Alexander Todorov

Summary

Affiliation: Princeton University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint First impressions: making up your mind after a 100-ms exposure to a face
    Janine Willis
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:592-8. 2006
  2. ncbi request reprint Implicit trustworthiness decisions: automatic coding of face properties in the human amygdala
    Andrew D Engell
    Princeton University, NJ 08540, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:1508-19. 2007
  3. doi request reprint Evaluating faces on trustworthiness: an extension of systems for recognition of emotions signaling approach/avoidance behaviors
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 1010, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1124:208-24. 2008
  4. doi request reprint Reading trustworthiness in faces without recognizing faces
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 1010, USA
    Cogn Neuropsychol 25:395-410. 2008
  5. pmc Evaluating face trustworthiness: a model based approach
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 3:119-27. 2008
  6. doi request reprint Validation of data-driven computational models of social perception of faces
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Green Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Emotion 13:724-38. 2013
  7. doi request reprint Social judgments from faces
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 23:373-80. 2013
  8. ncbi request reprint Spontaneous trait inferences are bound to actors' faces: evidence from a false recognition paradigm
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology, New York University, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 83:1051-65. 2002
  9. doi request reprint Understanding evaluation of faces on social dimensions
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 12:455-60. 2008
  10. pmc The role of the amygdala in implicit evaluation of emotionally neutral faces
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 3:303-12. 2008

Detail Information

Publications39

  1. ncbi request reprint First impressions: making up your mind after a 100-ms exposure to a face
    Janine Willis
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:592-8. 2006
    ..However, increased exposure time led to more differentiated person impressions...
  2. ncbi request reprint Implicit trustworthiness decisions: automatic coding of face properties in the human amygdala
    Andrew D Engell
    Princeton University, NJ 08540, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:1508-19. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that the amygdala automatically categorizes faces according to face properties commonly perceived to signal untrustworthiness...
  3. doi request reprint Evaluating faces on trustworthiness: an extension of systems for recognition of emotions signaling approach/avoidance behaviors
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 1010, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1124:208-24. 2008
    ..I conclude with some methodological implications for the study of face evaluation, focusing on the advantages of formally modeling representation of faces on social dimensions...
  4. doi request reprint Reading trustworthiness in faces without recognizing faces
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 1010, USA
    Cogn Neuropsychol 25:395-410. 2008
    ..The normal performance of two of the prosopagnosics suggests that forming person impressions from faces involves mechanisms functionally independent of mechanisms for encoding the identity of faces...
  5. pmc Evaluating face trustworthiness: a model based approach
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 3:119-27. 2008
    ..The medial prefrontal cortex and precuneus also showed a quadratic response, but their response was strongest to faces in the middle range of the trustworthiness dimension...
  6. doi request reprint Validation of data-driven computational models of social perception of faces
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Green Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Emotion 13:724-38. 2013
    ..For example, even for highly correlated dimensions (e.g., dominance and threat), we can identify cues specific to each dimension and, consequently, generate faces that vary only on these cues...
  7. doi request reprint Social judgments from faces
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 23:373-80. 2013
    ..Atypical faces, whether positively or negatively evaluated, elicit stronger responses in the amygdala. We conclude with the promise of data-driven methods for modeling neural responses to social judgments from faces...
  8. ncbi request reprint Spontaneous trait inferences are bound to actors' faces: evidence from a false recognition paradigm
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology, New York University, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 83:1051-65. 2002
    ..Explicit person-trait judgments predicted both false recognition and response times for implied traits...
  9. doi request reprint Understanding evaluation of faces on social dimensions
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 12:455-60. 2008
    ..We conclude with a discussion of the potential role of the amygdala in face evaluation...
  10. pmc The role of the amygdala in implicit evaluation of emotionally neutral faces
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 3:303-12. 2008
    ..The findings suggest that the amygdala (i) automatically evaluates novel faces along a general valence dimension; and (ii) modulates a face responsive network of regions in occipital and temporal cortices...
  11. pmc Robust learning of affective trait associations with faces when the hippocampus is damaged, but not when the amygdala and temporal pole are damaged
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 3:195-203. 2008
    ..All patients judged trustworthy-looking faces more positively than untrustworthy-looking faces. The findings suggest that the hippocampus is not critical for learning affective associations between traits and faces...
  12. doi request reprint Task-invariant brain responses to the social value of faces
    Alexander Todorov
    Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:2766-81. 2011
    ..The findings suggest that both explicit and implicit face evaluation engage multiple brain regions involved in attention, affect, and decision making...
  13. ncbi request reprint The obligatory nature of holistic processing of faces in social judgments
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Perception 39:514-32. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that the initial pass of information is holistic and that additional time allows participants to partially ignore the task-irrelevant context...
  14. ncbi request reprint The person reference process in spontaneous trait inferences
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 87:482-93. 2004
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Inferences of competence from faces predict election outcomes
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Science 308:1623-6. 2005
    ..The findings suggest that rapid, unreflective trait inferences can contribute to voting choices, which are widely assumed to be based primarily on rational and deliberative considerations...
  16. ncbi request reprint Spontaneous retrieval of affective person knowledge in face perception
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology, Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Green Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Neuropsychologia 45:163-73. 2007
    ..The findings suggest that affective person knowledge acquired from minimal information is spontaneously retrieved in face perception, engaging neural systems for analysis of social cognition and emotions...
  17. doi request reprint Nonlinear amygdala response to face trustworthiness: contributions of high and low spatial frequency information
    Christopher P Said
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:519-28. 2009
    ..This finding is consistent with behavioral results and suggests that trustworthiness information may reach the amygdala through pathways carrying both coarse and fine resolution visual signals...
  18. pmc Amygdala and dorsomedial prefrontal cortex responses to appearance-based and behavior-based person impressions
    Sean G Baron
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 6:572-81. 2011
    ..This finding suggests that the activity of the amygdala can affect the interaction between dmPFC activity and learning...
  19. pmc Distributed representations of dynamic facial expressions in the superior temporal sulcus
    Christopher P Said
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    J Vis 10:11. 2010
    ..These results suggest that distributed representations in the pSTS could underlie the perception of facial expressions...
  20. doi request reprint The amygdala and FFA track both social and non-social face dimensions
    Christopher P Said
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY, USA
    Neuropsychologia 48:3596-605. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that the responses in these regions to socially relevant faces may be partially due to general distance from the average face...
  21. pmc Brain systems for assessing the affective value of faces
    Christopher P Said
    Computational Neuroimaging Laboratory, Center for Neural Science and Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:1660-70. 2011
    ..In ยง5, we discuss how these two lines of research--perception of emotional expressions and face evaluation--could be integrated into a common, cognitive neuroscience framework...
  22. pmc The neural dynamics of updating person impressions
    Peter Mende-Siedlecki
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 8:623-31. 2013
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Common neural mechanisms for the evaluation of facial trustworthiness and emotional expressions as revealed by behavioral adaptation
    Andrew D Engell
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Perception 39:931-41. 2010
    ..We conclude that, in line with the overgeneralization hypothesis, a common neural system is engaged during the evaluation of facial trustworthiness and expressions of anger and happiness...
  24. doi request reprint Differential neural responses to faces physically similar to the self as a function of their valence
    Sara C Verosky
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, NJ, USA
    Neuroimage 49:1690-8. 2010
    ..The findings suggest that comparing the self to others who are viewed as positive versus negative triggers different psychological processes...
  25. doi request reprint Holistic person processing: faces with bodies tell the whole story
    Hillel Aviezer
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540 1010, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 103:20-37. 2012
    ..These results show that faces and bodies are processed as a single unit and support the notion of a composite person effect analogous to the classic effect described for faces...
  26. pmc The social evaluation of faces: a meta-analysis of functional neuroimaging studies
    Peter Mende-Siedlecki
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 8:285-99. 2013
    ..Finally, we argue that some of the differences between studies are attributable to differences in the typicality of face stimuli. Specifically, extremely attractive faces are more likely to elicit responses in NAcc/caudate and mOFC...
  27. doi request reprint Body cues, not facial expressions, discriminate between intense positive and negative emotions
    Hillel Aviezer
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Science 338:1225-9. 2012
    ..These findings challenge standard models of emotion expression and highlight the role of the body in expressing and perceiving emotions...
  28. doi request reprint Structural resemblance to emotional expressions predicts evaluation of emotionally neutral faces
    Christopher P Said
    Department of Psychology and the Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Emotion 9:260-4. 2009
    ..These emotions could then be misattributed as traits...
  29. doi request reprint Generalization of affective learning about faces to perceptually similar faces
    Sara C Verosky
    Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:779-85. 2010
    ..The findings suggest that general learning mechanisms based on similarity can account for idiosyncratic face preferences...
  30. pmc The functional basis of face evaluation
    Nikolaas N Oosterhof
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:11087-92. 2008
    ..The findings suggest that face evaluation involves an overgeneralization of adaptive mechanisms for inferring harmful intentions and the ability to cause harm and can account for rapid, yet not necessarily accurate, judgments from faces...
  31. doi request reprint Shared perceptual basis of emotional expressions and trustworthiness impressions from faces
    Nikolaas N Oosterhof
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Emotion 9:128-33. 2009
    ..These findings support the hypothesis that changes along the trustworthiness dimension correspond to subtle changes resembling expressions signaling whether the person displaying the emotion should be avoided or approached...
  32. ncbi request reprint Toward socially inspired social neuroscience
    Alexander Todorov
    Psychology Department, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Brain Res 1079:76-85. 2006
    ..Among the implications for social neuroscience: Social cognition intrinsically evokes affect, so social cognitive affective neuroscience glues together a variety of fields in psychological and neurosciences...
  33. pmc Eye-gaze and arrow cues influence elementary sound perception
    Jeremy I Borjon
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Green Hall, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 278:1997-2004. 2011
    ..This perceptual shift was equivalent for both arrows and gazing faces and was unaffected by facial expression, consistent with a generic, supramodal attentional influence by exogenous cues...
  34. doi request reprint Diagnostic value underlies asymmetric updating of impressions in the morality and ability domains
    Peter Mende-Siedlecki
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08542 and Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, 6500 HE, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Neurosci 33:19406-15. 2013
    ....
  35. doi request reprint A statistical model of facial attractiveness
    Christopher P Said
    Psychology Department, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Psychol Sci 22:1183-90. 2011
    ..The model shows that averageness is attractive in some dimensions but not in others and resolves previous contradictory reports about the effects of sexual dimorphism on the attractiveness of male faces...
  36. ncbi request reprint Attributions on the brain: neuro-imaging dispositional inferences, beyond theory of mind
    Lasana T Harris
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 1010, USA
    Neuroimage 28:763-9. 2005
    ..Thus, activated areas converge with prior neuro-imaging data on theory of mind and social cognition, but more precisely isolate the exact nature of the inferences that activate these areas...
  37. pmc Graded representations of emotional expressions in the left superior temporal sulcus
    Christopher P Said
    Department of Psychology and Princeton Neuroscience Institute, Princeton University Princeton, NJ, USA
    Front Syst Neurosci 4:6. 2010
    ..In the right STS, representations showed evidence for both stimulus-related gradations and a categorical boundary...
  38. ncbi request reprint Believe it or not: on the possibility of suspending belief
    Uri Hasson
    Brain Research Imaging Center, Biological Sciences Division, The University of Chicago, 5841 S Maryland Avenue, MC 2030, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:566-71. 2005
    ..The findings suggest that comprehending a statement may not require believing it, and that it may be possible to suspend belief in comprehended propositions...