S G West

Summary

Affiliation: Pennsylvania State University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Effects of omega-3 Fatty Acid supplementation on heart rate variability at rest and during acute stress in adults with moderate hypertriglyceridemia
    Katherine A Sauder
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, 219 Biobehavioral Health Building, University Park, PA 16802
    Psychosom Med 75:382-9. 2013
  2. doi request reprint Diets containing pistachios reduce systolic blood pressure and peripheral vascular responses to stress in adults with dyslipidemia
    Sheila G West
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Hypertension 60:58-63. 2012
  3. pmc An increase in dietary n-3 fatty acids decreases a marker of bone resorption in humans
    Amy E Griel
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, 126 S Henderson Bldg, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Nutr J 6:2. 2007
  4. pmc The effect of walnut intake on factors related to prostate and vascular health in older men
    Kim J Spaccarotella
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Nutr J 7:13. 2008
  5. ncbi request reprint Effects of diets high in walnuts and flax oil on hemodynamic responses to stress and vascular endothelial function
    Sheila G West
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 29:595-603. 2010
  6. ncbi request reprint Oral L-arginine improves hemodynamic responses to stress and reduces plasma homocysteine in hypercholesterolemic men
    Sheila G West
    Department of Biobehavioral Health at Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    J Nutr 135:212-7. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Biological correlates of day-to-day variation in flow-mediated dilation in individuals with Type 2 diabetes: a study of test-retest reliability
    S G West
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, 315 Health and Human Development Building East, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Diabetologia 47:1625-31. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint Effects of including soy protein in a blood cholesterol-lowering diet on markers of cardiac risk in men and in postmenopausal women with and without hormone replacement therapy
    Sheila G West
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 14:253-62. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Effect of diet on vascular reactivity: an emerging marker for vascular risk
    S G West
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, 315 Health and Human Development Building East, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 3:446-55. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint Acute effects of monounsaturated fatty acids with and without omega-3 fatty acids on vascular reactivity in individuals with type 2 diabetes
    S G West
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
    Diabetologia 48:113-22. 2005

Detail Information

Publications35

  1. pmc Effects of omega-3 Fatty Acid supplementation on heart rate variability at rest and during acute stress in adults with moderate hypertriglyceridemia
    Katherine A Sauder
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, 219 Biobehavioral Health Building, University Park, PA 16802
    Psychosom Med 75:382-9. 2013
    ..85 g/d EPA + DHA had no effect. These results indicate that EPA + DHA supplementation may improve autonomic tone in adults at increased risk for cardiovascular disease within 8 weeks. Trial Registration NCT00504309 (ClinicalTrials.gov)...
  2. doi request reprint Diets containing pistachios reduce systolic blood pressure and peripheral vascular responses to stress in adults with dyslipidemia
    Sheila G West
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Hypertension 60:58-63. 2012
    ..There was no effect of diet on fasting flow-mediated dilation. Reductions in peripheral vascular constriction and the resulting decrease in hemodynamic load may be important contributors to lower risk in nut consumers...
  3. pmc An increase in dietary n-3 fatty acids decreases a marker of bone resorption in humans
    Amy E Griel
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, 126 S Henderson Bldg, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Nutr J 6:2. 2007
    ..The results indicate that plant sources of dietary n-3 PUFA may have a protective effect on bone metabolism via a decrease in bone resorption in the presence of consistent levels of bone formation...
  4. pmc The effect of walnut intake on factors related to prostate and vascular health in older men
    Kim J Spaccarotella
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Nutr J 7:13. 2008
    ..Tocopherols may protect against prostate cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
  5. ncbi request reprint Effects of diets high in walnuts and flax oil on hemodynamic responses to stress and vascular endothelial function
    Sheila G West
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 29:595-603. 2010
    ..In a previous article, we showed significant reductions in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and several markers of inflammation with increasing intake of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) from walnuts and flax...
  6. ncbi request reprint Oral L-arginine improves hemodynamic responses to stress and reduces plasma homocysteine in hypercholesterolemic men
    Sheila G West
    Department of Biobehavioral Health at Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    J Nutr 135:212-7. 2005
    ..This study is the first to describe a hemodynamic mechanism for the hypotensive effect of oral L-arginine and the first to show substantial reductions in homocysteine with oral administration...
  7. ncbi request reprint Biological correlates of day-to-day variation in flow-mediated dilation in individuals with Type 2 diabetes: a study of test-retest reliability
    S G West
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, 315 Health and Human Development Building East, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Diabetologia 47:1625-31. 2004
    ..In this study, we tested the hypothesis that larger day-to-day changes in insulin and glucose are associated with larger fluctuations in FMD...
  8. ncbi request reprint Effects of including soy protein in a blood cholesterol-lowering diet on markers of cardiac risk in men and in postmenopausal women with and without hormone replacement therapy
    Sheila G West
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 14:253-62. 2005
    ..However, it is not clear whether adding soy to a low-fat diet has additional lipid-lowering benefits, and few previous studies have examined these effects in women using hormone replacement therapy (HRT+)...
  9. ncbi request reprint Effect of diet on vascular reactivity: an emerging marker for vascular risk
    S G West
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, 315 Health and Human Development Building East, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 3:446-55. 2001
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Acute effects of monounsaturated fatty acids with and without omega-3 fatty acids on vascular reactivity in individuals with type 2 diabetes
    S G West
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
    Diabetologia 48:113-22. 2005
    ..Saturated fat reduces FMD for several hours, but there is inconsistent evidence about whether foods containing unsaturated fats impair FMD acutely. Little is known about the acute effects of omega-3 fatty acids on vascular reactivity...
  11. ncbi request reprint Dietary alpha-linolenic acid reduces inflammatory and lipid cardiovascular risk factors in hypercholesterolemic men and women
    Guixiang Zhao
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
    J Nutr 134:2991-7. 2004
    ..05); the ALA Diet decreased HDL cholesterol and apolipoprotein AI compared with the AAD (P < 0.05). ALA appears to decrease CVD risk by inhibiting vascular inflammation and endothelial activation beyond its lipid-lowering effects...
  12. ncbi request reprint Effects of pistachios on cardiovascular disease risk factors and potential mechanisms of action: a dose-response study
    Sarah K Gebauer
    Integrative Biosciences and Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:651-9. 2008
    ..Nut consumption lowers cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Studies are lacking about the effects of pistachios, a nutrient-dense nut, on CVD risk factors, dose-response relations, and lipid-lowering mechanisms...
  13. ncbi request reprint Transdermal estrogen reduces vascular resistance and serum cholesterol in postmenopausal women
    S G West
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, 16802, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 184:926-33. 2001
    ..Future studies comparing novel hormone regimens with oral hormone replacement therapy should include multiple risk markers to allow better assessment of their potential impact on coronary artery health...
  14. ncbi request reprint Lipid response to a low-fat diet with or without soy is modified by C-reactive protein status in moderately hypercholesterolemic adults
    Kirsten F Hilpert
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
    J Nutr 135:1075-9. 2005
    ..5%) compared with the run-in diet. These results suggest that inflammation may not only attenuate lipid responses, but also aggravate dyslipidemia in hypercholesterolemic subjects consuming a cholesterol-lowering diet...
  15. pmc Dose-response effects of omega-3 fatty acids on triglycerides, inflammation, and endothelial function in healthy persons with moderate hypertriglyceridemia
    Ann C Skulas-Ray
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 93:243-52. 2011
    ..Studies using higher doses have shown evidence of reduced inflammation and improved endothelial function. Few studies have compared these doses...
  16. ncbi request reprint Effects of dairy products on intracellular calcium and blood pressure in adults with essential hypertension
    Kirsten F Hilpert
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 28:142-9. 2009
    ..Consumption of dairy foods has been associated with lower blood pressure in certain populations...
  17. ncbi request reprint Milk products, dietary patterns and blood pressure management
    Penny M Kris-Etherton
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, 110 Chandlee Laboratory, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 28:103S-19S. 2009
    ..A growing evidence base shows that dairy product consumption is involved in the regulation of BP. Consequently, inclusion of dairy products in a heart healthy diet is an important focal point to attain BP benefits...
  18. ncbi request reprint Associations between eating competence and cardiovascular disease biomarkers
    Tricia L Psota
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Nutr Educ Behav 39:S171-8. 2007
    ..Explore the relationship between eating competence (EC) and biomarkers of risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
  19. ncbi request reprint Oral contraceptive use is associated with increased cardiovascular reactivity in nonsmokers
    S G West
    Pennsylvania State University, USA
    Ann Behav Med 23:149-57. 2001
    ..However OC use among nonsmoking women is associated with greater cardiovascular reactivity to stress...
  20. pmc Pistachios increase serum antioxidants and lower serum oxidized-LDL in hypercholesterolemic adults
    Colin D Kay
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    J Nutr 140:1093-8. 2010
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Postprandial effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins and vascular reactivity in type 2 diabetes
    Kirsten F Hilpert
    Department of Nutritional Sciences and The Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:369-76. 2007
    ..Plasma lipoproteins may be classified by their apolipoprotein composition. The lipoprotein subclass containing apolipoproteins B and C (LpB:C) is considered the most atherogenic...
  22. ncbi request reprint Dietary alpha-linolenic acid inhibits proinflammatory cytokine production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells in hypercholesterolemic subjects
    Guixiang Zhao
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:385-91. 2007
    ..Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease. We previously reported that a diet high in alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) reduces lipid and inflammatory cardiovascular disease risk factors in hypercholesterolemic subjects...
  23. ncbi request reprint Anti-inflammatory effects of polyunsaturated fatty acids in THP-1 cells
    Guixiang Zhao
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 336:909-17. 2005
    ..The results indicate that the anti-inflammatory effects of polyunsaturated fatty acids may be, in part, due to the inhibition of NF-kappaB activation via activation of PPARgamma...
  24. ncbi request reprint Genetic and environmental influences on blood pressure and pulse pressure among adult African Americans
    Dwayne T Brandon
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Ethn Dis 13:193-9. 2003
    ..The purpose of the present study was to identify sources of variability for systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and pulse pressure (PP) in a sample of adult African-American twins...
  25. ncbi request reprint Effect of cow milk on food folate bioavailability in young women
    Mary Frances Picciano
    Department of Nutrition, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1565-9. 2004
    ..The findings of animal and human studies suggest that a certain component in milk enhances food folate bioavailability...
  26. doi request reprint Omega-3 fatty acid concentrates in the treatment of moderate hypertriglyceridemia
    Ann C Skulas-Ray
    Pennsylvania State University, Department of Nutritional Sciences, University Park, PA, USA
    Expert Opin Pharmacother 9:1237-48. 2008
    ..Prescription omega-3 fatty acid concentrates (P-OM3) are indicated for use in people with very high triglycerides (> 500 mg/dl). Current guidelines recommend that triglycerides should be less < 150 mg/dl...
  27. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular effects of 6 months of hormone replacement therapy versus placebo: differences associated with years since menopause
    Kimberly A Brownley
    Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 27599 7175, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 190:1052-8. 2004
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Dietary sodium restriction alters postprandial ghrelin: implications for race differences in obesity
    Kimberly A Brownley
    Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 27599 7175, USA
    Ethn Dis 16:844-51. 2006
    ..To examine the effect of sodium restriction on the appetite-stimulating hormone, ghrelin, as a function of race, salt sensitivity, and obesity...
  29. ncbi request reprint Oxytocinergic activity is linked to lower blood pressure and vascular resistance during stress in postmenopausal women on estrogen replacement
    Kathleen C Light
    School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7175, USA
    Horm Behav 47:540-8. 2005
    ..The findings suggest that enhanced oxytocinergic activity may contribute to BP decreases associated with ERT in more responsive postmenopausal women...
  30. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular stress responses among Asian Indian and European American women and men
    Catherine M Stoney
    Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus 43210 1222, USA
    Ann Behav Med 24:113-21. 2002
    ..These data are in contrast to our expectation of decreased tendency of Asian Indians to vasodilate during psychological stress but do suggest that sex and Asian Indian ethnicity interact to influence vascular reactivity to stressors...
  31. ncbi request reprint Postprandial ghrelin is elevated in black compared with white women
    Kimberly A Brownley
    Department of Psychiatry, CB 7175, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7175, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:4457-63. 2004
    ..These findings suggest subnormal postprandial ghrelin suppression (or faster ghrelin rebound) in black women, especially the obese, that might play a role in their increased prevalence of obesity and cardiovascular disorders...
  32. ncbi request reprint Acute psychological stress reduces plasma triglyceride clearance
    Catherine M Stoney
    Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210 1222, USA
    Psychophysiology 39:80-5. 2002
    ..The diminished ability to clear an intravenous fat emulsion during stress suggests one mechanism for stress-induced elevations in lipids...
  33. ncbi request reprint Sympathoadrenergic mechanisms in reduced hemodynamic stress responses after exercise
    Kimberly A Brownley
    Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:978-86. 2003
    ..This study examines the acute effects of moderate aerobic exercise on 1) hemodynamic and sympathetic activity during behavioral stress and 2) beta-adrenergic receptor responsivity in a biracial sample of 24 sedentary adults...
  34. ncbi request reprint A high-fat meal increases cardiovascular reactivity to psychological stress in healthy young adults
    Fabijana Jakulj
    University of Calgary, Department of Psychology, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 1N4
    J Nutr 137:935-9. 2007
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Soy protein with or without isoflavones: in search of a cardioprotective mechanism of action
    Penny M Kris-Etherton
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:5-6. 2005