W R True

Summary

Affiliation: Saint Louis University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Genetic and environmental contributions to smoking
    W R True
    St Louis University Health Sciences Center, School of Public Health, MO 63108 3342, USA
    Addiction 92:1277-87. 1997
  2. ncbi request reprint Interrelationship of genetic and environmental influences on conduct disorder and alcohol and marijuana dependence symptoms
    W R True
    School of Public Health, St Louis University Health Sciences Center, St, Louis, Missouri, USA
    Am J Med Genet 88:391-7. 1999
  3. ncbi request reprint Common genetic vulnerability for nicotine and alcohol dependence in men
    W R True
    School of Public Health, St Louis University Health Sciences Center, MO, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 56:655-61. 1999
  4. ncbi request reprint Heritability of SF-36 among middle-age, middle-class, male-male twins
    James C Romeis
    Comparative Aging and Health Status Laboratory, Department of Health Management and Policy, School of Public Health, Saint Louis University, St Louis, MO 63104 1314, USA
    Med Care 43:1147-54. 2005
  5. pmc Translating scientific discoveries into public health action: how can schools of public health move us forward?
    Ross C Brownson
    Dept of Comunity Health and Prevention Research Center, School of Public Health, Saint Louis University, MO 63104, USA
    Public Health Rep 121:97-103. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Nicotine dependence subtypes: association with smoking history, diagnostic criteria and psychiatric disorders in 5440 regular smokers from the Vietnam Era Twin Registry
    Hong Xian
    Research Service, St Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 915 North Grand Boulevard, St Louis, MO 63106, USA
    Addict Behav 32:137-47. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint Evidence for specificity of transmission of alcohol and nicotine dependence in an offspring of twins design
    Heather E Volk
    Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 87:225-32. 2007
  8. pmc Common genetic liability to major depression and posttraumatic stress disorder in men
    Karestan C Koenen
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, United States
    J Affect Disord 105:109-15. 2008
  9. pmc Common genetic risk of major depression and nicotine dependence: the contribution of antisocial traits in a United States veteran male twin cohort
    Qiang Fu
    Department of Community Health, St Louis University School of Public Health, St Louis, Missouri 63104, United States of America
    Twin Res Hum Genet 10:470-8. 2007
  10. pmc Differential etiology of posttraumatic stress disorder with conduct disorder and major depression in male veterans
    Qiang Fu
    Department of Community Health, Saint Louis University School of Public Health, St Louis, Missouri 63104, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 62:1088-94. 2007

Detail Information

Publications24

  1. ncbi request reprint Genetic and environmental contributions to smoking
    W R True
    St Louis University Health Sciences Center, School of Public Health, MO 63108 3342, USA
    Addiction 92:1277-87. 1997
    ..The role of heritable traits such as nicotine sensitivity should be addressed in smoking prevention and cessation efforts...
  2. ncbi request reprint Interrelationship of genetic and environmental influences on conduct disorder and alcohol and marijuana dependence symptoms
    W R True
    School of Public Health, St Louis University Health Sciences Center, St, Louis, Missouri, USA
    Am J Med Genet 88:391-7. 1999
    ..While our findings suggest genes do not contribute to co-morbid conduct disorder symptoms, comparisons with other twin studies suggest that the role of genes in risk for conduct disorder remains uncertain...
  3. ncbi request reprint Common genetic vulnerability for nicotine and alcohol dependence in men
    W R True
    School of Public Health, St Louis University Health Sciences Center, MO, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 56:655-61. 1999
    ..We examined data from male twin pairs to determine whether there are genetic or environmental influences common to nicotine and alcohol dependence, and, if so, to estimate the magnitude and correlation of these influences...
  4. ncbi request reprint Heritability of SF-36 among middle-age, middle-class, male-male twins
    James C Romeis
    Comparative Aging and Health Status Laboratory, Department of Health Management and Policy, School of Public Health, Saint Louis University, St Louis, MO 63104 1314, USA
    Med Care 43:1147-54. 2005
    ....
  5. pmc Translating scientific discoveries into public health action: how can schools of public health move us forward?
    Ross C Brownson
    Dept of Comunity Health and Prevention Research Center, School of Public Health, Saint Louis University, MO 63104, USA
    Public Health Rep 121:97-103. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Nicotine dependence subtypes: association with smoking history, diagnostic criteria and psychiatric disorders in 5440 regular smokers from the Vietnam Era Twin Registry
    Hong Xian
    Research Service, St Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 915 North Grand Boulevard, St Louis, MO 63106, USA
    Addict Behav 32:137-47. 2007
    ..Empirically derived subtypes of nicotine dependence are mostly characterized by increasing severity. Suggestions for refinement of nicotine dependence diagnostic criteria are discussed...
  7. ncbi request reprint Evidence for specificity of transmission of alcohol and nicotine dependence in an offspring of twins design
    Heather E Volk
    Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 87:225-32. 2007
    ..Despite the substantial genetic overlap between the two disorders, there is evidence for genetic effects specific for AD and ND...
  8. pmc Common genetic liability to major depression and posttraumatic stress disorder in men
    Karestan C Koenen
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, United States
    J Affect Disord 105:109-15. 2008
    ..The degree to which a common genetic liability explains the etiology of the MD-PTSD association has not been quantified and has important implications for research and prevention...
  9. pmc Common genetic risk of major depression and nicotine dependence: the contribution of antisocial traits in a United States veteran male twin cohort
    Qiang Fu
    Department of Community Health, St Louis University School of Public Health, St Louis, Missouri 63104, United States of America
    Twin Res Hum Genet 10:470-8. 2007
    ....
  10. pmc Differential etiology of posttraumatic stress disorder with conduct disorder and major depression in male veterans
    Qiang Fu
    Department of Community Health, Saint Louis University School of Public Health, St Louis, Missouri 63104, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 62:1088-94. 2007
    ..Epidemiologic studies reveal that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is highly comorbid with both conduct disorder and major depression in men. The genetic and environmental etiology of this comorbidity has not been examined...
  11. ncbi request reprint Training practitioners in evidence-based chronic disease prevention for global health
    Ross C Brownson
    Prevention Research Center, School of Public Health, Saint Louis University, USA
    Promot Educ 14:159-63. 2007
    ..To take full advantage of new technology and tools and to combat new health challenges, public health practitioners must continually improve their skills...
  12. ncbi request reprint Adolescent alcohol use is a risk factor for adult alcohol and drug dependence: evidence from a twin design
    Julia D Grant
    Department of Psychiatry, Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Psychol Med 36:109-18. 2006
    ..Early alcohol use is associated with abuse and dependence of licit and illicit substances later in life. The role of genetic and environmental factors in this association is not conclusive...
  13. ncbi request reprint Subjective reactions to cocaine and marijuana are associated with abuse and dependence
    Julia D Grant
    Department of Psychiatry, Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Washington University School of Medicine, 40 N Kingshighway, Suite 3, St Louis, MO 63108, United States
    Addict Behav 30:1574-86. 2005
    ..7; 95% CI: 5.6-62.6) classes. We found evidence for both qualitative and quantitative subjective effect profiles. Subjective effects, both positive and adverse are associated with lifetime risk for marijuana and cocaine dependence...
  14. pmc Posttraumatic stress disorder; combat exposure; and nicotine dependence, alcohol dependence, and major depression in male twins
    Jeffrey F Scherrer
    St Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Research Service, St Louis, MO 63106, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 49:297-304. 2008
    ..These findings suggest comorbid PTSD may represent a genetically mediated vulnerability to psychopathology after trauma...
  15. ncbi request reprint Shared genetic risk of major depression, alcohol dependence, and marijuana dependence: contribution of antisocial personality disorder in men
    Qiang Fu
    Missouri Alcoholism Research Center at Washington University, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 40 N Kingshighway Blvd, Suite 2, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 59:1125-32. 2002
    ..We examined the contribution of genetic effects associated with ASPD to the comorbidity of MD and substance use disorders...
  16. ncbi request reprint The heritability of failed smoking cessation and nicotine withdrawal in twins who smoked and attempted to quit
    Hong Xian
    Research Service, St Louis, MO 63106, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 5:245-54. 2003
    ..The risk of experiencing nicotine withdrawal after a quit attempt was related partly to genetic vulnerability; lifetime risk for both failed cessation and nicotine withdrawal was related partly to genetic factors that were correlated...
  17. ncbi request reprint A high risk twin study of combat-related PTSD comorbidity
    Karestan C Koenen
    Women s Health Sciences Division 116B 3, National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, MA 02130, USA
    Twin Res 6:218-26. 2003
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint A twin study of depression symptoms, hypertension, and heart disease in middle-aged men
    Jeffrey F Scherrer
    School of Public Health, St Louis University Health Sciences Center, Missouri, USA
    Psychosom Med 65:548-57. 2003
    ..We utilized a twin design to test whether there are common genetic and environmental risk factors underlying depression symptoms, hypertension and heart disease...
  19. ncbi request reprint Are substance use, abuse and dependence associated with study participation? Predictors of offspring nonparticipation in a twin-family study
    Jeffrey F Scherrer
    Research Service 151 JC, St Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 915 North Grand Boulevard, St Louis, Missouri 63106, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 65:140-4. 2004
    ..In the current study we constructed a model of offspring nonparticipation in a twin-family design and computed weights to recapture the distribution of offspring alcohol abuse and dependence...
  20. ncbi request reprint Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of psychiatric disorders in 8,169 male Vietnam War era veterans
    Seth A Eisen
    Research and Medical Service, Department of Veteran Affairs Medical Center, St Louis, MO 63106, USA
    Mil Med 169:896-902. 2004
    ..This study reports the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among a nationally distributed sample of Vietnam Era veterans assessed using standardized psychiatric interviewing methods...
  21. ncbi request reprint Exposure to paternal alcoholism does not predict development of alcohol-use disorders in offspring: evidence from an offspring-of-twins study
    Alexis E Duncan
    Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 4560 Clayton Avenue, Suite 1000, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:649-56. 2006
    ..Cox proportional hazards models were fit to predict time to first symptom of abuse/dependence in offspring...
  22. ncbi request reprint Persistence and change of PTSD symptomatology--a longitudinal co-twin control analysis of the Vietnam Era Twin Registry
    Peter Roy-Byrne
    Dept of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 39:681-5. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study is to examine the changes in the combat exposure-PTSD relationship over an additional decade of time...
  23. ncbi request reprint Does marijuana use have residual adverse effects on self-reported health measures, socio-demographics and quality of life? A monozygotic co-twin control study in men
    Seth A Eisen
    Research and Medical Service, St Louis VAMC and Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis 63106, USA
    Addiction 97:1137-44. 2002
    ..To assess the effects of former heavy marijuana use on selected aspects of health...
  24. ncbi request reprint Latent class typology of nicotine withdrawal: genetic contributions and association with failed smoking cessation and psychiatric disorders
    Hong Xian
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of General Medical Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Psychol Med 35:409-19. 2005
    ..However, relatively little is known about how to characterize the severity of withdrawal, including whether withdrawal subtypes exist in male smokers. If so, do these subtypes represent quantitative or qualitative differences?..