Paul G Falkowski

Summary

Affiliation: Rutgers University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The ocean's invisible forest
    Paul G Falkowski
    Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Department of Geology, Rutgers University, USA
    Sci Am 287:54-61. 2002
  2. doi request reprint Geology. The story of O2
    Paul G Falkowski
    Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences and Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Science 322:540-2. 2008
  3. ncbi request reprint Mix and match: how climate selects phytoplankton
    Paul G Falkowski
    Institute for Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, 71 Dudley Rd, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, USA
    Nat Rev Microbiol 5:813-9. 2007
  4. pmc Electrons, life and the evolution of Earth's oxygen cycle
    Paul G Falkowski
    Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:2705-16. 2008
  5. doi request reprint The microbial engines that drive Earth's biogeochemical cycles
    Paul G Falkowski
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences and Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Science 320:1034-9. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint The rise of oxygen over the past 205 million years and the evolution of large placental mammals
    Paul G Falkowski
    Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Science 309:2202-4. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Evolution. Tracing oxygen's imprint on earth's metabolic evolution
    Paul G Falkowski
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences and Department of Geological Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Science 311:1724-5. 2006
  8. doi request reprint Controls on diatom biogeography in the ocean
    Pedro Cermeño
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Science 325:1539-41. 2009
  9. pmc Climatically driven macroevolutionary patterns in the size of marine diatoms over the Cenozoic
    Zoe V Finkel
    Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:8927-32. 2005
  10. pmc The role of nutricline depth in regulating the ocean carbon cycle
    Pedro Cermeño
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:20344-9. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications46

  1. ncbi request reprint The ocean's invisible forest
    Paul G Falkowski
    Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Department of Geology, Rutgers University, USA
    Sci Am 287:54-61. 2002
  2. doi request reprint Geology. The story of O2
    Paul G Falkowski
    Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences and Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Science 322:540-2. 2008
  3. ncbi request reprint Mix and match: how climate selects phytoplankton
    Paul G Falkowski
    Institute for Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, 71 Dudley Rd, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, USA
    Nat Rev Microbiol 5:813-9. 2007
    ..Understanding this chain of linked processes will allow informed predictions to be made about how phytoplankton communities will change in the future...
  4. pmc Electrons, life and the evolution of Earth's oxygen cycle
    Paul G Falkowski
    Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:2705-16. 2008
    ..The early coevolution of the C, N and O cycles, and the resulting non-equilibrium gaseous by-products can be used as a guide to search for the presence of life on terrestrial planets outside of our Solar System...
  5. doi request reprint The microbial engines that drive Earth's biogeochemical cycles
    Paul G Falkowski
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences and Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Science 320:1034-9. 2008
    ..A major challenge in the coming decades is to understand how these machines evolved, how they work, and the processes that control their activity on both molecular and planetary scales...
  6. ncbi request reprint The rise of oxygen over the past 205 million years and the evolution of large placental mammals
    Paul G Falkowski
    Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Science 309:2202-4. 2005
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Evolution. Tracing oxygen's imprint on earth's metabolic evolution
    Paul G Falkowski
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences and Department of Geological Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Science 311:1724-5. 2006
  8. doi request reprint Controls on diatom biogeography in the ocean
    Pedro Cermeño
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Science 325:1539-41. 2009
    ....
  9. pmc Climatically driven macroevolutionary patterns in the size of marine diatoms over the Cenozoic
    Zoe V Finkel
    Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:8927-32. 2005
    ....
  10. pmc The role of nutricline depth in regulating the ocean carbon cycle
    Pedro Cermeño
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:20344-9. 2008
    ....
  11. pmc Membrane lipids of symbiotic algae are diagnostic of sensitivity to thermal bleaching in corals
    Dan Tchernov
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:13531-5. 2004
    ..A clocked molecular phylogenetic analysis suggests that the evolutionary history of symbiotic algae in cnidarians selected for a reduced tolerance to elevated temperatures in the latter portion of the Cenozoic...
  12. ncbi request reprint Effects of iron limitation on the expression of metabolic genes in the marine cyanobacterium Trichodesmium erythraeum IMS101
    Tuo Shi
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Environ Microbiol 9:2945-56. 2007
    ..The observed functional and compositional alterations represent the compromises in gene expression and acclimation capacity between two basic metabolic pathways competing for iron when it is limiting...
  13. doi request reprint Photosynthetic energy storage efficiency in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, based on microsecond photoacoustics
    Chengyi Yan
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Photosynth Res 108:215-24. 2011
    ..Our results suggest that the shallow excitonic trap in PSII limits the efficiency of ES as a result of an evolutionary frozen metabolic framework of two photosystems in all oxygenic photoautotrophs...
  14. ncbi request reprint The evolution of modern eukaryotic phytoplankton
    Paul G Falkowski
    Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08540, USA
    Science 305:354-60. 2004
    ..Here we examine the geological, geochemical, and biological processes that contributed to the rise of these three, distantly related, phytoplankton groups...
  15. pmc Phytoplankton biogeography and community stability in the ocean
    Pedro Cermeño
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e10037. 2010
    ..5 million years. Identifying the causes of this ecological stability is key for understanding the mechanisms that control the tempo and mode of community evolution...
  16. ncbi request reprint Genomics and evolution. Shotgun sequencing in the sea: a blast from the past?
    Paul G Falkowski
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program and the Department of Geological Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Science 304:58-60. 2004
  17. doi request reprint Cloning and characterization of four novel coral acid-rich proteins that precipitate carbonates in vitro
    Tali Mass
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Curr Biol 23:1126-31. 2013
    ..Based purely on thermodynamic grounds, the predicted change in surface ocean pH in the next decades would appear to have minimal effect on the capacity of these acid-rich proteins to precipitate carbonates. ..
  18. pmc Aragonite precipitation by "proto-polyps" in coral cell cultures
    Tali Mass
    Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e35049. 2012
    ..This approach provides a novel tool for investigating the biophysical mechanism of calcification in these organisms...
  19. pmc Localization and role of manganese superoxide dismutase in a marine diatom
    Felisa Wolfe-Simon
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, USA
    Plant Physiol 142:1701-9. 2006
    ..The employment of a Mn-based SOD, linked to photosynthetic stress in T. pseudonana, may contribute to the continued success of diatoms in the low iron regions of the modern ocean...
  20. ncbi request reprint The evolutionary inheritance of elemental stoichiometry in marine phytoplankton
    Antonietta Quigg
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Jersey 08901, USA
    Nature 425:291-4. 2003
    ..The compositional differences between the two plastid superfamilies suggest that changes in ocean redox state strongly influenced the evolution and selection of eukaryotic phytoplankton since the Proterozoic era...
  21. pmc Proteomic analysis of skeletal organic matrix from the stony coral Stylophora pistillata
    Jeana L Drake
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:3788-93. 2013
    ....
  22. doi request reprint A kinetic model of non-photochemical quenching in cyanobacteria
    Maxim Y Gorbunov
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1807:1591-9. 2011
    ..NPQ decreases the functional absorption cross-section of Photosystem II, suggesting that formation of the quenched centers reduces the flux of absorbed energy from phycobilisomes to the reaction centers by approximately 50%...
  23. pmc Fossil genes and microbes in the oldest ice on earth
    Kay D Bidle
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:13455-60. 2007
    ..1 million years, thereby constraining the geological preservation of microbes in icy environments and the possible exchange of genetic material to the oceans...
  24. ncbi request reprint Isolation and characterization of Erythrobacter sp. strains from the upper ocean
    Michal Koblizek
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Rutgers University, 71 Dudley Road, Institute of Coastal and Marine Sciences, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Arch Microbiol 180:327-38. 2003
    ..They required an organic carbon substrate for growth; however, they are able to supplement a significant fraction of their metabolic requirements with photosynthetically derived energy...
  25. pmc Genome evolution in cyanobacteria: the stable core and the variable shell
    Tuo Shi
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences and Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:2510-5. 2008
    ..Our phylogenetic trees constructed from 16S rRNA gene sequences, concatenated orthologous proteins, and the core gene set all suggest that the ancestral cyanobacterium did not fix nitrogen and probably was a thermophilic organism...
  26. ncbi request reprint Natural proportions
    Paul G Falkowski
    Institute of Marine and Coastal Science, Rutgers University, New Jersey 08540, USA
    Nature 431:131. 2004
  27. pmc Discovering the electronic circuit diagram of life: structural relationships among transition metal binding sites in oxidoreductases
    J Dongun Kim
    Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 368:20120257. 2013
    ..5 billion years, allowing the enzymes to use increasingly oxidized substrates with high specificity...
  28. pmc Anoxic photochemical oxidation of siderite generates molecular hydrogen and iron oxides
    J Dongun Kim
    Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:10073-7. 2013
    ..We propose that the photochemistry of Earth-abundant minerals with wide band gaps would have potentially played a critical role in shaping the biogeochemical evolution of early Earth...
  29. pmc Death-specific protein in a marine diatom regulates photosynthetic responses to iron and light availability
    Kimberlee Thamatrakoln
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Laboratory, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:20123-8. 2013
    ..Widespread distribution of DSP-like sequences in environmental metagenomic and metatranscriptomic datasets highlights the presence and relevance of this protein in natural phytoplankton populations in diverse oceanic regimes. ..
  30. ncbi request reprint Ocean science. A dive to Challenger Deep
    Richard A Lutz
    Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Science 336:301-2. 2012
  31. ncbi request reprint Cell death in planktonic, photosynthetic microorganisms
    Kay D Bidle
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, USA
    Nat Rev Microbiol 2:643-55. 2004
  32. pmc Extracellular matrix production and calcium carbonate precipitation by coral cells in vitro
    Yael Helman
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program and Inorganic Analytical Laboratory, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:54-8. 2008
    ..Our results demonstrate the ability of isolated, differentiated coral cells to undergo fundamental processes required for multicellular organization...
  33. ncbi request reprint Protein interactions limit the rate of evolution of photosynthetic genes in cyanobacteria
    Tuo Shi
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 22:2179-89. 2005
    ..In effect, these core proteins have become "frozen metabolic accidents."..
  34. ncbi request reprint Adaptive evolution of phytoplankton cell size
    Lin Jiang
    Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, USA
    Am Nat 166:496-505. 2005
    ..These results suggest that evolutionary interactions between phytoplankton and zooplankton may have contributed to observed changes in phytoplankton sizes and associated biogeochemical cycles over geological time scales...
  35. pmc Diatom genomes come of age
    Assaf Vardi
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08540, USA
    Genome Biol 9:245. 2008
    ..The results of two published genome sequences from marine diatoms provide basic insights into how these remarkable organisms evolved to become one of the most successful groups of eukaryotic algae in the contemporary ocean...
  36. pmc Plastid regulation of Lhcb1 transcription in the chlorophyte alga Dunaliella tertiolecta
    Yi Bu Chen
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901 8521, USA
    Plant Physiol 136:3737-50. 2004
    ..The regulation of these elements allows the cell to up- or down-regulate the expression on Lhcb1 in response to changes in irradiance...
  37. ncbi request reprint Biophysical characterization of natural and mutant fluorescent proteins cloned from zooxanthellate corals
    Yi Sun
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    FEBS Lett 570:175-83. 2004
    ..Time-resolved emission lifetimes and anisotropies suggest that the electronic structure of the chromophore is highly dependent on the protonation state of adjoining residues...
  38. pmc Universal constant for heat production in protists
    Matthew D Johnson
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:6696-9. 2009
    ....
  39. doi request reprint Quantification of nitrogenase in Trichodesmium IMS 101: implications for iron limitation of nitrogen fixation in the ocean
    Sherrie Whittaker
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USA Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Newark, Newark, NJ, USA Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USA
    Environ Microbiol Rep 3:54-8. 2011
    ..Moderate growth (0.10 day(-1) ) towards the end of these blooms would require a vertical flux as high as ∼23 µmol Fe day(-1)  m(-2) into the mixed layer...
  40. ncbi request reprint Southern Ocean iron enrichment experiment: carbon cycling in high- and low-Si waters
    Kenneth H Coale
    Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, 8272 Moss Landing Road, Moss Landing, CA 95039 9647, USA
    Science 304:408-14. 2004
    ..These experiments demonstrate iron's pivotal role in controlling carbon uptake and regulating atmospheric partial pressure of carbon dioxide...
  41. ncbi request reprint The role of functional traits and trade-offs in structuring phytoplankton communities: scaling from cellular to ecosystem level
    Elena Litchman
    W K Kellogg Biological Station, Michigan State University, 3700 East Gull Lake Drive, Hickory Corners, MI 49060, USA
    Ecol Lett 10:1170-81. 2007
    ..These diverse strategies of nutrient utilization can explain the distribution patterns of major functional groups and size classes along nutrient availability gradients...
  42. doi request reprint Environment. Ocean iron fertilization--moving forward in a sea of uncertainty
    Ken O Buesseler
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Science 319:162. 2008
  43. ncbi request reprint Climate-driven trends in contemporary ocean productivity
    Michael J Behrenfeld
    Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA
    Nature 444:752-5. 2006
    ..The observed reductions in ocean productivity during the recent post-1999 warming period provide insight on how future climate change can alter marine food webs...
  44. ncbi request reprint Eddy/wind interactions stimulate extraordinary mid-ocean plankton blooms
    Dennis J McGillicuddy
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543 1541, USA
    Science 316:1021-6. 2007
    ..In contrast, eddy/wind interactions dampen eddy-induced upwelling in cyclones. Carbon export inferred from oxygen anomalies in eddy cores is one to three times as much as annual new production for the region...
  45. ncbi request reprint Discovery of symbiotic nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria in corals
    Michael P Lesser
    Department of Zoology and Center for Marine Biology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824, USA
    Science 305:997-1000. 2004
    ..The presence of this prokaryotic symbiont in a nitrogen-limited zooxanthellate coral suggests that nitrogen fixation may be an important source of this limiting element for the symbiotic association...
  46. pmc Cell death in the unicellular chlorophyte Dunaliella tertiolecta. A hypothesis on the evolution of apoptosis in higher plants and metazoans
    María Segovia
    School of Biology and Biochemistry, Queen s University of Belfast, United Kingdom
    Plant Physiol 132:99-105. 2003
    ....