Frank M Phillips

Summary

Affiliation: Rush University Medical Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Lumbar spine fusion for chronic low back pain due to degenerative disc disease: a systematic review
    Frank M Phillips
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 38:E409-22. 2013
  2. doi request reprint Cervical disc replacement in patients with and without previous adjacent level fusion surgery: a prospective study
    Frank M Phillips
    Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34:556-65. 2009
  3. ncbi request reprint In vivo BMP-7 (OP-1) enhancement of osteoporotic vertebral bodies in an ovine model
    Frank M Phillips
    Rush University Medical Center, 1725 W Harrison Street, Suite 1063, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine J 6:500-6. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint Radiographic criteria for placement of translaminar facet screws
    Frank M Phillips
    Rush Presbyterian St Luke s Medical Center, 1725 West Harrison Street, Suite 1063, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine J 4:465-7. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint Cervical disc replacement
    Frank M Phillips
    Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60062, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:S27-33. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Gene therapy for spinal fusion
    Frank M Phillips
    Rush University Medical Center, 1725 West Harrison Street, Suite 1063, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine J 5:250S-258S. 2005
  7. doi request reprint Effect of two-level total disc replacement on cervical spine kinematics
    Frank M Phillips
    Musculoskeletal Biomechanics Laboratory, Edward Hines Jr VA Hospital, Hines, IL, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34:E794-9. 2009
  8. ncbi request reprint A prospective, randomized, double-blind study evaluating the efficacy of postoperative continuous local anesthetic infusion at the iliac crest bone graft site after spinal arthrodesis
    Kern Singh
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:2477-83. 2005
  9. doi request reprint Disc replacement adjacent to cervical fusion: a biomechanical comparison of hybrid construct versus two-level fusion
    Michael J Lee
    Musculoskeletal Biomechanics Laboratory, Edward Hines Jr VA Hospital, Hines, IL, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:1932-9. 2011
  10. doi request reprint A prospective, randomized, controlled clinical investigation comparing PCM cervical disc arthroplasty with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. 2-year results from the US FDA IDE clinical trial
    Frank M Phillips
    Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 38:E907-18. 2013

Detail Information

Publications58

  1. ncbi request reprint Lumbar spine fusion for chronic low back pain due to degenerative disc disease: a systematic review
    Frank M Phillips
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 38:E409-22. 2013
    ..Systematic literature review...
  2. doi request reprint Cervical disc replacement in patients with and without previous adjacent level fusion surgery: a prospective study
    Frank M Phillips
    Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34:556-65. 2009
    ..Prospective 6-center study. OBJECTIVE.: To evaluate outcomes of cervical disc replacement performed adjacent to a prior cervical fusion...
  3. ncbi request reprint In vivo BMP-7 (OP-1) enhancement of osteoporotic vertebral bodies in an ovine model
    Frank M Phillips
    Rush University Medical Center, 1725 W Harrison Street, Suite 1063, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine J 6:500-6. 2006
    ..The mechanism of action of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family theoretically makes these molecules candidates for rapidly enhancing local bone structure...
  4. ncbi request reprint Radiographic criteria for placement of translaminar facet screws
    Frank M Phillips
    Rush Presbyterian St Luke s Medical Center, 1725 West Harrison Street, Suite 1063, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine J 4:465-7. 2004
    ..Accurate placement of translaminar facet screws (TLFSs) requires identification of the posterior spinal elements, and the facet joints in particular, which may be facilitated by intra-operative fluoroscopy...
  5. ncbi request reprint Cervical disc replacement
    Frank M Phillips
    Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60062, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:S27-33. 2005
    ..Review article...
  6. ncbi request reprint Gene therapy for spinal fusion
    Frank M Phillips
    Rush University Medical Center, 1725 West Harrison Street, Suite 1063, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine J 5:250S-258S. 2005
    ..Considerable research is required to identify gene therapy techniques and vectors with acceptable safety profiles and high fusion rates...
  7. doi request reprint Effect of two-level total disc replacement on cervical spine kinematics
    Frank M Phillips
    Musculoskeletal Biomechanics Laboratory, Edward Hines Jr VA Hospital, Hines, IL, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34:E794-9. 2009
    ..Biomechanical study using human cadaver spines...
  8. ncbi request reprint A prospective, randomized, double-blind study evaluating the efficacy of postoperative continuous local anesthetic infusion at the iliac crest bone graft site after spinal arthrodesis
    Kern Singh
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:2477-83. 2005
    ..Parallel design, prospective, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial composed of two independent groups treated with a continuous infusion catheter (saline vs. Marcaine) placed into the iliac crest bone graft (ICBG) site...
  9. doi request reprint Disc replacement adjacent to cervical fusion: a biomechanical comparison of hybrid construct versus two-level fusion
    Michael J Lee
    Musculoskeletal Biomechanics Laboratory, Edward Hines Jr VA Hospital, Hines, IL, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:1932-9. 2011
    ..A cadaveric biomechanical study...
  10. doi request reprint A prospective, randomized, controlled clinical investigation comparing PCM cervical disc arthroplasty with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. 2-year results from the US FDA IDE clinical trial
    Frank M Phillips
    Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 38:E907-18. 2013
    ..Prospective, multicenter, randomized Food and Drug Administration approved investigational device exemption clinical trial...
  11. ncbi request reprint Biomechanics of posterior dynamic stabilizing device (DIAM) after facetectomy and discectomy
    Frank M Phillips
    Rush University Medical Center, 1725 W Harrison Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine J 6:714-22. 2006
    ..The Device for Intervertebral Assisted Motion (DIAM) is a silicone interspinous process "bumper" that is being clinically implanted for varied indications...
  12. doi request reprint A comparison of perioperative costs and outcomes in patients with and without workers' compensation claims treated with minimally invasive or open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion
    Miguel A Pelton
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 37:1914-9. 2012
    ..A nonrandomized, nonblinded prospective review...
  13. doi request reprint Effect of the Total Facet Arthroplasty System after complete laminectomy-facetectomy on the biomechanics of implanted and adjacent segments
    Frank M Phillips
    Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA
    Spine J 9:96-102. 2009
    ..The Total Facet Arthroplasty System (TFAS) is a motion-restoring implant suggested as an alternative to rigid fixation after complete facetectomy...
  14. ncbi request reprint Minimally invasive techniques for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral fractures
    Neil A Manson
    Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Instr Course Lect 56:273-85. 2007
    ..Recently, vertebral augmentation during spinal decompression and instrumented fusion for burst fracture with neurologic insult has been reported to be successful...
  15. doi request reprint Index and adjacent level kinematics after cervical disc replacement and anterior fusion: in vivo quantitative radiographic analysis
    Daniel K Park
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:721-30. 2011
    ..Prospective, randomized trial...
  16. doi request reprint Factors affecting reoperations after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion within and outside of a Federal Drug Administration investigational device exemption cervical disc replacement trial
    Kern Singh
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, 1611 West Harrison St, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine J 12:372-8. 2012
    ..8% (5/276), 5.8% (14/242), 1.9% (2/103), 11% (15/136), and 1.2% (2/164) (mean = 4.34%) in patients receiving the cervical TDR. The rate of reoperation within 2 years after ACDF seems unusually high...
  17. doi request reprint Defining the value of spine care
    Jeffrey A Rihn
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, The Rothman Institute, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Am Acad Orthop Surg 21:419-26. 2013
    ..Although no standard currently exists, estimates of cost should include both direct and indirect costs of care over an adequate time horizon. ..
  18. ncbi request reprint A prospective, randomized, double-blind study of the efficacy of postoperative continuous local anesthetic infusion at the iliac crest bone graft site after posterior spinal arthrodesis: a minimum of 4-year follow-up
    Kern Singh
    Rush University Medical Center, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 32:2790-6. 2007
    ..Parallel design, prospective, double-blinded, randomized, controlled trial composed of 2 independent groups treated with a continuous infusion catheter (saline vs. Marcain) placed into the iliac crest bone graft site (ICBG)...
  19. ncbi request reprint Lumbar spinal stenosis
    Joe Y B Lee
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA
    Instr Course Lect 62:383-96. 2013
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Open vertebral cement augmentation combined with lumbar decompression for the operative management of thoracolumbar stenosis secondary to osteoporotic burst fractures
    Kern Singh
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 18:413-9. 2005
    ..Although clinically successful, this technique warrants careful patient selection...
  21. ncbi request reprint Vertebral augmentation and the limits of interpreting complications reported in the food and drug administration manufacturer and user facility device experience database
    Isador H Lieberman
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
    J Vasc Interv Radiol 15:1193-6. 2004
  22. ncbi request reprint The safety and efficacy of OP-1 (rhBMP-7) as a replacement for iliac crest autograft for posterolateral lumbar arthrodesis: minimum 4-year follow-up of a pilot study
    Alexander R Vaccaro
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University and the Rothman Institute, 925 Chestnut Street, 5 th Floor, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, PA 19107, USA
    Spine J 8:457-65. 2008
    ..Previous clinical studies involving patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis have reported that the efficacy and safety of OP-1 Putty is comparable to that of autograft at both 1- and 2-year follow-up...
  23. ncbi request reprint Managing chronic pain of spinal origin after lumbar surgery: the role of decompressive surgery
    Frank M Phillips
    University of Chicago Spine Center, Section of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chicago, Illinois 60640, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:2547-53; discussion 2554. 2002
    ..A literature review was conducted...
  24. ncbi request reprint Congenital lumbar spinal stenosis: a prospective, control-matched, cohort radiographic analysis
    Kern Singh
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, 1725 West Harrison Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine J 5:615-22. 2005
    ..However, to the authors' knowledge, no quantitative studies have addressed various radiographic parameters of symptomatic, congenitally stenotic individuals to normal subjects...
  25. ncbi request reprint Transduced bovine articular chondrocytes affect the metabolism of cocultured nucleus pulposus cells in vitro: implications for chondrocyte transplantation into the intervertebral disc
    Yejia Zhang
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:2601-7. 2005
    ..Biologic study on the effects of coculture of bovine articular chondrocytes transduced ex vivo with genes expressing bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) on nucleus pulposus (NP) cells...
  26. doi request reprint Repeat use of human recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-2 for second level lumbar arthrodesis
    Kern Singh
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rush University, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:192-6. 2011
    ..Prospective randomized controlled animal model...
  27. ncbi request reprint Early radiographic and clinical results of balloon kyphoplasty for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures
    Frank M Phillips
    The University of Chicago Spine Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:2260-5; discussion 2265-7. 2003
    ..A prospective consecutive cohort study of clinical and radiographic outcomes after kyphoplasty for treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures...
  28. ncbi request reprint Effect of supplemental translaminar facet screw fixation on the stability of stand-alone anterior lumbar interbody fusion cages under physiologic compressive preloads
    Frank M Phillips
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush Presbyterian St Luke s Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:1731-6. 2004
    ..A biomechanical study of lumbar threaded interbody cage construct under varying compressive preloads of similar magnitudes to those experienced in vivo during daily activities...
  29. ncbi request reprint Minimally invasive treatments of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures
    Frank M Phillips
    University of Chicago Spine Center, Chicago, Illinois 60640, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:S45-53. 2003
    ..A literature review of experiences with vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty for treating symptomatic, osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs)...
  30. ncbi request reprint Intradiscal electrothermal therapy used to manage chronic discogenic low back pain: new directions and interventions
    F Todd Wetzel
    Section of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation and Anesthesia and Critical Care, University of Chicago Spine Center, Chicago, Illinois 60640, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:2621-6. 2002
    ..Retrospective literature review...
  31. doi request reprint Defining value in spine care
    Jeffrey A Rihn
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Rothman Institute, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    Am J Med Qual 24:4S-14S. 2009
    ..The purpose of this article is to review current methods for measuring outcomes and propose a means by which the value of spine care can be more clearly defined...
  32. ncbi request reprint The use of bone morphogenetic protein in lumbar spine surgery
    Jeffrey A Rihn
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Rothman Institute, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, 925 Chestnut Street, 5th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 90:2014-25. 2008
  33. doi request reprint The relationship of intrapsoas nerves during a transpsoas approach to the lumbar spine: anatomic study
    Daniel K Park
    Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 23:223-8. 2010
    ..A cadaveric study...
  34. ncbi request reprint Minimally invasive techniques for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral fractures
    Neil A Manson
    Rush University Medical Center, 1725 West Harrison Street, Suite 1063, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 88:1862-72. 2006
  35. ncbi request reprint Minimally invasive spine surgery
    J Alex Seldomridge
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ) 34:224-32; discussion 232. 2005
    ..Here we summarize the rationale for the trend toward spinal MIS and highlight the more common procedures...
  36. doi request reprint Patient perceptions of physician reimbursement for spine surgery
    Neil Badlani
    Rush University Medical Center, 611 West Harrison St, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 38:1288-93. 2013
    ..Anonymous patient survey...
  37. pmc The action of resveratrol, a phytoestrogen found in grapes, on the intervertebral disc
    Xin Li
    Department of Biochemistry, Section of Rheumatology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 33:2586-95. 2008
    ..Basic science, biologic study...
  38. ncbi request reprint Potential use of Sox9 gene therapy for intervertebral degenerative disc disease
    Ronjon Paul
    Molecular Oncology Laboratory and the Spine Center, Department of Surgery, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60640, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:755-63. 2003
    ..Direct infection of intervertebral disc cells then was assessed in a rabbit model...
  39. ncbi request reprint Minimally invasive treatments of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures: vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty
    Frank M Phillips
    University of Chicago Spine Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Instr Course Lect 52:559-67. 2003
    ..Kyphoplasty allows for low-pressure cement injection and affords the opportunity to correct spinal deformity. Further study is required to define the precise indications, timing, and relative merits of these techniques...
  40. ncbi request reprint Intertransverse lumbar interbody fusion
    Frank M Phillips
    University of Chicago Spine Center, Section of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chicago, Illinois 60640, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:E37-41. 2002
    ..Cadaver dissection and case reports were used to describe a novel technique of lumbar interbody arthrodesis that accesses the intervertebral disc through a posterolateral intertransverse process approach...
  41. ncbi request reprint An in vivo comparison of the potential for extravertebral cement leak after vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty
    Frank M Phillips
    University of Chicago Spine Center, Chicago, Illinois 60640, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:2173-8; discussion 2178-9. 2002
    ..A prospective in vivo study was conducted during the performance of kyphoplasty for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures, comparing extravertebral contrast extravasation with kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty...
  42. doi request reprint Cell therapy using articular chondrocytes overexpressing BMP-7 or BMP-10 in a rabbit disc organ culture model
    Yejia Zhang
    Departments of Rehabilitation Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 33:831-8. 2008
    ..Rabbit knee articular chondrocytes overexpressing human growth factors were injected into cultured intervertebral disc explants. Survival of the injected cells and accumulation of extracellular matrix were assessed...
  43. ncbi request reprint Biologic treatment for intervertebral disc degeneration: summary statement
    Frank M Phillips
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:S99. 2003
    ..Preliminary studies using these strategies have confirmed their ability to replenish essential disc matrix components that are known to decrease with disc degeneration...
  44. ncbi request reprint Osteogenic activity of the fourteen types of human bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs)
    Hongwei Cheng
    Department of Surgery, The University of Chicago Medical Center, Illinois, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 85:1544-52. 2003
    ..The optimal BMPs to be used in different clinical applications have not been elucidated, and a comprehensive evaluation of the relative osteogenic activity of different BMPs is lacking...
  45. ncbi request reprint Compressive preload improves the stability of anterior lumbar interbody fusion cage constructs
    Avinash G Patwardhan
    Musculoskeletal Biomechanics Laboratory, Department of Veterans Affairs, Edward J Hines Veterans Affairs Hospital, Hines, Illinois 60141, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 85:1749-56. 2003
    ..This study tested the hypothesis that the ability of the cages to reduce the segmental motions in flexion and extension is significantly affected by the magnitude of the externally applied compressive preload...
  46. ncbi request reprint Anatomical and pathological considerations in percutaneous vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty: a reappraisal of the vertebral venous system
    Rob J M Groen
    Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Groningen, Grongingen, The Netherlands
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:1465-71. 2004
    ....
  47. ncbi request reprint Restoring geometric and loading alignment of the thoracic spine with a vertebral compression fracture: effects of balloon (bone tamp) inflation and spinal extension
    Ioannis N Gaitanis
    Department of Veterans Affairs, Edward Hines Jr Veterans Affairs Hospital, 5th Avenue and Roosevelt Road, P O Box 5000 151, Hines, IL 60141, USA
    Spine J 5:45-54. 2005
    ..The alterations in spinal biomechanics as a result of osteoporotic VCF and the effects of deformity correction on the loads in the adjacent vertebral bodies are not fully understood...
  48. ncbi request reprint Interbody cage devices
    Thomas A Zdeblick
    Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:S2-7. 2003
    ..A literature review was conducted of basic science research and clinical experiences describing the use of interbody cage devices for the management of degenerative spinal abnormalities...
  49. pmc L5-S1 laparoscopic anterior interbody fusion
    Constantine T Frantzides
    Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, Department of Surgery, Evanston Northwestern Healthcare and Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60201, USA
    JSLS 10:488-92. 2006
    ..We evaluated our experience with laparoscopic L5-S1 anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF)...
  50. ncbi request reprint Comparative effects of bone morphogenetic proteins and Sox9 overexpression on matrix accumulation by bovine anulus fibrosus cells: implications for anular repair
    Yejia Zhang
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 32:2515-20. 2007
    ..An in vitro biologic study comparing the effects of a series of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and Sox9 on the extracellular matrix accumulation by bovine anulus fibrosus (AF) cells...
  51. ncbi request reprint The future of spinal fusion
    Howard An
    Orthopedics 29:683-4. 2006
  52. ncbi request reprint Static versus dynamic plating for multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion
    Christian M DuBois
    St Croix Orthopaedics, 1991 Northwestern Avenue, South Stillwater, MN 55105, USA
    Spine J 7:188-93. 2007
    ..To date these proposed benefits have been largely theoretical and there are no studies confirming any benefits over more traditional static plates...
  53. ncbi request reprint The argument for noninstrumented posterolateral fusion for patients with spinal stenosis and degenerative spondylolisthesis
    Frank M Phillips
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:170-2. 2004
  54. ncbi request reprint Osteoporotic spinal deformity: a biomechanical rationale for the clinical consequences and treatment of vertebral body compression fractures
    Hansen A Yuan
    Department of Orthopaedic and Neurologic Surgery, State University of New York Syracuse Medical Center, Syracuse, NY 13202, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 17:236-42. 2004
    ..Balloon kyphoplasty, the minimally invasive technique of reduction and internal fixation of osteopenic vertebral body compression fractures that addresses pain and spinal deformity, is discussed...
  55. ncbi request reprint Comparative effects of bone morphogenetic proteins and sox9 overexpression on extracellular matrix metabolism of bovine nucleus pulposus cells
    Yejia Zhang
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 31:2173-9. 2006
    ..An in vitro biologic study of the effects of adenovirus expressing bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and adenovirus expressing Sox9 on extracellular matrix metabolism by bovine nucleus pulposus cells...
  56. ncbi request reprint Minimally invasive fusion: summary statement
    Richard D Guyer
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:S44. 2003
    ..In other words, minimal invasion should not equate to minimally effective...
  57. ncbi request reprint Editorial: are spine biologics the future in spinal surgery?
    Howard S An
    Spine J 5:207S-208S. 2005
  58. ncbi request reprint Summary statement: biologics for spine fusion
    Jonathan N Grauer
    Spine J 5:259S. 2005