R C Merchant

Summary

Affiliation: Rhode Island Hospital
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Perspectives on the ethical concerns and justifications of the 2006 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention HIV testing recommendations
    Michael J Waxman
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, 593 Eddy Street, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
    BMC Med Ethics 12:24. 2011
  2. pmc Patient and clinician ethical perspectives on the 2006 Centers for Disease Control and prevention HIV testing methods
    Roland C Merchant
    Brown University, Alpert Medical School, Department of Emergency Medicine, Providence, RI, USA
    Public Health Rep 127:318-29. 2012
  3. pmc Emergency department patient perceptions and preferences on opt-in rapid HIV screening program components
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI, USA
    AIDS Care 21:490-500. 2009
  4. pmc HIV post-exposure prophylaxis among police and corrections officers
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Occup Med (Lond) 58:502-5. 2008
  5. pmc Compliance in Rhode Island emergency departments with American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations for adolescent sexual assaults
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy St, Claverick Building, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1660-7. 2008
  6. pmc Disparities in the provision of sexually transmitted disease and pregnancy testing and prophylaxis for sexually assaulted women in Rhode Island emergency departments
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 17:619-29. 2008
  7. pmc Trends of visits to Rhode Island Emergency Departments for Pediatric Sexual Exposures, 1995-2001
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University Rhode Island Hospital, Providence 02903, USA
    Med Health R I 91:15-9. 2008
  8. pmc Incidence of visits for health care worker blood or body fluid exposures and HIV postexposure prophylaxis provision at Rhode Island emergency departments
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:358-68. 2008
  9. pmc Predictors of the initiation of HIV postexposure prophylaxis in Rhode Island emergency departments
    Roland C Merchant
    Departments of Emergency Medicine and Community Health, Brown Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 22:41-52. 2008
  10. pmc Factors associated with delay to emergency department presentation, antibiotic usage and admission for human bite injuries
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    CJEM 9:441-8. 2007

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. pmc Perspectives on the ethical concerns and justifications of the 2006 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention HIV testing recommendations
    Michael J Waxman
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, 593 Eddy Street, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
    BMC Med Ethics 12:24. 2011
    ..These recommendations led to a public debate about their moral acceptability...
  2. pmc Patient and clinician ethical perspectives on the 2006 Centers for Disease Control and prevention HIV testing methods
    Roland C Merchant
    Brown University, Alpert Medical School, Department of Emergency Medicine, Providence, RI, USA
    Public Health Rep 127:318-29. 2012
    ..S. health-care setting, in contrast with the 2001 CDC-recommended HIV testing methods (opt-in approach, specific written consent, and mandatory prevention counseling)...
  3. pmc Emergency department patient perceptions and preferences on opt-in rapid HIV screening program components
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI, USA
    AIDS Care 21:490-500. 2009
    ..However, concerns regarding the accuracy of the rapid HIV test might limit test acceptance and should be addressed during pre-test information procedures...
  4. pmc HIV post-exposure prophylaxis among police and corrections officers
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Occup Med (Lond) 58:502-5. 2008
    ..Police and correctional officers face the occupational hazard of blood and body fluid exposures, which carry the risk of infection with HIV...
  5. pmc Compliance in Rhode Island emergency departments with American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations for adolescent sexual assaults
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy St, Claverick Building, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1660-7. 2008
    ....
  6. pmc Disparities in the provision of sexually transmitted disease and pregnancy testing and prophylaxis for sexually assaulted women in Rhode Island emergency departments
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 17:619-29. 2008
    ....
  7. pmc Trends of visits to Rhode Island Emergency Departments for Pediatric Sexual Exposures, 1995-2001
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University Rhode Island Hospital, Providence 02903, USA
    Med Health R I 91:15-9. 2008
  8. pmc Incidence of visits for health care worker blood or body fluid exposures and HIV postexposure prophylaxis provision at Rhode Island emergency departments
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:358-68. 2008
    ....
  9. pmc Predictors of the initiation of HIV postexposure prophylaxis in Rhode Island emergency departments
    Roland C Merchant
    Departments of Emergency Medicine and Community Health, Brown Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 22:41-52. 2008
    ..ED providers should ensure that these factors do not inappropriately restrict its initiation...
  10. pmc Factors associated with delay to emergency department presentation, antibiotic usage and admission for human bite injuries
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    CJEM 9:441-8. 2007
    ..Our objective was to identify factors that are associated with delay to emergency department (ED) presentation, antibiotic usage and patient admission...
  11. pmc Emergency department evaluations of non-percutaneous blood or body fluid exposures during cardiopulmonary resuscitation
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Brown Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 22:330-4. 2007
    ....
  12. pmc Adult sexual assault evaluations at Rhode Island emergency departments, 1995-2001
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, and Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI, USA
    J Urban Health 86:43-53. 2009
    ..M. There was a gradual 43% increase in the IRs of ED visits after sexual assault over the 6.5-year period. These findings should help direct EDs to maximize supportive services when they are needed most often...
  13. pmc Negative opinions about cancer screening and contraceptive measures by female emergency department patients
    Roland C Merchant
    Emergency Medicine and Community Health, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy Street, Claverick Building, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    J Prim Prev 29:517-33. 2008
    ....
  14. pmc The relationship of reported HIV risk and history of HIV testing among emergency department patients
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy Street, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Postgrad Med 122:61-74. 2010
    ..Among a random sample of emergency department (ED) patients, we sought to determine the extent to which reported risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is related to ever having been tested for HIV...
  15. pmc Developing a system to predict laboratory-confirmed chlamydial and/or gonococcal urethritis in adult male emergency department patients
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy St, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Postgrad Med 122:52-60. 2010
    ....
  16. pmc HIV testing in US EDs, 1993-2004
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 27:868-74. 2009
    ....
  17. pmc Adequacy of testing, empiric treatment, and referral for adult male emergency department patients with possible chlamydia and/or gonorrhoea urethritis
    R C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 20:534-9. 2009
    ..More explicit guidance from CDC regarding syphilis testing and referral for further evaluation is needed...
  18. pmc Demographic variations in HIV testing history among emergency department patients: implications for HIV screening in US emergency departments
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy Street, Claverick Building, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    J Med Screen 16:60-6. 2009
    ..To determine the proportion of emergency department (ED) patients who have been tested for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and assess if patient history of HIV testing varies according to patient demographic characteristics...
  19. pmc Emergency department patient acceptance of opt-in, universal, rapid HIV screening
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Public Health Rep 123:27-40. 2008
    ..We assessed emergency department (ED) patient acceptance of opt-in, rapid human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening and identified demographic characteristics and HIV testing-history factors associated with acceptance of screening...
  20. pmc Blood or body fluid exposures and HIV postexposure prophylaxis utilization among first responders
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 13:6-13. 2009
    ....
  21. pmc Video as an effective method to deliver pretest information for rapid human immunodeficiency testing
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 16:124-35. 2009
    ....
  22. pmc Women's preventive health service preferences in the Rhode Island Hospital Emergency Department
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine and Community Health, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Med Health R I 90:235-7. 2007
  23. pmc Comparison of patient comprehension of rapid HIV pre-test fundamentals by information delivery format in an emergency department setting
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    BMC Public Health 7:238. 2007
    ..Two trials were conducted to compare emergency department patient comprehension of rapid HIV pre-test information using different methods to deliver this information...
  24. pmc Correlates of women's cancer screening and contraceptive knowledge among female emergency department patients
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    BMC Womens Health 7:7. 2007
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Nonoccupational HIV post-exposure prophylaxis: guidelines for Rhode Island from the Brown University AIDS Program and the RI Department of Health
    Roland C Merchant
    Section of Emergency Medicine, Brown Medical School, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI, USA
    Med Health R I 85:244-8. 2002
  26. pmc Effectiveness of increasing emergency department patients' self-perceived risk for being human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected through audio computer self-interview-based feedback about reported HIV risk behaviors
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 16:1143-55. 2009
    ..The intervention aimed to increase patient's self-perceived risk of being HIV infected by providing immediate feedback on their risk behaviors...
  27. ncbi request reprint Clinicopathological conference: a 29-year-old man with vomiting and chest pain
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 12:237-44. 2005
  28. pmc Development of guidelines on nonoccupational HIV postexposure prophylaxis for the state of Rhode Island
    Roland C Merchant
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Section of Emergency Medicine, Brown Medical School, Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI, USA
    Public Health Rep 119:136-40. 2004
    ..The guidelines serve as both a resource for health care practitioners and a means of educating them on this method of HIV prevention...
  29. pmc HIV post-exposure prophylaxis provided at an urban paediatric emergency department to female adolescents after sexual assault
    R C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, USA
    Emerg Med J 21:449-51. 2004
    ..This study sought to examine the extent of HIV PEP provision in a New York City paediatric emergency department (ED) after the release of these guidelines...
  30. ncbi request reprint Perspectives on new recommendations for nonoccupational HIV postexposure prophylaxis
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Brown Medical School, Providence, RI, USA
    JAMA 293:2407-9. 2005
  31. ncbi request reprint Disclosure of sexual orientation by medical students and residency applicants
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy Street, Potter 228, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Acad Med 80:786. 2005
    ..The authors report on sexual orientation disclosure issues considered by lesbian, gay, and bisexual students and physicians during their medical school and residency selection process...
  32. ncbi request reprint Comparison of the epidemiology of human bites evaluated at three US pediatric emergency departments
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Brown Medical School, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 21:833-8. 2005
    ....
  33. pmc Implications of question format in emergency department preventive health knowledge surveys
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Brown Medical School, Providence, RI, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 14:549-57. 2007
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Contraceptive usage, knowledge and correlates of usage among female emergency department patients
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Brown Medical School, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Contraception 74:201-7. 2006
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Demographic, geographic, and temporal patterns of ambulance runs for suspected opiate overdose in Rhode Island, 1997-20021
    Roland C Merchant
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 41:1209-26. 2006
    ..m. The incidence rate of suspected opiate overdose by year was similar. The study results may help identify areas for preventive intervention and demonstrate the limitation of using naloxone as a marker of opiate overdose events...
  36. ncbi request reprint Patterns in the offering of hepatitis B prophylaxis by US emergency department physicians
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 27:764-6. 2006
    ..There was no difference in willingness to offer prophylaxis with respect to patient occupation or age or with respect to ED physicians' demographic and professional characteristics...
  37. ncbi request reprint Human immunodeficiency virus postexposure prophylaxis for adolescents and children
    R C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    Pediatrics 108:E38. 2001
    ..In most cases, consultations with the experts in HIV care can occur after the rapid start of therapy. (ABSTRACT TRUNCATED)..
  38. ncbi request reprint Emergency contraception provision: a survey of emergency department practitioners
    Reza Keshavarz
    Department of Emergency Medicine, The Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 9:69-74. 2002
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Nonoccupational HIV postexposure prophylaxis: a new role for the emergency department
    R C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, The Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 36:366-75. 2000
    ..Emergency departments are encouraged to anticipate the probable demands for nonoccupational HIV PEP by establishing protocols for its rapid provision and ensuring proper follow-up care...
  40. ncbi request reprint Emergency prophylaxis following needle-stick injuries and sexual exposures: results from a survey comparing New York Emergency Department practitioners with their national colleagues
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Mt Sinai J Med 70:338-43. 2003
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint HIV postexposure prophylaxis practices by US ED practitioners
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 21:309-12. 2003
    ..Educational campaigns appear to be necessary to help ED practitioners determine when HIV PEP is appropriate...
  42. ncbi request reprint Nonprescription availability of emergency contraception in the United States: current status, controversies, and impact on emergency medicine practice
    Megan L Ranney
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Brown Medical School, Providence, RI, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 47:461-71. 2006
    ....
  43. pmc Patients' emergency contraception comprehension, usage, and view of the emergency department role for emergency contraception
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Brown Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    J Emerg Med 33:367-75. 2007
    ..6% to refer patients for EC. Younger patients, those who attended religious services infrequently, patients who had ever used EC, and those at risk of pregnancy were more likely to want the ED to provide EC services...
  44. ncbi request reprint Emergency department blood or body fluid exposure evaluations and HIV postexposure prophylaxis usage
    Roland C Merchant
    Section of Emergency Medicine, Brown Medical School, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence 02903, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 10:1345-53. 2003
    ....
  45. doi request reprint Ultrasound-guided femoral nerve blocks in elderly patients with hip fractures
    Francesca L Beaudoin
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 28:76-81. 2010
    ..The secondary objective was to examine the effectiveness of this technique as an adjunct for pain control in the ED...
  46. ncbi request reprint Prophylactic panic
    Roland C Merchant
    Medicine and Community Health, Section of Emergency Medicine, Brown University School of Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, USA
    AIDS Clin Care 14:55. 2002
  47. doi request reprint Psychogenic seizures: a focused clinical review for the emergency medicine practitioner
    Peter D Panagos
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, 593 Eddy Street, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Postgrad Med 122:34-8. 2010
    ....
  48. pmc Nomenclature and definitions for emergency department human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing: report from the 2007 conference of the National Emergency Department HIV Testing Consortium
    Michael S Lyons
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 16:168-77. 2009
    ..These definitions are designed to facilitate discussion, increase comparability of future reports, and potentially accelerate wider implementation of ED HIV testing...
  49. doi request reprint Emergency department bedside ultrasonographic measurement of the caval index for noninvasive determination of low central venous pressure
    Arun D Nagdev
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 55:290-5. 2010
    ....
  50. doi request reprint Psychogenic seizures: A review and description of pitfalls in their acute diagnosis and management in the emergency department
    Matthew S Siket
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, 593 Eddy Street, Claverick Building, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Emerg Med Clin North Am 29:73-81. 2011
    ..Once the diagnosis has been secured, the mainstay of treatment involves addressing the underlying psychological distress...
  51. ncbi request reprint Case studies on nonoccupational postexposure HIV prophylaxis
    Brenda Y Urbina
    Med Health R I 86:175-7. 2003
  52. ncbi request reprint HIV seroprevalence of adult males incarcerated for a sexual offense in Rhode Island, 1994-1999
    Josiah D Rich
    JAMA 288:164-5. 2002

Research Grants6

  1. Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)
    Roland Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..SBIRT in the ED for drug misuse has the potential for reaching people during a "teachable moment" during an ED visit that might be related to drug misuse. ..
  2. Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)
    Ted D Nirenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..SBIRT in the ED for drug misuse has the potential for reaching people during a "teachable moment" during an ED visit that might be related to drug misuse. ..
  3. Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)
    Roland Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..SBIRT in the ED for drug misuse has the potential for reaching people during a "teachable moment" during an ED visit that might be related to drug misuse. ..
  4. Video-Based Delivery of HIV Test Information for Spanish-Speaking Latinos
    Roland C Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The ultimate aim of this project is to help reduce the transmission of HIV through streamlined yet effective HIV testing approaches. ..
  5. Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)
    Ted D Nirenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..SBIRT in the ED for drug misuse has the potential for reaching people during a "teachable moment" during an ED visit that might be related to drug misuse. ..
  6. Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)
    Ted D Nirenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Further, the epidemiology of illicit and/or prescription drug misuse will be assessed in a random sample of ED patients. ..