Gary L Darmstadt

Summary

Affiliation: Save the Children
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Impact of topical oils on the skin barrier: possible implications for neonatal health in developing countries
    G L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Acta Paediatr 91:546-54. 2002
  2. pmc Advancing the state of the world's newborns
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Office of Health, Save the Children Federation US, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 81:224-5. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint Traditional practice of oil massage of neonates in Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 20:184-8. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint Effect of skin barrier therapy on neonatal mortality rates in preterm infants in Bangladesh: a randomized, controlled, clinical trial
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health E8153, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatrics 121:522-9. 2008
  5. ncbi request reprint Impact of community-based behaviour-change management on perceived neonatal morbidity: a cluster-randomized controlled trial in Shivgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
    Jeffrey R Willis
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Trop Pediatr 58:286-91. 2012
  6. ncbi request reprint Clean cord care practices and neonatal mortality: evidence from rural Uttar Pradesh, India
    Praween K Agrawal
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Room E 8138, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:755-8. 2012
  7. pmc Effectiveness of home-based management of newborn infections by community health workers in rural Bangladesh
    Abdullah H Baqui
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:304-10. 2009
  8. ncbi request reprint Incidence of and risk factors for neonatal jaundice among newborns in southern Nepal
    Carolyn G Scrafford
    Department of International Health, Global Disease Epidemiology and Control, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 18:1317-28. 2013
  9. pmc Impact of 4.0% chlorhexidine cleansing of the umbilical cord on mortality and omphalitis among newborns of Sylhet, Bangladesh: design of a community-based cluster randomized trial
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Pediatr 9:67. 2009
  10. pmc Household surveillance of severe neonatal illness by community health workers in Mirzapur, Bangladesh: coverage and compliance with referral
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Policy Plan 25:112-24. 2010

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications114 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi request reprint Impact of topical oils on the skin barrier: possible implications for neonatal health in developing countries
    G L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Acta Paediatr 91:546-54. 2002
    ..Moreover, adverse ultrastructural changes were seen under transmission electron microscopy in keratin intermediate filament, mitochondrial, nuclear, and nuclear envelope structure following a single application of mustard oil...
  2. pmc Advancing the state of the world's newborns
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Office of Health, Save the Children Federation US, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 81:224-5. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint Traditional practice of oil massage of neonates in Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 20:184-8. 2002
    ..Given its potential for beneficial and harmful effects, further research is needed on the value of this practice, and ways to optimize its beneficial effects...
  4. ncbi request reprint Effect of skin barrier therapy on neonatal mortality rates in preterm infants in Bangladesh: a randomized, controlled, clinical trial
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health E8153, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatrics 121:522-9. 2008
    ..Topical application of emollients that augment skin barrier function was evaluated as a strategy for improving survival rates among hospitalized preterm infants in Bangladesh...
  5. ncbi request reprint Impact of community-based behaviour-change management on perceived neonatal morbidity: a cluster-randomized controlled trial in Shivgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
    Jeffrey R Willis
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Trop Pediatr 58:286-91. 2012
    ..Assuming incidence of perceived illnesses is a proxy for actual morbidity rates, we conclude that promotion of preventive care practices through behaviour-change interventions was effective in reducing neonatal morbidities...
  6. ncbi request reprint Clean cord care practices and neonatal mortality: evidence from rural Uttar Pradesh, India
    Praween K Agrawal
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Room E 8138, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:755-8. 2012
    ..Infections are among the leading causes of neonatal mortality. Care practices immediately following delivery contribute to newborns' risk of infection and mortality...
  7. pmc Effectiveness of home-based management of newborn infections by community health workers in rural Bangladesh
    Abdullah H Baqui
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:304-10. 2009
    ..Infections account for about half of neonatal deaths in low-resource settings. Limited evidence supports home-based treatment of newborn infections by community health workers (CHW)...
  8. ncbi request reprint Incidence of and risk factors for neonatal jaundice among newborns in southern Nepal
    Carolyn G Scrafford
    Department of International Health, Global Disease Epidemiology and Control, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 18:1317-28. 2013
    ..To quantify the incidence of and risk factors for neonatal jaundice among infants referred for care from a rural, low-resource, population-based cohort in southern Nepal...
  9. pmc Impact of 4.0% chlorhexidine cleansing of the umbilical cord on mortality and omphalitis among newborns of Sylhet, Bangladesh: design of a community-based cluster randomized trial
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Pediatr 9:67. 2009
    ..A previous trial in Nepal indicated that umbilical cord cleansing with 4.0% chlorhexidine could substantially reduce mortality and omphalitis risk, but policy changes await additional community-based data...
  10. pmc Household surveillance of severe neonatal illness by community health workers in Mirzapur, Bangladesh: coverage and compliance with referral
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Policy Plan 25:112-24. 2010
    ..Effective and scalable community-based strategies are needed for identification and management of serious neonatal illness...
  11. pmc Gender differences in perception and care-seeking for illness of newborns in rural Uttar Pradesh, India
    Jeffrey R Willis
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 27:62-71. 2009
    ..These results suggest that, during the neonatal period, care-seeking for girls is neglected compared to boys, laying a foundation for programmes and further research to address gender differences in neonatal health in India...
  12. doi request reprint Validation of a clinical algorithm to identify neonates with severe illness during routine household visits in rural Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Arch Dis Child 96:1140-6. 2011
    ..To validate a clinical algorithm for community health workers (CHWs) during routine household surveillance for neonatal illness in rural Bangladesh...
  13. pmc Impact of an integrated nutrition and health programme on neonatal mortality in rural northern India
    Abdullahh Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 86:796-804, A. 2008
    ..To assess the impact of the newborn health component of a large-scale community-based integrated nutrition and health programme...
  14. pmc Comparing modelled predictions of neonatal mortality impacts using LiST with observed results of community-based intervention trials in South Asia
    Ingrid K Friberg
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i11-20. 2010
    ..The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) is designed to facilitate programmatic prioritization by modelling mortality reductions related to increasing coverage of specific interventions which may be combined into packages...
  15. pmc Evaluation of a cluster-randomized controlled trial of a package of community-based maternal and newborn interventions in Mirzapur, Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e9696. 2010
    ..To evaluate a delivery strategy for newborn interventions in rural Bangladesh...
  16. pmc Home care practices for newborns in rural southern Nepal during the first 2 weeks of life
    Dominique J Karas
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Trop Pediatr 58:200-7. 2012
    ..5%). Many of these commonly practiced behaviors are detrimental to the health and survival of newborns. Key areas to be addressed when designing a community-endorsed care package were identified...
  17. ncbi request reprint Effect of topical emollient treatment of preterm neonates in Bangladesh on invasion of pathogens into the bloodstream
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Pediatr Res 61:588-93. 2007
    ..e. skin flora blocked from entry into blood) compared with the control group. Topical therapy with SSO reduced the passage of pathogens from the skin surface into the bloodstream of preterm infants...
  18. pmc Potential role of traditional birth attendants in neonatal healthcare in rural southern Nepal
    Tina Y Falle
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, E8646, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 27:53-61. 2009
    ..Continuing efforts to define the role of TBAs may benefit from an emphasis on their potential as active promoters of essential newborn care...
  19. pmc Maternal and birth attendant hand washing and neonatal mortality in southern Nepal
    Victor Rhee
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:603-8. 2008
    ..More than 95% of neonatal deaths occur in developing countries, approximately 50% at home. Few data are available on the impact of hand-washing practices by birth attendants or caretakers on neonatal mortality...
  20. ncbi request reprint Routine skin cultures in predicting sepsis pathogens among hospitalized preterm neonates in Bangladesh
    Yoonjoung Choi
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Neonatology 94:123-31. 2008
    ..Few studies from developing countries have examined sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of routine surface cultures...
  21. pmc Vulnerability of newborns to environmental factors: findings from community based surveillance data in Bangladesh
    Ishtiaq Mannan
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:3437-52. 2011
    ..72, 95% CI: 1.32 to 2.23 in Sylhet and, 1.62, 95% CI: 1.33 to 1.96 in Mirzapur). Prevention of VSD in neonates can be enhanced if these interactions are considered in health intervention strategies...
  22. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in neonatal mortality in Sarlahi, Nepal: the role of biology and environment
    Summer Rosenstock
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 67:986-91. 2013
    ..Associations between gender preference and mortality are cited as reasons for excess mortality among girls. This has not, however, been tested in statistical models...
  23. pmc Injections during labor and intrapartum-related hypoxic injury and mortality in rural southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21228, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 122:22-6. 2013
    ..To estimate the association between unmonitored use of injections during labor and intrapartum-related neonatal mortality and morbidity among home births...
  24. pmc Nosocomial sepsis risk score for preterm infants in low-resource settings
    Rebecca E Rosenberg
    Department of International Health, International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Trop Pediatr 56:82-9. 2010
    ..70, sensitivity of 77.1%, and PPV of 64.9%. Our clinical sepsis score is the first bedside clinical screen exclusively for hospitalized, very premature neonates in a low-resource setting, and warrants external validation...
  25. pmc Risk factors for neonatal mortality due to birth asphyxia in southern Nepal: a prospective, community-based cohort study
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1381-90. 2008
    ..Our goal was to identify antepartum, intrapartum, and infant risk factors for birth asphyxia mortality in a rural, low-resource, population-based cohort in southern Nepal...
  26. pmc A randomized controlled trial of the impact of chlorhexidine skin cleansing on bacterial colonization of hospital-born infants in Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 27:505-11. 2008
    ..Few data exist on the impact of chlorhexidine cleansing on skin colonization of infants during the first day of life or on the absorption potential of chlorhexidine during newborn skin cleansing...
  27. ncbi request reprint Impact of 4.0% chlorhexidine cord cleansing on the bacteriologic profile of the newborn umbilical stump in rural Sylhet District, Bangladesh: a community-based, cluster-randomized trial
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 31:444-50. 2012
    ..Such data could clarify the design of scaled chlorhexidine interventions...
  28. pmc Determining gestational age in a low-resource setting: validity of last menstrual period
    Rebecca E Rosenberg
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 27:332-8. 2009
    ..Additional prospective trials are warranted to examine LMP against antenatal ultrasound for primary assessment of neonatal gestational age in other low-resource settings...
  29. doi request reprint Simplified age-weight mortality risk classification for very low birth weight infants in low-resource settings
    Rebecca E Rosenberg
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Pediatr 153:519-24. 2008
    ..To identify a valid neonatal mortality risk prediction score feasible for use in developing countries...
  30. pmc Impact of newborn skin-cleansing with chlorhexidine on neonatal mortality in southern Nepal: a community-based, cluster-randomized trial
    James M Tielsch
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Pediatrics 119:e330-40. 2007
    ..Our objective was to assess the efficacy of a 1-time skin-cleansing of newborn infants with 0.25% chlorhexidine on neonatal mortality...
  31. doi request reprint Can mothers recognize neonatal illness correctly? Comparison of maternal report and assessment by community health workers in rural Bangladesh
    Y Choi
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 15:743-53. 2010
    ..To validate maternal recognition of neonatal illnesses at home compared to assessment by community health workers (CHWs) during routine household surveillance for neonatal illness in rural Bangladesh...
  32. pmc Validation of community health workers' assessment of neonatal illness in rural Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 87:12-9. 2009
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Maternal-fetal disproportion and birth asphyxia in rural Sarlahi, Nepal
    Anne C C Lee
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163:616-23. 2009
    ..To assess the risk of birth asphyxia associated with maternal and newborn size...
  34. ncbi request reprint Effect of topical treatment with skin barrier-enhancing emollients on nosocomial infections in preterm infants in Bangladesh: a randomised controlled trial
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 365:1039-45. 2005
    ..Our aim was to ascertain whether topical application of emollients to enhance skin barrier function would prevent nosocomial infections in this population...
  35. pmc Population-based incidence and etiology of community-acquired neonatal bacteremia in Mirzapur, Bangladesh: an observational study
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Infect Dis 200:906-15. 2009
    ..To devise treatment strategies for neonatal infections, the population-level incidence and antibiotic susceptibility of pathogens must be defined...
  36. pmc Neonatal hypothermia and associated risk factors among newborns of southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N, Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Med 8:43. 2010
    ..Estimates of association between neonatal hypothermia in the community and risk factors are needed to guide the design of interventions to reduce exposure...
  37. pmc Impact of clean delivery-kit use on newborn umbilical cord and maternal puerperal infections in Egypt
    Gary L Darmstadt
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 27:746-54. 2009
    ..11, 95% CI 0.01-1.06), although the statistical strength of the association was of borderline significance (p = 0.057). The use of CDK was associated with reductions in umbilical cord and puerperal infections...
  38. pmc Verbal autopsy methods to ascertain birth asphyxia deaths in a community-based setting in southern Nepal
    Anne C C Lee
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1372-80. 2008
    ....
  39. pmc Linking families and facilities for care at birth: what works to avert intrapartum-related deaths?
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 107:S65-85, S86-8. 2009
    ..Delays in receiving effective care during labor and at birth may be fatal for the mother and fetus, contributing to 2 million annual intrapartum stillbirths and intrapartum-related neonatal deaths each year...
  40. pmc Practices of rural Egyptian birth attendants during the antenatal, intrapartum and early neonatal periods
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 26:36-45. 2008
    ..Priority areas for behaviour change and future research to improve neonatal health outcomes were identified, specific to type of provider (physician, nurse, or daya) and regional variations in practices...
  41. pmc Cost-effectiveness of skin-barrier-enhancing emollients among preterm infants in Bangladesh
    Amnesty Lefevre
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States of America
    Bull World Health Organ 88:104-12. 2010
    ....
  42. pmc Reducing stillbirths: interventions during labour
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:S6. 2009
    ..The evidence for impact of intrapartum interventions on stillbirth and perinatal mortality outcomes has not yet been systematically examined...
  43. doi request reprint Neonatal health program management in a resource-constrained setting in rural Uttar Pradesh, India
    Abigail Thomas
    Department of International Health, International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Health Plann Manage 24:173-84. 2009
    ....
  44. pmc Community-based validation of assessment of newborn illnesses by trained community health workers in Sylhet district of Bangladesh
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 14:1448-56. 2009
    ..To validate trained community health workers' recognition of signs and symptoms of newborn illnesses and classification of illnesses using a clinical algorithm during routine home visits in rural Bangladesh...
  45. pmc Effect of timing of first postnatal care home visit on neonatal mortality in Bangladesh: a observational cohort study
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMJ 339:b2826. 2009
    ..To assess the effect of the timing of first postnatal home visit by community health workers on neonatal mortality...
  46. doi request reprint Chlorhexidine cleansing of the umbilical cord and separation time: a cluster-randomized trial
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Pediatrics 131:708-15. 2013
    ..We aimed to quantify the impact of this intervention on cord separation time and the implications of such an increase on maternal and other caretaker's acceptance of chlorhexidine in future scaled up programs...
  47. doi request reprint Community-based stillbirth rates and risk factors in rural Sarlahi, Nepal
    Anne C Lee
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 113:199-204. 2011
    ..To assess stillbirth rates and antepartum risk factors in rural Nepal...
  48. pmc Young maternal age and the risk of neonatal mortality in rural Nepal
    Vandana Sharma
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2103, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:828-35. 2008
    ..To investigate the relationship between adolescent pregnancy and neonatal mortality in a nutritionally deprived population in rural Nepal, and to determine mechanisms through which low maternal age may affect neonatal mortality...
  49. ncbi request reprint Effect of community-based behaviour change management on neonatal mortality in Shivgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Vishwajeet Kumar
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 372:1151-62. 2008
    ..We developed an intervention of behaviour change management, with a focus on prevention of hypothermia, aimed at modifying practices and reducing neonatal mortality...
  50. pmc Neonatal resuscitation and immediate newborn assessment and stimulation for the prevention of neonatal deaths: a systematic review, meta-analysis and Delphi estimation of mortality effect
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:S12. 2011
    ..03 million from complications of prematurity. No systematic assessment of mortality reduction from tactile stimulation or resuscitation has been published...
  51. doi request reprint Utilization and perceptions of neonatal healthcare providers in rural Uttar Pradesh, India
    Jeffrey R Willis
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 23:487-94. 2011
    ..To describe the utilization and perceptions of existing neonatal health services in rural Uttar Pradesh, India...
  52. pmc Incidence of and risk factors for neonatal respiratory depression and encephalopathy in rural Sarlahi, Nepal
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Pediatrics 128:e915-24. 2011
    ..To characterize the incidence of, risk factors for, and neonatal morbidity and mortality associated with respiratory depression at birth and neonatal encephalopathy (NE) among term infants in a developing country...
  53. ncbi request reprint Safety and effect of chlorhexidine skin cleansing on skin flora of neonates in Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:492-5. 2007
    ..This study examined the impact of a single skin cleansing of hospitalized newborn infants in Bangladesh with baby wipes containing 0.25% chlorhexidine on both qualitative and quantitative skin flora...
  54. pmc A strategy for reducing maternal and newborn deaths by 2015 and beyond
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Global Development Division, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, PO Box 23350, Seattle, WA 98102, USA
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 13:216. 2013
    ..We present a Maternal Newborn and Child Health (MNCH) strategy for accelerating progress on MDGs 4 and 5, sustaining the gains beyond 2015, and further bringing down maternal and child mortality by two thirds by 2030...
  55. pmc Topical applications of chlorhexidine to the umbilical cord for prevention of omphalitis and neonatal mortality in southern Nepal: a community-based, cluster-randomised trial
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA
    Lancet 367:910-8. 2006
    ..Omphalitis contributes to neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Umbilical cord cleansing with antiseptics might reduce infection and mortality risk, but has not been rigorously investigated...
  56. ncbi request reprint Impact of umbilical cord cleansing with 4.0% chlorhexidine on time to cord separation among newborns in southern Nepal: a cluster-randomized, community-based trial
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe St, W5009, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA
    Pediatrics 118:1864-71. 2006
    ..0% chlorhexidine on omphalitis and mortality risk, we aimed to describe the distribution of times to separation and the impact of topical chlorhexidine treatment on cord-separation times...
  57. ncbi request reprint NGO facilitation of a government community-based maternal and neonatal health programme in rural India: improvements in equity
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Suite E 8138, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Policy Plan 23:234-43. 2008
    ..Programmes need to identify and address barriers to universal coverage and care utilization, particularly in the poorest segments of the population...
  58. ncbi request reprint Infection control practices reduce nosocomial infections and mortality in preterm infants in Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Perinatol 25:331-5. 2005
    ..In the initial months of the study, the infection and mortality rates were noted to be unacceptably high. Therefore, an infection control program was introduced early in the trial to reduce the rate of nosocomial infections...
  59. doi request reprint Incidence and seasonality of hypothermia among newborns in southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe St, Ste E8646, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:71-7. 2010
    ..To quantify incidence, age distribution, and seasonality of neonatal hypothermia among a large population cohort...
  60. doi request reprint Saving newborn lives in Asia and Africa: cost and impact of phased scale-up of interventions within the continuum of care
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, E8153, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Policy Plan 23:101-17. 2008
    ....
  61. pmc Risk of mortality subsequent to umbilical cord infection among newborns of southern Nepal: cord infection and mortality
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:17-20. 2009
    ..We compared the risk of mortality between infants with and without signs of umbilical cord infection during a community-based trial of chlorhexidine interventions in southern Nepal...
  62. pmc Traditional massage of newborns in Nepal: implications for trials of improved practice
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Trop Pediatr 51:82-6. 2005
    ....
  63. pmc Risk factors for umbilical cord infection among newborns of southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:203-11. 2007
    ..In addition to topical antiseptics, simple, low-cost interventions such as hand washing, skin-to-skin contact, and avoiding unclean cord applications should be promoted by community-based health workers...
  64. doi request reprint Risk factors for sclerema neonatorum in preterm neonates in Bangladesh
    Amna Zeb
    Department of International Health, International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:435-8. 2009
    ..This study presents a retrospective analysis of risk factors for sclerema neonatorum in preterm neonates in Bangladesh...
  65. pmc Levels, timing, and etiology of stillbirths in Sylhet district of Bangladesh
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:25. 2011
    ..Our study objective was to estimate the levels, types, and causes of stillbirth in rural Sylhet district of Bangladesh...
  66. pmc Breast-feeding patterns, time to initiation, and mortality risk among newborns in southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 138:599-603. 2008
    ..Community-based breast-feeding promotion programs should remain a priority, with renewed emphasis on early initiation in addition to exclusiveness and duration of breast-feeding...
  67. ncbi request reprint Determination of extended-interval gentamicin dosing for neonatal patients in developing countries
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:501-7. 2007
    ..Infectious diseases account for an estimated 36% of neonatal deaths globally. The purpose of this study was to determine safe, effective, simplified dosing regimens of gentamicin for treatment of neonatal sepsis in developing countries...
  68. pmc Safety and impact of chlorhexidine antisepsis interventions for improving neonatal health in developing countries
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 25:665-75. 2006
    ..Efficacy trials for all chlorhexidine interventions are needed in low-resource settings in Africa, and the benefit of maternal vaginal cleansing beyond that provided by newborn skin cleansing needs to be determined...
  69. pmc Extended-interval dosing of gentamicin for treatment of neonatal sepsis in developed and developing countries
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 26:163-82. 2008
    ..5 mg (absolute dose) every 24 hours for neonates of >2,500 g, 10 mg every 24 hours for neonates of 2,000-2,499 g, and 10 mg every 48 hours for neonates of <2,000 g...
  70. ncbi request reprint Neonatal home care practices in rural Egypt during the first week of life
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Hygiene and Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 12:783-97. 2007
    ..To provide information about home care practices for newborns in rural Egypt, in order to improve neonatal home care through preventive measures and prompt recognition of danger signs...
  71. pmc Reducing stillbirths: screening and monitoring during pregnancy and labour
    Rachel A Haws
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:S5. 2009
    ..2 million estimated annual stillbirths, as well as minimise maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality...
  72. ncbi request reprint Validation of verbal autopsy to determine the cause of 137 neonatal deaths in Karachi, Pakistan
    David R Marsh
    Office of Health, Save the Children Federation US, Westport, CT, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 17:132-42. 2003
    ..VA correctly identified some important causes of neonatal death in the field. Assigning multiple diagnoses using both open- and closed-ended questions increases the likelihood of correct ascertainment...
  73. ncbi request reprint Advancing newborn health and survival in developing countries: a conceptual framework
    David R Marsh
    Saving Newborn Lives Initiative, Office of Health, Save the Children Federation USA, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    J Perinatol 22:572-6. 2002
    ....
  74. pmc Review of domiciliary newborn-care practices in Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 24:380-93. 2006
    ....
  75. ncbi request reprint Research priorities for the reduction of perinatal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing country communities
    William Moss
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Perinatol 22:484-95. 2002
    ....
  76. ncbi request reprint Impact of packaged interventions on neonatal health: a review of the evidence
    Rachel A Haws
    Department of International Health, E8153, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Policy Plan 22:193-215. 2007
    ..Significant investment in effectiveness trials carefully tailored to local health needs and conducted at scale in developing countries is required...
  77. ncbi request reprint Topically applied sunflower seed oil prevents invasive bacterial infections in preterm infants in Egypt: a randomized, controlled clinical trial
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 23:719-25. 2004
    ....
  78. doi request reprint Effect of community-based newborn-care intervention package implemented through two service-delivery strategies in Sylhet district, Bangladesh: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 371:1936-44. 2008
    ..Therefore the project for advancing the health of newborns and mothers (Projahnmo) implemented a community-based intervention package through government and non-government organisation infrastructures to reduce neonatal mortality...
  79. pmc 60 Million non-facility births: who can deliver in community settings to reduce intrapartum-related deaths?
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 107:S89-112. 2009
    ..For the world's 60 million non-facility births, addressing who is currently attending these births and what effect they have on birth outcomes is a key starting point toward improving care during childbirth...
  80. ncbi request reprint Childhood disability in low- and middle-income countries: overview of screening, prevention, services, legislation, and epidemiology
    Pallab K Maulik
    Department of Mental Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatrics 120:S1-55. 2007
    ..Despite the large burden on child development, family life, and economics, research in the area of childhood disability is woefully inadequate, especially from low- and middle-income countries...
  81. pmc Role of antimicrobial applications to the umbilical cord in neonates to prevent bacterial colonization and infection: a review of the evidence
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Room W5009, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 22:996-1002. 2003
    ..The paucity of published reports from developing countries indicates the need to investigate the impact of antimicrobial applications on cord and systemic infections in a community-based, prospective manner...
  82. doi request reprint "These are not good things for other people to know": how rural Tanzanian women's experiences of pregnancy loss and early neonatal death may impact survey data quality
    Rachel A Haws
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States
    Soc Sci Med 71:1764-72. 2010
    ....
  83. doi request reprint Risk of mortality associated with neonatal hypothermia in southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:650-6. 2010
    ..To quantify the neonatal mortality/hypothermia relationship and develop evidence-based cutoffs for global definitions of neonatal hypothermia...
  84. ncbi request reprint Community perceptions of birth weight in rural Uttar Pradesh, India: implications for care of low-birth-weight infants
    G L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Perinatol 28:S53-60. 2008
    ....
  85. ncbi request reprint Evidence-based, cost-effective interventions: how many newborn babies can we save?
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 365:977-88. 2005
    ..Simultaneous expansion of clinical care for babies and mothers is essential to achieve the reduction in neonatal deaths needed to meet the Millennium Development Goal for child survival...
  86. doi request reprint Oral antibiotics in the management of serious neonatal bacterial infections in developing country communities
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:S31-6. 2009
    ..Parenteral antibiotic therapy is the standard of care for treatment of serious neonatal infections. This may not be possible, however, in some developing country settings with limited health systems capacity...
  87. doi request reprint Parenteral antibiotics for the treatment of serious neonatal bacterial infections in developing country settings
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:S37-42. 2009
    ..A number of special issues must be considered when selecting simple, safe, inexpensive, and effective antimicrobial regimens for treatment of neonatal sepsis in developing country community settings...
  88. pmc Acceptability of massage with skin barrier-enhancing emollients in young neonates in Bangladesh
    A S M Nawshad Uddin Ahmed
    Department of Neonatology, Bangladesh Institute of Child Health, Dhaka Shishu Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    J Health Popul Nutr 25:236-40. 2007
    ..If caregivers and health professionals can be motivated to use inexpensive, available emollients, such as sunflower seed oil that are beneficial, emollient therapy could have substantial public-health benefit...
  89. ncbi request reprint Perinatal and Neonatal Health Interventions Research. Report of a meeting, April 29-May 3, 2001, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Gina Coco
    United States Agency for International Development, Washington DC, USA
    J Perinatol 22:s1-41. 2002
  90. pmc Trends in use of referral hospital services for care of sick newborns in a community-based intervention in Tangail District, Bangladesh
    Sanwarul Bari
    ICDDR, B, GPO Box 128, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
    J Health Popul Nutr 24:519-29. 2006
    ....
  91. ncbi request reprint Neonatal oil massage
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Indian Pediatr 40:1098-9. 2003
  92. ncbi request reprint Why are 4 million newborn babies dying each year?
    Joy E Lawn
    International Perinatal Unit, Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Lancet 364:399-401. 2004
  93. ncbi request reprint Local understandings of vulnerability and protection during the neonatal period in Sylhet District, Bangladesh: a qualitative study
    Peter J Winch
    Project to Advance the Health of Newborns and Mothers PROJAHNMO, Sylhet, Bangladesh
    Lancet 366:478-85. 2005
    ..We describe the organisation of the neonatal period in Sylhet District, Bangladesh, the perceived threats to the well-being of neonates, and the ways in which families seek to protect them...
  94. ncbi request reprint Integrated, evidence-based approaches to save newborn lives in developing countries
    Rachel A Haws
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:99-102. 2007
  95. pmc Cost effectiveness analysis of strategies for maternal and neonatal health in developing countries
    Taghreed Adam
    Health Systems Financing, Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, Switzerland
    BMJ 331:1107. 2005
    ..To determine the costs and benefits of interventions for maternal and newborn health to assess the appropriateness of current strategies and guide future plans to attain the millennium development goals...
  96. ncbi request reprint Community-based interventions for improving perinatal and neonatal health outcomes in developing countries: a review of the evidence
    Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    Pediatrics 115:519-617. 2005
    ..A comprehensive review of the evidence base for impact of interventions on neonatal health and survival in developing-country communities has not been reported...
  97. ncbi request reprint 1 year after The Lancet Neonatal Survival Series--was the call for action heard?
    Joy E Lawn
    Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children USA, and Institute of Child Health, London, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 367:1541-7. 2006
  98. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of neonatal verbal autopsy using physician review versus algorithm-based cause-of-death assignment in rural Nepal
    James V Freeman
    Department of Internal Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 19:323-31. 2005
    ..We recommend an analysis technique that combines both methods, and further validation studies to improve performance of the VA for assigning causes of neonatal death...
  99. ncbi request reprint Clinical and bacteriological profile of neonatal septicemia in a tertiary level pediatric hospital in Bangladesh
    A S M Nawshad Uddin Ahmed
    Department of Neonatology, Dhaka Shishu Children Hospital, Institute of Child Health, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Indian Pediatr 39:1034-9. 2002
    ..coli and Klebsiella. These isolates were most often sensitive to gentamicin, ciprofloxacin, and third generation cephalosporins. Twelve out of 30 culture positive cases died...
  100. pmc Setting priorities in global child health research investments: assessment of principles and practice
    Igor Rudan
    Split University School of Medicine, Split, Croatia
    Croat Med J 48:595-604. 2007
    ..This prioritization requires a process that is transparent, systematic, and that would take into account many perspectives and build on advantages of previous approaches...
  101. ncbi request reprint Seroepidemiology of varicella-zoster virus in Bangladesh
    Samir K Saha
    Department of Microbiology, Dhaka Shishu Hospital, Bangladesh Institute of Child Health, Popular Diagnostic Centre, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Ann Trop Paediatr 22:341-5. 2002
    ..Incomplete coverage of young children could result in delayed acquisition, and, ultimately, in more severe disease...