Mendes de Leon C, Barnes L, Bienias J, Skarupski K, Evans D. Racial disparities in disability: recent evidence from self-reported and performance-based disability measures in a population-based study of older adults. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2005;60:S263-71 pubmed
..Racial disparities in disability have not been eliminated, are greater among women, and have their origins earlier in adulthood. ..