data are scarce. We examined diurnal variation of ALT in a national population-based sample...
  4. ncbi Coffee and tea consumption are associated with a lower incidence of chronic liver disease in the United States
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    Gastroenterology 129:1928-36. 2005
    ..We examined the relationship of coffee and tea consumption with the incidence of hospitalization or death from chronic liver disease (CLD)...
  5. ncbi Joint effects of body weight and alcohol on elevated serum alanine aminotransferase in the United States population
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 3:1260-8. 2005
    ..We examined the relationship of alcohol drinking and binge drinking with abnormal serum aminotransferase activity in normal weight, overweight, and obese persons in a national, population-based study...
  6. ncbi Risk factors for inguinal hernia among adults in the US population
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:1154-61. 2007
    ..In the United States, inguinal hernias are common among men, especially with aging. The lower risk among heavier men was unexpected and bears further study...
  7. ncbi Body mass index and serum leptin concentration independently estimate percentage body fat in older adults
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems Inc, Silver Spring, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:1121-6. 2007
    ....
  8. doi Elevated serum alanine aminotransferase and gamma-glutamyltransferase and mortality in the United States population
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    Gastroenterology 136:477-85.e11. 2009
    ..In a prospective, national, population-based sample, we examined whether elevated ALT and GGT were associated with increased risk of all-cause and disease-specific mortality...
  9. pmc Trunk fat is associated with increased serum levels of alanine aminotransferase in the United States
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    Gastroenterology 138:1346-56, 1356.e1-3. 2010
    ..Liver injury is associated with obesity and related measures, such as body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference. The relationship between liver injury and body composition has not been evaluated in a population-based study...
  10. pmc Upper limits of normal for alanine aminotransferase activity in the United States population
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Hepatology 55:447-54. 2012
    ..The area under the curve was 0.929 for men and 0.915 for women. If the cut-offs with the best correct classification were applied to the entire population, 36.4% of men and 28.3% of women would have had abnormal ALT...
  11. ncbi Epidemiology of nonalcoholic fatty liver
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, 8757 Georgia Avenue, 12 th floor, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Clin Liver Dis 8:501-19, vii. 2004
    ..This article reviews information available from studies with relatively unselected samples with regard to prevalence, demographics,and risk factors for NAFL...
  12. ncbi Serum leptin concentrations and body adipose measures in older black and white adults
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, 8758 Georgia Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:576-83. 2004
    ..Among US adults, serum leptin concentrations are higher in women than in men and are higher in blacks than in whites independent of anthropometric measures of body fatness...
  13. ncbi Relationship of serum leptin concentration and other measures of adiposity with gallbladder disease
    C E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, MD 20910 3714, USA
    Hepatology 34:877-83. 2001
    ..29) or men (P =.65). In conclusion, waist-to-hip circumference ratio was related to gallbladder disease among women and men. Serum leptin concentration was not a better predictor of gallbladder disease than anthropometry...
  14. ncbi Determinants of the association of overweight with elevated serum alanine aminotransferase activity in the United States
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, 8757 Georgia Avenue, 12th Floor, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Gastroenterology 124:71-9. 2003
    ..We examined whether central adiposity and metabolic markers explain the association of body mass index (BMI as kg/m(2)) with abnormal serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity in a national, population-based study...
  15. ncbi Relation of elevated serum alanine aminotransferase activity with iron and antioxidant levels in the United States
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems Inc, 8757 Georgia Avenue, 12th Floor, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Gastroenterology 124:1821-9. 2003
    ..We analyzed the associations of serum iron measures and antioxidant concentrations with abnormal serum alanine transaminase (ALT) activity in a large, national, population-based study...
  16. ncbi Leptin concentrations in the United States: relations with demographic and anthropometric measures
    C E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Bethesda, MD 20814 4805, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 74:295-301. 2001
    ..Leptin is a peptide that is strongly correlated with adiposity and is a potential determinant of obesity and its complications...
  17. ncbi Association of coffee consumption with gallbladder disease
    C E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems Inc, Bethesda, MD 20814 4805, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 152:1034-8. 2000
    ..027). These findings do not support a protective effect of coffee consumption on total gallbladder disease, although coffee may decrease the risk of symptomatic gallstones in women...
  18. ncbi Association of diabetes, serum insulin, and C-peptide with gallbladder disease
    C E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc Bethesda, MD, USA
    Hepatology 31:299-303. 2000
    ..76-5.85), but no association of gallbladder disease with insulin or C-peptide. Among women higher fasting serum insulin levels increased the risk of gallbladder disease, but did not account for the increased risk in persons with diabetes...
  19. ncbi Relationship of iron-deficiency anemia with esophagitis and hiatal hernia: hospital findings from a prospective, population-based study
    C E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Bethesda, Maryland 20814-4805, USA
    Am J Gastroenterol 96:322-6. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Hiatal hernia should be considered as a possible cause of iron-deficiency anemia. The relationship of esophagitis with iron-deficiency anemia requires further study...
  20. ncbi Coffee and caffeine consumption reduce the risk of elevated serum alanine aminotransferase activity in the United States
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems Inc, 8758 Georgia Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Gastroenterology 128:24-32. 2005
    ....
  21. ncbi Relationship of serum leptin concentration with bone mineral density in the United States population
    Constance E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    J Bone Miner Res 17:1896-903. 2002
    ..Serum leptin concentration did not appear to affect directly BMD. If present, the association appeared to be limited to younger men who are at lower risk of osteoporosis...
  22. ncbi Hospitalization with respiratory disease following hiatal hernia and reflux esophagitis in a prospective, population-based study
    C E Ruhl
    Social and Scientific Systems, Inc, 7101 Wisconsin Ave, Bethesda, MD 20814-4805, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 11:477-83. 2001
    ..Rate ratios were similar when reflux esophagitis and hiatal hernia were examined separately. CONCLUSIONS: A prior hiatal hernia or reflux esophagitis hospitalization increased risk of respiratory disease hospitalization...
  23. ncbi Detection of alcohol use disorders in general hospital admissions in the United States
    Barbara A Smothers
    Division of Epidemiology and Prevention Research, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Arch Intern Med 164:749-56. 2004
    ..We also estimated rates of inpatient alcohol intervention and referral for treatment...