Paul Gruenewald

Summary

Affiliation: Prevention Research Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Reducing adolescent use of harmful legal products: intermediate effects of a community prevention intervention
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 44:2080-98. 2009
  2. pmc Mapping the spread of methamphetamine abuse in California from 1995 to 2008
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Am J Public Health 103:1262-70. 2013
  3. pmc A dose-response perspective on college drinking and related problems
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, 1995 UniversityAvenue, Suite 450, Berkeley, CA94704, USA
    Addiction 105:257-69. 2010
  4. ncbi request reprint The spatial ecology of alcohol problems: niche theory and assortative drinking
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Addiction 102:870-8. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Changes in outlet densities affect violence rates
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 30:1184-93. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Ecological models of alcohol outlets and violent assaults: crime potentials and geospatial analysis
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Addiction 101:666-77. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Understanding the prevention paradox: drinkers and drinking. A comment on Skog (2006)
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Addiction 101:162-3. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Alcohol prices, beverage quality, and the demand for alcohol: quality substitutions and price elasticities
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 30:96-105. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Exploring drinking dynamics using interactive voice response technology
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center Pacific Institutefor Research and Evaluation, 1995 University Avenue, Ste 450, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 66:571-6. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint One drink to a lifetime of drinking: temporal structures of drinking patterns
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 26:916-25. 2002

Research Grants

  1. SACRAMENTO NEIGHBORHOOD ALCOHOL PREVENTION PROJECT
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2000
  2. Assessing the Development of Drug Markets Using Bayesian Space-Time Models
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2007
  3. Alcohol Outlets and Violence
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2007
  4. ENVIRONMENTAL APPROACHES TO PREVENTION
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. SACRAMENTO NEIGHBORHOOD ALCOHOL PREVENTION PROJECT
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2003
  6. SACRAMENTO NEIGHBORHOOD ALCOHOL PREVENTION PROJECT
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2002
  7. SACRAMENTO NEIGHBORHOOD ALCOHOL PREVENTION PROJECT
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2001
  8. Alcohol Outlets and Violence
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2001

Detail Information

Publications43

  1. pmc Reducing adolescent use of harmful legal products: intermediate effects of a community prevention intervention
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 44:2080-98. 2009
    ..Community mobilization, environmental and school-based strategies were implemented to reduce access, enhance knowledge of risks, and improve assertiveness and refusal skills...
  2. pmc Mapping the spread of methamphetamine abuse in California from 1995 to 2008
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Am J Public Health 103:1262-70. 2013
    ..From 1983 to 2008, the incidence of methamphetamine abuse and dependence (MA) presenting at hospitals in California increased 13-fold. We assessed whether this growth could be characterized as a drug epidemic...
  3. pmc A dose-response perspective on college drinking and related problems
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, 1995 UniversityAvenue, Suite 450, Berkeley, CA94704, USA
    Addiction 105:257-69. 2010
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint The spatial ecology of alcohol problems: niche theory and assortative drinking
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Addiction 102:870-8. 2007
    ..A critique of each perspective discusses how each addresses the social etiology of these problems; that is, how, where and why these problems arise in association with alcohol outlets?..
  5. ncbi request reprint Changes in outlet densities affect violence rates
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 30:1184-93. 2006
    ..population and place characteristics) and statistically corrected for biases that arise in analyses of spatial data. The current study contributes the first observation of longitudinal relationships between alcohol outlets and violence...
  6. ncbi request reprint Ecological models of alcohol outlets and violent assaults: crime potentials and geospatial analysis
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Addiction 101:666-77. 2006
    ..The current study assesses the degree to which measures of the different geographic distributions of these potentials contribute to violent crime...
  7. ncbi request reprint Understanding the prevention paradox: drinkers and drinking. A comment on Skog (2006)
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Addiction 101:162-3. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Alcohol prices, beverage quality, and the demand for alcohol: quality substitutions and price elasticities
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 30:96-105. 2006
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Exploring drinking dynamics using interactive voice response technology
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center Pacific Institutefor Research and Evaluation, 1995 University Avenue, Ste 450, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 66:571-6. 2005
    ..Maxima of these functions represent optimal drinking levels that provide greatest positive returns from any drinking occasion for each drinker...
  10. ncbi request reprint One drink to a lifetime of drinking: temporal structures of drinking patterns
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 26:916-25. 2002
    ..Gruenewald, Fred Johnson, Maurizio Trevisan, Jo Freudenheim, Paola Muti, Ann Marie Carosella, and Thomas H. Nochajski...
  11. pmc Ecological associations of alcohol outlets with underage and young adult injuries
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 34:519-27. 2010
    ..e., accidents, traffic crashes, and assaults) should be differentially related to densities of alcohol outlets among underage youth and young adults based upon age-related patterns of alcohol outlet use...
  12. ncbi request reprint Local and global alcohol supply: economic and geographic models of community systems
    P J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, 2150 Shattuck Avenue, Suite 900, Berkeley, CA, USA 94704
    Addiction 95:S537-49. 2000
    ..g. shopping) may also strongly mitigate such effects...
  13. ncbi request reprint Understanding college drinking: assessing dose response from survey self-reports
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, 1995 University Avenue, Suite 450, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 64:500-14. 2003
    ..In this article, a model-based method is presented that provides specific measures of dose, exposures and risks related to drinking and enables adequate assessment of dose-response relationships using survey data...
  14. ncbi request reprint Drinking to extremes: theoretical and empiricalanalyses of peak drinking levels among college students
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, 1995 University Avenue, Suite 450, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 64:817-24. 2003
    ..This article presents a theoretical analysis of college drinking patterns that provides a basis for estimating peak drinking levels and predicts future risks related to peak drinking events...
  15. ncbi request reprint The impact of outlet densities on alcohol-related crashes: a spatial panel approach
    Andrew J Treno
    Prevention Research Center, 1995 University Avenue, Suite 450, Berkeley, CA 94704, United States
    Accid Anal Prev 39:894-901. 2007
    ..The current study contributes the first observation of relationships over time between alcohol outlet densities on one hand and both automobile crashes and related injuries on the other hand...
  16. pmc Drinking, driving, and crashing: a traffic-flow model of alcohol-related motor vehicle accidents
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Suite 450, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 71:237-48. 2010
    ..A traffic-flow model is developed to represent geographic relationships between residential locations of drinking drivers, alcohol outlets, and alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes...
  17. ncbi request reprint The Sacramento Neighborhood Alcohol Prevention Project: outcomes from a community prevention trial
    Andrew J Treno
    Prevention Research Center, 1995 University Avenue, Suite 450, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 68:197-207. 2007
    ....
  18. pmc Drinking patterns and myocardial infarction: a linear dose-response model
    Marcia Russell
    Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research, Evaluation, 1995 University Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94704 USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 33:324-31. 2009
    ..Here we present such a model and apply it to data on myocardial infarction (MI)...
  19. ncbi request reprint An ecological study of the locations of schools and child pedestrian injury collisions
    Elizabeth A Lascala
    Prevention Research Center, 2150 Shattuck Avenue, Suite 900, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 36:569-76. 2004
    ..Annual numbers of injuries during in-school months were greater in areas containing middle schools and greater population densities of youth...
  20. ncbi request reprint Examining multi-level relationships between bars, hostility and aggression: social selection and social influence
    Andrew J Treno
    Prevention Research Center, 1995 University Avenue, Berkeley, CA, USA
    Addiction 103:66-77. 2008
    ..This paper considers statistical relationships often observed between densities of bars and pubs and rates of violence as suggested by two general approaches: (i) social influence and (ii) social selection...
  21. doi request reprint Assessing correlates of the growth and extent of methamphetamine abuse and dependence in California
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, California 23505, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 45:1948-70. 2010
    ..This suggests that there was some change in the penetration of the methamphetamine epidemic into different population groups during this time. Study implications and limitations are discussed...
  22. ncbi request reprint The spatial dynamics of violence and alcohol outlets
    Robert Lipton
    Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 63:187-95. 2002
    ..The effect of sociodemographic variables on violence is also examined controlling for spatial confounding...
  23. pmc Does alcohol outlet density affect youth access to alcohol?
    Meng Jinn Chen
    Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1995 University Avenue, Suite 450, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    J Adolesc Health 44:582-9. 2009
    ..To investigate how community alcohol outlet density may be associated with alcohol access among adolescents...
  24. pmc Community alcohol outlet density and underage drinking
    Meng Jinn Chen
    Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1995 University Avenue, Suite 450, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Addiction 105:270-8. 2010
    ..This study examined how community alcohol outlet density may be associated with drinking among youths...
  25. pmc Suicide and alcohol: do outlets play a role?
    Fred W Johnson
    Prevention Research Center, 1995 University Ave, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 33:2124-33. 2009
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Joint impacts of minimum legal drinking age and beer taxes on US youth traffic fatalities, 1975 to 2001
    William R Ponicki
    Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 31:804-13. 2007
    ..This study tested one prediction of this model, namely that the impact from changing one availability-related cost depends on the level of other components of full cost...
  27. ncbi request reprint Evaluating alcohol access and the alcohol environment in neighborhood areas
    Bridget Freisthler
    Prevention Research Center, 2150 Shattuck Avenue, Suite 900, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 27:477-84. 2003
    ..It is hypothesized that outlets in commercial areas near to other premises, with poor exterior maintenance, much advertising, and inexperienced youthful servers will be more likely to sell alcohol to intoxicated and underage patrons...
  28. ncbi request reprint Alcohol consumption and problems: the relevance of drinking patterns
    Marcia Russell
    Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 28:921-30. 2004
    ..Illustrated are methods to investigate and adjust for heterogeneity in relations between three-dimensional drinking patterns and 41 alcohol problems assessed among current regular drinkers in the 1988 National Health Interview Survey...
  29. ncbi request reprint An examination of drug activity: effects of neighborhood social organization on the development of drug distribution systems
    Bridget Freisthler
    Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 40:671-86. 2005
    ..The ability to determine the geographic locations of illicit drug markets is central to the development of preventive interventions that address access to drugs and associated problems, such as violence and crime...
  30. pmc Alcohol outlets, youth drinking, and self-reported ease of access to alcohol: a constraints and opportunities approach
    Andrew J Treno
    Prevention Research Center, 1995 University Avenue, Suite 450, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 32:1372-9. 2008
    ..Despite recent research examining youth access to alcohol, the extent to which relative ease of access to alcohol from various sources translates into the use of these sources is not known...
  31. ncbi request reprint The price of alcohol: a consideration of contextual factors
    Andrew J Treno
    Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 30:1734-42. 2006
    ..Community demographic and economic characteristics may affect observed local prices via the level of demand, retail costs borne by retailers, or the quality of brands offered for sale...
  32. ncbi request reprint The impact of alcohol taxation on liver cirrhosis mortality
    William R Ponicki
    Prevention Research Center, 1995 University Avenue, Suite 450, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:934-8. 2006
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Evaluating the alcohol environment: community geography and alcohol problems
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Berkeley, California, USA
    Alcohol Res Health 26:42-8. 2002
  34. ncbi request reprint Outlets, drinking and driving: a multilevel analysis of availability
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 63:460-8. 2002
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Is the physical availability of alcohol and illicit drugs related to neighborhood rates of child maltreatment?
    Bridget Freisthler
    Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Berkeley, CA 90095 1656, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 29:1049-1060. 2005
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint The stability and reliability of self-reported drinking measures
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Prevention Research Center, 1995 University Avenue, Suite 450, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:738-45. 2006
    ..Unstable behaviors may be reliably reported but correlate poorly over time. This study tests whether an estimate of the stability of drinking patterns is related to test-retest reliabilities of drinking measures...
  37. ncbi request reprint Alcohol outlets and child physical abuse and neglect: applying routine activities theory to the study of child maltreatment
    Bridget Freisthler
    Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1995 University Avenue, Suite 450, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 65:586-92. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study is to examine whether or not alcohol access in neighborhood areas is differentially related to substantiated reports of child physical abuse and neglect...
  38. pmc Agent-based modeling of drinking behavior: a preliminary model and potential applications to theory and practice
    Dennis M Gorman
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843 1266, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:2055-60. 2006
    ..We developed a preliminary agent-based simulation model designed to examine agent-environment interactions that support the development and maintenance of drinking behavior at the population level...
  39. ncbi request reprint From the ecological to the individual and back again
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Addiction 99:1249-50; discussion 1252-4. 2004
  40. ncbi request reprint An exploratory study examining the spatial dynamics of illicit drug availability and rates of drug use
    Bridget Freisthler
    UCLA Department of Social Welfare, School of Public Affairs, Los Angeles 90095 1656, USA
    J Drug Educ 35:15-27. 2005
    ..Designing strategies to reduce the supply of drugs should receive input from city and regional planners and developers, as well as law enforcement and public health professionals...
  41. ncbi request reprint Exploring the spatial dynamics of alcohol outlets and Child Protective Services referrals, substantiations, and foster care entries
    Bridget Freisthler
    University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1656, USA
    Child Maltreat 12:114-24. 2007
    ..Reductions in number of alcohol outlets per zip code, particularly off-premise outlets, may result in lower rates of child maltreatment...
  42. ncbi request reprint Local alcohol prohibition, police presence and serious injury in isolated Alaska Native villages
    Darryl S Wood
    Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, Anchorage, AK 99508, USA
    Addiction 101:393-403. 2006
    ..To consider the effects of alcohol prohibition and police presence upon serious injury in isolated Alaska Native villages...
  43. ncbi request reprint Comments on Rossow & Romelsjo (2006). Dispelling illusions about the prevention paradox
    Paul J Gruenewald
    Addiction 101:294-5; author reply 296-7. 2006

Research Grants10

  1. SACRAMENTO NEIGHBORHOOD ALCOHOL PREVENTION PROJECT
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Overall, the investigation represents an intervention evaluation that examines the efficacy of community-level interventions within a minority community. ..
  2. Assessing the Development of Drug Markets Using Bayesian Space-Time Models
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Greater understanding of the broader sociodemographic conditions that enable the development of drug markets will enable the formulation of effective state-wide drug prevention strategies. ..
  3. Alcohol Outlets and Violence
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., outlet densities) to individual norms for aggression. The long-term goal of this study is to provide empirical data to guide environmentallybased alcohol-related crime prevention programs. ..
  4. ENVIRONMENTAL APPROACHES TO PREVENTION
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  5. SACRAMENTO NEIGHBORHOOD ALCOHOL PREVENTION PROJECT
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Overall, the investigation represents an intervention evaluation that examines the efficacy of community-level interventions within a minority community. ..
  6. SACRAMENTO NEIGHBORHOOD ALCOHOL PREVENTION PROJECT
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Overall, the investigation represents an intervention evaluation that examines the efficacy of community-level interventions within a minority community. ..
  7. SACRAMENTO NEIGHBORHOOD ALCOHOL PREVENTION PROJECT
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Overall, the investigation represents an intervention evaluation that examines the efficacy of community-level interventions within a minority community. ..
  8. Alcohol Outlets and Violence
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..g., outlet densities) to individual norms for aggression. The long-term goal of this study is to provide empirical data to guide environmentally based alcohol-related crime prevention programs. ..