S Shiffman

Summary

Affiliation: Pinney Associates
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Assigning dose of nicotine gum by time to first cigarette
    Saul Shiffman
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 15:407-12. 2013
  2. ncbi request reprint Nicotine patch and lozenge are effective for women
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates and University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 7:119-27. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint Tobacco cessation and weight loss: trends in media coverage
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Health Behav 30:363-74. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint Patterns of over-the-counter nicotine gum use: persistent use and concurrent smoking
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Addiction 98:1747-53. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Physicians' counseling of patients when prescribing nicotine replacement therapy
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Inc, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Addict Behav 32:728-39. 2007
  6. pmc Persistent use of nicotine replacement therapy: an analysis of actual purchase patterns in a population based sample
    S Shiffman
    Pinney Associates and University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Tob Control 12:310-6. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Use of more nicotine lozenges leads to better success in quitting smoking
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Addiction 102:809-14. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of acute administration of nicotine gum in relief of cue-provoked cigarette craving
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates and the University of Pittsburgh, 201 North Craig Street, Suite 320, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 166:343-50. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint Tobacco harm reduction: conceptual structure and nomenclature for analysis and research
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 4:S113-29. 2002
  10. ncbi request reprint Smokers' preferences for medicinal nicotine vs smokeless tobacco
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Health Behav 31:462-72. 2007

Detail Information

Publications107 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi request reprint Assigning dose of nicotine gum by time to first cigarette
    Saul Shiffman
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 15:407-12. 2013
    ..Assignment to the higher dose has traditionally been based on daily cigarette consumption. This paper evaluates efficacy of the gum when the 4-mg dose is assigned based on time to first cigarette (TTFC) being ≤ 30 min...
  2. ncbi request reprint Nicotine patch and lozenge are effective for women
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates and University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 7:119-27. 2005
    ..Treatment with nicotine patch or lozenge is effective for women, and the analysis did not reveal significant gender differences in efficacy. Gender differences in outcome may be moderated by nicotine dependence...
  3. ncbi request reprint Tobacco cessation and weight loss: trends in media coverage
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Health Behav 30:363-74. 2006
    ..To examine time trends in amount of media coverage on tobacco cessation versus weight loss and test whether the 2 topics compete for limited media attention...
  4. ncbi request reprint Patterns of over-the-counter nicotine gum use: persistent use and concurrent smoking
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Addiction 98:1747-53. 2003
    ..To examine the occurrence of persistent use (i.e. use beyond 12 weeks) and concurrent use of nicotine gum with cigarettes among consumers who purchase nicotine gum over-the-counter (OTC)...
  5. ncbi request reprint Physicians' counseling of patients when prescribing nicotine replacement therapy
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Inc, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Addict Behav 32:728-39. 2007
    ..We assessed the value of physician involvement in NRT prescription...
  6. pmc Persistent use of nicotine replacement therapy: an analysis of actual purchase patterns in a population based sample
    S Shiffman
    Pinney Associates and University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Tob Control 12:310-6. 2003
    ..Some expressed concerns that broader availability and lack of physician control might increase persistent use of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)-that is, use beyond the period specified by the FDA approved label...
  7. ncbi request reprint Use of more nicotine lozenges leads to better success in quitting smoking
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Addiction 102:809-14. 2007
    ..We tested these alternative explanations in secondary analyses of data from a clinical trial of nicotine lozenges...
  8. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of acute administration of nicotine gum in relief of cue-provoked cigarette craving
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates and the University of Pittsburgh, 201 North Craig Street, Suite 320, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 166:343-50. 2003
    ..Acute cravings, often provoked by exposure to smoking cues, appear to be important triggers for smoking relapse. Relief of acute craving may therefore be an important step in preventing relapse...
  9. ncbi request reprint Tobacco harm reduction: conceptual structure and nomenclature for analysis and research
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 4:S113-29. 2002
    ..The suggested framework is intended to clarify the debate, provide for common nomenclature, and facilitate analysis of diverse approaches to tobacco harm reduction...
  10. ncbi request reprint Smokers' preferences for medicinal nicotine vs smokeless tobacco
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Health Behav 31:462-72. 2007
    ..To assess and compare smokers' interest in medicinal nicotine (MN) and smokeless tobacco (SLT) and preference between them...
  11. ncbi request reprint Ten years after the Rx-to-OTC switch of nicotine replacement therapy: what have we learned about the benefits and risks of non-prescription availability?
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, 201 N Craig St, Suite 320, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United States
    Health Policy 86:17-26. 2008
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Reflections on smoking relapse research
    Saul Shiffman
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Drug Alcohol Rev 25:15-20. 2006
    ....
  13. pmc Smoker and ex-smoker reactions to cigarettes claiming reduced risk
    S Shiffman
    Pinney Associates and University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Tob Control 13:78-84. 2004
    ..If PREPs are perceived as safe, they may deter smokers from quitting and encourage re-initiation by smokers who have quit...
  14. ncbi request reprint Nicotine lozenge efficacy in light smokers
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, 201 North Craig Street, Suite 320, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 77:311-4. 2005
    ..However, analyses have not specifically examined efficacy among light smokers (< or =15 cigarettes per day). The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of a nicotine lozenge in light smokers...
  15. ncbi request reprint Reduction of abstinence-induced withdrawal and craving using high-dose nicotine replacement therapy
    Saul Shiffman
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 184:637-44. 2006
    ..Prior studies have shown that Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) decreases withdrawal symptom severity but have relied on retrospective reports and lacked robust measures of baseline symptoms or symptoms during unmedicated abstinence...
  16. ncbi request reprint The effectiveness of nicotine patch and nicotine lozenge in very heavy smokers
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA, USA University of Pittsburgh, Smoking Research Group, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 28:49-55. 2005
    ..The nicotine patch and lozenge are effective (vs. placebo) even in heavy and highly dependent smokers...
  17. ncbi request reprint Dynamic influences on smoking relapse process
    Saul Shiffman
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Pers 73:1715-48. 2005
    ..The findings highlight the importance of dynamic changes in background conditions and in immediate states as important influences on lapses and relapse and also suggest the importance of considering person by situation interactions...
  18. pmc Characteristics of selectors of nicotine replacement therapy
    S Shiffman
    Pinney Associates and University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Tob Control 14:346-55. 2005
    ..To assess differences in demographic and smoking characteristics between smokers who have and have not used nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)...
  19. ncbi request reprint UK smokers' and ex-smokers' reactions to cigarettes promising reduced risk
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Addiction 102:156-60. 2007
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Immediate hedonic response to smoking lapses: relationship to smoking relapse, and effects of nicotine replacement therapy
    Saul Shiffman
    University of Pittsburgh and Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 184:608-18. 2006
    ..Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) has been shown to decrease the risk of progression from lapse to relapse. We hypothesized that this effect might be mediated via decreases in reinforcement from smoking lapses...
  21. ncbi request reprint Recommendation for the assessment of tobacco craving and withdrawal in smoking cessation trials
    Saul Shiffman
    University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 6:599-614. 2004
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint The nicotine dependence syndrome scale: a multidimensional measure of nicotine dependence
    Saul Shiffman
    University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 6:327-48. 2004
    ..Thus, the NDSS presents a valid multidimensional assessment of nicotine dependence that may expand on current measures...
  23. ncbi request reprint Nicotine delivery systems
    Saul Shiffman
    University of Pittsburgh Smoking Research Group, Department of Psychology, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Expert Opin Drug Deliv 2:563-77. 2005
    ..New applications of existing and novel medicinal nicotine products may include relapse prevention, nicotine maintenance, temporary withdrawal management, reduced smoking and gradual quitting...
  24. ncbi request reprint Smokers' interest in using nicotine replacement to aid smoking reduction
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Inc, and University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 9:1177-82. 2007
    ..We conclude that many smokers are interested in gradually reducing prior to quitting and that promoting reduction is unlikely to undermine motivation to quit smoking...
  25. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of a nicotine lozenge for smoking cessation
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, 201 N Craig St, Suite 320, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:1267-76. 2002
    ..Some smokers prefer acute oral forms, but many smokers reject chewing gum. We tested the safety and efficacy of a new nicotine polacrilex lozenge for smoking cessation...
  26. ncbi request reprint The effect of a nicotine patch on cigarette craving over the course of the day: results from two randomized clinical trials
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates and University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Curr Med Res Opin 24:2795-804. 2008
    ..The primary end-point was craving during the evening hours, because previous research suggested that smoking relapse was particularly likely at that time...
  27. doi request reprint Effect of nicotine lozenges on affective smoking withdrawal symptoms: secondary analysis of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Clin Ther 30:1461-75. 2008
    ..The suggested mechanism for the effects of nicotine replacement medications such as nicotine lozenges on smoking abstinence is reduction in the withdrawal symptoms of emotional distress and craving (the subjective desire to smoke)...
  28. doi request reprint Perceived safety and efficacy of nicotine replacement therapies among US smokers and ex-smokers: relationship with use and compliance
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Inc, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Addiction 103:1371-8. 2008
    ..Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is effective for smoking cessation, but most smokers try to quit without using it. We examined the impact of misperceptions of NRT safety and efficacy on its use...
  29. ncbi request reprint The effect of bupropion on nicotine craving and withdrawal
    S Shiffman
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 148:33-40. 2000
    ..Given the importance of nicotine craving and withdrawal in the smoking cessation process, the current study examined the effects of bupropion on these parameters during smoking abstinence...
  30. doi request reprint Quitting by gradual smoking reduction using nicotine gum: a randomized controlled trial
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Inc, and the University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:96-104.e1. 2009
    ..Many smokers express a desire to quit smoking by gradually reducing the number of cigarettes they smoke until they stop completely. This study tested the efficacy of nicotine gum in facilitating cessation through gradual reduction...
  31. pmc Cigarette-by-cigarette satisfaction during ad libitum smoking
    Saul Shiffman
    Smoking Research Group, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 118:348-59. 2009
    ..The best predictor of subsequent smoking satisfaction was the intensity of craving prior to smoking. Understanding subjective smoking satisfaction provides insight into sources of reinforcement for smoking...
  32. pmc How many cigarettes did you smoke? Assessing cigarette consumption by global report, Time-Line Follow-Back, and ecological momentary assessment
    Saul Shiffman
    University of Pittsburgh, Department of Psychology, BELPB 510, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Health Psychol 28:519-26. 2009
    ..This study evaluated and compared several methods of assessing daily cigarette consumption...
  33. doi request reprint Weight management advice: what do doctors recommend to their patients?
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Prev Med 49:482-6. 2009
    ..To examine the weight management interventions that a broad population of adults reported receiving from physicians and assess what drug-related and behavioral information physicians provided when they prescribe weight loss medications...
  34. doi request reprint Smoking-cessation treatment utilization: The need for a consumer perspective
    Saul Shiffman
    University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:S382-4. 2010
    ..Consumer-oriented treatment offerings would also recognize the diversity of smokers and match it with diverse approaches to quitting. Increasing use of treatment is important to increasing quit rates...
  35. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of over-the-counter nicotine patch
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates and University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 4:477-83. 2002
    ..The nicotine patch was safe and effective for smoking cessation at least during 10 weeks of treatment under open-sale conditions, without face-to-face instruction or counseling...
  36. ncbi request reprint The efficacy of computer-tailored smoking cessation material as a supplement to nicotine polacrilex gum therapy
    S Shiffman
    University of Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Arch Intern Med 160:1675-81. 2000
    ..Standard, generic self-help materials have been largely ineffective as behavioral treatments for smoking cessation. In contrast, self-help programs tailored to the needs of specific smokers have shown promise in facilitating quitting...
  37. doi request reprint How when matters for quitting and relapse
    Saul Shiffman
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, PA, USA
    Addiction 103:822-3. 2008
  38. ncbi request reprint Real-world efficacy of prescription and over-the-counter nicotine replacement therapy
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Inc, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Addiction 97:505-16. 2002
    ..To assess smoking cessation rates achieved with nicotine gum and patch in simulated over-the-counter (OTC) and actual prescription (Rx) settings...
  39. pmc Test of "Light" cigarette counter-advertising using a standard test of advertising effectiveness
    S Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Tob Control 10:i33-40. 2001
    ..To evaluate systematically the effectiveness of six advertising strategies (two message strategies presented in three different contexts) designed to promote smoking cessation by addressing smokers' misperceptions about Light cigarettes...
  40. pmc Effect of health messages about "Light" and "Ultra Light" cigarettes on beliefs and quitting intent
    S Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Tob Control 10:i24-32. 2001
    ..To test the impact of three health messages focusing on vent holes, sensory effects of Light and Ultra Light cigarettes, or health consequences of smoking, respectively, on beliefs and quitting intentions...
  41. pmc Smokers' beliefs about "Light" and "Ultra Light" cigarettes
    S Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Tob Control 10:i17-23. 2001
    ..To assess beliefs about the tar and nicotine delivery characteristics and health benefits of Light and Ultra Light cigarettes among cigarette smokers...
  42. ncbi request reprint Individual differences in adoption of treatment for smoking cessation: demographic and smoking history characteristics
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 93:121-31. 2008
    ..Behavioral and pharmacological treatments have been shown to improve smoking cessation rates, but treatments are under-utilized...
  43. doi request reprint Use of smoking-cessation treatments in the United States
    Saul Shiffman
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:102-11. 2008
    ..This study assessed frequency of quit attempts, use of treatments for cessation, and abstinence rates among treatment users and non-users...
  44. ncbi request reprint The efficacy of computer-tailored smoking cessation material as a supplement to nicotine patch therapy
    S Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Inc, 201 N Craig Street, Suite 320, Pittsburgh PA 15213, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 64:35-46. 2001
    ..Among those who used it, the Committed Quitters Program proved to be an effective behavioral treatment, improving quit rates over nicotine replacement therapy and a brief untailored written guide and audiotape...
  45. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of the nicotine patch for relief of craving and withdrawal 7-10 weeks after cessation
    S Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, 201 North Craig Street, Suite 320, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 2:371-8. 2000
    ..This study demonstrated the utility of continuing patch treatment for symptom relief in weeks 7-10 of abstinence. Future research should examine the optimal duration of treatment, which may vary across different classes of smokers...
  46. doi request reprint Relationship between adherence to daily nicotine patch use and treatment efficacy: secondary analysis of a 10-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial simulating over-the-counter use in adult smokers
    Saul Shiffman
    PinneyAssociates, Inc, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Clin Ther 30:1852-8. 2008
    ..It has been reported that the efficacy of acute forms of nicotine replacement therapy, such as nicotine gum and lozenges, improves when sufficient quantities of medication are used...
  47. doi request reprint Nicotine patch therapy prior to quitting smoking: a meta-analysis
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Addiction 103:557-63. 2008
    ..To evaluate the incremental efficacy of starting nicotine patch treatment prior to quitting compared to the current regimen of starting patch treatment on the target quit day...
  48. ncbi request reprint Progression from a smoking lapse to relapse: prediction from abstinence violation effects, nicotine dependence, and lapse characteristics
    S Shiffman
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 64:993-1002. 1996
    ..More nicotine-dependent participants progressed more rapidly toward relapse, but neither the amount smoked in the first lapse nor its subjective reinforcement predicted progression...
  49. ncbi request reprint Temptations to smoke after quitting: a comparison of lapsers and maintainers
    S Shiffman
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    Health Psychol 15:455-61. 1996
    ..Temptations reported by lapsers and maintainers did not differ in any respect, including their reported coping. The results highlight situational variance over individual differences...
  50. ncbi request reprint Tobacco withdrawal in women and menstrual cycle phase
    K A Perkins
    Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 68:176-80. 2000
    ..These results indicate that selecting a quit-smoking day early in the follicular phase may attenuate withdrawal and negative affect in premenopausal female smokers...
  51. ncbi request reprint A day at a time: predicting smoking lapse from daily urge
    S Shiffman
    Smoking Research Group, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 106:104-16. 1997
    ..Only urge intensity at waking still predicted lapse risk; this was not because of this measured being closer in time to the day's lapses. Among lapsers, urge intensity at waking and in temptations rose preceding a lapse...
  52. ncbi request reprint Individual differences in the context of smoking lapse episodes
    S Shiffman
    University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Addict Behav 22:797-811. 1997
    ..The results demonstrate the interplay between individual traits and contextual influences in smoking relapse, and they particularly highlight the role of nicotine dependence in relation to contextual factors...
  53. doi request reprint The relevance and treatment of cue-induced cravings in tobacco dependence
    Stuart G Ferguson
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 36:235-43. 2009
    ..Cue-induced craving plays an important role in smoking and relapse and likely in other addictions as well. Treatments to mitigate the effect of cue-induced craving are both important and needed...
  54. pmc A multi-dimensional analysis of cue-elicited craving in heavy smokers and tobacco chippers
    M A Sayette
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Addiction 96:1419-32. 2001
    ..This research examined the performance of a broad range of measures posited to relate to smoking craving...
  55. ncbi request reprint Does smoking abstinence self-efficacy vary across situations? Identifying context-specificity within the Relapse Situation Efficacy Questionnaire
    C J Gwaltney
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 69:516-27. 2001
    ..However, the context rated with the least confidence proved to be the best outcome predictor, suggesting the existence of "Achilles' heel" situations. These data indicate the internal and predictive validity of the RSEQ...
  56. ncbi request reprint A pharmacokinetic crossover study to compare the absorption characteristics of three transdermal nicotine patches
    R V Fant
    Pinney Associates, Suite 1000, 4800 Montgomery Lane, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 67:479-82. 2000
    ..These results indicate that there are significant differences between the pharmacokinetics of the currently marketed patch systems, which may be important for effective relief of withdrawal symptoms and cigarette craving...
  57. ncbi request reprint Daily smoking patterns, their determinants, and implications for quitting
    Siddharth Chandra
    Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 15:67-80. 2007
    ..5 standard deviations) in the evening. Daily smoking patterns were related to environmental smoking restrictions, but the strength of this relationship differed among clusters and by time of day. Clusters differed in lapse risk...
  58. pmc Cessation among smokers of "light" cigarettes: results from the 2000 national health interview survey
    Hilary A Tindle
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1498-504. 2006
    ..However, the availability of light cigarettes may deter smoking cessation...
  59. ncbi request reprint Using self-efficacy judgments to predict characteristics of lapses to smoking
    Chad J Gwaltney
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 70:1140-9. 2002
    ..This pattern of results remained when multiple lapse episodes were considered. Thus, low-ASE contexts tend to be associated with lapses to smoking...
  60. ncbi request reprint Tobacco dependence treatments: review and prospectus
    S Shiffman
    Smoking Research Group, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 19:335-58. 1998
    ..In this review, we present principles to guide the development of such a therapy, and for its application, should it be proven effective...
  61. pmc Switching to "lighter" cigarettes and quitting smoking
    H A Tindle
    Center for Research on Health Care, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Tob Control 18:485-90. 2009
    ..We assessed factors associated with switching and the association between switching and (1) making a quit attempt, and (2) recent quitting, yielding a measure of net quitting (attempts x recent quitting)...
  62. pmc Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) in studies of substance use
    Saul Shiffman
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Psychol Assess 21:486-97. 2009
    ..Treatment applications of EMA are emerging. EMA captures substance use patterns not measured by questionnaires or retrospective data and holds promise for substance use research...
  63. pmc Psychological mediators of bupropion sustained-release treatment for smoking cessation
    Danielle E McCarthy
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers The State University of New Jersey, 152 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
    Addiction 103:1521-33. 2008
    ..The specificity of bupropion SR effects was also tested in exploratory analyses...
  64. doi request reprint Smoking during the night: prevalence and smoker characteristics
    Deborah M Scharf
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 10:167-78. 2008
    ..People who smoke at night may need nicotine replacement therapy overnight. Future research should determine whether treatments that improve sleep quality also improve cessation outcomes in night smokers...
  65. ncbi request reprint Analyzing milestones in smoking cessation: illustration in a nicotine patch trial in adult smokers
    Saul Shiffman
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 74:276-85. 2006
    ..6). The biggest effect of treatment was to prevent progression to relapse among those who had lapsed (HR = 7.1). Analysis of effects by milestones may enhance understanding of cessation treatments and their mechanisms of action...
  66. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial stress and cardiovascular risk: what is the role of daily experience?
    Thomas W Kamarck
    University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    J Pers 73:1749-74. 2005
    ....
  67. doi request reprint The relationship between cigarette use, nicotine dependence, and craving in laboratory volunteers
    Eric C Donny
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 10:447-55. 2008
    ..Further research into the sources of this variance is critical to understanding the process of and risk for nicotine dependence...
  68. ncbi request reprint Successful treatment with a nicotine lozenge of smokers with prior failure in pharmacological therapy
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Addiction 99:83-92. 2004
    ..To assess the influence of unsuccessful past quit attempts using pharmacological treatment on smoking cessation when using a new nicotine lozenge...
  69. ncbi request reprint Tobacco dependence. Global public health potential for new medications development and indications
    J E Henningfield
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 909:247-56. 2000
    ..This article discusses the biobehavioral rationale for medication development, the opportunities, and some of the prominent technical and regulatory challenges...
  70. doi request reprint Prediction of abstinence at 10 weeks based on smoking status at 2 weeks during a quit attempt: secondary analysis of two parallel, 10-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials of 21-mg nicotine patch in adult smokers
    Stuart G Ferguson
    Pinney Associates, Inc, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Clin Ther 31:1957-65. 2009
    ....
  71. doi request reprint A randomized controlled clinical trial of bupropion SR and individual smoking cessation counseling
    Danielle E McCarthy
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 10:717-29. 2008
    ..17, 95% CI 0.68-2.03) or prolonged abstinence (OR = 1.26, 95% CI 0.75-2.12) substantially when offered in conjunction with active medication...
  72. doi request reprint The relationship between cigarette use, nicotine dependence, and craving in laboratory volunteers
    Eric C Donny
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 10:934-42. 2008
    ..Further research into the sources of this variance is critical to understanding the process of and risk for nicotine dependence...
  73. doi request reprint Use of nicotine replacement therapy among never smokers in the 1999-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys
    Karen K Gerlach
    Pinney Associates, Inc, 201 North Craig Street, Suite 320, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 1516, United States
    Drug Alcohol Depend 98:154-8. 2008
    ..Based on these assessments, the re-estimated prevalence of NRT use by never smokers would be 0% among adults and 0.05% (95% CI=0.01-0.27%) among adolescents...
  74. ncbi request reprint Dynamic self-efficacy and outcome expectancies: prediction of smoking lapse and relapse
    Chad J Gwaltney
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 114:661-75. 2005
    ..ASE and POEs generally neither mediated nor moderated each other's effects. These data emphasize the role of dynamic factors in the relapse process...
  75. doi request reprint Does heightened affect make smoking cues more salient?
    Saul Shiffman
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Smoking Research Group, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 117:618-24. 2008
    ..Indeed, analyses showed that the effect of cues was typically diminished under conditions of NA. No evidence was found to support the hypothesis that smoking cues and lapsing are more closely linked under NA conditions...
  76. ncbi request reprint Cue-provoked craving and nicotine replacement therapy in smoking cessation
    Andrew J Waters
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 72:1136-43. 2004
    ..Cue-provoked craving predicted relapse among participants on the nicotine patch but not among those on placebo. In summary, NRT users could benefit from treatment that attenuates cue-provoked craving...
  77. pmc Tobacco dependence and withdrawal: science base, challenges and opportunities for pharmacotherapy
    Jack E Henningfield
    Pinney Associates, Bethesda, Maryland 20814, USA
    Pharmacol Ther 123:1-16. 2009
    ..Research on more effective medication use along with policies that support improved access and utilization are vital to conquering the tobacco epidemic...
  78. doi request reprint Unplanned quit attempts--results from a U.S. sample of smokers and ex-smokers
    Stuart G Ferguson
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 11:827-32. 2009
    ..We set out to explore further the nature of unplanned quit attempts among U.S. smokers...
  79. doi request reprint Use of dietary supplements for weight loss in the United States: results of a national survey
    Janine L Pillitteri
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:790-6. 2008
    ..Use of dietary supplements for weight loss is common. More information about dietary supplements is necessary to correct misperceptions and encourage the use of safe and effective weight-loss methods...
  80. ncbi request reprint Multidimensional assessment of nicotine dependence in adolescents
    Duncan B Clark
    Department of Psychiatry, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, 3811 O Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 77:235-42. 2005
    ..The findings suggest that the NDSS has acceptable psychometric properties when applied to adolescents, complementing smoking rate and FTND in a multidimensional smoking assessment...
  81. ncbi request reprint Does reducing withdrawal severity mediate nicotine patch efficacy? A randomized clinical trial
    Stuart G Ferguson
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 74:1153-61. 2006
    ..This suggests that other mechanisms for the effectiveness of NRT need to be examined...
  82. doi request reprint Cautions and warnings on the US OTC label for nicotine replacement: what's a doctor to do?
    Lisa M Zapawa
    Pinney Associates, Inc, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Addict Behav 36:327-32. 2011
    ....
  83. doi request reprint Effect of compliance with nicotine gum dosing on weight gained during a quit attempt
    Stuart G Ferguson
    Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, USA
    Addiction 106:651-6. 2011
    ..To mitigate the confounders associated with correlational analyses, we contrast the effects of active gum and placebo, and analyze outcomes prospectively...
  84. ncbi request reprint Absentminded lapses during smoking cessation
    D Catley
    Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Stony Brook, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 14:73-6. 2000
    ..Quantitative urge levels were significantly lower during absentminded lapses compared with nonabsentminded lapses; however, urges were not very low. Results indicate that absentminded lapses may occur but are probably relatively rare...
  85. doi request reprint Rapid absorption of nicotine from new nicotine gum formulations
    Saul Shiffman
    Pinney Associates, 201 North Craig Street, Suite 320, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United States
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 91:380-4. 2009
    ..A subsequent gum formulation (NTHG2) was developed to further increase speed of delivery...
  86. ncbi request reprint Experiences of demand and control in daily life as correlates of subclinical carotid atherosclerosis in a healthy older sample
    Thomas W Kamarck
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Health Psychol 23:24-32. 2004
    ..Previous findings linking job stress with cardiovascular disease may reflect the broader impact of daily psychological demands, not necessarily associated with the workplace...
  87. ncbi request reprint Are there gender differences in smoking cessation, with and without bupropion? Pooled- and meta-analyses of clinical trials of Bupropion SR
    Deborah Scharf
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Addiction 99:1462-9. 2004
    ..We test whether women and men have comparable success rates quitting smoking regardless of treatment, whether Bupropion SR is effective for women, and whether Bupropion SR efficacy differs for men and women...
  88. ncbi request reprint Coping with daily events and short-term mood changes: an unexpected failure to observe effects of coping
    C A Marco
    Department of Psychology, State University of New York SUNY at Stony Brook, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 67:755-64. 1999
    ..Coping failed to predict any pre- to poststressor mood changes. Possible explanations for the overall failure of coping to predict momentary mood changes are discussed...
  89. ncbi request reprint Cognitive-behavioral therapy to reduce weight concerns improves smoking cessation outcome in weight-concerned women
    K A Perkins
    Department of Psychiatry, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 69:604-13. 2001
    ..In sum, CBT to reduce weight concerns, but not behavioral weight control counseling to prevent weight gain, improves smoking cessation outcome in weight-concerned women...
  90. ncbi request reprint Binge antecedents in obese women with and without binge eating disorder
    C G Greeno
    Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh Medical School, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 68:95-102. 2000
    ..Binge eating NBED women tended to experience worse mood, less control, and more craving than other NBED women, contributing to evidence of the close relationship of binge eating and decrements in emotional and appetitive functioning...
  91. pmc The measurement of drug craving
    M A Sayette
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Addiction 95:S189-210. 2000
    ..It is concluded that advances in assessment will proceed only when combined with additional research and a better theoretical understanding of craving...
  92. ncbi request reprint Response to Perkins and Scott. Nicotine patch and lozenge are effective for women
    Saul Shiffman
    Nicotine Tob Res 8:321-2. 2006
  93. ncbi request reprint One too many: predicting future alcohol consumption following heavy drinking
    Mark Muraven
    Department of Psychology, University at Albany, State University of New York, 12222, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 13:127-36. 2005
    ..Likewise, gender and trait temptation and restriction moderated this process. The results are consistent with the Limit Violation Effect model (R. L. Collins, 1993) of mood and regulation of alcohol intake...
  94. ncbi request reprint Randomized controlled trial of a web-based computer-tailored smoking cessation program as a supplement to nicotine patch therapy
    Victor J Strecher
    University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center, Ann Arbor 48109 0471, USA
    Addiction 100:682-8. 2005
    ..To assess the efficacy of World Wide Web-based tailored behavioral smoking cessation materials among nicotine patch users...
  95. pmc Attentional bias predicts outcome in smoking cessation
    Andrew J Waters
    Lombardi Cancer Center, Georgetown University, USA
    Health Psychol 22:378-87. 2003
    ..Attentional bias measures may tap an important component of dependence...
  96. pmc Nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation in the "real world"
    Saul Shiffman
    Thorax 62:930-1. 2007
  97. ncbi request reprint Negative affect and smoking lapses: a prospective analysis
    Saul Shiffman
    Smoking Research Group, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 72:192-201. 2004
    ..Thus, rapid increases in NA, but not slow-changing shifts in stress and NA, were associated with relapse...
  98. ncbi request reprint Clarification of SRNT workgroup guidelines for measures in clinical trials of smoking cessation therapies
    John R Hughes
    Nicotine Tob Res 6:863-4. 2004
  99. pmc The Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale in Finnish smokers
    Ulla Broms
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Mannerheimintie 172, P O Box 41, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Drug Alcohol Depend 89:42-51. 2007
    ..These analyses indicate that the NDSS functions well in a Finnish family-based sample and provide additional validation of a new scale developed to capture complex behavioural features of nicotine dependence...
  100. ncbi request reprint Comparative efficacy of rapid-release nicotine gum versus nicotine polacrilex gum in relieving smoking cue-provoked craving
    Raymond Niaura
    Brown Medical School, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Addiction 100:1720-30. 2005
    ....
  101. ncbi request reprint Changes in nicotine intake and cigarette use over time in two nationally representative cross-sectional samples of smokers
    RICHARD J O'CONNOR
    Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 164:750-9. 2006
    ..In addition, these data are inconsistent with the hypothesis that the remaining population of smokers is becoming more dependent on nicotine over time...