W R True
Affiliation: Saint Louis University
- Genetic and environmental contributions to smokingW R True
St Louis University Health Sciences Center, School of Public Health, MO 63108 3342, USA
Addiction 92:1277-87. 1997..The role of heritable traits such as nicotine sensitivity should be addressed in smoking prevention and cessation efforts...
- Interrelationship of genetic and environmental influences on conduct disorder and alcohol and marijuana dependence symptomsW R True
School of Public Health, St Louis University Health Sciences Center, St, Louis, Missouri, USA
Am J Med Genet 88:391-7. 1999..While our findings suggest genes do not contribute to co-morbid conduct disorder symptoms, comparisons with other twin studies suggest that the role of genes in risk for conduct disorder remains uncertain...
- Common genetic vulnerability for nicotine and alcohol dependence in menW R True
School of Public Health, St Louis University Health Sciences Center, MO, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 56:655-61. 1999..We examined data from male twin pairs to determine whether there are genetic or environmental influences common to nicotine and alcohol dependence, and, if so, to estimate the magnitude and correlation of these influences...
- Heritability of SF-36 among middle-age, middle-class, male-male twinsJames C Romeis
Comparative Aging and Health Status Laboratory, Department of Health Management and Policy, School of Public Health, Saint Louis University, St Louis, MO 63104 1314, USA
Med Care 43:1147-54. 2005....
- Translating scientific discoveries into public health action: how can schools of public health move us forward?Ross C Brownson
Dept of Comunity Health and Prevention Research Center, School of Public Health, Saint Louis University, MO 63104, USA
Public Health Rep 121:97-103. 2006
- Nicotine dependence subtypes: association with smoking history, diagnostic criteria and psychiatric disorders in 5440 regular smokers from the Vietnam Era Twin RegistryHong Xian
Research Service, St Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 915 North Grand Boulevard, St Louis, MO 63106, USA
Addict Behav 32:137-47. 2007..Empirically derived subtypes of nicotine dependence are mostly characterized by increasing severity. Suggestions for refinement of nicotine dependence diagnostic criteria are discussed...
- Evidence for specificity of transmission of alcohol and nicotine dependence in an offspring of twins designHeather E Volk
Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Drug Alcohol Depend 87:225-32. 2007..Despite the substantial genetic overlap between the two disorders, there is evidence for genetic effects specific for AD and ND...
- Common genetic liability to major depression and posttraumatic stress disorder in menKarestan C Koenen
Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, United States
J Affect Disord 105:109-15. 2008..The degree to which a common genetic liability explains the etiology of the MD-PTSD association has not been quantified and has important implications for research and prevention...
- Common genetic risk of major depression and nicotine dependence: the contribution of antisocial traits in a United States veteran male twin cohortQiang Fu
Department of Community Health, St Louis University School of Public Health, St Louis, Missouri 63104, United States of America
Twin Res Hum Genet 10:470-8. 2007....
- Differential etiology of posttraumatic stress disorder with conduct disorder and major depression in male veteransQiang Fu
Department of Community Health, Saint Louis University School of Public Health, St Louis, Missouri 63104, USA
Biol Psychiatry 62:1088-94. 2007..Epidemiologic studies reveal that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is highly comorbid with both conduct disorder and major depression in men. The genetic and environmental etiology of this comorbidity has not been examined...
- Training practitioners in evidence-based chronic disease prevention for global healthRoss C Brownson
Prevention Research Center, School of Public Health, Saint Louis University, USA
Promot Educ 14:159-63. 2007..To take full advantage of new technology and tools and to combat new health challenges, public health practitioners must continually improve their skills...
- Adolescent alcohol use is a risk factor for adult alcohol and drug dependence: evidence from a twin designJulia D Grant
Department of Psychiatry, Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Psychol Med 36:109-18. 2006..Early alcohol use is associated with abuse and dependence of licit and illicit substances later in life. The role of genetic and environmental factors in this association is not conclusive...
- Subjective reactions to cocaine and marijuana are associated with abuse and dependenceJulia D Grant
Department of Psychiatry, Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Washington University School of Medicine, 40 N Kingshighway, Suite 3, St Louis, MO 63108, United States
Addict Behav 30:1574-86. 2005..7; 95% CI: 5.6-62.6) classes. We found evidence for both qualitative and quantitative subjective effect profiles. Subjective effects, both positive and adverse are associated with lifetime risk for marijuana and cocaine dependence...
- Posttraumatic stress disorder; combat exposure; and nicotine dependence, alcohol dependence, and major depression in male twinsJeffrey F Scherrer
St Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Research Service, St Louis, MO 63106, USA
Compr Psychiatry 49:297-304. 2008..These findings suggest comorbid PTSD may represent a genetically mediated vulnerability to psychopathology after trauma...
- Shared genetic risk of major depression, alcohol dependence, and marijuana dependence: contribution of antisocial personality disorder in menQiang Fu
Missouri Alcoholism Research Center at Washington University, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 40 N Kingshighway Blvd, Suite 2, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 59:1125-32. 2002..We examined the contribution of genetic effects associated with ASPD to the comorbidity of MD and substance use disorders...
- The heritability of failed smoking cessation and nicotine withdrawal in twins who smoked and attempted to quitHong Xian
Research Service, St Louis, MO 63106, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 5:245-54. 2003..The risk of experiencing nicotine withdrawal after a quit attempt was related partly to genetic vulnerability; lifetime risk for both failed cessation and nicotine withdrawal was related partly to genetic factors that were correlated...
- A high risk twin study of combat-related PTSD comorbidityKarestan C Koenen
Women s Health Sciences Division 116B 3, National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, MA 02130, USA
Twin Res 6:218-26. 2003....
- A twin study of depression symptoms, hypertension, and heart disease in middle-aged menJeffrey F Scherrer
School of Public Health, St Louis University Health Sciences Center, Missouri, USA
Psychosom Med 65:548-57. 2003..We utilized a twin design to test whether there are common genetic and environmental risk factors underlying depression symptoms, hypertension and heart disease...
- Are substance use, abuse and dependence associated with study participation? Predictors of offspring nonparticipation in a twin-family studyJeffrey F Scherrer
Research Service 151 JC, St Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 915 North Grand Boulevard, St Louis, Missouri 63106, USA
J Stud Alcohol 65:140-4. 2004..In the current study we constructed a model of offspring nonparticipation in a twin-family design and computed weights to recapture the distribution of offspring alcohol abuse and dependence...
- Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of psychiatric disorders in 8,169 male Vietnam War era veteransSeth A Eisen
Research and Medical Service, Department of Veteran Affairs Medical Center, St Louis, MO 63106, USA
Mil Med 169:896-902. 2004..This study reports the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among a nationally distributed sample of Vietnam Era veterans assessed using standardized psychiatric interviewing methods...
- Exposure to paternal alcoholism does not predict development of alcohol-use disorders in offspring: evidence from an offspring-of-twins studyAlexis E Duncan
Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 4560 Clayton Avenue, Suite 1000, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
J Stud Alcohol 67:649-56. 2006..Using an offspring-of-twins design, we tested the hypothesis that exposure to paternal alcoholism during the child's first 12 years will increase offspring risk for subsequent alcohol-use disorders (AUD)...
- Persistence and change of PTSD symptomatology--a longitudinal co-twin control analysis of the Vietnam Era Twin RegistryPeter Roy-Byrne
Dept of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 39:681-5. 2004..The purpose of this study is to examine the changes in the combat exposure-PTSD relationship over an additional decade of time...
- Does marijuana use have residual adverse effects on self-reported health measures, socio-demographics and quality of life? A monozygotic co-twin control study in menSeth A Eisen
Research and Medical Service, St Louis VAMC and Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis 63106, USA
Addiction 97:1137-44. 2002..To assess the effects of former heavy marijuana use on selected aspects of health...
- Latent class typology of nicotine withdrawal: genetic contributions and association with failed smoking cessation and psychiatric disordersHong Xian
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of General Medical Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
Psychol Med 35:409-19. 2005..However, relatively little is known about how to characterize the severity of withdrawal, including whether withdrawal subtypes exist in male smokers. If so, do these subtypes represent quantitative or qualitative differences?..