Edward P Weiss

Summary

Affiliation: Saint Louis University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Comparison of methods for assessing abdominal adipose tissue from magnetic resonance images
    Hassan Arif
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, St Louis University, 3437 Caroline Street, Room 3076, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:2240-4. 2007
  2. pmc Endothelial function after high-sugar-food ingestion improves with endurance exercise performed on the previous day
    Edward P Weiss
    Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:51-7. 2008
  3. pmc Caloric restriction but not exercise-induced reductions in fat mass decrease plasma triiodothyronine concentrations: a randomized controlled trial
    Edward P Weiss
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Rejuvenation Res 11:605-9. 2008
  4. pmc Dehydroepiandrosterone replacement therapy in older adults: 1- and 2-y effects on bone
    Edward P Weiss
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1459-67. 2009
  5. ncbi request reprint FABP2 Ala54Thr genotype is associated with glucoregulatory function and lipid oxidation after a high-fat meal in sedentary nondiabetic men and women
    Edward P Weiss
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:102-8. 2007
  6. pmc Reproducibility of postprandial lipemia tests and validity of an abbreviated 4-hour test
    Edward P Weiss
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Science, Center for Human Nutrition, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Metabolism 57:1479-85. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Lower extremity muscle size and strength and aerobic capacity decrease with caloric restriction but not with exercise-induced weight loss
    Edward P Weiss
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Appl Physiol 102:634-40. 2007
  8. pmc Perceived protein needs and measured protein intake in collegiate male athletes: an observational study
    ElizaBeth A Fox
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Saint Louis University, 3437 Caroline St, Room 3076, Saint Louis, MO, 63104, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 8:9. 2011
  9. pmc Caloric restriction: powerful protection for the aging heart and vasculature
    Edward P Weiss
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri 63104, USA
    Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 301:H1205-19. 2011
  10. ncbi request reprint Endurance training-induced changes in the insulin response to oral glucose are associated with the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma2 Pro12Ala genotype in men but not in women
    Edward P Weiss
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Metabolism 54:97-102. 2005

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications35

  1. ncbi request reprint Comparison of methods for assessing abdominal adipose tissue from magnetic resonance images
    Hassan Arif
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, St Louis University, 3437 Caroline Street, Room 3076, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:2240-4. 2007
    ..To compare the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability and analysis time of two methods for quantifying visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) volumes from magnetic resonance (MR) images...
  2. pmc Endothelial function after high-sugar-food ingestion improves with endurance exercise performed on the previous day
    Edward P Weiss
    Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:51-7. 2008
    ..This may be attributed to hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress. Acute endurance exercise might improve postprandial endothelial function by enhancing glucoregulation and reducing postprandial hyperglycemia...
  3. pmc Caloric restriction but not exercise-induced reductions in fat mass decrease plasma triiodothyronine concentrations: a randomized controlled trial
    Edward P Weiss
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Rejuvenation Res 11:605-9. 2008
    ..This effect does not appear to be attributable to changes in body fat mass because a comparable decrease in T(3) concentration was not observed in response to an exercise-induced fat mass reduction...
  4. pmc Dehydroepiandrosterone replacement therapy in older adults: 1- and 2-y effects on bone
    Edward P Weiss
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1459-67. 2009
    ..Age-related reductions in serum dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) concentrations may be involved in bone mineral density (BMD) losses...
  5. ncbi request reprint FABP2 Ala54Thr genotype is associated with glucoregulatory function and lipid oxidation after a high-fat meal in sedentary nondiabetic men and women
    Edward P Weiss
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:102-8. 2007
    ..However, most of those studies have not accounted for the interactive and potentially confounding effects of habitual physical activity and diet...
  6. pmc Reproducibility of postprandial lipemia tests and validity of an abbreviated 4-hour test
    Edward P Weiss
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Science, Center for Human Nutrition, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Metabolism 57:1479-85. 2008
    ..Furthermore, abbreviated 4-hour PPLTs are a valid surrogate for longer tests and may make PPLTs more feasible in a clinical setting...
  7. ncbi request reprint Lower extremity muscle size and strength and aerobic capacity decrease with caloric restriction but not with exercise-induced weight loss
    Edward P Weiss
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Appl Physiol 102:634-40. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that, during EX, the body adapts to maintain or even enhance physical performance capacity...
  8. pmc Perceived protein needs and measured protein intake in collegiate male athletes: an observational study
    ElizaBeth A Fox
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Saint Louis University, 3437 Caroline St, Room 3076, Saint Louis, MO, 63104, USA
    J Int Soc Sports Nutr 8:9. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  9. pmc Caloric restriction: powerful protection for the aging heart and vasculature
    Edward P Weiss
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri 63104, USA
    Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 301:H1205-19. 2011
    ..These effects, in combination with other benefits of CR, such as protection against obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and cancer, suggest that CR may have a major beneficial effect on health span, life span, and quality of life in humans...
  10. ncbi request reprint Endurance training-induced changes in the insulin response to oral glucose are associated with the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma2 Pro12Ala genotype in men but not in women
    Edward P Weiss
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Metabolism 54:97-102. 2005
    ..However, these men are particularly responsive with respect to the magnitude of endurance training-induced improvement in insulin action...
  11. pmc Improvements in glucose tolerance and insulin action induced by increasing energy expenditure or decreasing energy intake: a randomized controlled trial
    Edward P Weiss
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:1033-42. 2006
    ..However, exercise-induced energy expenditure may further improve glucoregulation through mechanisms independent of weight loss...
  12. ncbi request reprint One year of caloric restriction in humans: feasibility and effects on body composition and abdominal adipose tissue
    Susan B Racette
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108 2212, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 61:943-50. 2006
    ..The objectives of this study were to determine the feasibility of prolonged CR in nonobese adults and to compare the effects of CR- and exercise-induced weight loss on body composition and abdominal adiposity...
  13. pmc Aerobic exercise training increases circulating insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 concentration, but does not attenuate the reduction in circulating insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 after a high-fat meal
    Steven J Prior
    Division of Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Metabolism 61:310-6. 2012
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Calorie restriction or exercise: effects on coronary heart disease risk factors. A randomized, controlled trial
    Luigi Fontana
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 293:E197-202. 2007
    ..Data from the present study provide evidence that CR- and EX-induced negative energy balance result in substantial and similar improvements in the major risk factors for CHD in normal-weight and overweight middle-aged adults...
  15. ncbi request reprint The effects of caloric restriction- and exercise-induced weight loss on left ventricular diastolic function
    Matt M Riordan
    Cardiovascular Biophysics Laboratory, Cardiovascular Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 294:H1174-82. 2008
    ..13) tended to increase. We conclude that weight loss, whether induced by CR or Ex, has salutary effects on diastolic function...
  16. ncbi request reprint Improvements in body composition, glucose tolerance, and insulin action induced by increasing energy expenditure or decreasing energy intake
    Edward P Weiss
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Nutr 137:1087-90. 2007
    ....
  17. pmc Influence of weekend lifestyle patterns on body weight
    Susan B Racette
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:1826-30. 2008
    ..To determine whether alterations in diet and/or activity patterns during weekends contribute to weight gain or hinder weight loss...
  18. ncbi request reprint Bone mineral density response to caloric restriction-induced weight loss or exercise-induced weight loss: a randomized controlled trial
    Dennis T Villareal
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:2502-10. 2006
    ..We tested the hypothesis that EX-induced weight loss is associated with less bone loss compared with CR-induced weight loss...
  19. ncbi request reprint Plasma nitrate/nitrite response to an oral glucose load and the effect of endurance training
    Edward P Weiss
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
    Metabolism 53:673-9. 2004
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Influence of the interleukin-6 -174 G/C gene polymorphism on exercise training-induced changes in glucose tolerance indexes
    Jennifer A McKenzie
    Dept of Kinesiology, Univ of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 2611, USA
    J Appl Physiol 97:1338-42. 2004
    ..In conclusion, fasting glucose and the extent to which glucose tolerance changes with exercise training may be influenced by the IL-6 -174 gene polymorphism...
  21. pmc Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) replacement decreases insulin resistance and lowers inflammatory cytokines in aging humans
    Edward P Weiss
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Aging (Albany NY) 3:533-42. 2011
    ..Year 2 was an open label continuation. DHEA replacement improved glucose tolerance in participants who had abnormal GT initially, reduced plasma triglycerides, and the inflammatory cytokines IL6 and TNF╬▒...
  22. pmc Preferential reductions in intermuscular and visceral adipose tissue with exercise-induced weight loss compared with calorie restriction
    Joan C Murphy
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Doisy College of Health Sciences, Saint Louis University, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
    J Appl Physiol 112:79-85. 2012
    ..64; P = 0.006). In conclusion, calorie restriction and exercise-induced weight loss both decrease IMAT and VAT volumes. However, exercise appears to result in preferential reductions in these fat depots...
  23. pmc Long-term effects of calorie or protein restriction on serum IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 concentration in humans
    Luigi Fontana
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Aging Cell 7:681-7. 2008
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Abdominal adiposity is a stronger predictor of insulin resistance than fitness among 50-95 year olds
    Susan B Racette
    Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8502, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, St Louis, MO 63108 2212, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:673-8. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to determine whether cardiovascular fitness, whole-body adiposity, or abdominal adiposity is the strongest predictor of insulin resistance into old age...
  25. pmc Dehydroepiandrosterone replacement therapy in older adults improves indices of arterial stiffness
    Edward P Weiss
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Aging Cell 11:876-84. 2012
    ..Arterial stiffness increases with age and is an independent risk factor for CVD. Therefore, the improvements observed in this study suggest that DHEA replacement might partly reverse arterial aging and reduce CVD risk...
  26. pmc Systemic acid load from the diet affects maximal-exercise RER
    Katherine Niekamp
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Doisy College of Health Sciences, Saint Louis University, St Louis, MO, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 44:709-15. 2012
    ..Because RER(max) is heavily influenced by CO2 production from acid buffering during maximal exercise, we postulated that dietary acid load, which affects acid-base regulation, might contribute to variability in RER(max)...
  27. ncbi request reprint Hemostatic response to postprandial lipemia before and after exercise training
    Chad M Paton
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, USA
    J Appl Physiol 101:316-21. 2006
    ..We conclude that aerobic exercise training reduces the potential for coagulation, improves fibrinolytic potential, and reduces leukocyte TNF-alpha gene expression after the ingestion of a high-fat meal...
  28. pmc Modest weight loss improves insulin action in obese African Americans
    Susan B Racette
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110 2212, USA
    Metabolism 54:960-5. 2005
    ..The purpose of the present study was to determine the mechanism by which improvements in glucose tolerance occur in obese African Americans with insulin resistance and abnormal glucose tolerance...
  29. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in the decline in aerobic capacity and its physiological determinants during the later decades of life
    Edward P Weiss
    Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Appl Physiol 101:938-44. 2006
    ..As a result, the gender differences dissipate in the later decades of life. Declines in Q(max) and a-vD(O2) contribute equally to the age-related decrease in V(O2 max) in men and women...
  30. ncbi request reprint Fatty acid binding protein-2 gene variants and insulin resistance: gene and gene-environment interaction effects
    Edward P Weiss
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park 20742 2611, USA
    Physiol Genomics 10:145-57. 2002
    ..These results highlight the importance of including behavioral and environmental factors in the design of studies seeking to assess the impact of genes on physiological and clinical outcome phenotypes...
  31. doi request reprint Large-for-gestational-age infants of type 1 diabetic mothers: an effect of preprandial hyperglycemia?
    Camille L Aschwald
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Saint Louis University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Gynecol Endocrinol 25:653-60. 2009
    ..To determine how the frequency, timing and magnitude of hyperglycemia are associated with large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants in pregnancies complicated by type 1 diabetes...
  32. doi request reprint Is physical activity associated with appetite? A survey of long-term care residents
    Megann Dermott
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Nutr Elder 28:72-80. 2009
    ..BMI appeared to correlate well with the amount of activity that was performed. The most salient finding was the near absence of physical activity, even in the presence of facilities, support personnel, and available time...
  33. ncbi request reprint The relationship of age and cardiovascular fitness to cognitive and motor processes
    Charles H Hillman
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, USA
    Psychophysiology 39:303-12. 2002
    ..Therefore, physical fitness is associated with attenuation of cognitive decline in older individuals and greater economy of motor preparation for both young and older participants...
  34. ncbi request reprint Association between KCNJ11 E23K genotype and cardiovascular and glucose metabolism phenotypes in older men and women
    Yang Yi
    Institute of Health Science, Wuhan Institute of Physical Education, Wuhan 430079, China
    Exp Physiol 93:95-103. 2008
    ..However, this variant has no significant effect on training-induced CV and glucose and insulin metabolism adaptations...
  35. pmc Long-term effects of caloric restriction or exercise on DNA and RNA oxidation levels in white blood cells and urine in humans
    Tim Hofer
    Department of Aging and Geriatrics, Division of Clinical Research, and Genomics and Biomarkers Core of The Institute on Aging, University of Florida, 210 East Mowry Road, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Rejuvenation Res 11:793-9. 2008
    ....