Jeffrey E Scherrer
Affiliation: Saint Louis University
- Prescription Opioid Duration, Dose, and Increased Risk of Depression in 3 Large Patient PopulationsJeffrey F Scherrer
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri Harry S Truman Veterans Administration Medical Center, Columbia, Missouri Saint Louis University Center for Outcomes Research, St Louis, Missouri
Ann Fam Med 14:54-62. 2016..It is unclear whether new-onset depression related to opioid analgesic use is a function of the dose prescribed or the duration of use or both...
- Depression leads to incident vascular disease: evidence for the relevance to primary careJeffrey F Scherrer
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
Fam Pract 32:147-51. 2015..It is not known if the association between depression and incident vascular disease exists when patient data is restricted to depression presenting in primary care...
- Prescription opioid analgesics increase the risk of depressionJeffrey F Scherrer
Research Service, Clinical Research and Epidemiology Workgroup, St Louis VA Medical Center, St Louis, MO, USA
J Gen Intern Med 29:491-9. 2014..Evidence linking opioid use with depression emanates from animal models and studies of persons with co-occurring substance use and major depression. Little is known about depressogenic effects of opioid use in other populations...
- A twin study of depression symptoms, hypertension, and heart disease in middle-aged menJeffrey F Scherrer
School of Public Health, St Louis University Health Sciences Center, Missouri, USA
Psychosom Med 65:548-57. 2003..We utilized a twin design to test whether there are common genetic and environmental risk factors underlying depression symptoms, hypertension and heart disease...
- Are substance use, abuse and dependence associated with study participation? Predictors of offspring nonparticipation in a twin-family studyJeffrey F Scherrer
Research Service 151 JC, St Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 915 North Grand Boulevard, St Louis, Missouri 63106, USA
J Stud Alcohol 65:140-4. 2004..In the current study we constructed a model of offspring nonparticipation in a twin-family design and computed weights to recapture the distribution of offspring alcohol abuse and dependence...
- Association between exposure to childhood and lifetime traumatic events and lifetime pathological gambling in a twin cohortJeffrey F Scherrer
Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, and Research Service, St Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 195:72-8. 2007..These associations are partially accounted for by psychiatric covariates and genetic and family environmental factors...
- Shared genetic contributions to pathological gambling and major depression in menMarc N Potenza
Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine and Connecticut Mental Health Center, New Haven, CT 06519, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:1015-21. 2005..Although pathological gambling (PG) and major depression (MD) frequently co-occur, little is known regarding the relative contributions of environmental and genetic factors to the codevelopment of the disorders...
- Subjective reactions to cocaine and marijuana are associated with abuse and dependenceJulia D Grant
Department of Psychiatry, Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Washington University School of Medicine, 40 N Kingshighway, Suite 3, St Louis, MO 63108, United States
Addict Behav 30:1574-86. 2005..7; 95% CI: 5.6-62.6) classes. We found evidence for both qualitative and quantitative subjective effect profiles. Subjective effects, both positive and adverse are associated with lifetime risk for marijuana and cocaine dependence...
- Effect of genes, environment, and lifetime co-occurring disorders on health-related quality of life in problem and pathological gamblersJeffrey F Scherrer
Research Service, St Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, St Louis, Missouri 63106, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:677-83. 2005..Although these consequences and correlates have been reported, little is known about the health-related functional impairment associated with gambling...
- Course of pathological gambling symptoms and reliability of the Lifetime Gambling History measureCarolyn E Sartor
Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, United States
Psychiatry Res 152:55-61. 2007..Evidence is also provided for the utility of the LGH in assessing lifetime pathological gambling symptoms...
- Posttraumatic stress disorder; combat exposure; and nicotine dependence, alcohol dependence, and major depression in male twinsJeffrey F Scherrer
St Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Research Service, St Louis, MO 63106, USA
Compr Psychiatry 49:297-304. 2008..These findings suggest comorbid PTSD may represent a genetically mediated vulnerability to psychopathology after trauma...
- Psychiatric and familial predictors of transition times between smoking stages: results from an offspring-of-twins studyCarolyn E Sartor
Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Addict Behav 33:235-51. 2008..Findings characterize a rarely examined aspect of the course of ND development and highlight critical distinctions in risk profiles across stages of tobacco involvement...
- Genetic and environmental contributions to pathological gambling symptoms in a 10-year follow-upHong Xian
Research Service, St Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, St Louis, Missouri 63106, USA
Twin Res Hum Genet 10:174-9. 2007..This may reflect the changed social-cultural environment between 1992 and 2002, characterized by increasing access to legalized gambling...
- Factors associated with pathological gambling at 10-year follow-up in a national sample of middle-aged menJeffrey F Scherrer
Research Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, St Louis, MO 63106, USA
Addiction 102:970-8. 2007..Co-twin analyses accounted for familial contributions to past-year gambling problems...
- Evidence for specificity of transmission of alcohol and nicotine dependence in an offspring of twins designHeather E Volk
Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Drug Alcohol Depend 87:225-32. 2007..Despite the substantial genetic overlap between the two disorders, there is evidence for genetic effects specific for AD and ND...
- Psychiatric comorbidity and progression in drug use in adult male twins: implications for the design of genetic association studiesAlexandre A Todorov
Department of Psychiatry, Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Box 8134, St Louis, MO 63110 1502, United States
Addict Behav 31:948-61. 2006..We use the result of these analyses to show how the use of a particular drug disorder phenotype for selecting cases could impact final sample composition...
- Nicotine dependence subtypes: association with smoking history, diagnostic criteria and psychiatric disorders in 5440 regular smokers from the Vietnam Era Twin RegistryHong Xian
Research Service, St Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 915 North Grand Boulevard, St Louis, MO 63106, USA
Addict Behav 32:137-47. 2007..Empirically derived subtypes of nicotine dependence are mostly characterized by increasing severity. Suggestions for refinement of nicotine dependence diagnostic criteria are discussed...
- Adolescent alcohol use is a risk factor for adult alcohol and drug dependence: evidence from a twin designJulia D Grant
Department of Psychiatry, Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Psychol Med 36:109-18. 2006..Early alcohol use is associated with abuse and dependence of licit and illicit substances later in life. The role of genetic and environmental factors in this association is not conclusive...
- Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of psychiatric disorders in 8,169 male Vietnam War era veteransSeth A Eisen
Research and Medical Service, Department of Veteran Affairs Medical Center, St Louis, MO 63106, USA
Mil Med 169:896-902. 2004..This study reports the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among a nationally distributed sample of Vietnam Era veterans assessed using standardized psychiatric interviewing methods...
- The heritability of failed smoking cessation and nicotine withdrawal in twins who smoked and attempted to quitHong Xian
Research Service, St Louis, MO 63106, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 5:245-54. 2003..The risk of experiencing nicotine withdrawal after a quit attempt was related partly to genetic vulnerability; lifetime risk for both failed cessation and nicotine withdrawal was related partly to genetic factors that were correlated...
- Does marijuana use have residual adverse effects on self-reported health measures, socio-demographics and quality of life? A monozygotic co-twin control study in menSeth A Eisen
Research and Medical Service, St Louis VAMC and Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis 63106, USA
Addiction 97:1137-44. 2002..To assess the effects of former heavy marijuana use on selected aspects of health...