EILEEN ELIZABETH BIRCH

Summary

Affiliation: Retina Foundation of the Southwest
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation of formula in term infants after weaning at 6 wk of age
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:570-80. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for accommodative esotropia among hypermetropic children
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:526-9. 2005
  3. pmc The impact of dietary long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids on respiratory illness in infants and children
    Jeske H J Hageman
    Human Nutrition Department, Wageningen University, Bornse Weilanden 9, 6708 WG, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 12:564-73. 2012
  4. pmc Preoperative visual acuity and contrast sensitivity in children with small, partial, or non-central cataracts
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 17:357-62. 2013
  5. ncbi request reprint Fixation instability in anisometropic children with reduced stereopsis
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 17:287-90. 2013
  6. pmc Amblyopia and binocular vision
    Eileen E Birch
    Pediatric laboratory, Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    Prog Retin Eye Res 33:67-84. 2013
  7. pmc Fixation control and eye alignment in children treated for dense congenital or developmental cataracts
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 16:156-60. 2012
  8. ncbi request reprint Visual maturation of term infants fed long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid-supplemented or control formula for 12 mo
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:871-9. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Visual acuity development after the implantation of unilateral intraocular lenses in infants and young children
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 9:527-32. 2005
  10. pmc Validity and reliability of the Children's Visual Function Questionnaire (CVFQ)
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 11:473-9. 2007

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications55

  1. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation of formula in term infants after weaning at 6 wk of age
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:570-80. 2002
    ..The critical period during which the dietary supply of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPs) may influence the maturation of cortical function in term infants is unknown...
  2. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for accommodative esotropia among hypermetropic children
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:526-9. 2005
    ..Identification of risk factors for accommodative esotropia may help to determine which children with hyperopia may benefit from early spectacle correction or preventive therapy...
  3. pmc The impact of dietary long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids on respiratory illness in infants and children
    Jeske H J Hageman
    Human Nutrition Department, Wageningen University, Bornse Weilanden 9, 6708 WG, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 12:564-73. 2012
    ..Potential explanations for the variability among studies and possible mechanisms of action for LCPUFA in allergy and respiratory disease are discussed...
  4. pmc Preoperative visual acuity and contrast sensitivity in children with small, partial, or non-central cataracts
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 17:357-62. 2013
    ..We evaluated the long-term visual acuity outcome of the consensus guidelines and whether sensory testing during infancy and early childhood may be helpful in guiding treatment...
  5. ncbi request reprint Fixation instability in anisometropic children with reduced stereopsis
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 17:287-90. 2013
    ..This study investigated the hypothesis that disruption of bifoveal fusion by anisometropia directly affects ocular motor function...
  6. pmc Amblyopia and binocular vision
    Eileen E Birch
    Pediatric laboratory, Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    Prog Retin Eye Res 33:67-84. 2013
    ....
  7. pmc Fixation control and eye alignment in children treated for dense congenital or developmental cataracts
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 16:156-60. 2012
    ..Many children treated for cataracts develop strabismus and nystagmus; however, little is known about the critical period for adverse ocular motor outcomes with respect to age of onset and duration...
  8. ncbi request reprint Visual maturation of term infants fed long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid-supplemented or control formula for 12 mo
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:871-9. 2005
    ..Likely contributors to differences among studies are the amount of LCP supplementation, functional outcomes, and sample size...
  9. ncbi request reprint Visual acuity development after the implantation of unilateral intraocular lenses in infants and young children
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 9:527-32. 2005
    ..The aim of the present study was to prospectively assess the development of acuity in infants and preschool children who received IOLs or aphakic contacts lenses (CLs) after the extraction of a unilateral cataract...
  10. pmc Validity and reliability of the Children's Visual Function Questionnaire (CVFQ)
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 11:473-9. 2007
    ..The goal of this study was to assess the construct validity of CVFQ subscales by examining their sensitivity to four research questions commonly posed in ophthalmic clinical trials...
  11. ncbi request reprint Long-term motor and sensory outcomes after early surgery for infantile esotropia
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 10:409-13. 2006
    ..Here, we present motor and sensory outcomes of a cohort of 50 consecutive children enrolled in a prospective study who had surgery by 6 months of age and were followed for 4-17 years...
  12. ncbi request reprint Visual acuity and cognitive outcomes at 4 years of age in a double-blind, randomized trial of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid-supplemented infant formula
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    Early Hum Dev 83:279-84. 2007
    ....
  13. pmc Stereoacuity outcomes after treatment of infantile and accommodative esotropia
    Eileen E Birch
    Department of Ophthalmology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Pediatric Eye Research Laboratory, Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    Optom Vis Sci 86:647-52. 2009
    ....
  14. doi request reprint The DIAMOND (DHA Intake And Measurement Of Neural Development) Study: a double-masked, randomized controlled clinical trial of the maturation of infant visual acuity as a function of the dietary level of docosahexaenoic acid
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:848-59. 2010
    ..The range of human milk docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) concentrations worldwide is much broader than the range explored in randomized clinical trials to date...
  15. pmc Oral reading after treatment of dense congenital unilateral cataract
    Eileen E Birch
    Pediatric Eye Research Laboratory, Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 14:227-31. 2010
    ..However, treated eyes rarely achieve normal visual acuity, and there has been no formal evaluation of the utility of the treated eye for reading...
  16. pmc Longitudinal changes in refractive error of children with infantile esotropia
    E E Birch
    Pediatric Eye ResearchLaboratory, Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    Eye (Lond) 24:1814-21. 2010
    ....
  17. pmc The clinical profile of amblyopia in children younger than 3 years of age
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 14:494-7. 2010
    ..Here we describe the clinical characteristics of a large cohort of children <3 years of age with amblyopia and compare them with a previously described Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group amblyopic cohort aged 3 to 6 years...
  18. ncbi request reprint Pre-operative stability of infantile esotropia and post-operative outcome
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 138:1003-9. 2004
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Why does early surgical alignment improve stereoacuity outcomes in infantile esotropia?
    E E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 4:10-4. 2000
    ..Early surgery both establishes alignment during an early critical period for the development of stereopsis and minimizes the duration of misalignment. Here we examine the role of these 2 factors in promoting improved stereopsis outcomes...
  20. ncbi request reprint Hyperacuity deficits in anisometropic and strabismic amblyopes with known ages of onset
    E E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, 9900 North Central Expressway, Suite 400, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    Vision Res 40:1035-40. 2000
    ..Data from moderate amblyopes support the hypothesis that anisometropia and strabismus disrupt visual maturation in fundamentally different ways rather than simply at different stages in visual development...
  21. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of early dietary supply of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and mental development in term infants
    E E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    Dev Med Child Neurol 42:174-81. 2000
    ..Significant correlations between plasma and RBC-DHA at 4 months of age but not at 12 months of age and MDI at 18 months of age suggest that early dietary supply of DHA was a major dietary determinant of improved performance on the MDI...
  22. ncbi request reprint Co-development of VEP motion response and binocular vision in normal infants and infantile esotropes
    E E Birch
    Retina Foundation SW, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 41:1719-23. 2000
    ..To determine the maturational course of nasotemporal asymmetry in infantile esotropia and to define the relationships among the symmetry of the motion visual evoked potential (MVEP), eye alignment, fusion, and stereopsis...
  23. ncbi request reprint Infant hyperacuity for radial deformation
    E E Birch
    Retina Foundation SW, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 41:3410-4. 2000
    ..The aim of the present study was to design a protocol that overcomes these limitations and to investigate the normal maturation of hyperacuity...
  24. ncbi request reprint Preterm birth and visual development
    E E Birch
    University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, USA
    Semin Neonatol 6:487-97. 2001
    ..This chapter provides an overview of the structural and functional maturation of the visual system of the healthy preterm infant and of several forms of visual impairment that are prevalent in the low birth weight population...
  25. pmc Improvement in distance stereoacuity following surgery for intermittent exotropia
    Wendy E Adams
    Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    J AAPOS 12:141-4. 2008
    ..To evaluate whether distance stereoacuity improves following surgery for intermittent exotropia using the Frisby Davis Distance (FD2) and Distance Randot stereotests...
  26. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for abnormal binocular vision after successful alignment of accommodative esotropia
    Sherry L Fawcett
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, USA
    J AAPOS 7:256-62. 2003
    ....
  27. pmc Three randomized controlled trials of early long-chain polyunsaturated Fatty Acid supplementation on means-end problem solving in 9-month-olds
    James Drover
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas and Memorial University, Dallas, TX, USA
    Child Dev 80:1376-84. 2009
    ..These results suggest that LCPUFA supplementation improves means-end problem solving...
  28. pmc The critical period for surgical treatment of dense congenital bilateral cataracts
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas Department of Ophthalmology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, Dallas, Texas
    J AAPOS 13:67-71. 2009
    ..We examined the critical period for deprivation amblyopia in a cohort of patients with dense bilateral congenital cataracts to investigate the optimum timing for surgical treatment...
  29. pmc Onset and progression of with-the-rule astigmatism in children with infantile nystagmus syndrome
    Jingyun Wang
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 51:594-601. 2010
    ..Also explored was whether early WTR astigmatism influences emmetropization in children with INS and whether there is evidence of meridional emmetropization...
  30. pmc Final version of the Distance Randot Stereotest: normative data, reliability, and validity
    Jingyun Wang
    Pediatric Eye Research Lab, Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 14:142-6. 2010
    ..By using a prototype, we reported testability, validity, and normative data. Here we report normative and validity data for the final, commercially available version of the test...
  31. ncbi request reprint Preschool Worth 4-Shape test: testability, reliability, and validity
    Sarah E Morale
    Retina Foundation of the SW, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 6:247-51. 2002
    ..We modified the Worth 4-Dot by replacing the circles with shapes while maintaining the same color configuration. The purpose of this study was to determine the testability, reliability, and validity of the Worth 4-Shape test...
  32. pmc Course of development of global hyperacuity over lifespan
    Yi Zhong Wang
    Department of Ophthalmology, Retina Foundation of the Southwest, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    Optom Vis Sci 86:695-700. 2009
    ..Although the maturation of local visual function, such as resolution acuity, has been well documented, less is known about the changes in global visual function during development and with aging...
  33. pmc Normative pediatric visual acuity using single surrounded HOTV optotypes on the Electronic Visual Acuity Tester following the Amblyopia Treatment Study protocol
    James R Drover
    Retina Foundation of Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 12:145-9. 2008
    ..To provide normative pediatric visual acuity data using HOTV optotypes presented on the Electronic Visual Acuity Tester following the Amblyopia Treatment Study (ATS) protocol...
  34. pmc Improvement in motor development following surgery for infantile esotropia
    James R Drover
    Retina Foundation of Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 12:136-40. 2008
    ..Although early surgery can improve visual function, less is known about its effect on motor development. Here we address whether early surgery can improve motor development...
  35. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for the development of accommodative esotropia following treatment for infantile esotropia
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 6:174-81. 2002
    ..A second aim of the present study was to examine risk factors for accommodative esotropia after surgery for infantile esotropia...
  36. ncbi request reprint Development of an instrument to assess vision-related quality of life in young children
    Joost Felius
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, 9900 N Central Expressway, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 138:362-72. 2004
    ..Our aim was to develop vision-related QOL instruments for children in different age ranges <==7 years, and to provide initial validation of these instruments...
  37. ncbi request reprint Stereopsis and long-term stability of alignment in esotropia
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, 9900 N Central Expressway, Suite 400, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 8:146-50. 2004
    ..The purpose of the present study was to extend this approach by evaluating whether the presence of stereopsis developing immediately after surgical alignment or optical correction plays a role in maintenance of long-term alignment...
  38. ncbi request reprint The critical period for susceptibility of human stereopsis
    Sherry L Fawcett
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:521-5. 2005
    ..To define the critical period for susceptibility of human stereopsis to an anomalous binocular visual experience...
  39. ncbi request reprint Duration of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids availability in the diet and visual acuity
    Sarah E Morale
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, 9900 N Central Expressway, Suite 400, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    Early Hum Dev 81:197-203. 2005
    ..Little is known about the critical period during which the dietary supply of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) may influence the maturation of visual cortical function in term infants...
  40. ncbi request reprint Marshall Parks lecture. Binocular sensory outcomes in accommodative ET
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 7:369-73. 2003
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Validity of the Titmus and Randot circles tasks in children with known binocular vision disorders
    Sherry L Fawcett
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, 9900 N Central Expressway, Suite 400, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 7:333-8. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity of the Randot and Titmus circles tests for quantifying stereoacuity in children with known binocular vision disorders...
  42. ncbi request reprint Assessment of a new Distance Randot stereoacuity test
    Valeria L N Fu
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 10:419-23. 2006
    ..We sought to develop a new "Distance Randot" test, establish a normative data set for children and adults, and compare with established measures of stereoacuity...
  43. ncbi request reprint Visual function in breast-fed term infants weaned to formula with or without long-chain polyunsaturates at 4 to 6 months: a randomized clinical trial
    Dennis R Hoffman
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    J Pediatr 142:669-77. 2003
    ..We evaluated the benefits of postweaning dietary supplementation of DHA + ARA on visual maturation...
  44. pmc Real depth vs randot stereotests
    David A Leske
    Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 142:699-701. 2006
    ..To compare the performance of real depth and Randot stereotests in strabismic and nonstrabismic patients...
  45. ncbi request reprint Progression of intermittent, small-angle, and variable esotropia in infancy
    Valeria L N Fu
    Pediatric Eye Research Laboratory, Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48:661-4. 2007
    ..Others progress to constant large-angle ET and require surgery. The authors examined factors that may be associated with risk for progression to constant large-angle ET...
  46. ncbi request reprint Maturation of visual acuity is accelerated in breast-fed term infants fed baby food containing DHA-enriched egg yolk
    Dennis R Hoffman
    Anderson Vision Research Center, Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    J Nutr 134:2307-13. 2004
    ..5 lines on the eye chart. RBC DHA levels and VEP acuity at 12 mo were correlated (r = -0.50; P = 0.0002), supporting the need of an adequate dietary supply of DHA throughout 1 y of life for neural development...
  47. pmc New tests of distance stereoacuity and their role in evaluating intermittent exotropia
    Jonathan M Holmes
    Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    Ophthalmology 114:1215-20. 2007
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint The impact of early nutrition on incidence of allergic manifestations and common respiratory illnesses in children
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX, USA
    J Pediatr 156:902-6, 906.e1. 2010
    ..To investigate the incidence of allergic and respiratory diseases through age 3 years in children fed docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)- and arachidonic acid (ARA)-supplemented formula during infancy...
  49. ncbi request reprint The accuracy of the amblyopia treatment study visual acuity testing protocol
    Joost Felius
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    J AAPOS 7:406-12. 2003
    ..Because no "gold standard" is available for acuity testing in pediatric patients, accuracy was evaluated using computer simulations based on a psychometric model...
  50. ncbi request reprint Measurement of stereoacuity outcomes at ages 1 to 24 months: Randot Stereocards
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX, USA
    J AAPOS 9:31-6. 2005
    ..The aim of the present study was to develop a simple, quick, and portable random dot stereoacuity test for measurement of binocular sensory outcomes during the first 24 months of life...
  51. pmc Comparison of the amblyopia treatment study HOTV and the electronic-early treatment of diabetic retinopathy study visual acuity protocols in amblyopic children aged 5 to 11 years
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas, USA
    J AAPOS 13:75-8. 2009
    ....
  52. ncbi request reprint Altered global shape discrimination in deprivation amblyopia
    Brett G Jeffrey
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, 9900 North Central Expressway, Suite 400, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    Vision Res 44:167-77. 2004
    ..The results suggest neural undersampling in V1 and/or higher visual cortical areas in deprivation amblyopia and a possible role for neural disarray...
  53. ncbi request reprint Circular contour frequency in shape discrimination
    Brett G Jeffrey
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, 9900 North Central Expressway, Suite 400, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    Vision Res 42:2773-9. 2002
    ..Second, for higher RFs, our data suggest that threshold may be determined by visual integration only over a limited segment of the RF pattern...
  54. ncbi request reprint An abbreviated reading speed test
    Melissa L Rice
    Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MH 55905, USA
    Optom Vis Sci 82:128-33. 2005
    ..The Minnesota Low-Vision Reading Test (MNREAD) has been developed to measure reading speed. An abbreviated version of the MNREAD test was developed that presented only three large paragraphs and would be easier for children to complete...

Research Grants40

  1. DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF BINOCULAR VISION
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..On the clinical side, better stereoacuity outcomes should provide more stable eye alignment and better quality of life. ..
  2. DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF BINOCULAR VISION
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..On the clinical side, better stereoacuity outcomes should provide more stable eye alignment and better quality of life. ..
  3. OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS IN NORMAL VISUAL DEVELOPMENT
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..By relating long-term outcomes to visual cortical function during infancy, we will directly evaluate the predictive of early visual tests for long-term cognitive outcomes. ..
  4. DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF BINOCULAR VISION
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..On the clinical side, better stereoacuity outcomes should provide more stable eye alignment and better quality of life. ..
  5. OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS IN NORMAL VISUAL DEVELOPMENT
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..By relating long-term outcomes to visual cortical function during infancy, we will directly evaluate the predictive of early visual tests for long-term cognitive outcomes. ..
  6. OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS AND VISUAL DEVELOPMENT
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  7. DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF BINOCULAR VISION
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Prospective evaluation of preferential-looking and visually evoked potential acuity in this population should define an optimum protocol for infants with delayed visual maturation...
  8. OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS IN NORMAL VISUAL DEVELOPMENT
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..By relating long-term outcomes to visual cortical function during infancy, we will directly evaluate the predictive of early visual tests for long-term cognitive outcomes. ..
  9. DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF BINOCULAR VISION
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These studies will help to define the necessary and sufficient conditions for the development of normal binocular vision and enhance treatment outcomes of pediatric patients. ..
  10. Development and Maintenance of Binocular Vision (EY005236)
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  11. DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF BINOCULAR VISION
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies will help to define the necessary and sufficient conditions for the development of normal binocular vision and enhance treatment outcomes of pediatric patients. ..
  12. DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF BINOCULAR VISION
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These studies will help to define the necessary and sufficient conditions for the development of normal binocular vision and enhance treatment outcomes of pediatric patients. ..
  13. DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF BINOCULAR VISION
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These studies will help to define the necessary and sufficient conditions for the development of normal binocular vision and enhance treatment outcomes of pediatric patients. ..
  14. DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF BINOCULAR VISION
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These studies will help to define the necessary and sufficient conditions for the development of normal binocular vision and enhance treatment outcomes of pediatric patients. ..
  15. DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF BINOCULAR VISION
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These studies will help to define the necessary and sufficient conditions for the development of normal binocular vision and enhance treatment outcomes of pediatric patients. ..
  16. OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS IN NORMAL VISUAL DEVELOPMENT
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..By relating long-term outcomes to visual cortical function during infancy, we will directly evaluate the predictive of early visual tests for long-term cognitive outcomes. ..
  17. DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF BINOCULAR VISION
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Prospective evaluation of preferential-looking and visually evoked potential acuity in this population should define an optimum protocol for infants with delayed visual maturation...
  18. DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF BINOCULAR VISION
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Prospective evaluation of preferential-looking and visually evoked potential acuity in this population should define an optimum protocol for infants with delayed visual maturation...
  19. DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF BINOCULAR VISION
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Prospective evaluation of preferential-looking and visually evoked potential acuity in this population should define an optimum protocol for infants with delayed visual maturation...
  20. DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF BINOCULAR VISION
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..On the clinical side, better stereoacuity outcomes should provide more stable eye alignment and better quality of life. ..
  21. OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS AND VISUAL DEVELOPMENT
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Data from the in vivo and in vitro studies will assist in defining endogenous LCP biosynthetic capacity and optimal lipid composition for routine and specialty infant formulas. ..
  22. Development and Maintenance of Binocular Vision (EY005236)
    EILEEN ELIZABETH BIRCH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....