Lawrence Lavery

Summary

Affiliation: Scott and White Memorial Hospital
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi Reevaluating the way we classify the diabetic foot: restructuring the diabetic foot risk classification system of the International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Department of Surgery, Texas A and M Health Science Center, Scott and White Hospital, Temple, Texas, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:154-6. 2008
  2. ncbi A comparison of diabetic foot ulcer outcomes using negative pressure wound therapy versus historical standard of care
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Texas A and M Health Science Center College of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Scott and White Hospital, Temple, TX 78628, USA
    Int Wound J 4:103-13. 2007
  3. ncbi Probe-to-bone test for diagnosing diabetic foot osteomyelitis: reliable or relic?
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Department of Surgery, Scott and White Hospital, 703 Highland Spring Lane, Georgetown, TX 78628, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:270-4. 2007
  4. ncbi Validation of the Infectious Diseases Society of America's diabetic foot infection classification system
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Department of Surgery, Scott and White Hospital, Texas A and M University Health Science Center College of Medicine, Temple, Texas, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 44:562-5. 2007
  5. ncbi Risk factors for foot infections in individuals with diabetes
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Department of Surgery, Scott and White Hospital, Texas A and M University Health Science Center College of Medicine, Temple, TX, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:1288-93. 2006
  6. ncbi Wear and biomechanical characteristics of a novel shear-reducing insole with implications for high-risk persons with diabetes
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Texas A and M Health Science Center College of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Scott and White Hospital, Temple, TX 76508, USA
    Diabetes Technol Ther 7:638-46. 2005
  7. doi What are the most effective interventions in preventing diabetic foot ulcers?
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Texas A and M Health Science Center, Scott and White Hospital, Temple, TX, USA
    Int Wound J 5:425-33. 2008
  8. ncbi Home monitoring of foot skin temperatures to prevent ulceration
    Lawrence A Lavery
    College of Medicine, Texas A and M Health Science Center, Scott and White Hospital, Temple, Texas, USA
    Diabetes Care 27:2642-7. 2004
  9. doi Risk factors for developing osteomyelitis in patients with diabetic foot wounds
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Department of Surgery, Scott and White Hospital, Texas A and M University Health Science Center College of Medicine, Temple, TX, USA
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 83:347-52. 2009
  10. ncbi Preventing diabetic foot ulcer recurrence in high-risk patients: use of temperature monitoring as a self-assessment tool
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Department of Surgery, Scott and White Hospital, Texas A and M University Health Science Center, Temple, Texas, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:14-20. 2007

Research Grants

  1. Therapeutic Stockings to Prevent Foot Ulcers
    Lawrence Lavery; Fiscal Year: 2009
  2. Therapeutic Stockings to Prevent Foot Ulcers
    Lawrence A Lavery; Fiscal Year: 2010
  3. Instant Total Contact Cast to Heal Diabectic Foot Ulcers
    Lawrence A Lavery; Fiscal Year: 2010
  4. Therapeutic Stockings to Prevent Foot Ulcers
    Lawrence Lavery; Fiscal Year: 2009
  5. Instant Total Contact Cast to Heal Diabectic Foot Ulcers
    Lawrence A Lavery; Fiscal Year: 2010

Detail Information

Publications51

  1. ncbi Reevaluating the way we classify the diabetic foot: restructuring the diabetic foot risk classification system of the International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Department of Surgery, Texas A and M Health Science Center, Scott and White Hospital, Temple, Texas, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:154-6. 2008
    ..To separately evaluate peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) and foot ulcer and amputation history in a diabetic foot risk classification to predict foot complications...
  2. ncbi A comparison of diabetic foot ulcer outcomes using negative pressure wound therapy versus historical standard of care
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Texas A and M Health Science Center College of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Scott and White Hospital, Temple, TX 78628, USA
    Int Wound J 4:103-13. 2007
    ..Thus, NPWT may improve the proportion of DFUs that attain a successful wound treatment endpoint and decrease resource utilisation by a given health care system compared with standard wet-to-moist therapy...
  3. ncbi Probe-to-bone test for diagnosing diabetic foot osteomyelitis: reliable or relic?
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Department of Surgery, Scott and White Hospital, 703 Highland Spring Lane, Georgetown, TX 78628, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:270-4. 2007
    ..We sought to assess the accuracy of the probe-to-bone (PTB) test in diagnosing foot osteomyelitis in a cohort of diabetic patients with bone culture proven disease...
  4. ncbi Validation of the Infectious Diseases Society of America's diabetic foot infection classification system
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Department of Surgery, Scott and White Hospital, Texas A and M University Health Science Center College of Medicine, Temple, Texas, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 44:562-5. 2007
    ..6; P<.001) with increasing infection severity. The Infectious Diseases Society of America's foot infection classification system may be a useful tool for grading foot infections...
  5. ncbi Risk factors for foot infections in individuals with diabetes
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Department of Surgery, Scott and White Hospital, Texas A and M University Health Science Center College of Medicine, Temple, TX, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:1288-93. 2006
    ..To prospectively determine risk factors for foot infection in a cohort of people with diabetes...
  6. ncbi Wear and biomechanical characteristics of a novel shear-reducing insole with implications for high-risk persons with diabetes
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Texas A and M Health Science Center College of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Scott and White Hospital, Temple, TX 76508, USA
    Diabetes Technol Ther 7:638-46. 2005
    ..This study was designed to measure pressure and shear reduction of a novel insole design...
  7. doi What are the most effective interventions in preventing diabetic foot ulcers?
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Texas A and M Health Science Center, Scott and White Hospital, Temple, TX, USA
    Int Wound J 5:425-33. 2008
    ..These results suggest that there is a finite number of key factors that, if identified and addressed with appropriate intervention strategies, may reduce the risk for the cascade of events towards ulceration and subsequent amputation...
  8. ncbi Home monitoring of foot skin temperatures to prevent ulceration
    Lawrence A Lavery
    College of Medicine, Texas A and M Health Science Center, Scott and White Hospital, Temple, Texas, USA
    Diabetes Care 27:2642-7. 2004
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of at-home infrared temperature monitoring as a preventative tool in individuals at high risk for diabetes-related lower-extremity ulceration and amputation...
  9. doi Risk factors for developing osteomyelitis in patients with diabetic foot wounds
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Department of Surgery, Scott and White Hospital, Texas A and M University Health Science Center College of Medicine, Temple, TX, USA
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 83:347-52. 2009
    ..Osteomyelitis worsens the prognosis in the diabetic foot, but predisposing factors remain largely undefined. In a prospectively followed cohort we assessed risk factors for developing osteomyelitis...
  10. ncbi Preventing diabetic foot ulcer recurrence in high-risk patients: use of temperature monitoring as a self-assessment tool
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Department of Surgery, Scott and White Hospital, Texas A and M University Health Science Center, Temple, Texas, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:14-20. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a temperature monitoring instrument to reduce the incidence of foot ulcers in individuals with diabetes who have a high risk for lower extremity complications...
  11. pmc Diabetic foot prevention: a neglected opportunity in high-risk patients
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Department of Surgery, Scott and White Hospital and Texas A and M Health Science Center College of Medicine, Temple, Texas, USA
    Diabetes Care 33:1460-2. 2010
    ..To evaluate the frequency of foot prevention strategies among high-risk patients with diabetes...
  12. ncbi Diabetic foot syndrome: evaluating the prevalence and incidence of foot pathology in Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites from a diabetes disease management cohort
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Department of Surgery, Diabetex Research Group, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Diabetes Care 26:1435-8. 2003
    ..To report the incidence of diabetes-related lower-extremity complications in a cohort of patients enrolled in a diabetes disease management program...
  13. doi Safety and effectiveness of flexor tenotomies to heal toe ulcers in persons with diabetes
    Tyler P Kearney
    Department of Surgery, Scott and White Memorial Hospital, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College of Medicine, 600 South 25th Street, Temple, TX 76504, United States
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 89:224-6. 2010
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of percutaneous tenotomy of the flexor digitorum longus to heal neuropathic ulcers on the tip of the toe...
  14. ncbi Activity patterns of patients with diabetic foot ulceration: patients with active ulceration may not adhere to a standard pressure off-loading regimen
    David G Armstrong
    Department of Surgery, Southern Arizona Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Tucson, Arizona 85723, USA
    Diabetes Care 26:2595-7. 2003
    ..To evaluate the activity of patients with diabetic foot ulcerations and their adherence to their pressure off-loading device...
  15. ncbi Clinical efficacy of the first metatarsophalangeal joint arthroplasty as a curative procedure for hallux interphalangeal joint wounds in patients with diabetes
    David G Armstrong
    Department of Surgery, Podiatry Section, Southern Arizona Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Tucson, Arizona, USA
    Diabetes Care 26:3284-7. 2003
    ..To evaluate the safety and efficacy of first metatarsophalangeal joint arthroplasty compared with standard, nonsurgical management of wounds at the plantar hallux interphalangeal joint in patients with diabetes...
  16. ncbi Disease management for the diabetic foot: effectiveness of a diabetic foot prevention program to reduce amputations and hospitalizations
    Lawrence A Lavery
    XLHealth Corporation, Baltimore, MD, USA 703 Highland Spring Lane, Georgetown, TX, USA
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 70:31-7. 2005
    ..To demonstrate the effectiveness of a diabetic foot disease management program in a managed care organization...
  17. ncbi Temperature monitoring to assess, predict, and prevent diabetic foot complications
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Department of Surgery, Texas A and M University College of Medicine, Scott and White Hospital, Round Rock, TX 78633, USA
    Curr Diab Rep 7:416-9. 2007
    ..There are a number of studies that demonstrate the impact of screening and prevention; three randomized clinical trials report a three- to 10-fold reduction in foot ulcerations among high-risk patients...
  18. doi The costs of diabetic foot: the economic case for the limb salvage team
    Vickie R Driver
    Boston University Medical Center, The Preston Family Building, Floor 2, 732 Harrsion Ave, Boston MA 02118, USA
    J Vasc Surg 52:17S-22S. 2010
    ..An analysis of these costs provides the basis for this report...
  19. ncbi Reproducibility of gait analysis variables: one-step versus three-step method of data acquisition
    Edgar J G Peters
    Department of Orthopaedics, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX, USA
    J Foot Ankle Surg 41:206-12. 2002
    ..For measuring total contact time and pressure-time integrals, both methods have comparable repeatability, although the protocols lead to different outcomes...
  20. ncbi Does anodyne light therapy improve peripheral neuropathy in diabetes? A double-blind, sham-controlled, randomized trial to evaluate monochromatic infrared photoenergy
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Department of Surgery, Texas A and M University Health and Science Center College of Medicine, Scott and White Hospital, Temple, Texas, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:316-21. 2008
    ....
  21. ncbi Prediction of healing for postoperative diabetic foot wounds based on early wound area progression
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Department of Surgery, Scott and White Memorial Hospital at Texas A and M University, Georgetown, Texas, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:26-9. 2008
    ..To evaluate the probability of wound healing based on percentage of wound area reduction (PWAR) at 1 and 4 weeks in individuals with large, chronic, nonischemic diabetic foot wounds following partial foot amputation...
  22. ncbi Options for off-loading the diabetic foot
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Department of Podiatry, Texas A and M Health Science Center, Scott and White Hospital, Temple, TX, USA
    Adv Skin Wound Care 17:181-82, 184-86. 2004
  23. ncbi Guidelines regarding negative wound therapy (NPWT) in the diabetic foot
    David G Armstrong
    Department of Surgery, Southern Arizona Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Tucson, USA
    Ostomy Wound Manage 50:3S-27S. 2004
    ..NPWT be discontinued in this population? 8) How should NPWT be used in combination with other modalities? 9) Should small, superficial, noninfected wounds be considered for NPWT? 10) How should we define success in future studies of NPWT?..
  24. ncbi The role of interdisciplinary team approach in the management of the diabetic foot: a joint statement from the Society for Vascular Surgery and the American Podiatric Medical Association
    Bauer E Sumpio
    Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 100:309-11. 2010
    ....
  25. doi The role of interdisciplinary team approach in the management of the diabetic foot: a joint statement from the Society for Vascular Surgery and the American Podiatric Medical Association
    Bauer E Sumpio
    Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn 06520, USA
    J Vasc Surg 51:1504-6. 2010
    ....
  26. ncbi Outcomes of subatmospheric pressure dressing therapy on wounds of the diabetic foot
    David G Armstrong
    Department of Surgery, Southern Arizona Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Tucson, Ariz, USA
    Ostomy Wound Manage 48:64-8. 2002
    ....
  27. ncbi It's not what you put on, but what you take off: techniques for debriding and off-loading the diabetic foot wound
    David G Armstrong
    Department of Surgery, Dr William M Scholl College of Podiatric Medicine at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, IL 60064, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 39:S92-9. 2004
    ..Specific debridement and off-loading techniques are discussed, along with available supporting evidence. This includes the use of the "instant" total contact cast, among other modalities...
  28. ncbi How and why to surgically debride neuropathic diabetic foot wounds
    David G Armstrong
    Research and Education, Department of Surgery, Podiatry Section, Southern Arizona Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Tucson 85723, USA
    J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 92:402-4. 2002
    ..The authors hope to foster further discussion leading to improvement in the process and the prevalence of such debridement...
  29. doi Quality of life in healing diabetic wounds: does the end justify the means?
    David G Armstrong
    Scholl s Center for Lower Extremity Ambulatory Research CLEAR, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60064, USA
    J Foot Ankle Surg 47:278-82. 2008
    ..Specifically, the results suggest that in diabetic patients with neuropathic foot ulcers, QoL may have less to do with how an index wound is treated than it does with whether or not the wound heals...
  30. ncbi Skin temperature monitoring reduces the risk for diabetic foot ulceration in high-risk patients
    David G Armstrong
    Scholl s Center for Lower Extremity Ambulatory Research CLEAR, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, Ill 60064, USA
    Am J Med 120:1042-6. 2007
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of home temperature monitoring to reduce the incidence of foot ulcers in high-risk patients with diabetes...
  31. ncbi Diagnostic and prognostic value of erythrocyte sedimentation rate in contiguous osteomyelitis of the foot and ankle
    Naohiro Shibuya
    Department of Orthopaedics, Division of Podiatry, University of Texas Health and Science Center at San Antonio
    J Foot Ankle Surg 47:73. 2008
  32. pmc Comprehensive foot examination and risk assessment: a report of the task force of the foot care interest group of the American Diabetes Association, with endorsement by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists
    Andrew J M Boulton
    Manchester Diabetes Centre, Manchester, UK
    Diabetes Care 31:1679-85. 2008
  33. ncbi Re: "Diagnostic and prognostic value of erythrocyte sedimentation rate in contiguous osteomyelitis of the foot and ankle"
    Naohiro Shibuya
    J Foot Ankle Surg 47:73; author reply 73-4; discussion 74-5. 2008
  34. doi Resource utilization and economic costs of care based on a randomized trial of vacuum-assisted closure therapy in the treatment of diabetic foot wounds
    Jan Apelqvist
    Department of Endocrinology, University Hospital of Malmo, Malmo, Sweden
    Am J Surg 195:782-8. 2008
    ..To evaluate resource utilization and direct economic costs of care for patients treated with negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT), using the Vacuum-Assisted Closure (V.A.C.) system, compared to standard moist wound therapy (MWT)...
  35. ncbi Risk factors for recurrent diabetic foot ulcers: site matters
    Edgar J G Peters
    Department of Infectious Diseases, C5 P, Leiden University Medical Center, P O Box 9600, NL 2300Rc, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Diabetes Care 30:2077-9. 2007
  36. ncbi Ankle equinus deformity and its relationship to high plantar pressure in a large population with diabetes mellitus
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Diabetex Research Group, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 92:479-82. 2002
    ..Having a high index of suspicion for this deformity and subsequently addressing it through conservative or surgical means may help to reduce the risk of foot ulceration and amputation...
  37. ncbi Predictive value of foot pressure assessment as part of a population-based diabetes disease management program
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Diabetex Research Group, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Diabetes Care 26:1069-73. 2003
    ..In choosing the cut point, we looked for an optimum combination of sensitivity and specificity of plantar pressure to screen for neuropathic ulceration...
  38. ncbi 2003 William J. Stickel Silver Award. Skin temperatures as a one-time screening tool do not predict future diabetic foot complications
    David G Armstrong
    Diabetex Research Group, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 93:443-7. 2003
    ..Regular assessment of skin temperatures, using the contralateral site as a physiologic control, may be a better use of this technology...
  39. ncbi Evaluation of removable and irremovable cast walkers in the healing of diabetic foot wounds: a randomized controlled trial
    David G Armstrong
    Center for Lower Extremity Ambulatory Research, Dr William M Scholl College of Podiatric Medicine at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, 3333 Green Bay Rd, North Chicago, IL 60064, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:551-4. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a removable cast walker (RCW) and an "instant" total contact cast (iTCC) in healing neuropathic diabetic foot ulcerations...
  40. ncbi Diabetic lower extremity infection: influence of physical, psychological, and social factors
    Edgar J G Peters
    Department of Internal Medicine, Haga Hospital, Leyenburg, The Hague, The Netherlands
    J Diabetes Complications 19:107-12. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify local, systemic, and psychosocial risk factors that can lead to severe foot infections and subsequent amputations...
  41. ncbi Negative pressure wound therapy after partial diabetic foot amputation: a multicentre, randomised controlled trial
    David G Armstrong
    Scholl s Center for Lower Extremity Ambulatory Research CLEAR, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, Chicago, IL 60064, USA
    Lancet 366:1704-10. 2005
    ..We investigated whether negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) improves the proportion and rate of wound healing after partial foot amputation in patients with diabetes...
  42. ncbi Consensus statement on negative pressure wound therapy (V.A.C. Therapy) for the management of diabetic foot wounds
    George Andros
    Diabetic Foot Center, Providence Saint Joseph Medical Center, Burbank, CA, USA
    Ostomy Wound Manage . 2006
    ..A.C. Therapy? (11) How should success in the use of V.A.C. Therapy be defined? (12) How can one combine effective offloading and V.A.C. Therapy?..
  43. ncbi Negative pressure wound therapy via vacuum-assisted closure following partial foot amputation: what is the role of wound chronicity?
    David G Armstrong
    Scholl s Center for Lower Extremity Ambulatory Research, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, IL 60064, USA
    Int Wound J 4:79-86. 2007
    ..These results appear to indicate that wound duration should not deter the clinician from using this modality to treat complex wounds...
  44. ncbi ACFAS scoring scale: ready, fire, aim?
    Lawrence A Lavery
    J Foot Ankle Surg 45:284-5; author reply 285-6. 2006
  45. ncbi Validation of a diabetic foot surgery classification
    David G Armstrong
    Scholl s Center for Lower Extremity Ambulatory Research at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, IL 60064, USA
    Int Wound J 3:240-6. 2006
    ..This may assist the surgeon in better identifying risk when determining a rationale for and type of surgery in persons with diabetes...
  46. ncbi Diabetic foot disorders. A clinical practice guideline (2006 revision)
    Robert G Frykberg
    Podiatric Surgery, Carl T Hayden VA Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona 85012, USA
    J Foot Ankle Surg 45:S1-66. 2006
    ..If these concepts are embraced and incorporated into patient management protocols, a major reduction in diabetic limb amputations is certainly an attainable goal...
  47. ncbi 5 questions--and answers--about off-loading
    Lawrence A Lavery
    Adv Skin Wound Care 16:231-4. 2003
  48. ncbi A retrospective study of patients with diabetes mellitus after partial foot amputation and hyperbaric oxygen treatment
    David G Armstrong
    J Foot Ankle Surg 45:58-9; author reply 59-60. 2006
  49. ncbi Variability in activity may precede diabetic foot ulceration
    David G Armstrong
    Dr William M Scholl College of Podiatric Medicine at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, Chicago, Illinois 60064, USA
    Diabetes Care 27:1980-4. 2004
    ..To evaluate the role of activity in the development of neuropathic foot ulceration in individuals with diabetes...
  50. ncbi The right to bear legs--an amendment to healthcare: how preventing amputations can save billions for the US Health-care System
    Lee C Rogers
    J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 98:166-8. 2008
  51. ncbi Use of subatmospheric (VAC) therapy to improve bioengineered tissue grafting in diabetic foot wounds
    Eric H Espensen
    Diabetic Foot Center, Providence St Joseph Medical Center, Burbank, CA, USA
    J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 92:395-7. 2002
    ..Future descriptive and analytic works may test the hypothesis that combined therapies used at different and often overlapping periods during the wound-healing cycle may be more effective than a single modality...

Research Grants14

  1. Therapeutic Stockings to Prevent Foot Ulcers
    Lawrence Lavery; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Therapeutic stockings are an inexpensive and practical tool to protect the feet of high risk patients from pressure and shear forces. This simple measure may significantly reduce the risk of foot ulcers in high risk patients. ..
  2. Therapeutic Stockings to Prevent Foot Ulcers
    Lawrence A Lavery; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Therapeutic stockings are an inexpensive and practical tool to protect the feet of high risk patients from pressure and shear forces. This simple measure may significantly reduce the risk of foot ulcers in high risk patients. ..
  3. Instant Total Contact Cast to Heal Diabectic Foot Ulcers
    Lawrence A Lavery; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We believe that healing parameters will be the same in TCC and ITCC groups and both will be significantly better than the RCW group. In addition, we expect the ITCC to be less expensive than TCC. ..
  4. Therapeutic Stockings to Prevent Foot Ulcers
    Lawrence Lavery; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Therapeutic stockings are an inexpensive and practical tool to protect the feet of high risk patients from pressure and shear forces. This simple measure may significantly reduce the risk of foot ulcers in high risk patients. ..
  5. Instant Total Contact Cast to Heal Diabectic Foot Ulcers
    Lawrence A Lavery; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We believe that healing parameters will be the same in TCC and ITCC groups and both will be significantly better than the RCW group. In addition, we expect the ITCC to be less expensive than TCC. ..