Gretchen Chapman

Summary

Affiliation: Rutgers University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Are more options always better? The attraction effect in physicians' decisions about medications
    J A Schwartz
    Psychology Department, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 8020, USA
    Med Decis Making 19:315-23. 1999
  2. doi request reprint Using game theory to examine incentives in influenza vaccination behavior
    Gretchen B Chapman
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, NJ 08854, USA
    Psychol Sci 23:1008-15. 2012
  3. pmc The dynamics of risk perceptions and precautionary behavior in response to 2009 (H1N1) pandemic influenza
    Yoko Ibuka
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale School of Medicine, 60 College Street, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 10:296. 2010
  4. ncbi request reprint Decision biases in intertemporal choice and choice under uncertainty: testing a common account
    Gretchen B Chapman
    Psychology Department, Rutgers University, 152 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854 8020, USA
    Mem Cognit 34:589-602. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Emotions and preventive health behavior: worry, regret, and influenza vaccination
    Gretchen B Chapman
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854 8020, USA
    Health Psychol 25:82-90. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Short-term cost for long-term benefit: time preference and cancer control
    Gretchen B Chapman
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854 8020, USA
    Health Psychol 24:S41-8. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Your money or your health: time preferences and trading money for health
    Gretchen B Chapman
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 8020, USA
    Med Decis Making 22:410-6. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint What counts as a decision? Predictors of perceived decision making
    G B Chapman
    Psychology Department, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 8020, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 8:615-21. 2001
  9. ncbi request reprint Value for the future and preventive health behavior
    G B Chapman
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, Busch Campus, 152 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 8020, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 7:235-50. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint Time preferences for the very long term
    G B Chapman
    Psychology Department, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854 8020, USA
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 108:95-116. 2001

Research Grants

  1. A Longitudinal Study of Influenza Vaccine Decisions
    Gretchen Chapman; Fiscal Year: 2004
  2. Using the Default Effect to Promote Healthy Behavior
    Gretchen B Chapman; Fiscal Year: 2010

Detail Information

Publications30

  1. ncbi request reprint Are more options always better? The attraction effect in physicians' decisions about medications
    J A Schwartz
    Psychology Department, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 8020, USA
    Med Decis Making 19:315-23. 1999
    ..Physicians should be aware of this bias when evaluating or suggesting several similarly attractive medications or treatment options for the same medical condition...
  2. doi request reprint Using game theory to examine incentives in influenza vaccination behavior
    Gretchen B Chapman
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, NJ 08854, USA
    Psychol Sci 23:1008-15. 2012
    ..Thus, payout structure affected whether individuals got vaccinated for self-interest or group benefit...
  3. pmc The dynamics of risk perceptions and precautionary behavior in response to 2009 (H1N1) pandemic influenza
    Yoko Ibuka
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale School of Medicine, 60 College Street, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 10:296. 2010
    ..We assessed temporal changes and geographical differences in risk perceptions and precautionary behaviors in response to H1N1 influenza...
  4. ncbi request reprint Decision biases in intertemporal choice and choice under uncertainty: testing a common account
    Gretchen B Chapman
    Psychology Department, Rutgers University, 152 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854 8020, USA
    Mem Cognit 34:589-602. 2006
    ..This result is consistent with the supposition that these two biases result from psychophysical properties of the same dimension (utility of money or health)...
  5. ncbi request reprint Emotions and preventive health behavior: worry, regret, and influenza vaccination
    Gretchen B Chapman
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854 8020, USA
    Health Psychol 25:82-90. 2006
    ..Third, anticipated and experienced emotions had implications for subsequent vaccination decisions. Those who did not vaccinate in the 1st year but had high levels of worry and regret were likely to be vaccinated the following year...
  6. ncbi request reprint Short-term cost for long-term benefit: time preference and cancer control
    Gretchen B Chapman
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854 8020, USA
    Health Psychol 24:S41-8. 2005
    ..g., vaccination). This pattern of results suggests that time preference measures reflect an ability to forgo immediate gratification that is applicable to hot behaviors, such as smoking, but not to cold behaviors, such as vaccination...
  7. ncbi request reprint Your money or your health: time preferences and trading money for health
    Gretchen B Chapman
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 8020, USA
    Med Decis Making 22:410-6. 2002
    ..The present studies evaluated whether this domain independence was due to decision makers' sensitivity to a normatively appropriate principle about the tradability of health and money...
  8. ncbi request reprint What counts as a decision? Predictors of perceived decision making
    G B Chapman
    Psychology Department, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 8020, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 8:615-21. 2001
    ..Thus, lay concepts of decision making differ from decision theory in that thoughtful, intentional behavior is more important in defining a decision than are decision theoretic components, such as alternatives and consequences...
  9. ncbi request reprint Value for the future and preventive health behavior
    G B Chapman
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, Busch Campus, 152 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 8020, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 7:235-50. 2001
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Time preferences for the very long term
    G B Chapman
    Psychology Department, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854 8020, USA
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 108:95-116. 2001
    ..These studies indicate that the discount rate applied to outcomes occurring to future generations depends on the length of the time delay but not on other factors...
  11. ncbi request reprint Prostate cancer patients' utilities for health states: how it looks depends on where you stand
    G B Chapman
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
    Med Decis Making 18:278-86. 1998
    ..0001) and were more willing to trade off length of life for quality of life (p < 0.05)...
  12. ncbi request reprint Time preferences and preventive health behavior: acceptance of the influenza vaccine
    G B Chapman
    Psychology Department, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 8020, USA
    Med Decis Making 19:307-14. 1999
    ..Consequently, people with future-oriented time preferences should be more likely to adopt preventive measures. The relationship between time preferences and acceptance of a free influenza vaccination was examined...
  13. ncbi request reprint A multi-attribute model of prostate cancer patient's preferences for health states
    G B Chapman
    Rutgers University, Department of Psychology, Piscataway, NJ 08854 8020, USA
    Qual Life Res 8:171-80. 1999
    ..MAUT appears to be a potentially feasible method for evaluating preferences of prostate cancer patients and may prove helpful in assisting with patient decision making...
  14. ncbi request reprint Predictors of influenza vaccine acceptance among healthy adults
    G B Chapman
    Psychology Department, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA
    Prev Med 29:249-62. 1999
    ..Few studies have examined flu shot acceptance among healthy adults in workplace settings, even though influenza vaccine is recommended for this group as well...
  15. ncbi request reprint Rationality in medical treatment decisions: is there a sunk-cost effect?
    B H Bornstein
    Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge 70803, USA
    Soc Sci Med 49:215-22. 1999
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint The influence of irrelevant anchors on the judgments and choices of doctors and patients
    Noel T Brewer
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Med Decis Making 27:203-11. 2007
    ..Little research has examined how anchor numbers affect choice, despite several decades of research showing that judgments typically and robustly assimilate toward irrelevant anchors...
  17. pmc The influence of default options on the expression of end-of-life treatment preferences in advance directives
    Laura M Kressel
    Department of Psychology, New York University, 6 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:1007-10. 2007
    ..Advance directives promise to preserve patient autonomy, but research indicates that end-of-life preferences can be influenced by the way in which questions are posed...
  18. ncbi request reprint The default effect in end-of-life medical treatment preferences
    Laura M Kressel
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey, USA
    Med Decis Making 27:299-310. 2007
    ..One possible explanation is that living wills do not capture the authentic preferences of the patients who write them but instead reflect transient contextual effects on preferences...
  19. ncbi request reprint Contrast effects in judgments of health hazards
    Noel T Brewer
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
    J Soc Psychol 143:341-54. 2003
    ..The CE required a minimum amount of attention to the anchor. These results support the account that selective knowledge accessibility and relevance play an important role in CEs...
  20. ncbi request reprint The effect of barrier underestimation on weight management and exercise change
    Marco daCosta Dibonaventura
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, 152 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
    Psychol Health Med 13:111-22. 2008
    ..The results for barriers to exercise behavior were less consistent, however. As a whole, these results suggest a possible point of behavioral intervention for weight loss...
  21. ncbi request reprint Intuitive t tests: lay use of statistical information
    Natalie A Obrecht
    Psychology Department, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 8020, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 14:1147-52. 2007
    ..Subjects gave the most weight to mean product ratings, less weight to sample size, and very little weight to SD. Providing subjects with raw data did not increase their use of sample size and SD, as predicted...
  22. ncbi request reprint The format in which uncertainty information is presented affects decision biases
    Daniel A Gottlieb
    Department of Psychology and Center for Cognitive Science, Rutgers University
    Psychol Sci 18:240-6. 2007
    ..The results suggest that uncertainty information presented as percentages is processed differently than the same uncertainty information presented in other formats...
  23. doi request reprint Do decision biases predict bad decisions? Omission bias, naturalness bias, and influenza vaccination
    Marco daCosta Dibonaventura
    Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10022, USA
    Med Decis Making 28:532-9. 2008
    ..Numerous studies using hypothetical vignettes have demonstrated decision biases or deviations from utility theory. Do people who commit biases in questionnaire studies make worse real-world decisions than do less biased people?..
  24. ncbi request reprint Ethnic variation in localized prostate cancer: a pilot study of preferences, optimism, and quality of life among black and white veterans
    Sara J Knight
    Mental Health Service, Research and Development, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco 94121, USA
    Clin Prostate Cancer 3:31-7. 2004
    ..Quality-of-life declines were common to both groups during the first year after diagnosis, but ethnic variation occurred with respect to nausea and vomiting, sexual interest, and weight gain...
  25. ncbi request reprint Meta-analysis of the relationship between risk perception and health behavior: the example of vaccination
    Noel T Brewer
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Health Psychol 26:136-45. 2007
    ..Risk perceptions are central to many health behavior theories. However, the relationship between risk perceptions and behavior, muddied by instances of inappropriate assessment and analysis, often looks weak...
  26. ncbi request reprint The ethics of influenza vaccination
    Alison P Galvani
    Science 313:758-60; author reply 758-60. 2006
  27. ncbi request reprint Physician vaccinate thyself: why influenza vaccination rates are higher among clinicians than among nonclinicians
    Mary Jane Capolongo
    Psychology Department, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854 8020, USA
    Ann Behav Med 31:288-96. 2006
    ..National vaccination guidelines recommend influenza vaccination for clinical employees with patient contact. For many other healthy working adults, influenza vaccination is optional...
  28. ncbi request reprint Patients' values and clinical substituted judgments: the case of localized prostate cancer
    Arthur S Elstein
    University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60091, USA
    Health Psychol 24:S85-92. 2005
    ..Their conclusion: Clinicians should recognize that their judgments of the utility of health states associated with localized prostate cancer may not correspond closely with those of the patient...
  29. ncbi request reprint Agreement between prostate cancer patients and their clinicians about utilities and attribute importance
    Arthur S Elstein
    Department of Medical Education, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Health Expect 7:115-25. 2004
    ....
  30. pmc Long-standing influenza vaccination policy is in accord with individual self-interest but not with the utilitarian optimum
    Alison P Galvani
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:5692-7. 2007
    ..Our results reveal possible strategies to bring Nash and utilitarian vaccination levels into alignment...

Research Grants5

  1. A Longitudinal Study of Influenza Vaccine Decisions
    Gretchen Chapman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results of this study will extend the understanding of predictors of influenza vaccine acceptance and will prove valuable in the development of intervention strategies to boost vaccine acceptance rates. ..
  2. Using the Default Effect to Promote Healthy Behavior
    Gretchen B Chapman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Simple and subtle changes in the way that health options are presented can have important influences on the health behaviors that individuals choose and hence on public health outcomes. ..